The dancer was not tall



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Instructions:
By coordinating words, phrases, and/or clauses, combine the sentences in each set into a single clear sentence. Use any coordinating conjunctions orcorrelative conjunctions that you think are appropriate. Omit words that are needlessly repeated, but don't leave out any important details.
After you have completed the exercise, compare your new sentences with the original sentences on page two . Keep in mind that many combinations are possible, and in some cases you may prefer your own sentences to the original versions. 



  1. The dancer was not tall.
    The dancer was not slender.
    The dancer was extremely elegant.

Example: The dancer was neither tall nor slender, but she was extremely elegant.

  1. The sound of an automobile horn is muffled.
    The sound is indistinct.
    The sound seems part of another world.

The sound of an automobile horn is not only muffled and indistinct, but it also seems part of another world.

The muffled and indistinct sound of an automobile horn seems part of another world.






  1. A few of the strikers obeyed the court order.
    They returned to work.
    Most of the strikers remained on the picket line.

    A few of the strikers obeyed the court order, so, they returned to work, but most of them remained on the picket line.

    While a few of the strikers obeyed the court order and returned to work, most of them remained on the picket line.

    (Most of) The strikers remained on the picket line, although a few of them obeyed the court order and returned to work





  1. Merdine may be down at the Confidence Bar & Grill.
    Merdine may be over at the Chelsea Drugstore.
    Merdine is at one of these two places.

    Merdine is either at the Chelsea Drugstore or at the Confidence Bar & Grill.




  1. The winds dispersed.
    The rain slackened to a drizzle and a mist.
    The clouds fell apart.
    The sun shone through.

    Not only did the winds disperse, the rain slacken to a drizzle and a mist, and the clouds fall apart, but also the sun shone through.

    Not only did the winds disperse and the rain slacken to a drizzle and a mist, but also the clouds fell apart and the sun shone.

    No sooner did the winds disperse and the rain slacken to a drizzle and a mist, than the clouds fell apart and the sun shone.







  1. The girl was little.
    She pressed her nose against the window.
    The window was icy.
    She giggled with delight.
    She had never seen snow before.

    When / As soon as the little girl pressed her nose against the icy window, she giggled with delight for/because/as she had never seen snow before.

    No sooner did the little girl press her nose against the icy window than she giggled with delight for/because/as she had never seen snow before.









  1. The waitress tugged the pencil out of her hair.
    Her hair was lacquered.
    She licked the pencil point.
    She flicked over her bill pad.
    She asked if she could take our order.

    No sooner did the waitress tug the pencil out of her lacquered hair than she licked the point, flicked over her bill pad and asked if she could take our order.

    Just as the waitress tugged the pencil out of her lacquered hair, licked the point and flicked her bill pad, she asked…

    Tagging the pencil out of her lacquered hair and licking the point, the waitress flicked over her bill pad and asked if…

    Before asking if she could take our order, the waitress tagged….






  1. He turned.
    He pushed the bottom strand of wire.
    He pushed it down to the ground.
    He pushed it with his foot.
    He held the middle strand up.
    He held it up with his hands.
    He did this so Ed and I could walk through.

    He turned, pushed the bottom strand of wire down to the ground with his foot and held (holding) the middle one up with his hands so Ed and I could walk through.

    He turned and pushing the bottom strand of wire down to the ground with his foot and holding the middle one up with his hands , Ed and I could walk through.










  1. Papa would sit on the front porch.
    Papa would sit after supper.
    Papa would sit on summer nights.
    The nights were warm.
    Papa would tell us stories.
    The stories were about ghosts.
    The stories were about witches.

    On warm summer nights, while sitting on the front porch, papa would tell us stories about ghosts and witches.

    Papa would sit on the front porch on warm summer nights, telling /to tell us stories about….

    While sitting on the front porch on warm summer nights after supper, papa would tell us stories about ghosts and witches.






  1. The sun would dry the dew.
    The dew was on the grass of the park
    The sun would soften the tar.
    The sun would bake the rooftops.
    The sun would brown us on the beaches.
    The sun would make us sweat.
    The sun would keep us from the flats.
    These were the flats of the tenements.
    The flats were tight.
    The flats were small.

    … the sun would dry the park grass dew, soften the tar, bake the rooftops, brown us on the beaches, make us sweat and keep us from the small, tight, tenement flats (flats of the tenements)

    Not only would the sun dry the dew on the park grass, but also soften the tar, bake the rooftops, brown us on the beaches, make us sweat and keep us from the small, tight, tenement flats (flats of the tenements)


    Not only would the sun dry the dew on the park grass, soften the tar, bake the rooftops, brown us on the beaches, make us sweat, but also keep us from the small, tight, tenement flats (flats of the tenements)

    No sooner would the sun dry the dew on the park grass, soften the tar and bake the rooftops than it would make us sweat, brown us on the beaches and keep us from the small, tight, tenement flats (flats of the tenements)

    … (or) keeping us from the small, tight, tenement flats (flats of the tenements)

    make us sweaty and brown
    make us sweat and brown





Sample Combinations: Sentence Building With Coordinators


  1. The dancer was neither tall nor slender, but she was extremely elegant.


  2. The muffled and indistinct sound of an automobile horn seems part of another world.


  3. A few of the strikers obeyed the court order and returned to work, but most remained on the picket line.


  4. Merdine is either down at the Confidence Bar & Grill or over at the Chelsea Drugstore.


  5. The winds dispersed, the rain slackened to a drizzle and a mist, the clouds fell apart, and the sun shone through.


  6. The little girl pressed her nose against the icy window and giggled with delight, for she had never seen snow before.


  7. The waitress tugged the pencil out of her lacquered hair, licked the pencil point, flicked over her bill pad, and asked if she could take our order.


  8. He turned and pushed the bottom strand of the wire down to the ground with his foot and held the middle strand up with his hands, so Ed and I could walk through.


  9. On warm summer nights after supper, Papa would sit on the front porch and tell us stories about ghosts and witches.


  10. The sun would dry the dew on the grass of the park, soften the tar, bake the rooftops, brown us on the beaches, make us sweat, and keep us from the tight, small flats of the tenements.

Correlative conjunctions

A paired conjunction (such as not only . . . but also) that links balanced words, phrases, and clauses.

The elements connected by correlative conjunctions are usually parallel--that is, similar in length and grammatical form. Eachelementiscalled a conjoin.

These are the primary correlative conjunctions in English:


both . . . and
either . . . or
neither . . . nor
not . . . but
not only . . . but also

Other pairs that sometimes have a coordinating function include the following:


(just) as . . . as (as scared as a mouse)
the more . . . the less
the more . . . the more
no sooner . . . than
so . . . as (so difficult as to make the students intimidated)
whether . . . or
Coordinating conjunctions

A conjunction that joins two similarly constructed and/or syntactically equal words or phrases or clauses within a sentence.



The coordinating conjunctions are and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet

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