Tossups In Act one, Fiers, the elderly footman, is replaced by Yasha. Minor characters include Charlotta, a governess, and Gaev, the brother of the central female



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2004 Fall High School Tournament



Tossups



1. In Act one, Fiers, the elderly footman, is replaced by Yasha. Minor characters include Charlotta, a governess, and Gaev, the brother of the central female. Lubov Andreyevna, aka Madame Ranevsky, faints when she is forced to part with the dearest reminder of her dead son to Lopakhin, a former family friend and newly wealthy man. FTP, name this Anton Chekhov drama centered around the titular piece of fruitful land.
The Cherry Orchard
2. Quotations from this book appear in the New Testament, including three of Jesus's replies to Satan during his temptation. Some scholars dispute its traditional authorship, believing it to have been written in the 8th century BC, during the reign of King Josiah of Judah, in order to call the Jewish people back to observance of the laws. Unique in its format as a series of warmhearted speeches, it is notable for recounting Moses’ farewell address. FTP, identify this final book of the Pentatuech, which takes its name from the Greek for “second law.”

Deuteronomy



3. His father died in battle in 1759, and his mother and grandparents passed on in 1770, leaving this man with a huge fortune at the age of 13. Upon hearing of the outbreak of violence in the American colonies, this man worked out a deal to become a Major General at the age of only 19. After being wounded at the Battle of Brandywine he was given command of his own division. FTP, name this lifelong friend of George Washington who is considered a national hero for both France and America.



Marquis de Lafayette
4. A version of it was first performed in Potsdam in 1881, but due to a lack of success, it was repeated again in 1887. The set-up consisted of a 5 ft square sandstone slab that floated on a bed of mercury in order to dampen any vibrations which might have caused errors in the expected fringe patterns emitted from the sodium light source. However, after rotating the interferometer 90 degrees, no observable fringe shifts occurred, causing the experiment to have a null result. FTP, identify this failed attempt by two scientists to prove the existence of the luminiferous ether.



Michelson-Morley experiment
5. On Feb. 16, 2005, two of the paintings from this series sold for $590,400. The advertising firm Brown & Bigelow commissioned the series of 16 paintings in 1903, however, the most famous painting entitled Looks Like Four of a Kind, was actually an add-on to the series created in 1910. His Station and Four Aces, A Bold Bluff, and A Bachelor's Dog are, FTP all apart of what C.M. Coolidge series named for the titular canines at a card table.



Dogs Playing Poker
6. It is one of the few cities able to reinvent itself after mining and the steel industry collapsed, finding success in biotechnology and robotics. Also a financial hub, it houses 11 Fortune 500 companies, including Fed Ex Ground, PPG, and US Steel. Sites in the city include Point Park, the Cathedral of Learning at the school named for the city, and the Andy Warhol Museum. FTP, name this Pennsylvanian city, home to the Pirates, Penguins and AFC beasts, the Steelers.



Pittsburgh (note: this question by Swick, NOT Napier)
7. The protagonist opens his tale by telling how he was knocked out in a duel with a man named Hercules and when he woke up his adventure truly began. With the help of the erstwhile page Clarence and the lady Sandy, he used his mechanical ingenuity to lead a revolution across England, which he arrived in during the year 528. Featuring the son of a blacksmith from Hartford, FTP, name this novel by Mark Twain.
A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court
8. The defendant in this case was charged with conspiracy to violate the Espionage act, and served six months in jail after the Supreme Court upheld his conviction. The defendant, a Socialist, had been handing out flyers that referenced the 13th amendment in encouraging others to “assert opposition to the draft.” Members on the court at the time included Chief Justice Edward Douglas White, Justice Louis Brandeis, and Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, the last of whom wrote the unanimous decision in, FTP, what case that established the “clear and present danger” standard for limiting free speech?



Schenk v. United States



9. Wilson’s disease is caused by the body retaining too much of this element and many schizophrenics also have higher levels present. It is not Iron, but like it, helps to carry oxygen in some pigments. Adding hydroxide and searching for a blue precipitate can detect its +2 ion. Often found in heat sinks, cookware and wires, this is FTP what element, number 29 on the table.
Copper
10. His book The Little Baby Snoogle-Fleejer was illustrated by his daughter Amy. An Hour Before Daylight: Memories of a Rural Boyhood tells about major influences upon the author during his childhood in Georgia. His most recent work, Our Endangered Values: America’s Moral Crisis, critiques America’s political right. FTP, name this Nobel Prize winner whose The Hornet’s Nest was the first work of fiction by a US President.
James Earl “Jimmy” Carter
11. His brother Josh, is a best selling novelist with The Unthinkable Thoughts of Jacob Green. He had a small role in Arrested Development as Phillip Litt, and recently provided the voice of Chicken Little in the movie. He wrote a film to fill in the time before his current job, but did not direct Garden State until 3 years later. FTP name this actor and director, currently playing John Dorian on Scrubs.
Zach Braff
12. For some years prior to it, Catholic and Orthodox monks had disputed possession of the Church of the Nativity and The Church of the Holy Sephulchre in Palestine, leading Russia’s Prince Menshikov and Britain’s Lord Stratford to go to the Sultan for a decision. After he found in favor of the British, Tsar Nicolaus of Russia marched his armies into nearby Wallachia and Moldovia. The conflict quickly escalated, and saw the siege of Sevastapol, and the Battle of Balaclava. FTP, identify this war between Russia and an alliance of the UK, France, and the Ottoman Empire.

Crimean War



13. An African fantasy, “Les Blancs¸” and this author’s autobiography, “To Be Young, Gifted, and Black,” were completed by her husband Robert Nemiroff. An earlier play, “The Sign in Sidney Brustein’s Window,” was a drama of political questioning and affirmation set in Greenwich Village. FTP, who is this playwright best known for her 1959 play about the Younger family, “A Raisin in the Sun?”
Lorraine Hansberry
14. The intense demand for munitions forced the Germans to adopt this and stop importing saltpeter from Chile during World War I. A reversible reaction, the forward reaction is exothermic, and is thus favorable at lower temperatures. However, lower temperatures slow down the reaction rate, producing less of the desired product. High pressures and an inexpensive iron catalyst are used to increase production. This process now produces about half of the nitrogen used as agricultural fertilizer. What, FTP, is the process in which nitrogen and hydrogen react to form ammonia?
Haber process or Haber-Bosch process
15. Written in the eleventh century, it is based around historical events of August 15, 778. It takes much poetic license with regards to historical accuracy, but the story bases itself around the Battle of Roncevaux Pass. This epic poem changed the Basques of the historical events into Muslims and has the Franks in a retaliatory strike, rather than the factual retreat. The titular character refuses to use Olifant until it is too late in, FTP, what epic about the valiant efforts of Charlemagne’s rear guard?
The Song of Roland (La Chanson de Roland)
16. This man first taught at Stanford, later becoming a professor of economics at Princeton. He was a member of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve before moving on to his current job for which he is better known, the Chairman of President Bush’s Council of Economic Advisors. Who, FTP, was recently nominated to replace Alan Greenspan as the Chairman of the Fed?
Ben Bernanke
17. Described in the form of a traveler's tale, it is located somewhere off of the coast of South America. The most worthy goal for the people was the "leisure" to pursue learning and self-improvement. There is no private ownership in this highly democratic republic. FTP, what is this "no place" described by Sir Thomas More?

Utopia



18. Although the magazine from which they derive their name was brief, it was considered on of the most influential publications in the history of American letters. They often overlapped with another, later group, known as the Agrarians. Joining together at Vanderbilt University around 1920, they made Vanderbilt a fountainhead of the New Criticism, the dominant mode of textual analysis in English during the first half of the twentieth century. Some of the most notable ones include John Crowe Ransom, Allen Tate, Merrill Moore, and Donald Davidson. FTP, identify this literary group, of which Robert Penn Warren was the youngest member.

Fugitive Poets



19. It was the result of the meeting of Pierre Soule with John Mason and James Buchanan. Its title is actually a double misnomer because it was not signed in the namesake city, but in Aix-al-Chapelle, and it was a confidential dispatch. The three envoys were to meet in Belgium, discuss opinions, and report to Secretary of State William Marcy. FTP, name this document which suggested that the United States should buy Cuba from Spain or take it by force.



Ostend Manifesto



20. In India it is believed that this happens when someone remembers or is remembered by someone dear to them, while in Japan it means that someone is talking about you. Some think that you can deter it by looking up with your eyes, or thinking of a fruit or vegetable, although this probably does not stop the irritation in the nasal cavity that causes it. Nearly impossible to do with your eyes open, what, FTP, is the semi-autonomous, convulsive expulsion of air from the nose and mouth?
Sneeze or Sneezing

Boni
1. Intermolecular forces FTPE.

1. The weakest of the intermolecular forces they are named after a capital city in Europe

ANSWER: London Dispersion Forces

2. The strongest of the forces, it occurs when electrons are transferred between atoms in order to make them oppositely charged.

ANSWER: Ionic bonds

3. Theses type of bonds use weak opposite charges that occur naturally due to the electronegativity of elements.

ANSWER: Dipole-Dipole interactions
2. Given a country, name its highest point FTPE.
[10] USA Answer: Mt.
McKinley or Denali
[10] Canada Answer: Mt.
Logan
[10] Australia Answer: Mt.
Kosiuko
3. Name the composer of each opera, FTPE.
(10) Fidleo
Answer: Ludwig von
Beethoven
(10) Tales of Hoffman
Answer: Jacques
Offenbach
(10) The Bartered Bride
Answer: Bedrich
Smetana

4. Name the College Football team that each of these current Heisman Candidates hail from.


1. Reggie Bush
Answer: University of Southern California
USC
2. Vince Young
Answer:
Texas
3. Brady Quinn
Answer:
Notre Dame

5. Name these generals from nicknames FTP:


1. Old Hickory
Answer:
Andrew Jackson
2. Old Blood & Guts
Answer: George S.
Patton
3. Old Fuss & Feathers
Answer:
Winfield Scott
6. Given a description, name the scientific law FTPE

The line integral of the electric field around a closed curve is proportional to the instantaneous time rate of change of the magnetic flux through a surface bounded by that closed curve

(10) Faraday’s Law

The electric flux through a closed surface is proportional to the algebraic sum of electric charges contained within that closed surface

(10) Gauss’s Law

An induced electric current always flows in such a direction that it opposes the change producing it.

(10) Lenz’s Law
7. Many of the memorable female artists in history also had famous male counterparts. Name the pairs of artists FSNOP.
(5/5) For 5 points each, name the female American artist famous for her paintings of New Mexico such as Cow's Skull with Calico Roses; and her husband, a the famous photographer who started the New York "291" gallery.
Answer: Georgia
O'Keeffe, and Alfred Stieglitz
(5/5) For 5 points each, name the female Mexican artist, who, after being injured in a bus accident turned to art and painted hundreds of self portraits; and her husband, a muralist remembered for his depictions of traditional Mexican life and for being a communist supporter.
Answer: Frieda
Kalho and Diego Rivera
(10)For ten points, give the last name of the father/daughter pair of artists in the 16th-17th century, the daughter a famous Baroque artist who after a rape in her fathers studio turned to empowering female themes such as her painting Judith Slaying Holofernes.
Answer: Orazio and Artemisia
Gentileschi



8. Answer the following about a certain mythical duo, FTPE:
(10) Known as the Dioscuri, these twin brothers were the inspiration for the constellation Gemini. They lend their names to Gemini's two brightest stars.
Answer:
Castor and Pollux (or Polydeuces)
(10) This wife of Menelaus and progenitor of the Trojan War was a sister to Castor and Pollux.
Answer:
Helen
(10) In one tale, Castor and Pollux accompanied this hero as members of his ship, the
Argo.
Answer:
Jason
9. FTPE answer these questions regarding the very busy 2005 Atlantic Hurricane Season
1. How many hurricanes were there durring the 2005 Atlantic Hurricane Season within 1?
Answer: 13 (accept 12-14)
2. What was the name of the only Tropical Storm still active as of the official end of the Hurricane System on Nov. 30th?
Answer: Tropical Storm
Epsilon
3. While the 2005 season topped the record on both most named systems and most hurricanes for any season on record, it fell 1 short of the record for the most major hurricanes. Within 5, In what year was that record set?
Answer: 1950 (1945-1955)

10. On a 10-10-5-5 basis, name these works mentioned in Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse Five...
(10 pts) When Billy Pilgrim is brought into the German POW camp, the jovial English soldiers sing "Hail, Hail, The Gang's All Here" from this operetta, written by Gilbert & Sullivan.
Pirates of Penzance
(10 pts) While Pilgrim floated in a morphine-induced dream, his caretaker, Edgar Derby, read this Crane novel about Henry Fleming, a young civil war soldier.
The Red Badge of Courage
(5 pts) During a brief stint in a mental hospital, Pilgrim shares a room with Eliot Rosewater, who said that everything there is to know about life was in this Dostoevsky novel that features Fyodor and Alyosha.
The Brothers Karamazov
(5 pts) Eliot Rosewater is a huge fan of this fictional author, though Rosewater is of the opinion that he writes like a twelve-year-old.
Kilgore Trout
11. Identify the rebellions, revolts, or uprisings, from descriptions FTPE.
(10) The Irish Volunteers led by school teacher Padraig Pearse and the Irish Citizen Army of James Connolly seized key locations in Dublin and proclaimed an Irish Republic independent of Britain in this 1916 rebellion.
Answer:
Easter Rebellion or Rising
(10) Army officers led about 3,000 Russian soldiers to the Senate Square in St. Petersburg in this 1825. The square was later renamed for the month it occurred.
Answer:
Decembrist Revolt or Uprising
(10) It was started in 1830 in Warsaw by a group of conspirators and was soon joined by large part of the Polish society. It was crushed by the superior numbers of the Russians and named for the month in which it was started.
Answer:
November Uprising
12. Name the paintings by Eugene Delacroix from short descriptions FTPE.
(10)This 1830 work is a symbol of French nationalism and romantisism, as it was inspired by the French revolution. The central figure is a nude woman holding a tri-color flag.
Answer:
Liberty Leading the People
(10)This 1824 painting depicts slain men and women lying on the ground of a battle. The subject of this painting was the Turks oppresion of the Greeks during the war of independence.
Answer:
Massacre at Chios
(10)This 1828 painting depicts a legendary Syrian king destoying all his possesions before immenent defeat- including his harem girls and horses.
Answer:
Death of Sardanapalus

13. Name these cell organelles for ten points each.


1.This is considered the powerhouse of the cell because it is the site where the electron transport chain is located.
Answer: Mitochondrion
2.These organelles can either be attached to the endoplasmic reticulum or float freely in the cell. They are responsible for protein syntesis.
Answer: Ribosomes
3.This organelle is responsible for breaking down macromolecules in the cell with its special hydrolytic enzymes.
Answer: Lysosome



14. Name the world leaders from clues FTPE.
(10)Leader of the
Forza party, he is the prime minister of Italy, and owner of a huge Italian media empire.
Answer:Silvio
Berlusconi
(10)Elected in 1995, and again in 2002, he is the current president of France's 5th Republic. If he completes his second term, he will be only the second to do so after François Mitterrand.
Answer: Jacques
Chirac
(10) This member of the PAN was elected in the historically significant 2000 election. He is the first president of Mexico since 1910 who was elected from an opposition party.
Answer: Vicente
Fox Quesada
15. Given a brief description, name the amendment to the Constitution being described FTPE.
[10] The right to bear arms.
Answer:
2nd
[10] Income tax.
Answer:
16th
[10] Anti-Third term for the President.
Answer:
22nd
16. He was the only author to win a Pulitzer Prize in both drama and fiction. FTPE:
(10) Who was this writer, whose works include
The Skin of Our Teeth and The Matchmaker?
Answer: Thornton
Wilder
(10) Wilder won his 1928 Pulitzer for this novel about several people who meet at a certain Peruvian location that ultimately collapses.
Answer: The
Bridge of San Luis Rey
(10) This play about the fictional Grover’s Corner won Wilder the 1938 Pulitzer in Drama.
Answer:
Our Town
17. Given a famous US operation, identify the country in which it primarily took place, 5-10-15:
(5) Operation Rolling Thunder
Answer:
North Vietnam (prompt on partial answer)
(10) Operation Just Cause
Answer:
Panama
(15) Operation Midnight Climax
Answer:
United States
18. Derived from Vulgar Latin, these national languages are the five most widely-spoken Romance languages. F5PE and a bonus 5 for all correct, name them:
(5/10/15/20/30) (in any order)
Italian, French, Portuguese, Romanian, and Spanish
19. Identify these things from fluid dynamics from a description FTPE.
[10] The momentum equations for Newtonian fluids are called these equations, which are non-linear differential equations that describe the flow of a fluid whose stress depends linearly on velocity and on pressure.
ANSWER:
Navier-Stokes equations
[10] In order to determine whether to use compressible or incompressible fluid dynamics, this number is compted. As a rough guide, compressible effects can be ignored when it’s below 0.3. If above 5, it’s called hypersonic.
ANSWER:
Mach number
[10] This equation can be derived by integrating the Euler equations, or applying the law of conservation of energy in two sections along a streamline. It also explains the concept of lift on an airplane wing.
ANSWER:
Bernoulli’s equation or principle



20. For five points each and a bonus five for all correct: State whether the following musical compositions are an Opera, Oratorio, Symphony, or Ballet. *Note- the answers will be given at the end of the bonus*
(5)
The Messiah- by Handel Oratorio
(5)
The Rite of Spring- by Stravinsky Ballet
(5)
The Song of the Earth- by Mahler Symphony
(5)
Amahl and the Night Visitors- by Menotti Opera
(5)
Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun- by Debussy Ballet

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