Protectorate (被)保护国



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protectorate (被)保护国

asylum庇护;避难

forntier region, border region边界地区

boundary negotiation边界谈判

status quo of the boundary边界现状

never to attach any conditions不附带任何条件

non-aligned countries不结盟国家

patrimonial sea承袭海

consultations磋商

the third world第三世界

imperialism帝国主义

200-nauticalmile maritime rights二百海里海洋权

developing countries发展中国家

dependency附庸国

plebiscite公民投票

generally-accepted principles of international relations公认的国际关系原则

joint action共同行动

normalization of relations关系正常化

an established principle of international law国际法准则

rudimentary code of international relations国际关系中最起码的准则

international waters国际水域

international situation国际形势

merger of states国家合并

national boundary国界

maritime resources海洋资源

mutual understanding and mutual accommodation互谅互让

exchange of needed goods互通有无

détente缓和

fundamental rights基本权利

reduction or cancellation of debts减轻债务负担

Near East近东

right of residence居留权

arms dealer, merchant of death军火商

territorial sea领海

limits of territorial sea领海范围

breadth of territorial sea领海宽度

territorial air领空

territorial waters领水

inalienability of territory领土的不可割让性

territorial jurisdiction领土管辖权

territorial contiguity领土毗连

territorial integrity领土完整

refugee camp难民营

country of one's residence侨居国

complete prohibition and thorough destruction of nuclear weapons全面禁止和彻底销毁核武器

people-to-people contacts and exchanges人民之间的联系和交流

sacred and inviolable神圣不可侵犯

ecocide生态灭绝

practical, efficient, economical and convenient for use实用,有效,廉价,方便

bilateral and multilateral economic cooperation双边和多边经济合作

bilateral trade双边贸易

dual nationality双重国籍

trusteeship托管制度

outer space外层空间

sole legal government唯一合法政府

loans with no or low interest无息和低息贷款

colonialism and neo-colonialism新老殖民主义

delayed repayment of capital and interest延期还本付息

extradition引渡

Zionism犹太复国主义

friendly exchanges友好往来

disputed areas有争议的地区

fishery resources渔业资源

political offender政治犯

political fugitive政治逃犯

Middle East, Mideast中东

neutral state, neutral country中立国

neutralized state永久中立国

apartheid, racial segregation种族隔离

genocide种族灭绝

sovereign state主权国家

exclusive economic zone专属经济区

suzerain state, metropolitan state宗主国

suzerainty宗主权

to maintain neutrality保持中立

to safeguard national sovereignty and national resources保卫国家主权和民族资源

to take concerted steps采取协调行动

to undertake obligations in respect of the nuclear-free zone对无核区承担义务

to develop relations of peace and friendship, equality and mutual benefit, and prolonged stability发展和平友好、平等互利、长期稳定的关系

to develop the national economy发展民族经济

to peddle munitions贩卖军火

All countries, big or small, should be equal.国家不分大小,应该一律平等。

to establish normal state relations建立正常的国家关系

to seek a fair and reasonable solution求得公平合理的解决

to make up for each other's deficiencies取长补短

to negotiate through diplomatic channels通过外交途径进行谈判

to safeguard national independence and the integrity of sovereignty维护国家独立和主权完整

to safeguard world peace维护世界和平

to solve disputes by peaceful means用和平手段解决争端

in consideration of the actual conditions照顾现实情况

外交部

9月12日凌晨,戴秉国国务委员就日方在钓鱼岛海域非法抓扣中国渔船和船员紧急召见日本驻华大使丹羽宇一郎,郑重表明中国政府的重大关切和严正立场,敦促日方不要误判形势,作出明智的政治决断,立即送还中国渔民和渔船。



丹羽大使表示将把中方上述立场立即如实报告本国政府。

Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi Lodges a Solemn Representation to Japan over the Illegal Detaining of the Chinese Fishing Boat and Fishermen in the Waters of Diaoyu Islands

2010/09/10

On September 10, 2010, Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi summoned Japanese Ambassador to China Uichiro Niwa and lodged a solemn representation to and a strong protest with Japan over the illegal detaining of the Chinese fishing boat and fishermen in the waters of Diaoyu Islands. Yang stressed that the Chinese government is firmly determined to defend the sovereignty of Diaoyu Islands and the rights of Chinese citizens and demanded Japan to immediately and unconditionally send back the Chinese fishing boat and fishermen including the captain.

Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Jiang Yu's Remarks on Japan Towing Chinese Fishing Boat for Mock Collision

2010/09/13

Q: It is reported that Japan towed the Chinese fishing boat for a mock collision today. How do you comment?

A: China is firmly opposed to any kind of so-called investigation by the Japanese side on the illegally detained Chinese fishing boat. Japan's so-called evidence-taking is illegal, invalid and in vain. China urges the Japanese side to stop activities that would escalate the situation and let the Chinese fishermen and their boat return immediately and unconditionally, which is the only way to solve the problem

BBC

Japan frees Chinese fishing crew



Diaoyu/Senkaku Dispute

* The group of eight uninhabited islands in the East China Sea lie midway (about 200 nautical miles) between the eastern coast of mainland China and south-west of Japan's Okinawa

* The islands and Taiwan itself were ceded to Japan by the Manchu emperor in 1895

* After Japan's defeat in World War II, Taiwan was returned to the Kuomintang government, but not the islands

* In recent years, as China's economic and military power has built up, Japan has strengthened its presence in the disputed areas and seized or dispelled fishing boats from both China and Taiwan

* Activists from the Chinese community have made expeditionary trips to Diaoyu Island to assert claims of sovereignty

The trawler was fishing in waters near islands claimed by both China and Japan

Japanese authorities say they have released 14 crew members of a Chinese fishing trawler seized last week in the East China Sea.

But the captain of the vessel remains in custody following the incident, which happened in disputed waters.

Prosecutors have until 19 September to decide whether to lay formal charges against him.

China has made repeated protests over the incident and warned that it could harm bilateral ties.

"All the people of China condemn the illegal Japanese behaviour in one voice and fully embody包括the staunch will and determination of the Chinese government and people to defend national sovereignty and territorial integrity," a foreign ministry statement said on Monday.

The Chinese fishing boat reportedly rammed Japanese coast guard patrol boats which had been trying to intercept it.

The incident occurred off an island closer to Taiwan than to Japan, and claimed by both Japan and China.

Summoned

On Sunday Chinese diplomat State Councillor Dai Bingguo戴秉国国务委员warned Tokyo to make a "wise political decision" over the matter.

China has cancelled a series of diplomatic negotiations with Japan over oil and gas fields in the region in protest.

Chinese officials have also called in Japanese Ambassador Uichiro Niwa for talks four times over the incident-most recently in the early hours of Sunday morning.

"It was regrettable that Ambassador Niwa was summoned at such late hours," Japan's top government spokesman, Yoshito Sengoku, said.

He also criticised Beijing for linking the gas talks with the incident, describing them as "totally separate issues".

The freed crew members are reported to have flown back on a chartered flight to Fuzhou via Naha in Okinawa.

The vessel will also be released and sailed back to China by a substitute crew, Japanese officials said.

The area where the Chinese trawler was seized on Tuesday is close to uninhabited islands, known as Senkaku in Japan and Diaoyu in China, which are controlled by Japan but also claimed by China and Taiwan.

Chinadaily

BEIJING/FUZHOU-A plane chartered特许by the Chinese government flew 14 Chinese fishermen illegally seized by Japanese authorities from Japan to the southeast China port city of Fuzhou Monday afternoon, after China's repeated solemn representations严重谴责类似的.

Li Guojin (L), one of the 14 Chinese fishermen illegally seized by Japanese authorities, gets off the chartered plane at an airport in Fuzhou, East China's Fujian province, Sept 13, 2010.

The fishermen were illegally detained after the trawler they were aboard collided with two Japanese Coast Guard patrol vessels near the Diaoyu Islands in the East China Sea last Tuesday.

The trawler, which was "illegally detained by the Japanese side," also set off for home Monday morning, the Chinese Foreign Ministry said in a statement, adding that the Chinese government has dispatched a fisheries administration ship to the relevant waters to assist it.

China has repeatedly lodged solemn representations to the Japanese side about the incident, and all Chinese people, including overseas Chinese compatriots, have denounced the illegal moves of the Japanese side, Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Jiang Yu said.

"All this fully illustrates the firm will and determination of the Chinese government and the Chinese people to safeguard the territory and sovereignty of our homeland," Jiang said.

Officials from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Agriculture and the local government of Fujian Province were also aboard the chartered flight to take care of the fishermen, she said.

The captain of the Chinese trawler, Zhan Qixiong, 41, is still being held by Japanese authorities for allegedly "obstruct妨碍ing public duties." A Japanese court has ruled he be detained for 10 days, until September 19.

"The captain is still being illegally detained by the Japanese side and China strongly demands the Japanese side immediately let him return," Jiang said.

The trawler and its crew members were kept off Ishigaki harbor in Japan's Okinawa Prefecture from last Tuesday and China four times demanded their return.

State Councillor Dai Bingguo, Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi and some other senior Chinese diplomats have summoned召唤the Japanese Ambassador to China, Uichiro Niwa, four times since the incident.

During his meeting with Uichiro Niwa in the early hours of Sunday, Dai said Japan must make a "wise political decision" and free the trawler and crew.



Also on Sunday, China voiced its firm opposition to any kind of investigation by the Japanese side of the incident, when the Japanese towed the trawler to the sea near Ishigaki island to reenact重新制定the vessels' collision.



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