Pnamp tagging, Telemetry and Marking (ttm) project update N

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PNAMP Tagging, Telemetry and Marking (TTM) project update No. 3
Jennifer O’ Neal, Keith Wolf, FPM members and the TTM project oversight committee

Uncertainties and Developments in Tagging, Telemetry and Marking Programs in the Pacific Northwest: Recommendations for Improved Fish Population Monitoring.

I. Update:
Based on responses so far here is the new PNAMP Mission, the FPM TTM goal and the preface and objectives for this project. The work plan for this project, outlined in part below, will continue until August 20 when we will ask for final comments and present the work plan to the SC for evaluation and to our funding entities for approval of the FY08 budget. A meeting to finalize the draft work plan will be scheduled for late August or early September.
This project is benefiting from a large body of practical and contemporary information. In general, our focus is to integrate and standardize this information rather than reinvent or concentrate our efforts on discovery or advanced development of the science.

New PNAMP Mission (consistent with this project):
PNAMP provides a forum to enhance the capacity of multiple entities to collaborate to produce an effective and comprehensive network of aquatic monitoring programs in the Pacific Northwest based on sound science designed to inform public policy and resource management decisions.
II. TTM Goal:
Combine the disparate and individual efforts regarding the science of tagging, telemetry and marking into a single technical manual for recommendation to the Executive Network by PNAMP.
III. TTM Objectives:

  1. Increase compatibility between the results of different TTM projects and studies.

  2. Provide a standardized set of design steps and methods for interpretation of the science and future amendments to the science.

  3. Integrate information from the large and disparate community of TTM designs and practices

  4. Make recommendations for consistency between projects, programs and technology.

  5. Make TTM programs increasingly cost-effective through resource sharing and elimination of duplicative efforts.

  6. Establish a PNAMP resource on the web site for the products of this effort.

  7. Making the sum total of TTM information available in a compendium with multiple review, peer-review and published for use by the broadest possible audience.

IV. TTM First Principles:

  1. Information sharing is essential for coordinating many regional and local programs and projects.

  2. Consistent standards and protocols are necessary for efficient project, program and resource allocation.

  3. A technical manual/framework complete with methods, protocols, design standards and training and implementation elements is needed to ‘connect the dots’

  4. PNAMP will do this using existing information and the expertise represented by authors of individual chapters of a protocol manual or handbook.

Additionally, just as with the Salmonid Field Protocol Handbook, include techniques, methods and training and implementation information in each chapter.

For example:

  • The physical characteristics of the tag.

  • How the tag works.

  • How the tag is deployed.

  • Life expectancy of the tag.

  • Infrastructure and labor needed for tag detection.

  • The cost of the tag.

  • Advantages and disadvantages of tag.

  • Examples of their use in projects and/or programs.

Identify attributes necessary for designing new tagging programs and/or modifying existing programs:

  • Satellite Tags 

  • Archival Tags

  • Acoustic Tags and Acoustic Arrays

  • Chemical and Biological Markers

  • Radio Telemetry

  • Transponder and Non-electronic Tags

  • Integrated Approaches

  • Tagging Data in Fisheries Management

  • Type of tagging project and research, monitoring, and evaluation effort

  • Purpose of the monitoring (what is the management question)

  • Entities utilizing the technology and/or resulting data

  • Cost of the monitoring

  • Supported by short- or long-term funding source

  • Experience of project to date, accomplishments and failures

V. Resources being brought bear on the project goal:

The 137th Annual Meeting of the American Fisheries Society (San Francisco):

This Symposium is hosted by USGS (USGS provides participation to the TTM project and its oversight committee.
Over 25 presenters and possible TTM authors will provide information on the following TTM topics:

  • Historical overview: The evolution of biotelemetry

  • Radio tracking in fresh water: Basic theory and practice

  • Underwater acoustics applied to biotelemetry

  • Telemetry system architectures

  • Techniques for transmitter implantation and evaluation of transmitter effects on fish performance

  • Use of remote radio telemetry stations for fisheries studies

  • Design of integrated radio-telemetry arrays at hydro dams

  • Optimizing radio telemetry receiving systems

  • Optimizing three-dimensional acoustic telemetry receiving systems

  • Evaluating juvenile salmonid passage and survival at lower Monumental Dam using

  • Juvenile salmonid passage at large hydroelectric dams using acoustic telemetry

  • Approaches for small and large-scale fish tracking in large river drainages

  • Using telemetry for conducting basin-wide assessments of long-distance migrants

  • Using biotelemetry for catch-and-release angling research: Applications, opportunities and challenges

  • New quantitative standards for fish passage evaluation: Application of event-time analysis to fish passage telemetry data

  • Operational considerations in implementing post, a permanent continental-scale array for the West Coast of North America: Measuring salmon smolt movements and survival on the very large scale

  • Real-time data processing and geospatial analysis of radio-telemetry data collected from large river systems in British Columbia, Washington and Alaska

  • Special considerations for estimating home ranges of fish and amphibians

  • Managing telemetry data in a changing technological environment

  1. Several supporting efforts will also provide additional potential topics, authors and information to this anthology project.

These are:

  1. Symposium on Anadromous Salmonid Tagging and identification Techniques in the Greater Pacific Region (PCMFC led)

  2. The Sept. Annual AFS Conference—San Francisco (USGS led)

  3. Summary of Fish Tagging and Evaluation Techniques Currently Used in the Columbia River Basin (NPCC and ACOE)

  4. The results from Tagging and Telemetry Focus Group (various agencies)

  5. The Imaging and Geospatial Information Society ( annual meeting in Portland next April).

  6. Advances in Fish Tagging and Marking Technology—AFS and the Australian Society for Fish Biology.

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