The Maryland Colony was one of the original 13 colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America. The original 13 colonies were divided into three geographic areas consisting of the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. The Maryland Colony was classified as one of the Southern Colonies.
The Province of Maryland was an English colony in North America that existed from 1633 until 1776, when it joined the other 12 of the 13 colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of Maryland.
Founding of the Maryland Colony
When was the colony of Maryland founded? The Maryland Colony was founded in 1633 by George Calvert, Lord Baltimoreand other colonists, at Baltimore.
King Charles I of England specified that the name for the new colony was to be called Maryland in honor of his wife, Queen Henrietta Maria.
Fact 1 History Year Founded: 1633 by Lord Baltimore and others as a refuge for English Catholics, at Baltimore
Fact 2 Cities Major Towns / Cities: Baltimore, Annapolis
Fact 3 Industries Major Industries: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (corn, wheat, rice, indigo). The Maryland Legislature passed an “Act for the Encouragement of an Iron Manufacture within this Province” in 1719
Fact 4 Geography of Maryland: Coastal plains, peidmont plateau, and the Blue Ridge, separated by the Chesapeake Bay
Fact 5 Climate: The Southern colonies were the warmest of the three regions, winters not difficult to survive, but the hot and humid summers gave rise to the spread of disease. The warm climate made it possible to grow crops throughout the year and was ideally suited for plantations
Fact 6 Climate: The warm climate made it possible to grow crops throughout the year and was ideally suited for plantations
Fact 7 Religion: Not dominated by a specific religion which gave way to religious freedom for Baptists, Catholics, Anglicans and others. Refer to Religion in the Colonies
Fact 8 Raw Materials Natural Resources: Fish, forests (timber) and good agricultural land. Farming and Plantations were important. Exported agricultural products to other colonies
Fact 9 Economics and Trade: Concentrated on agriculture and developed the plantations exporting tobacco, cotton, corn, vegetables, grain, fruit and livestock
Fact 10 Government: By 1775 Maryland was governed as a Proprietary Colony.
Fact 11 Geography: Maryland is about 250 miles long and 90 miles wide with approximately 9,837 square miles of land area
Fact 12 Religion: Religious toleration, which already existed by charter, was further established by a law of the Maryland Assembly, of April 2, 1649
Fact 13 Original Name: The original name of the colony was the Province of Maryland (later Maryland)
Fact 15 Economy: The Southern Colonies had the largest slave population who worked on the plantations. Plantations grew cotton, tobacco, rice, sugar, indigo (a purple dye), and other crops
Fact 16 Economy: Some of the plantations were massive and consisted of the main house, slave quarters, a dairy, blacksmith's shop, laundry, smokehouse and barns which made the plantations to large degree, self-sufficient
Fact 17 Economy: Crops were traded for items that could not be produced on the plantations including shoes, lace, thread, farm tools and dishes
Fact 18 History: Maryland was originally founded as a haven for those who were Catholic. However, the land prices were so cheap that Protestants also flocked to Maryland which caused much division with the colonists
Fact 19 History: 1763 - Legal battles were settled by a survey, which resulted in the Mason-Dixon line, surveyed by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, establishing Maryland's northern boundary
Fact 20 Trade / Exports: Trade in the Southern colonies included Tobacco, cotton, rice, indigo (dye), lumber, furs, farm products - refer to Colonial Times
Fact 21 History: Maryland was the 7th of the original 13 colonies to become a state April 28, 1788. For additional facts and info refer to the Change from Colonies to States