of time, reaching from 1842 to 1844, there can be no definite 7tracing of the proph etic time. The longest reckoning )reaches to the autumn of 1844. SDABC 971
In Rev 10
1. If the first strong angel is related to a book, then here is another one, who also has a relationship to a book.
Revelation 10: It’s about the very end. About God’s people prophesying. Probably about the experiences of God’s people in that process. It’s a bitter-sweet experience. Those who hear the prophecy do not repent. Definitely a connection with Daniel. Note that the mystery of God completed and the bitter taste of the book are in relationship to the 7 Thunders. Could it be that the 7 thunders are symbolic of God’s people’s experience as they prophesy again?
“Blessed is he that watcheth,
and keepeth his garments.” They literally describe, as we learn from the
Rabbis, the punishment awarded to the Temple-guards if found asleep at
their posts; and the Rabbinical account of it is curiously confirmed by the
somewhat naive confession of one of their number,3 that on a certain
occasion his own maternal uncle had actually undergone the punishment of
having his clothes set on fire by the captain of the Temple as he went his
rounds at night. (Alfred Edersheim)
Chapter 10 & 11 I. Angel with the Book (Allusion to Daniel 12)
II. John eats the book (Allusion to Ezekiel’s experience (2-3)
III. (11:1-2) Temple is Measured (Alluded to in Zechariah, therefore must have been Zechariah’s Temple)
A. Temple measured (same words as in 21:14-15). Appears to be spiritual measuring since worshippers are measured.
1. Measuring suggested ownership. Like putting up boundaries. Of course this is why Rev 21 God is measuring the New Jerusalem.
2. Suggests that measuring is directly related to building. Sign of Growth! 2. Also Zech 1:16. Like surveying.
3. Zech 2
a. Jerusalem Measured (God takes proud ownership of his people)
b. Come out of Babylon
c. “Behold I am Coming” (Words of Revelation)
d. God’s people delivered from the Accuser of the Brethren
e. The Branch is revealed
C. In chapter 10, there are two scenarios. Connected by Angel on seal/water. In chapter 11, we see a measuring story and witnesses. Both the passages and allusions are connected in Rev 11.
D. Holy City
1. Ne 11:1 And the rulers of the people dwelt at Jerusalem: the rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts to dwell in other cities.
2. Isa 52:1 Awake, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion; put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city: for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean.
3. Da 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
4. Mt 4:5* Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple,
5. Mt 27:53* And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many.
6. Re 11:2* But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.
7. Re 21:2* And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.
8. Re 22:19* And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.
E. Verse 1-2
1. Notice that the worshipers are measured. They couldn’t go into the temple, but only into the courtyard. Therefore, the court in Verse 2 is a different court, perhaps the court of the Gentiles.
2. Two groups of people. God’s people inside and Gentiles outside. God measures those inside because they are His!! Those outside must not be God’s people, because they are not measured. (God’s people when portrayed in Revelation, are portrayed as being in heaven, in the temple)
IV. (11:3-13) Two Witnesses
A. Given Power by God
1. Prophesy 1260 Days Clothed in Sack Cloth (symbol of mourning and repentance)
2. Two trees and two candlesticks
a. Zech 4:4
1. Word to Zerubbabel a. Send to a discouraged group of Israelites who had gone back to Palestine and began to build the temple and were discouraged because of horrendous opposition(cf. Ezra 4)
b. “by might, by might, by power
2. Book of Haggai addresses Joshua and Zerubabel in all the passages. Book of Zechariah has a message to/about Joshua and a message to/about Zerubabel. Message to Joshua is an answer to the accuser.
3. God’s solution to a half-built temple is to frustrate the accuser of the brethren (not just a regional attorney, but the one who inspires him) by giving one of the leaders, Joshua, a robe and changing him. Essentially giving him Justification
4. But that’s not enough, and to Zechariah, he gives His own spirit, resulting in the finishing of the temple. The second message of Zerubabel is the living out of grace and resulting in the finishing of the temple and the cry, ‘grace, grace to it.’ This is accomplished not by might nor by power, but by ‘my spirit’.
5. Could it be that these two witnesses are God’s never-ending flow of the spirit resulting in the building up of His temple?
6. The lampstands symbolize God’s people. Thus the two witnesses are not just God’s unceasing flow of His spirit, but they are His spirit-flow to His People.
7. Note that there were two restorers of the temple (Joshua (God Saves) and Zerubabel(‘sown in Babylon”). These leaders were acting as one.
B. Fire proceeds out of mouth and devours their enemies: Elijah
1. James. Tongue is a fire.
B. Shut Up Sky: Elijah
C. Prophesy in Sackcloth: ??Elijah??
1. Mt 18:16* But if he will not hear thee, then take with thee one or two more, that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established.
2. Ac 1:8* But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.
3. Operating under most dire circumstances
D. Turn Waters to Blood: Moses
E. Smite Earth with Every Plague: Moses
1. Deuteronomy 32:22-25 “For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowest hell, and shall consume the earth with her increase, and set on fire the foundations of the mountains. I will heap mischiefs upon them; I will spend mine arrows upon them. They shall be burnt with hunger, and devoured with burning heat, and with bitter destruction: I will also send the teeth of beasts upon them, with the poison of serpents of the dust. The sword without, and terror within, shall destroy both the young man and the virgin, the suckling also with the man of gray hairs.”
2. Daniel did: 9:3 Isaiah 20:2 (sack cloth)
3. Could it be that this is God turning on his professed people?
4. Jer 5:14 Wherefore thus saith the LORD God of hosts, Because ye speak this word, behold, I will make my words in thy mouthfire, and this people wood, and it shall devour them.
5. Jas 5:17* Elias was a man subject to like passions as we are, and he prayed earnestly that it might not rain: and it rainednot on the earth by the space of three years and six months.
6. Apostate king married to heathen queen. Ends with a direct demonstration of God’s lordship. Who will rule? Revelation of God as true and worthy of worship.
7. Malachi 4:4,5 “Remember ye the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded unto him in Horeb for all Israel, with the statutes and judgments. Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD:”
8. These are the two on the Mt. Of Transfiguration
9. Luke 16:28-31 “For I have five brethren; that he may testify unto them, lest they also come into this place of torment. Abraham saith unto him, They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them. And he said, Nay, father Abraham: but if one went unto them from the dead, they will repent. And he said unto him, If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead.”
a. Moses=Moses; Prophets=Elijah, chief of prophets. These two are going to the rich man. But Jesus said he wouldn’t be persuaded even by a resurrection (which Moses and Elijah experience in Rev 11)
F. Finish Testimony
G. Beast makes war with them and they are killed
H. Great City: This is Babylon
a. Sodom: Our World is amoral right now
b. Egypt: Our World is polytheistic, pagan
c. Jerusalem: Our World is becoming very religious, but without real connection with God. And willing to to oppose God’s true people.
d. Mt 23:37* O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not!
e. This is the Word, but it’s the word communicated through God’s people, his spirit. Perhaps this might indicate a group raised up to share the Word.
Re 14:8* And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that greatcity, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.
Re 16:19* And the greatcity was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath.
Re 17:18* And the woman which thou sawest is that greatcity, which reigneth over the kings of the earth.
Re 18:10* Standing afar off for the fear of her torment, saying, Alas, alas, that greatcity Babylon, that mighty city! for in one hour is thy judgment come.
Re 18:16* And saying, Alas, alas, that greatcity, that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls!
Re 18:18* And cried when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, What city is like unto this greatcity!
Re 18:19* And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas, that greatcity, wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! for in one hour is she made desolate.
Re 18:21* And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that greatcity Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all.
Re 21:10* And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that greatcity, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God,
2. Killed, bodies lie in the street, people look at them and rejoice.
a. It is an international group who observes them
b. This city is unified, it has characteristics of Jerusalem (crucified Jesus), Egypt, kept God’s people in bondage, and Sodom, immorality.
3. Mt 17:3* And, behold, there appeared unto them Moses and Elias talking with him.
a. Note that Moses and Elijah (2 witnesses) are killed in the same place as Jesus. They are sharing in the characteristics of Christ.
b. What happens after? They are resurrected and brought to heaven. . Went to heaven in a cloud.
4. Re 9:12* One woe <3759> is past; and, behold, there come two woes <3759> more hereafter.
Re 11:14* The second woe <3759> is past; and, behold, the third woe <3759> cometh quickly.
Re 12:12* Therefore rejoice, ye heavens, and ye that dwell in them. Woe <3759> to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! for the devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time.
Re 18:10* Standing afar off for the fear of her torment, saying, Alas <3759>, alas <3759>, that great city Babylon, that mighty city! for in one hour is thy judgment come.
Re 18:16* And saying, Alas <3759>, alas <3759>, that great city, that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls!
Re 18:19* And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas <3759>, alas <3759>, that great city, wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! for in one hour is she made desolate.
H. Bodies lie in street and are observed
I. They come to life and go to heaven
J. Great Earthquake and 10th of City is destroyed & 7000 killed. Rest terrified and gave glory to God.
a. 7000 names killed!
1. 2 Kings 24:16 7000 men of valour taken to Babylon
2. 1Ki 20:15 Then he numbered the young men of the princes of the provinces, and they were two hundred and thirty two: and after them he numbered all the people, even all the children of Israel, beingseventhousand.
b. 10th Revelation 17:12 “And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast.”
K. Could verses 3-6 refer to Papal period of persecution (1260)
1. But at end of 1260, there enters in, not a city, but a world, not a couple of years, but an entire time-period (200+ years)
2. During this time period, God’s word will be ‘killed’. It will be denigrated. There will be a shift from
God’s word in sackcloth, to God’s word with a complete lack of credibility. The World will shift from a religious world-view, to a secular, atheistic worldview. This is an extreme paradigm shift for our planet.
3. But this predicts a resurgence of credibility. Ascending to heaven in the sight of enemies is the ultimate vindication. Scientists, unbelievers, will begin to see the renewed credibility in the Word.
4. However, what will give this movement intensity will be a dramatic event, symbolized by an earthquake; which will terrify and convince people.
1. This is a shaking. A spiritual earthquake, because it happens to a spiritual city.
2. This is why 7000 die and the rest give glory to God?
3. 3.5 year period may have allusions to the drought in Elijah’s time during which there was not only a physical, but also a spiritual drought. Thus these 3.5 years may not be entirely symbolic of time, but rather more of an allusion to Elijah’s experience.
V. (11:14-18) 7th Angel (3rd Woe)
A. Loud Voice in Heaven (Jericho?)
1. Perhaps indicates that Babylon is about to fall and God’s people about to conquer?
B. Note the structure:
1. These things happen during the 7th Trumpet
a. v 15 Kingdoms of world become kingdom of Jesus, and He will reign.
b. v. 19 Temple of God in heaven is opened. Ark seen. Flashes of lighning, peals of thunder, and an earthquake and hailstorm.
2. v. 16-18 are a song sung by 24 elders summing up what has taken place in the 7 Trumpets.
B. Kingdoms of World are become Kingdoms of Lord. He reigns
C. (v 16-18) Praises of 24 Elders
1. God has taken his power & has begun to reign
2. Nations enraged
3. God’s wrath came (orge’—NOT Thumos)
a. Re 6:16* And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath <3709> of the Lamb:
b. Re 6:17* For the great day of his wrath <3709> is come; and who shall be able to stand?
c. Re 11:18* And the nations were angry, and thy wrath <3709> is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth.
d. Re 14:10* The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation <3709>; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:
e. Re 16:19* And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath <3709>.
f. Re 19:15* And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath <3709> of Almighty God.
— "The cup of the wine of the wrath of his anger," using both yumov (boiling rage) and orgh (settled anger). See both in Jer 30:24.
—Thumos, wrath is to be distinguished from orge in this respect, that thumos indicates a more agitated condition of the feelings, an outburst of wrath from inward indignation, while ore suggests a more settled or abiding condition of mind, frequently with a view to taking revenge. Orge is less sudden in its rise than thumos, but more lasting in its nature. Thumos expresses more the inward feeling, orge the more active emotion. Thumos may issue in revenge, though it does not dnec3essarily include it. It is characteristic that it quickly blazes up and quickly subsides, though that is not necessarily implied in each case. (Vines)
g. This in 11:18 is where we see God’s settled frustration and anger over what is happening on his planet. It is a state of mind (Orge) that will finally lead to an action (thumos).(the plagues)
h. God’s attitude towards evil is eternally wrathful, but the acting out of that wrath is finite(thumos—it bursts forth and is quenched).
i. Link tween plagues & 7th Trumpet:
a. Both are ‘wrath’ (although they’re different words) 11:18
b. Holiest Place is mentioned in 15:5 and in 11:19
c. 11:19 (7th trumpet) mentions flashes of lightning, sounds, peals of thunder, earthquake and hailstorm.
16:17-21`Voices, flashes of lighning sounds, peals of thunder, earthquake, and hailstones.
11:18-19 Wrath: Holy of Holies opened
Wrath: Holy of Holies Opened
11:19 flashes of lightning, sounds, peals of thunder, earthquake and hailstorm.
a. Nations Angry, Wrath came and time of dead came: Main themes.
b. What time of dead? (Judgement, giving of reward, and destruction)
—to be judged
—to give reward
—to destroy those who are destroying
5. Also: (sort of chiasm)
v 15: Summary of 7th Trumpet: Transition of world from Earth to Jesus v 16-18: 24 Elders Praising God for what has happened v. 19: End of Trumpet
4. Time came for judgment
5. Time came for reward for prophets and saints & destroyers of earth
D. (v 19) Temple of God opened
1. Ark seen
2. Natural Events: Thundering, Earthquake, Voices, Lightning, Hail
3. Art, Wast, and Is to Come
a. Re 1:4* John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be unto you, and peace, from him which is <5607>, and which was <2258>, and which is to come <2064>; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne; (Lampstand) b. Re 1:8* I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is <5607>, and which was <2258>, and which is to come <2064>, the Almighty. (Lampstand) c. Re 4:8* And the four beasts had each of them six wings about him; and they were full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was <2258>, and is <5607>, and is to come <2064>. (Table of Shewbread) d. Re 11:17* Saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art <5607>, and wast <2258>, and art to come <2064>; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned. (Altar of Incense) e. Revelation 16:5 “And I heard the angel of the waters say, Thou art righteous, O Lord, which art, and wast, and shalt be, because thou hast judged thus.” (Ark of Covenant) 4. Dead judged? a. Rev 20:12-13
b. Rev 6:10-11 (note that both here and 11:18 mention reward)
E. Only other time Temple opened?
a. Death of Christ: Veil torn
b. When Christ died, and veil tore, you knew the atonement was complete.
c. Likewise when you see into Heavenly Holy of Holies, you know that the Day of Atonement was over
d. Truth is now fully known about God
USA/New World APOSTATE PROTESTANTISM (FALSE PROPHET)
3. RIVERS AND SPRINGS
2 Rivers in Revelation
1st is in Rev 12 where it is associated with the DRAGON*
2nd is in Rev 16:12 and is Euphrates
Dragon in Rev 12:15-16 Satan and Civil Powers he chooses to work through
4. Celestial bodies
Rev 12 TRUE CHURCH
Rev 13:13 Dragon, Beast, and False Prophet
This combination earth, sea, and rivers is a combination of the church and state.
This is God’s final call out of Babylon (1-3 are 3 parts of Babylon)
Note that Rivers and Springs associated with words/teachings (proverbs). These teachings come from Dragon in one way or another.
Note that th
Parallel tween Rev 12 and Rev 8. Both have a fallen dragon, both have polluted rivers that cause destruction.
Revelation 16:19 “And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath.” (Dragon, Beast, False Prophet)
—This is the idea of thirds!!
Could it be that Rev 12-14 are an expansion and enlargement of the 7 Trumpets