Again We Keep This Solemn Fast Scagnelli/ERHALT UNS HERR GIA
Amazing Grace Traditional American various
Christians, Let Us Love One Another Foltz/PICARDY OCP
Come, You Sinners, Poor and Needy Hart/RESTORATION various
Draw Near, O Lord Attende Domine, chant various
Escúchanos SeñorTraditional Spanish OCP
For the Healing of the Nations ST. THOMAS/Picardy various
Forgive Our Sins Herklots/DETROIT various
From Deepest Need We Cry Delores Duffner GIA
God So Loved the World John Stainer various
God, Whose Giving Knows No Ending Edwards/RUSTINGTON GIA
How Great Thou Art (v. 3) Stewart Hine various
I Heard the Voice of Jesus Say Bonar/ KINGSFOLD Various
Jesus, Lord DeBruyn OCP
Lift High the Cross Sydney Nicholson various
Lord of All Nations, Grant Me Grace Spannaus/BEATUS VIR GIA
Misericordes Sicut Pater (Hymn of the Jubilee of Mercy) Inwood/Costa im.va
My Song is Love Unknown Crossman/Ireland OCP
O Christ, Bright Son of Justice Freeman Lewis OCP
Our Father We Have Wandered Hassler/ PASSION CHORALE various
Out of Darkness Walker OCP
Parce Domine/Spare Your People, Lord chant/ Ps 51 various
Perdón Señor Traditional Spanish OCP
Perdonas Nuestras Culpas Madurga OCP
Renew Your People Welch/ Currie GIA
The Master Came to Bring Good News Mainz Gsnbg. W3, RS, GC2
There’s a Wideness in God’s Mercy Faber/ IN BABILONE OCP
This Season Calls Us chant OCP
Turn to the Living God Lori True GIA
We Are Your People Wren/ WHITFIELD W3, RS
When I Survey the Wondrous Cross Lowell Mason various
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Q. What is the proper time for the Easter Vigil? A. On Saturday, March 26, 2016, civil twilight will end in the Diocese of Lansing at 8:28 PM PM.PM.
Thus, the earliest time for the beginning of the Easter Vigil is 8:30 PM.
“The entire celebration of the Easter Vigil takes place at night. It should not begin before nightfall; it should end before daybreak on Sunday. This rule is to be taken according to its strictest sense. Reprehensible are those abuses and practices that have crept into many places in violation of this ruling, whereby the Easter Vigil is celebrated at the same time of day that it is customary to celebrate anticipated Sunday Masses (Circular Letter Concerning the Preparation and Celebration of the Easter Feasts, no. 78. Congregation for Divine Worship, January 16, 1988, quoting the Roman Missal).
According to a most ancient tradition, this night is one of vigil for the Lord, and the Vigil celebrated during it, to commemorate that holy night when the Lord rose from the dead, is regarded as the mother of all holy vigils. For in that night, the Church keeps vigil, waiting for the resurrection of the Lord, and celebrates the sacraments of Christian initiation.
(Paschale Solemnitatis, no. 77; quoting Exodus 12:42; St. Augustine, Sermon 219; and the Ceremonial of Bishops)
Q. Is holy water to be removed from the fonts during the season of Lent? A. No. The removal of water from the fonts during the season of Lent is not permitted. Fonts are only to be emptied of holy water on the days of the Sacred Triduum in preparation for the blessing of the water at the Easter Vigil.
Q. How are the saints’ days to be observed during Lent? A. On Sundays, solemnities and feasts, on Ash Wednesday, during Holy Week and during the Octave of Easter no regard is taken of any memorials that may fall on those days.
Solemnities and feasts are celebrated as usual. Memorials of the saints are not celebrated during Lent, but they may be commemorated as follows:
The opening prayer of the saint may replace the opening prayer of the Lenten weekday.
The Scripture readings are always those of the Lenten weekday.
The prayer over the gifts and prayer after Communion are always the prayer from the Lenten weekday.
The Lenten Preface is always used.
The color is always violet.
In the Liturgy of the Hours:
At the Office of Readings: After the second reading (with its responsory) from the Lenten weekday, the readings of the saint (with its responsory) may be added with the concluding prayer of the saint.
At Morning and Evening Prayer: the ending of the concluding prayer may be omitted, and the saint’s antiphon (from the Proper or Common) and prayer added.
(General Instruction to the Liturgy of the Hours, 239)
Q. The word “Triduum” means “Three Days.” What are the three days of the Triduum? A. The three days of the Sacred Triduum are Sunday, Saturday, and Friday. Good Friday has a vigil, which we celebrate liturgically as the Mass of the Lord’s Supper on Holy Thursday evening.
This seventy-two hour period is the most important celebration of our entire liturgical calendar; it begins on Holy Thursday evening and concludes with Vespers (Evening Prayer) on Easter Sunday. The Sacred Paschal Triduum is actually ONE liturgy over three days. We may go home and come back again, but we do not actually “begin” and “end” our daily celebrations.
Q. What are the norms regarding the distribution of Holy Communion to the sick during the Triduum? A. According to the Church’s ancient tradition, the sacraments are not celebrated on Good Friday or during the day on Holy Saturday. The rubrics of the Roman Missal indicate that only the sacraments of the Anointing of the Sick and Penance are celebrated on Good Friday and Holy Saturday (Roman Missal, Rubrics for Good Friday, 1). Holy Communion may be brought at any hour of the day to the sick who cannot take part in the service on Good Friday. On Holy Saturday, Holy Communion may be given only as Viaticum.
Q. Are Funeral Masses permitted on Holy Thursday or during the Triduum? A. No. Funeral Masses are not permitted on Holy Thursday or during the days of the Easter Triduum. On these days, the body of the deceased may be brought to the church and the Funeral Liturgy Outside of Mass may be celebrated (Order of Christian Funerals, 177-203). A memorial Mass should be celebrated on a convenient date after Easter Sunday.
Q. Our parish has wedding Masses planned for Friday, April 1 and Saturday, April 2, 2016. Which Mass and readings are to be used? A. Friday, April 1, and Saturday, April 2, 2016 are within the Octave of Easter this year, consequently, they are ranked as solemnities. The General Instruction of the Roman Missal, 330, states: “Ritual Masses are prohibited on solemnities, on days within the Octave of Easter…”
Besides the Mass for the day, only a funeral Mass is permitted.
However, paragraph 11 of the introduction to the Rite of Marriage states that “If marriage is celebrated on a solemnity, the Mass of the day is used, with the nuptial blessing and, where appropriate, the special final blessing.”
“When the wedding Mass may not be used [which would be the case on April 11 and 12], one of the readings in nos. 67-105 should be chosen.”
Therefore, if a wedding is to take place during the celebration of Mass on April 1 or 2, the Mass propers must be used for the Friday or Saturday within the Octave of Easter. The readings for the Friday or Saturday within the Octave of Easter must be used for this Mass (except for one, which may be taken from the Rite of Marriage). The Rite of Marriage would then be celebrated after the homily.
If a wedding ceremony is being celebrated outside of Mass, the above does not apply. The Rite of Marriage Outside of Mass is permitted during the Octave of Easter.
Q. When does the Deacon or Priest use the Double Alleluia at the Dismissal? A. The “double alleluia” is sung (or recited) on the Easter Vigil, Easter Sunday and all days during the Octave of Easter. It is used again at Pentecost (Vigil, Mass during the Day, and Vespers).
It is not used on the other Sundays and weekdays of the Fifty Days. On these days, a single alleluia is added to the dismissal rite at Mass and the Liturgy of the Hours.
Q. Where can I find online information about the Jubilee of Mercy in the Diocese of Lansing? A. This link http://www.dioceseoflansing.org/YearofMercy is updated frequently to keep you informed about the Jubilee of Mercy in the Diocese of Lansing.
HOLY WEEK READINGS
Monday of Holy Week, March 21 (ABC)
Isaiah 42:1-7 He will not cry out, nor make his voice heard in the street.
(First oracle of the servant of the Lord.)
Psalm 27:1, 2, 3, 13-14 The Lord is my light and my salvation.
John 12:1-11 Let her keep this for the day of my burial.
Tuesday of Holy Week, March 22 (ABC)
Isaiah 49:1-6 I will make you a light to the nations, that my salvation may reach to the ends of the earth. (Second oracle of the servant of the Lord.)
Psalm 71:1-2, 3-4a, 5ab-6ab, 15, 17 I will sing of your salvation.
John 13:21-33, 36-38 One of you will betray me; the cock will not crow before you deny me three times.
Wednesday of Holy Week, March 23 (ABC)
Isaiah 50:4-9a My face I did not shield from buffets and spitting.
(Third oracle of the servant of the Lord.)
Psalm 69:9-10, 21-22, 31, 33-34 Lord, in your great love, answer me.
Matthew 26:14-25 The Son of Man indeed goes, as it is written of him, but woe to that man by whom the son of man is betrayed.
Thursday of Holy Week - Mass of Chrism, March 24 (ABC)
Isaiah 61:1-3a, 6a, 8b-9 The Lord anointed me and sent me to bring glad tidings to the lowly, and to give them oil of gladness.
Psalm 89:21-22, 25, 27 For ever I will sing the goodness of the Lord.
Revelation 1:5-8 Christ has made us into a kingdom, priests for his God and Father.
Luke 4:16-21 The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because of which he has anointed me.
READINGS FOR THE SACRED TRIDUUM
Holy Thursday - Evening Mass of the Lord’s Supper
Exodus 12:1-8, 11-14 The law regarding the Passover meal.
Psalm 116:12-13, 15-16bc, 17-18 Our blessing-cup is a communion with the Blood of Christ.
1 Corinthians 11:23-26 For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the death of the Lord.
John 13:1-15 Jesus loved them to the end.
Good Friday - Celebration of the Lord’s Passion
Isaiah 54:13 – 53:12 He himself was wounded for our sins.
(Fourth oracle of the servant of the Lord.)
Psalm 31:2, 6, 12-13, 15-16, 17, 25 Father, into your hands I commend my spirit.
Hebrews 4:14-16; 5:7-9 Jesus learned obedience and became the source of salvation for all who obey him.
John 18:1 – 19:42 The passion of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Easter Sunday - Mass in the Holy Night of Easter
Genesis 1:1 – 2:2 or 1:1, 26-31a God looked at everything he had made, and he found it very good.
Psalm 104:1-2, 5-6, 10, 12, Lord, send out your Spirit, and renew the face of the earth.
13-14, 24, 35
Genesis 22:1-18 or The sacrifice of Abraham, our father in faith.
Genesis 22:1-2, 9a, 10-13, 15-18
Psalm 16:5, 8-9, 11 You are my inheritance, O Lord.
Exodus 14:15 – 15:1 The Israelites marched on dry land through the midst of the sea.
Exodus 15:1-2, 3-4, 5-6, 17-18 Let us sing to the Lord; he has covered himself in glory.
Isaiah 54:5-14 With enduring love, the Lord your redeemer takes pity on you.
Psalm 30:2, 4, 5-6, 11-12, 13 I will praise you, Lord, for you have rescued me.
Isaiah 55:1-11 Come to me that you may have life. I will renew with you an everlasting covenant.
Isaiah 12:2-3, 4, 5-6 You will draw water joyfully from the springs of salvation.
Baruch 3:9-15, 32 – 4:4 Walk toward the splendor of the Lord.
Psalm 19:8, 9, 10, 11 Lord, you have the words of everlasting life.
Ezekiel 36:16-17a, 18-28 I shall sprinkle clean water upon you and I shall give you a new heart.
Psalm 42:3, 5; 43:3, 4 Like a deer that longs for running streams, my soul longs for you, my God.
Romans 6:3-11 Christ, raised from the dead, dies no more.
A. An indulgence is closely linked to the sacrament of Penance. "An indulgence is a remission before God of the temporal punishment due to sins whose guilt has already been forgiven...” (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1471).
Q. Why do we need indulgences?
A. To understand this doctrine and practice of the Church, it is necessary to understand that sin has a double consequence. Grave sin deprives us of communion with God and therefore makes us incapable of eternal life. This is "eternal punishment." On the other hand every sin, including venial sin, is unhealthy, which must be purified either here on earth, or after death in the state called Purgatory. This purification frees one from what is called the "temporal punishment" due to sin. (cf. Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1472).
The grace of God acting in our lives inspires us to pray, do penance, and do works of
mercy and charity, (1473); indeed, we love because He first loved us (cf 1 John 4:19).
Q. Why does the Church grant indulgences?
A. In the communion of saints, a “perennial link of charity” exists between the faithful who have already reached their heavenly home, those in purgatory, and those on earth. In this wonderful exchange, the holiness of one profits others (1475). We also call these spiritual goods of the communion of saints “the Church's treasury.” This does not refer to material goods, but to a treasury of infinite value, which can never be exhausted -- Christ's merits before God, offered so that the whole of mankind could be set free from sin and attain communion with the Father (1476). This treasury includes as well the prayers and good works of the Blessed Virgin Mary and the saints. They ... have followed in the footsteps of Christ the Lord and by his grace have made their lives holy and carried out the mission the Father entrusted to them. In this way they attained their own salvation and at the same time cooperated in saving others in the unity of the Mystical Body (1477).
An indulgence is obtained through the Church who, by virtue of the power of binding and
loosing granted her by Christ Jesus [cf Mt 16:19], intervenes in favor of individual Christians and opens for them the treasury of the merits of Christ and the saints to obtain from the Father of mercies the remission of the temporal punishments due for their sins (1478).
Q. Are there different types of indulgences?
A. Yes, there are two types of indulgences, partial and plenary.
A partial indulgence removes some of the temporal punishment due to sin. It is granted in four general ways:
1) anytime we raise our minds in humble trust to God and make some pious invocation or prayer;
2) when, prompted by a spirit of faith, we devote ourselves or our goods in compassionate
service to those in need; or
3) when, in a spirit of penitence, we voluntarily abstain from something which is licit for and pleasing to us.
4) when, in the particular circumstances of daily life, we voluntarily give explicit witness to our faith before others.
A partial indulgence can be gained multiple times a day.
A plenary indulgence removes all of the temporal punishment due to sin. The Church has a list of prayers and actions which provide opportunities to gain a plenary indulgence (see Manual of Indulgences: Norms and Grants, USCCB 1999). During the seasons of Lent, the Sacred Paschal Triduum and Easter, the Church makes available even more opportunities.
A plenary indulgence can be acquired only once in the course of the day. The faithful, however, may obtain the plenary indulgence at the hour of death, even if they have already gained one on the same day.
Q. What must I do to receive an indulgence?
A. In order to be capable of gaining indulgences, a person must be baptized, not excommunicated, be truly repentant and in the state of grace at least at the completion of the prescribed works. To gain the indulgence, one must have at least the general intention of doing so, and must carry out the enjoined works at the stated time and in due fashion, according to the sense of the grant.
Q. What must I do to receive a plenary indulgence?
A. For a plenary indulgence, a member of the faithful must fulfill certain additional conditions:
To be free of attachment to sin, including venial sins;
Perform the indulgenced work;
Sacramental Confession within 20 days;
Prayer for the intention of the Holy Father;
Preferably, the reception of Holy Communion and prayer for the Holy Father’s intentions will take place on the same day as the indulgenced work.
Q. May I obtain an indulgence for someone else?
A. Indulgences may be applied only to oneself or to a member of the faithful departed (Norms for Indulgences, 3).
The above is based upon the Apostolic Constitution Indulgentiarum doctrina, by Pope Paul VI as quoted in the Catechism of the Catholic Church nos. 1471 -1479
PLENARY INDULGENCES Fridays of Lent
Eucharistic and Spiritual Communion
A plenary indulgence is granted to the faithful who on any of the Fridays of Lent devoutly
recite after Communion the prayer Behold, O good and loving Jesus before a crucifix.
(Manual of Indulgences, Grant of Indulgence 8, 2):
Behold, O good and loving Jesus,
I cast myself upon my knees before you
and, with the greatest fervor of spirit,
I pray and beseech you to instill in my heart
ardent sentiments of faith, hope and charity,
with true repentance for my sins
and a most firm purpose of amendment.
With deep affection and sorrow
I ponder intimately
and contemplate in my mind your five wounds,
having before my eyes what the prophet David
had already put in your mouth about yourself, O good Jesus:
They have pierced my hands and my feet;
they have numbered all my bones (Ps 21:17-18).
Roman Missal, Thanksgiving After Mass
Eucharistic Adoration and Procession
A plenary indulgence is granted to the faithful who piously recite the verses of the Tantum
ergo after the Mass of the Lord’s Supper on Holy Thursday during the solemn reposition of
possible the three usual conditions, will recite the Our Father and the Creed before a
devout image of Our Merciful Lord Jesus and, in addition, pray a devout invocation to the
Merciful Lord Jesus (e.g. Merciful Jesus, I trust in you).
If it is impossible that people do even this, on the same day they may obtain the Plenary Indulgence ifwith a spiritual intention they are united with those carrying out the prescribed practice for obtaining the Indulgence in the usual way and offer to the Merciful Lord a prayer and the sufferings of their illness and the difficulties of their lives, with the resolution to accomplish as soon as possible the three conditions prescribed to obtain the plenary indulgence. (Manual of Indulgences, Appendix: Decree on Devotions to the Divine Mercy, p 112-113)
First Holy Communion
Eucharistic and Spiritual Communion
A plenary indulgence is granted to the faithful who receive Holy Communion for the first time or devoutly assist at the first Holy Communion of others. (Manual of Indulgences, 8, 1, 1)
Prayers of Supplication and Acts of Thanksgiving
A plenary indulgence is granted to the faithful who devoutly assist either at the recitation
or the solemn singing of the Veni Creator on the solemnity of Pentecost. (Manual of
Indulgences, 26, 1, 1)
First Mass and Jubilee Celebrations
A plenary indulgence is granted to a priest celebrating his first Mass before the people on a
chosen day; and to the faithful who devoutly assist at such a Mass.
Similarly, a plenary indulgence is granted to priests celebrating the twenty-fifth, fiftieth,
sixtieth and seventieth anniversary of their priestly ordinations, who renew before God
their promise of faithfully fulfilling the duties of their vocation; and to the faithful who
devoutly assist at jubilee Mass celebrations. (Manual of Indulgences, 27)
Plenary Indulgences granted on moveable Solemnities determined by the
date of Easter: Solemnity of the Most Holy Body and Blood of Christ (Corpus Christi)
(Sunday, May 29, 2016)
Eucharistic Adoration and Procession
A plenary indulgence is granted to the faithful who devoutly participate in a solemn Eucharistic procession, held inside or outside a church, of greatest importance on the Solemnity of the Body and Blood of Christ (Manual of Indulgences, 7, 1, 3)
Heart of Jesus, publicly recite the act of reparation (Iesu dulcissime). (Manual of
Act of Reparation (Iesu dulcissime)
Most sweet Jesus, whose overflowing charity for men is requited by so much forgetfulness, negligence and contempt, behold us prostrate before you, eager to repair by a special act of homage the cruel indifference and injuries to which your loving Heart is everywhere subject.
Mindful, alas! that we ourselves have had a share in such great indignities, which we now deplore from the depths of our hearts, we humbly ask your pardon and declare our readiness to atone by voluntary expiation, not only for our own personal offenses, but also for the sins of those, who, straying far from the path of salvation, refuse in their obstinate infidelity to follow you, their Shepherd and Leader, or, renouncing the promises of their baptism, have cast off the sweet yoke of your law.
We are now resolved to expiate each and every deplorable outrage committed against you; we are now determined to make amends for the manifold offenses against Christian modesty in unbecoming dress and behavior, for all the foul seductions laid to ensnare the feet of the innocent, for the frequent violations of Sundays and holy-days, and the shocking blasphemies uttered against you and your Saints. We wish also to make amends for the insults to which your Vicar on earth and your priests are subjected, for the profanation, by conscious neglect or terrible acts of sacrilege, of the very Sacrament of your divine love, and lastly for the public crimes of nations who resist the rights and teaching authority of the Church which you have founded.
Would that we were able to wash away such abominations with our blood. We now offer, in reparation for these violations of your divine honor, the satisfaction you once made to your Eternal Father on the cross and which you continue to renew daily on our altars; we offer it in union with the acts of atonement of your Virgin Mother and all the Saints and of the pious faithful on earth; and we sincerely promise to make recompense, as far as we can with the help of your grace, for all neglect of your great love and for the sins we and others have committed in the past. Henceforth, we will live a life of unswerving faith, of purity of conduct, of perfect observance of the precepts of the Gospel and especially that of charity. We promise to the best of our power to prevent others from offending you and to bring as many as possible to follow you.
O loving Jesus, through the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mother, our model in reparation, deign to receive the voluntary offering we make of this act of expiation; and by the crowning gift of perseverance keep us faithful unto death in our duty and the allegiance we owe to you, so that we may all one day come to that happy home, where with the Father and the Holy Spirit you live and reign, God, forever and ever. Amen.
United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, Apostolic Penitentiary, Manual of Indulgences: Norms and Grants,
Translated into English from the Fourth Edition (1999) of Enchiridion Indulgentiarum, Normae et Concessiones.
Eucharistic Prayer Eucharistic Prayer I with embolisms
Memorial Acclamation ______________________________________
Great Amen ______________________________________
Sign of Peace
Breaking of the Bread Lamb of God:_____________________________
Distribution of Holy Communion
Prayer After Communion
Transfer of the Most Blessed Sacrament
Acclamation or Hymn ______________________________________
Procession to Place of Reposition Pange Lingua
[Stripping of the Altar] “at an appropriate time”
FRIDAY OF THE PASSION OF THE LORD
Entrance of the Ministers In silence; red vestments, reverence altar, lie prostrate or kneel for a time
Prayer “Let us pray” is omitted
LITURGY OF THE WORD
First Reading Isaiah 52:13 - 53:12
(Fourth Servant Song) He was wounded for our sins Responsorial Psalm Psalm 31:2, 6, 12-13, 15-16, 17, 25
Father, into your hands I commend my spirit. Second Reading Hebrews 4:14-16; 5:7-9
Jesus learned obedience and became the source of salvation for all who obey him. Chant Before the Gospel Phil 2:8-9
Christ became obedient unto death... Gospel John 18:1 - 19:42
The passion of our Lord Jesus Christ
The Solemn Intercessions For the Church, Pope, all orders and degrees of the faithful, catechumens, unity of Christians, the Jewish people, those who do not believe in Christ, those who do not believe in God, those in public office, those in tribulation.
THE ADORATION OF THE HOLY CROSS
The Showing the Holy Cross
First Form Deacon carries cross through church to sanctuary; priest unveils it gradually
Second Form Priest or deacon goes to door of church and receives unveiled cross
Invitation Priest: “Behold the Wood of the Cross” All: “Come, let us adore.”
Procession Antiphon or Hymn
Adoration of the Holy Cross A single cross; candles on right and left; options for chants or music
[Covering of the Altar]
Ciborium to Altar Priest or deacon, wearing a humeral veil accompanied by candles
Invitation to Communion “Behold the Lamb of God…”
Distribution of Communion Hymn(s) ______________________________________
Prayer After Communion
Prayer Over the People
All depart in silence after genuflecting to the Cross