Welcome to America’s Army! You have taken the first step on a journey that I’m confident will change your life forever. Upon completion of your initial entry training you will earn the title “Soldier” and with continued honorable service you will always be a “Soldier for Life”
The Army you are joining is an honored Profession that's the best in the world at what it does. It's comprised of magnificent Soldiers and Civilians who are out there every day making a difference in a very complex world.
The Army Values of loyalty, duty, respect, selfless service, honor, integrity and personal courage are more than mere words that we recite. Taken together and integrated through an understanding and appreciation of the sacrifices made by the generations of citizen-soldiers who previously answered the call to defend America's freedoms…those shared values and beliefs become your moral and ethical identity as Soldiers and Trusted Army Professionals.”
Over the next several weeks, we will help you transition from a citizen volunteer to become a Trusted Army Professional, by developing your character, competence, and commitment and teaching you what it means to be a Soldier – physically and mentally ready to accomplish any assigned mission.” I’m confident that you are up to the task. I hope you will find this experience personally and professionally rewarding, And, if you let it, it will set you on a path of continued success. So, let’s get started!
Anthony C. Funkhouser
Major General, U.S. Army
Commander, Center for Initial Military Training
My basic combat training (BCT)/one station unit training (OSUT)/advanced individual training (AIT) Company Chain of Command:
Fort Eustis, VA 23604-5701 18 July 2016 The Soldier’s Blue Book
FOR THE COMMANDER: OFFICIAL: KEVIN W. MANGUM
Lieutenant General, U.S. Army
Deputy Commanding General/
Chief of Staff
RICHARD A. DAVIS
Deputy Chief of Staff, G-6 History. This is a rapid action revision to United States Army Training and Doctrine Command Pamphlet 600-4. The portions affected by this revision are listed in the Summary of Change.
*This pamphlet supersedes TRADOC Pamphlet 600-4, dated 27 Oct 2014.
Summary. This pamphlet is the guide for all Initial Entry Training (IET) Soldiers who enter our Army Profession. It provides an introduction to being a Soldier and Trusted Army Professional, certified in character, competence and commitment to the Army. Throughout the Blue Book, Soldiers will read and learn about Army ethics and our Values, Culture, History, Organizations, and Training they will receive. It provides assistance with pay issues, leave, Thrift Saving Plans, and organizations that will be available to assist the families. The Soldier’s Blue Book is an inspectable item and will be carried at all times.
Applicability. This pamphlet applies to all active Army, United States Army Reserve, and the Army National Guard enlisted IET conducted at service schools, Army Training Centers, and other training activities under the control of Headquarters Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC).
Proponent. The proponent for this pamphlet is TRADOC Commanding General United States Army Center for Initial Military Training (USACIMT) (ATMT-OP), (ATTN: Jim Rose) 210 Dillon Circle, Fort Eustis VA 23604-5701.
Supplementation. Users are invited to send comments and suggested improvements on Department of the Army (DA) Form 2028 (recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms) directly to the US Army Center for Initial Military Training (ATMT-OP), 210 Dillon Circle, Fort Eustis, VA 23604-5701.
Distribution. This pamphlet will be distributed to the four training locations that conduct Basic Combat Training (BCT) and One Station Unit Training (OSUT). This pamphlet is available electronically only on the TRADOC Homepage at http://www.tradoc.army.mil/tpubs.
Summary of Change TRADOC Pamphlet 600-4
The Soldier’s Blue Book
This rapid action revision, dated 18 July 2016-
o Updates pictures of Soldiers in old uniforms to new operational camouflage pattern uniforms throughout.
o Updates guidance on hairstyles in accordance with Army Regulation 670-1 on braids, cornrows, and twists (para 5-1).
o Adds guidance on sleep and physical activity (paras 8-2 and 8-3).
o Provides thorough information on The Army Ethic and guidance on Standards and Principles of Ethical Conduct (paras 9-5 and 9-6).
o Updates information on Total Army Sponsorship and Army Career Tracker (para 11-4).
o Adds information on the Soldiers for Life Program (para 11-5).
o Updates the information on Soldier for Life and Credentialing (para A-7).
Table of Contents
Soldier Information 6
My Battle Buddy is… 7
Chapter 1 – The Army 23
1-1. Why we have an Army 25
1-2. What the Army uniform represents 29
1-3. Why we serve 31
1-4. The Army’s Motto – “This We’ll Defend” 31
1-5. Oath of Enlistment 32
Chapter 2 – The Army as a Profession 35
2-2 What it means to be a Soldier 38
2-3. The Army Ethic. 39
2-4. Who we are not 40
2-5. The Army’s commitment to you 41
2-6. The journey begins 43
Chapter 3 – The Reception Battalion 44
3-1. The Path 44
3-2. Critical information needed upfront 48
3-3. The Battle Buddy System 49
3-4. Army Values 51
3-5 Sexual Harassment /Assault Response & Prevention (SHARP) 55
3-6. Suicide Prevention 59
3-7. The Soldier’s Creed and Warrior Ethos 61
Chapter 4 – BCT / OSUT / AIT 64
4-1. What to expect 64
4-2. The training company – Your unit 65
4-3. Safe and Secure Environment 68
4-4. Drill Sergeants 70
4-5. The Soldierization process 76
4-6. Military time 77
4-7. Daily schedule 79
4-8. Basic Combat Training (BCT) 79
4-9. Warrior Tasks and Battle Drills 82
4-10. BCT graduation requirements 85
4-11. AIT/OSUT 87
4-12. What is the difference between Drill Sergeants and AIT Platoon Sergeants? 90
Chapter 5 – Personal Appearance and Uniforms 95
5-1. Personal appearance 95
5-2. Army Combat Uniform (ACU) 108
5-3. Army Service Uniform (ASU) 114
5-4. Awards and Decorations 123
Chapter 6 – Critical Information Required for BCT / OSUT / AIT 126
6-1. Rank Insignia 126
6-3. Bugle Calls 141
6-4. Drill and Ceremonies 142
Chapter 7 – Physical Readiness 148
7-1. Army Physical Fitness Uniform (APFU) 149
7-2. Army physical fitness test (APFT) 151
Chapter 8 – Health and Safety 157
8-1. Nutrition 157
8-2. Sleep 165
8-4. Hygiene 170
8-5. Comprehensive Soldier fitness 191
8-6. Chaplains 194
8-7. Risk management 195
Chapter 9 – Discipline 196
9-1. Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) 199
9-2. Equal opportunity policy 203
9-3. Policy on relationships between Soldiers 207
9-4. SHARP 214
9-5. The Army Ethic 226
9-6. Standards and Principles of Ethical Conduct 233
Chapter 10 – Reference Material 237
10-1. The National Anthem 237
10-2. The Army Song 238
10-3. The Code of Conduct 240
10-4. General Orders/Special Orders 241
10-5. Guard duty 243
10-6. Army Organizations 246
Chapter 11 – First Duty Station 247
11-1. Where Will I Serve? 247
11-2. How can I prepare? 247
11-3. Promotions 248
11-4. Total Army Sponsorship Program (TASP) and Army Career Tracker (ACT) 252
Total Army Sponsorship Program (TASP) 252
Appendix A – Army Resources 257
A-1. Leave and Earnings Statement 257
A-2. Managing personal finances 261
A-3. Tri-Service Medical Care (TRICARE) 265
A-4. Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance (SGLI) 266
A-5. Dental 267
A-6. Army Emergency Relief 269
A-7. Soldier for Life and Credentialing 275
A-8. Information websites for family members 280
Appendix B – Soldier’s Notes 285
Army Definitions 291
The “Blue Book”
Since 1775, the United States Army has exhibited unwavering courage, self-discipline, and advanced military training. Soldiers, like you, have volunteered to serve and fight to protect their Families and friends from enemies that sought to do us harm, and to defend the ideals of our nation. Starting from humble beginnings in our quest for freedom, we have become the most powerful Army in the world.
We are an Army made up of individuals, and the strength of each one of us contributes to the strength of the whole. We gain more strength from training, and the basis for our training stems from a past deeply rooted in determination and adaptability.
From the formation of the Continental Army in 1775 until Valley Forge, American forces were brave and fought with purpose, but were disorganized citizens fighting against highly trained and better organized British Soldiers. To win the Revolutionary War, General George Washington’s men needed enhanced training, discipline, and esprit de corps.
Seeking a solution, General Washington tasked Baron von Steuben with transforming the large group of hungry and exhausted men at Valley Forge into a disciplined fighting force. In the harsh Pennsylvania winter, Baron von Steuben instructed a company of future leaders in basic military movements and tactical skills; those individuals were the predecessors of our Drill Sergeants!
He developed that cadre until they could–in turn–train the entire Revolutionary Army in the art of basic military maneuvers. Through their perseverance and sense of duty, these dedicated troops practiced to the highest standards. As a result, Washington’s men fought skillfully in battle afterwards and it was at that time they embodied the principles and discipline that distinguished them as a professional army.
Their perseverance, commitment to the cause, and disciplined execution of their military tasks enabled America to win its independence from England in 1783.
Training to standard and gaining the inner strength to adapt and overcome adversity became the theme for our Army’s training model. Baron von Steuben, by then the Army Inspector General, wrote the Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States—now commonly referred to as the Blue Book—as an instructional guide for future generations. This book consists, as our modern version does now, of detailed training procedures, the standards of military conduct, and the fundamentals every Soldier needs to know for them to succeed.
Use this version of the “Blue Book” on the journey on which you are about to undertake. Just as Soldiers before you trained to serve and protect our Nation, this book will help you to learn, train and perform the tasks required of you to become Soldiers in the United States Army.