Tended to increase



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Những từ vựng có thể dùng trong writing task 1

barrels: [noun] [thùng] a barrel is a large, round container usually made of

metal or wood. It is a unit of measurement in the oil industry [about 150

litres].

Example: Oil prices last year rose by 5 dollars per barrel.

tended to increase: [expression] [có xu hướng tăng] increased over a period

of time, but did not increase during each of the years shown [we have to

write this, because the number of barrels of oil produced in the UAE did not

increase from 1990 to 2000].

Example: Although the rate of inflation fell in July and August, inflation

tended to increase in the USA during 2015.

reaching a peak: [expression] [đạt đỉnh] the point at which something is at

its highest quantity.

Example: It is now almost 8:00 in the morning and the number of cars in the

city centre is reaching a peak.

slight: [adjective] [nhẹ] very small.

Example: I fell of my bike and suffered some slight injuries, but nothing

serious and so I was able to continue my journey.

the UAE: [noun] [Tiểu các vương quốc Ả rập] this name must be written

with „the‟ in front of it, in the same way as the USA, the UK, the United

Nations and the European Community.

Example: There are many English language schools in the United Arab

Emirates [the UAE].

peaked: [verb] [đạt đỉnh] reached its highest point.

Example: At midday, the temperature peaked at almost 40 degrees, before

falling slightly in the afternoon.

Compare with : so sánh với

Example: The other countries saw a slight rise in oil production over the period. The estimated figure for Iran in 1990 was over 3 million barrels per day, compared with around 2 million barrels in the other three countries.



expenditure: [noun] [mức chi tiêu] another word for „spending‟ – the

amount of money spent.

Example: There are plans to increase expenditure on schools next year.

pence: [noun] [xu] the plural of „penny‟. In the UK, there are 100 pence in

one pound.

Example: The chocolates were 95 pence and the ice cream was 60 pence.

spending: [noun] [mức chi tiêu] use it in exactly the same way as

„expenditure‟.

Example: Public spending on hospitals increased last year.

came a close second: [expression] [đứng thứ 2] be just behind another thing

or person.

Example: John said that although his favourite fruit was bananas,

strawberries came a close second.

reach a peak at : đạt đỉnh điểm tại

respectively. : lần lượt

account for +smth : chiếm

ex: Students account for the vast majority of our customers.



Witness : chứng tỏ

ex : The period between 2002 and 2004 witnessed a dramatic increase in the scores of team A, reaching 35 points in 2004.



Commute : đường đi làm

Ex : It's exhausting commuting from Brighton to London every day.



By : using the means, mechanism, or agency of

Through: movement through a system or process

Overtake : bắt kịp

Sedentary : ít vận động

Marital : hôn nhân (relating to marriage or the relationship of a married couple) widowed : góa (chồng, vợ )

number


- Use "the number of + plural noun" e.g. the number of visitors.

- Don't use it to describe percentages or uncountable nouns e.g. money.

amount

- Use "the amount of + uncountable noun" e.g. the amount of money.



- Don't use it with countable nouns e.g. the amount of person/people.

proportion

- Only use this to describe percentages (not numbers).

- Use "the proportion of + plural noun" e.g. the proportion of people.

figure

- Use "the figure for + plural noun" e.g. the figure for visitors to the UK.



- Use it with uncountable nouns e.g. the figure for unemployment.

- Use it with countries e.g. the figure for Canada.

- Use it with percentages e.g. the figure (for...) rose to 10%.

Note:


If you've read any of my task 1 essays, you'll see that I like "the figure for" because it can be used in almost any situation.

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