Training development in support of the operational domain



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Department of the Army *TRADOC Pamphlet 350-70-1

Headquarters, United States Army

Training and Doctrine Command

Fort Eustis, Virginia 23604-5000

24 FEB 2012
Training
TRAINING DEVELOPMENT IN SUPPORT OF THE OPERATIONAL DOMAIN

FOR THE COMMANDER:


OFFICIAL: JOHN E. STERLING, JR.

Lieutenant General, U.S. Army

Deputy Commanding General

CHARLES E. HARRIS, III

Colonel, GS

Deputy Chief of Staff, G-6


History. This publication is a major revision from the 17 May 2004 version. The summary of change lists the portions affected by this revision.
Summary. This update provides guidance and examples for training organizations that develop unit training products. This pamphlet contains specific guidance for the development of combined arms training strategy(ies) (CATS), warfighter training support packages (WTSPs), collective and individual tasks, and drills.
Applicability. The procedures outlined in this pamphlet apply to all Army organizations generating Army learning products used by the Active Army (AA), U.S. Army National Guard (ARNG), and U.S. Army Reserve (USAR).
Proponent and exception authority. The proponent for this pamphlet is the U.S. Army Combined Arms Command (CAC), Collective and Individual Training Directorate (CITD). The proponent has the authority to approve exceptions or waivers to this pamphlet that are consistent with controlling law and regulations.
Suggested Improvements. Users are invited to send comments and suggested improvements on Department of the Army (DA) Form 2028 (Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank

*This pamphlet supersedes TRADOC Pamphlet 350-70-1, dated 17 May 2004.

Forms) directly to the Commander, Combined Arms Center (CAC), Collective Training Directorate (ATZL-CT), Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027-2300 or electronically to monr.atim@us.army.mil. Suggested improvements may also be submitted using DA Form 1045 (Army Ideas for Excellence Program (AIEP) Proposal).
Distribution. This U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) pamphlet is available only on the TRADOC Web site http://www.tradoc.army.mil/tpubs/



Summary of Change
TRADOC Pamphlet 350-70-1

Training Development in Support of the Operational Domain


This major revision dated 24 FEB 2012:
Shifts the focus of the document from collective training to unit training products for the operational domain throughout the publication.

Removes Systems Approach to Training (SAT) and replaces it with Army Learning Policy and Systems with emphasis on the analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation (ADDIE) process throughout the publication.

Removes references to mission training plans (MTPs) throughout the publication.

Removes references to drill books throughout the publication.

Removes references to Automated Systems Approach to Training (ASAT) and replaces them with the CAC-approved automated development system throughout the publication.

Adds supporting Army Force Generation (ARFORGEN) information throughout the publication.

Aligns collective training products in top-down sequence.

Updates processes and procedures for the design and development of CATS (chap 3).

Adds or modifies guidance for management of unit training products throughout the publication.

Adds business rules for individual task development (chap 7).

Adds guidance on development of Soldier training publications (STPs) (chap 8).

Adds product quality assurance/quality control checklists (app C).

Adds verb list for task titles with business rules and usage designations (app E).

Contents

Page


Chapter 1
Introduction 9

Chapter 1


Introduction 9

1-1. Purpose 9

1-2. References 9

1-3. Explanation of abbreviations and terms 9

1-4. Scope 9

1-5. Generating force support for unit training 9

1-6. Operational domain training development products 11

1-7. Army Learning Policy and Systems emphasis on analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation (ADDIE) 12

1.8 Regulation, pamphlet, and job aid relationships 15

Chapter 2


Generating Force Support and Mission Analysis for Unit Training Products 17

Chapter 2


Generating Force Support and Mission Analysis for Unit Training Products 17

2-1. Introduction 17

2-2. Mission analysis for unit training products 18

2-3. The mission analysis process 20

2-4. Safety and environmental responsibilities 26

2-5. Unit Task List (UTL) approval 26

2-6. Mission analysis automation support 27

2-7. Mission analysis quality control (QC) 28

2-8. Mission analysis management 28

Chapter 3


The Combined Arms Training Strategy(ies) (CATS) 29

Chapter 3


The Combined Arms Training Strategy(ies) (CATS) 29

3-1. Introduction 29

3-2. Overview 29

3-3. CATS types 30

3-4. CATS interface with Army processes and models 30

3-5. CATS development 32

3-6. CATS management 45

Chapter 4


Warfighter Training Support Packages (WTSP) 46

Chapter 4


Warfighter Training Support Packages (WTSP) 46

4-1. Introduction 46

4-2. Analysis for WTSPs 48

4-3. Design the WTSP 49

4-4. Develop the WTSP 50

4-5. QC 51

Chapter 5
Collective Tasks 52

Chapter 5


Collective Tasks 52

5-1. Introduction 52

5-2. Analysis for collective tasks 53

5-3. Design the task conditions 58

5-4. Design the task standard 61

5-5. Develop the performance steps 62

5-6. Develop the performance measures 64

5-7. Identify the supporting individual tasks 65

5-8. Identify the supporting collective tasks 66

5-9. Identify the supporting drills 67

5-10. Safety and environmental statements 67

5-11. Opposing forces (OPFOR) tasks and standards 67

5-12. Equipment and materiel 68

5-13. Training aids devices simulators and simulations (TADSS) 68

5-14. Synopsis report 69

5-15. Training and evaluation outline (T&EO) 69

5-16. QC 69

Chapter 6


Drills 70

Chapter 6


Drills 70

6-1. Introduction 70

6-2. Analysis for drill development 71

6-3. Design the drill 72

6-4. Develop the drill body 75

6-5. Drill synopsis report and T&EO 80

6-6. QC 81

Chapter 7


Individual Tasks 82

Chapter 7


Individual Tasks 82

7-1. Introduction 82

7-2. Individual task analysis 83

7-3. Design the individual task condition 87

7-4. Design the individual task standard 89

7-5. Develop performance steps 89

7-6. Develop performance measures 90

7-7. Identify task linkages 91

7-8. Identify military occupational specialty (MOS) and skill level 92

7-9. Identify skills and knowledge 92

7-10. Identify evaluation guidance 93

7-11. Identify evaluation preparation 93

7-12. Identify equipment 93

7-13. Safety and environment statements 94

7-14. TADSS 94

7-15. Synopsis report 94

7-16. Individual task report 95

7-17. QC 95

7-18. Additional information 95

Chapter 8


Soldier Training Publications (STPs) 96

Chapter 8


Soldier Training Publications (STPs) 96

8-1. Introduction 96

8-2. Analysis for STPs 98

8-3. Design an STP 98

8-4. Develop the STP 100

8-5. QC 103

Chapter 9
Managing Unit Training Products 104

Chapter 9


Managing Unit Training Products 104

9-1. Introduction 104

9-2. Use of collective tasks 105

9-3. QC of collective training products 106

9-4. Collective training product management 107

9-5. Proponent guidance for individual task management 109

9-6. STPs 110

9-7. Approval and distribution of unit training products 111

9-8. Validation 112

Appendix A


References 113

Appendix A


References 113

Section I


Required Publications 113

Section II


Related Publications 114

Section III


Prescribed Forms 117

Section IV


Referenced Forms 118

Appendix B


Unit Training Material Examples 119

Appendix B


Unit Training Material Examples 119

B-1. UTL 119

B-2. CATS example 120

B-3. WTSP element list 122

B-4. STP example 148

Appendix C


Product Checklists 153

Appendix C


Product Checklists 153

C-1. CATS QC checklist 153

C-2. WTSP checklist 158

C-3. Collective task checklist 159

C-4. Drill checklist 163

C-5. Sample individual task checklist 166

C-6. STP checklist 169

Appendix D


CATS Event Types 170

Appendix D


CATS Event Types 170

D-1. Event types 170

D-2. CATS references 175

Appendix E


Standard Verb Rules for Task Titles 177

Appendix E


Standard Verb Rules for Task Titles 177

E-1. Business rules for task titles 177

E-2. Standard verbs for task titles 179

E-3. Standard verb list changes 199

Appendix F
Critical Task And Site Selection Boards (CTSSBs) 200

Appendix F


Critical Task And Site Selection Boards (CTSSBs) 200

F-1. Job analysis 200

F-2. CTSSB/critical task selection survey (CTSS) 200

F-3. Critical task determination 201

Glossary 203

Index 218




Table List

Table 5-1
Performance steps 63

Table 5-2


Performance measures 65

Table 6-1


Types of drills 71

Table 6-2


Drill performance measures 76

Table 7-1


Task types and descriptions 82

Table 7-2


Institutional codes for individual task numbering 85

Table 8-1


STP types and descriptions 96

101


Table 8-2
Task summary format for an STP 101

Table 9-1. Review boards 105

Table 9-2
STP staffing 110

Table B-2


CATS task selection 120

Table B-3


WTSP elements 122

Table C-1


CATS QC checklist 153

Table C-2


WTSP checklist 158

Table C-3


Collective task checklist 159

Table C-4


Drill checklist 163

Table C-5


Individual task checklist example 166

Table C-6


STP checklist 169

Table E-1


Task title business rules 177

Table E-2


Standard verbs for task titles 179

Table F-1 CTSSB members 201





Figure List

Figure 1-1. ADDIE process with management component 13

Figure 1-2. TRADOC documents supporting AR 350-1 16

Figure 2-1. Major elements of a unit task list 20

Figure 2-2. Sample type unit organization chart 25

Figure 3-1. Elements of a CATS 33

Figure 3-2. The CATS task selection elements 35

Figure 3-3. CATS task selection numbering 36

Figure 3-4. CATS task selection example 37

Figure 3-5. Events elements of a CATS 38

Figure 3-6. Iteration example 39

Figure 3-7. Duration example 39

Figure 3-8. Training audience example 40

Figure 3-9. Executive guidance example 43

Figure 3-10. Resource section of CATS template 44

Figure 3-11. CATS notional calendar example 45

Figure 4-1. WTSPs relationship to CATS events 47

Figure 4-2. WTSP numbering 48

Figure 5-1. New collective task creation guidelines 54

Figure 5-2. Collective task numbering format 56

Figure 5-3. Developing collective task titles 58

Figure 5-4. Writing collective task condition statements 59

Figure 5-5. Writing collective task standards 62

Figure 5-6. Listing supporting individual and collective tasks 66

Figure 5-7. Safety and environmental statements 67

Figure 5-8. OPFOR tasks and standards example 68

Figure 6-1. Drill ID number format 72

Figure 6-2. Considerations for writing drill conditions 73

Figure 6-3. Considerations for drill standards statements 75

Figure 6-4. Setup instructions example 77

Figure 6-5. Talk-through instructions example 78

Figure 6-6. Supporting task(s) for drills example 79

Figure 6-7. Safety and environmental statements 80

Figure 7-1. Individual task number format 84

Figure 7-2. Developing individual task titles 87

Figure 7-3. Writing individual task condition statements 88

Figure 7-4. Writing individual task standards 89

Figure 7-5. Individual task performance steps example 90

Figure 7-6. Writing individual task performance measures 91

Figure 7-7. Task linkages with individual tasks 92

Figure 7-8. Skills and knowledge example 93

Figure 7-9. Individual task equipment example 94

Figure 8-1. STP content organization 99

Figure 9-1. Managing collective training products 107

Figure F-1. Roles of personnel affecting the CTSSB 202







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