When Saint Nicholas was Bishop of Myra, there were among his people three beautiful maidens, daughters of a nobleman. Their father was so poor that he could not afford to give them dowries, and as in that land no maid might marry without a dowry, so these three maidens could not wed the youths who loved them.
At last the father became so very poor that he no longer had money with which to buy food or clothes for his daughters, and he was overcome by shame and sorrow. As for the daughters they wept continually, for they were both cold and hungry.
One day Saint Nicholas heard of the sad state of this noble family. So at night, when the maidens were asleep, and the father was watching, sorrowful and lonely, the good saint took a handful of gold, and, tying it in a purse, set off for the nobleman’s house. Creeping to the open window he threw the purse into the chamber, so that it fell on the bed of the sleeping maidens.
The father picked up the purse, and when he opened it and saw the gold, he rejoiced greatly, and awakened his daughters. He gave most of the gold to his eldest child for a dowry, and thus she was enabled to wed the young man whom she loved.
A few days later Saint Nicholas filled another purse with gold, and, as before, went by night to the nobleman’s house, and tossed the purse through the open window. Thus the second daughter was enabled to marry the young man whom she loved.
Now, the nobleman felt very grateful to the unknown one who threw purses of gold into his room and he longed to know who his benefactor was and to thank him. So the next night he watched beneath the open window. And when all was dark, lo! good Saint Nicholas came for the third time, carrying a silken purse filled with gold, and as he was about to throw it on the youngest maiden’s bed, the nobleman caught him by his robe, crying:—
’Oh, good Saint Nicholas! why do you hide yourself thus?’
And he kissed the saint’s hands and feet, but Saint Nicholas, overcome with confusion at having his good deed discovered, begged the nobleman to tell no man what had happened.
Thus the nobleman’s third daughter was enabled to marry the young man whom she loved; and she and her father and her two sisters lived happily for the remainder of their lives.
6 Who was Saint Nicholas?
A a king
В a priest
C a teacher
D a shop keeper
7 In that land a maiden couldn’t marry without...
A a father
В a house
C a dowry
D a mother
8 The daughter of the nobleman ... constantly.
9 Saint Nicholas decided to help poor family giving them... .
A a work
C a new house
10 The father gave the first purse with gold to... .
Read the text. Match each passage (11-16) with the statements (A-H). There are two statements you should not use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.
11 This spring I paid a visit to a beautiful place together with my parents. It is one on the most ancient park-museums in Ukraine. I mean the national recreation of Sofiivka. So I am going to tell about this place and my excursion there/
12 The world knows many masterpieces of landscape gardening. But speaking about the Sofiyivka we can say it is one of the most beautiful among them. Few works of landscape architecture we can meet in the amount of legends and romantic stories connected with dark alleys and heaps of rocks. They speak to those who know how to look and to listen. Our guide, a man of about thirty, started with the history of the museum. The whole group was listening with the interest.
13 Once upon a time in the late 18th century, there lived a Polish Count named Stanislav Potocki, who had many lands and serfs in central Ukraine. It was in Yasi that he met his future wife Sofiya, the beautiful daughter of a poor Greek merchant. Sofiya’s mother sent her daughter to Warsaw to find a rich husband. But she got married to a Russian officer and came to Ukraine. Returning to Ukraine, Stanislav decided to embody his love for Sofiya in the park that still stands to this day, but which he never saw completed.
14 Sofiyivka park covers 45 hectares; it was not easy to build it. There was used the art of its time, and the design of the landscape was nice enough. We walked along an alley leading to an elegantly constructed Flora Pavilion. Swans and monuments of kissing couples could be seen on a pond. Then there was the beautiful Snake fountain, whose waters washed the surrounding grounds. The atmosphere is that of a romantic fairytale.
15 Behind the Flora Pavilion lies the Valley of the Giants. Huge megaliths located in beautiful settings make visitors feel the power of nature.
16 There is the river Styx, 224 meters long. Taking a boat from the Dead Lake, one floats through complete darkness, with the exception of four windows in the granite ceiling: Childhood, Youth, Adulthood and Death.
A The place near the sea.
В The place where big stones lie.
C The River of the dead.
D Visiting the recreation.
E The story of the park.
F My attitude to the park.
G Masterpieces of landscape gardening.
H Beautiful places in the park.
Read the text below. Choose from (A-H) the one which best fits each space (17-22). There are two choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.
Ecology is one of the most important sciences now as the world is in great danger, the danger of death. The rate of the pollution of the surrounding environment is so high that the scientists think it will soon lead to (17) ________________ . One of the main problems now is the progressing disappearing of many animal species all over the world. Fauna is the vital part of the environment and has the function not only of being food and fur but of being (18) ________________ . Animals are not less important than people in nature.
Animals are the part of so called wild nature. They used to survive in very hard conditions because of their well developed senses. They used to kill what is quite natural as most of them are predators. They are very strong creatures, but can you imagine they are helpless against people with their new technologies. The fact is that animals became the object of use for people and what is the saddest they became (19) ________________.
All over the world we can observe so called zoos where we have the possibility to see (20) ________________ . The whole families come with their children to have a fun there. They can walk around and watch animals in the cages, look into their sad and lonely eyes. Do people like suffering so much? They just don’t think about (21) ________________, they just have a fun watching those strange creatures being caged. In extreme danger there are monkeys now. They are the main actors of a circus and a funny inhabitants of a zoo. Children like them most of all, they are so nice. But if only children can read all the pain in the eyes of a monkey, they would simply cry. Not only monkeys like freedom, all the animals do.
The conditions under which animals are used in a zoo are often terrible. But if the conditions are the best in the world each of us would die in the cage. Animals also have different diseases and they suffer of it too. But people all over the world try to help animals in cages. They fight against illegal exploitation of animals especially of rare ones. People organize various groups and companies which cure and protect our little brothers. (22) ________________ is famous all over the world for its activity in this field.
Read and complete the text below. For each of the empty space (23-32) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.
I do not think it possible for many people (23) ________________ the age of six to be able to predict their future with any accuracy. However, at that age I felt confident enough to inform my mother that I intended (24) ________________ my own zoo and moreover, I added, I would give her a cottage in the grounds to live (25) ________________. If my mother had been an American parent, she (26) ________________ me to the nearest psychiatrist; however, being fairly phlegmatic, she merely said she thought that it (27) ________________ lovely and promptly forgot (28) ________________. She should have been warned since, (29) ________________ the age of two, I (30) ________________ matchboxes and my pockets with a wide variety of the smaller fauna that came (31) ________________ my way, so the progress from a matchbox to a zoo could have been predicted. It is nice to record though that, before she died, I had fulfilled my promise and (32) ________________ her to live in my zoo, not in a cottage but in a manor house.
that I would have
must have rushed
would have rushed
should probably have rushed
would probably have rushed
was going to be
was to be
all about it
had been filling
For each of the empty space (33-42) choose the correct answer (А, В, C or D). Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.
Papyrus, a sedge (Cyperus papyrus), now almost extinct in Egypt but so universally used there in antiquity as to be the hieroglyphic symbol for Lower Egypt and a common motif in art. The roots (33) ________________ as fuel; the pith (34) ________________. The stem (35) for sandals, boats, twine, boxes, mats, sails, cloth and most notably as a writing material (used in Egypt until the introduction of paper there in the 8th century and exported throughout the Mediterranean world). This writing material, which also (36) ________________ papyrus, (37) ________________ into sheets by laying lengthwise slices of the sedge side by side in two layers at right angles and (38) ________________ them together with an adhesive probably (39) ________________ of their own juices and Nile water. The sheets (40) ________________ end to end and rolled on wooden rods to form manuscripts. Many examples (41) ________________, especially in Egypt, and have created valuable literary and historical matter in Greek and other languages. The science of papyrology (42) ________________ with the study of these documents. Papyrus is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Cyperaceae.
to be employed
have been recovered
43. Compare two of your friends in the written form using the plan below.
1. The difference in both friends’ appearance.
2. Common and different features of their characters.
3. Their likes and dislikes.
3.1. The clothing style.
3.2. The tastes in music and films.
4. Compare their attitude to studying.
5. Compare their achievements.
Write at least 100 words.
Read the text below. Make choices (A-H) to (1-5). There are three choices you do not need to use. Write your answers on the separate answer sheet.
HOW TO CHOOSE FRIENDS
There is nothing better than being surrounded by good friends. You may look at some people and their friends with envy as they chat away happily and participate in activities together. It may be hard to figure out where to start in your search for good friends. There are many things to keep in mind when choosing people to consider as friends.
Join a group or class that meets for activities such as biking, bird watching, scrap-booking or aerobics.
Trust is a big part of working relationships. Make sure that the people you are considering as friends are people you that want to know more intimate details of your life.
3 ._______________________ .
Groups of friends have similar interests but also have qualities that make up for traits that others in the group do not have.
Just because someone is nice and has similar interests as you do does not mean you have to be their friend. Friendships take time and effort, they are an investment.
Make sure that you do not waste your energies on half-hearted or fair-weather friends. The friends you choose can enrich your life or take you on a negative roller-coaster of time and feelings.
A Choose friends that make you feel and be your best.
ВChoose a friend that gives and takes in the relationship as much as you do.
C Invest wisely.
D Find people with similar interests as you.
E Be picky.
F Do not disclose too much personal information immediately.
G Surround yourself with positive people.
H Look for personalities that compliment you own.
Read the text below. For questions (6-11) choose the correct answer (А, В, C, D). Write your answers on a separate answer sheet.
Bethany Hamilton was bom in Hawaii. She lived with her parents and two brothers, Noah and Timmy. Both of her parents were surfers who moved to Hawaii from the continental United States for the surfing opportunities. Hamilton was taught how to surf by her parents and, in her book, says that she couldn’t have done it without support from her brothers. Her surfing abilities progressed very quickly. She entered two of her first major surfing competitions at the age of eight, taking first places in both.
With dreams of a career as a surfer, Hamilton began competing more seriously at the age of nine. She won the 1999 Haleiwa Menehune Championships 23rd annual conTest. In February 2000, she placed 1st at the Volcom Puffer Fish conTest. She picked up a sponsor, Rip Curl, who aided her with her plans of becoming a professional surfer.
On October 31, 2003, Hamilton went for a morning surf along Tunnels Beach, Kauai with friend Alana Blanchard, and Blanchard’s father and brother. Around 7:30 a.m., she was lying on her surfboard with her left arm dangling in the water, when a 14 ft tiger shark attacked her, ripping her left arm off just below the shoulder. If the shark had bitten two inches further in, the attack would have been fatal. Hamilton had lost almost 60% of her blood that morning. Her friends helped paddle her back to shore, and rushed her to hospital. Her dad was supposed to have a knee surgery that morning but she took his place in the operating room. She then spent seven more days in recovery at the hospital.