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Recruitment, Selection and Induction

Chapter 2


  • The importance of job analysis in the recruitment and selection process.
  • The steps in the recruitment process.
  • Selection of new recruits.
  • The issues and problems relating to recruitment and selection.
  • The importance of the contract of employment.
  • Terms to be included in a contract of employment.
  • Reasons for holding an induction programme.
  • Methods and techniques which can ensure an induction programme is effectively organized.

Recruitment and Selection

  • Recruitment is the process of attracting suitable people to apply for job vacancies.
  • Selection involves choosing the most suitable candidate from among a group of applicants.

Potential Cost of a Bad Recruitment Decision

  • Cost of mistakes, accidents and loss of customers caused by employees who cannot cope with the job.
  • Cost of lowered morale amongst the employee’s supervisor and his or her co-workers who have to rework his mistakes or take over his tasks.
  • Cost of defending a claim of dismissal without just cause or excuse, once the employee has been dismissed.
  • Cost of recruiting a replacement.
  • Cost of training a replacement.

The Recruitment and Selection Process

Alternatives to Hiring New Employees

Before hiring, an employer should ask the following questions:

  • Can the work be outsourced?
  • Can the work be reorganized and carried out by existing employees?
  • Can the work be automated?
  • Can the work be carried out by existing employees working overtime?
  • If an employee is needed, should he or she be hired on a part-time or full-time basis?

Job Analysis

Job analysis is a technique of studying a job to identify the skills, knowledge, experience and other requirements necessary to perform a job.

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