Phonetics and Phonology Course code: engl 2344 Instructor: Dr. Mahmoud Altarabin Faculty of Arts The Islamic University of Gaza

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Course Title: Phonetics and Phonology

Course code: ENGL 2344

Instructor: Dr. Mahmoud Altarabin

Faculty of Arts

The Islamic University of Gaza

  1. Course Description

This course introduces students to basic practical and descriptive levels of the English sound system and to such principles in other languages. As regards phonetics, the course covers the vocal tract and its function in producing speech sounds. Consonants and vowels are described in articulatory terms, and students are taught phonetic transcription. Moreover, attention is drawn to the problems that speakers of Arabic have learning English pronunciation. With regard to phonology, on the other hand, students study the contrastive sounds of language – phonemes – as well as the phonological processes whereby the pronunciation of such sounds is affected when grouped with other sounds. In addition, the course covers other phonological issues, such as phoneme distribution, syllable structure, and prosodic features.

  1. The content of this course covers these main points :

  1. The sounds of English: manners and places of articulation.

  2. Vowels and consonants: segmentation and transcription

  3. English phonemes, allophones and consonant clustering.

  4. Acoustic and auditory phonetics

  5. . The international Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) and Received Pronunciation (RP)

  6. Suprasegmental features “pitch, stress and intonation at single sound and sentence levels.

  7. .Formation of phonological rules

  1. Course Objectives :

By the end of this course, English majors are expected to be able to:

  1. learn a number of technical terms related to the course.

  2. describe the production of English sounds.

  3. differentiate between consonants and vowels .

  4. pronounce English sounds in isolation and in connected speech .

  5. differentiate between consonants and vowels in all word – positions.

  6. distinguish phonemes and allophones .

  7. know the structure of the English syllable .

  8. know the different types of stress in English .

  9. distinguish strong and weak forms.

  10. know the different connected speech processes, such as assimilation, elision, linking , etc. .

  11. know the different intonation patterns of English.

  1. Course contents:



Week 1 & 2

Definition of phonetics and phonology.

The difference between Phonetics & phonology.

Branches of phonetics. (Articulatory, Acoustic, and Auditory).

International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)

Week 3 & 4

Place of articulation & manner of articulation. .Definition of phonemes.

English phonemes ( consonants ) .(R.P )

Practical Ex.

Week 5

Cardinal vowels (primary 1-8).

Practical Ex.

Week 6 + 7

English vowels (short & long) (R.P).

Diphthongs (R.P).

Practical Ex.

Week 8


Phonetic Transcription (R.P) and symbols.

Practical Ex.

Week 9 & 10

The syllable.

The nature of the syllable.

The structure of the English syllable.

Syllable division.

Strong and weak syllables.

Close front & close back vowels.

Syllabic consonants.

Practical Ex.

Week 11 & 12

Suprasegmental features.

Stress in simple words.

The nature of stress.

Levels of stress.

Placement of stress within the word.

Complex word stress.

Practical Ex.

Week 13

Intonation 1

Intonation 2

Practical Ex.

Week 14 & 15 & 16

Aspects of connected speech.





Text book:

Khader ,Khader Tawfiq (2017) Basics of Phonetics and Phonology. Gaza:

Samir Mansour publication.2nd Edition.

Recommended References:

  1. Ladefoged, Peter (1993) A course in Phonetics. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

  2. Katamba,F. (1989 ) An Introduction to Phonology . London: Longman.

  3. Jones, D. (1975) An outline of English Phonetics 9th edition. Cambridge: CUP.

  4. O ‘conner , J.D. (1986) Phonetics ,London : pelican .

  5. Gimson, A.C.(1997) An Introduction to the Pronunciation of English. London: Arnold.

  6. Roach , Peter ( 2008 ) English Phonetics and Phonology :A Practical course .Cambridge: CUP .

Recommended pronunciation Dictionaries:

  1. Jones, D (1997). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (15th edition edited by Peter Roach and James Hartman.

  2. Wells, J.C. (2000) Longman Pronunciation Dictionary. London: Longman.

  1. Evaluation:

Attendance, class activities

5 Marks

Midterm written exam

30 marks


5 marks

Final written exam

60 marks


100 marks

  1. General Course Requirements:

Students are expected to:

  1. Attend classes regularly.

  2. Take part in classroom discussions and practicals.

  3. Listen regularly to English sounds as well as utterances recorded on tapes or CDs.

  4. Submit assignments on time.

  5. Sit for midterm and final exams.

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