Triads major Scale 1 Major 2 Minor 3 Minor 4 Major 5 Major 6 Minor 7 Diminished Harmonic Minor Scale



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VCE Aural Help Sheet

TRIADS

Major Scale 1 Major 2 Minor 3 Minor 4 Major 5 Major 6 Minor 7 Diminished

Harmonic Minor Scale

1 Minor 2 Diminished 3 Augmented 4 Minor 5 Major 6 Major 7 Diminished



SEVENTH CHORDS

Major Scale 1 Major 7 2 Minor 7 3 Minor 7 4 Major 7

5 Dominant 7 6 Minor 7 7 Half Diminished 7 (Minor 7 b5)



Harmonic Minor Scale

1 Minor (Major7) 2Half Diminished 3 Augmented (M7#5) 4 Minor 7



5 Dominant 7 6 Major 7 7 Diminished 7

Chord Progressions (listen for up a 4th or down a 5th 14736251) Chord Progressions usually finish with a cadence. Diatonic means of the scale. You will also need to learn your major and relative minor key- signatures.

CADENCES

Perfect V-I Plagal IV – I Interrupted V – VI

MAJOR Major/Dom7 – Major/Major 7 Major – Major Major – Minor

MINOR Major/Dom7 – Minor/Minor7 Major – Minor Major-Major; Dom7 - Maj7

Imperfect I – V II – V IV – V anything to V

MAJOR MajorMajor7 – Major/Dom7 Minor/Minor7 – Major/Dom7 Major/Major7 – Major/Dom7

MINOR Min/Min(Maj7) – Maj/Dom7 Dim/Half Dim – Maj/Dom7 Min/Min7 – Maj/Dom7

VI – V See Interrupted cadence!

RULES FOR BUILDING CHORDS THROUGH INTERVALS

  1. MAJOR TRIAD ROOT POSITION Major 3rd minor 3rd

  2. MAJOR TRIAD 1st INVERSION minor 3rd Perfect 4th

  3. MAJOR TRIAD 2nd INVERSION Perfect 4th Major 3rd

  4. MINOR TRIAD minor 3rd Major 3rd

  5. MINOR TRIAD 1st INVERSION Major 3rd Perfect 4th

  6. MINOR TRIAD 2nd INVERSION Perfect 4 minor 3rd

  7. DIMINISHED TRIAD minor 3rd minor 3rd

  8. AUGMENTED TRIAD Major 3rd Major 3rd

  9. DOMINANT 7 Major 3rd minor 3rd minor 3rd

  10. MINOR 7 minor 3rd Major 3rd minor 3rd

  11. MAJOR 7 Major 3rd minor 3rd Major 3rd

  12. DIMINISHED 7 minor 3rd minor 3rd minor 3rd

  13. HALF DIMINISHED (minor7b5) minor 3rd minor 3rd Major 3rd

  14. SUS 4 Perfect 4 Major 2nd ( the 4th replaces 3rd)

  15. DOMINANT 7 SUS 4 Perfect 4th Major 2nd minor 3rd

  16. MAJOR 6 (Major triad with 6th) Major 3rd Minor 3rd minor 2nd

Lynne Morton Belmont High School



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