Ubd- unit 7 – Pretest Identify and explain the following terms

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UBD- Unit 7 – Pretest

Identify and explain the following terms:

  1. Christopher Columbus

  2. Missionary-

  3. Circumnavigate

  4. Ferdinand Magellan

  5. Bill of Rights-

  6. Congress-

  7. The Supreme Court-

  8. NAFTA-

  9. Panama Canal-

  10. Isthmus-

  11. Amazon River-

  12. Brain Drain-

Short Answer

  1. Why did Christopher Columbus want to sail the Atlantic Ocean? __________________________________________


  1. How did Europeans respond to news of Columbus’s first voyage? _________________________________________


  1. Where is the passage way known as the Strait of Magellan? ______________________________________________

  2. What country is the leading export market for the United States and its number one source of imports? ____________


  1. Middle America contains the America’s least developed countries. New economic opportunities may help to what? __


  1. On the Day of the Dead, one of Mexico’s holidays, people visit their loved ones that have died. Family members go to the graves and bring what to remember those who have passed away? _____________________________________


  1. The geography of South America is dominated by what two geographic features? How do these geographic factors impact life in South America? _____________________________________________________________________


True and False

Circle the correct answer

  1. True or False Early sailors were limited by what they could see. If they traveled out into the open ocean away

from land they would get lost. They used landmarks along the coast to help them navigate. Thus,

they were forced to stay near the coastlines.

  1. True or False Columbus was a colonizer, and navigator who made twenty voyages across the Pacific Ocean,

leading to widespread awareness of the Americas.

  1. True or False Today, Canada is a world leader in agricultural production, telecommunications, and energy

technologies. The vast majority of Canada's exports go to the United States.

  1. True or False North Americans are the most mobile people in the world.

  2. True or False Advances in the past hundred years have established America as a world leader economically,

militarily, and technologically.

  1. True or False Tourism is a major source of income for many Middle American countries.

  2. True or False The Panama Canal cuts through Middle America and connects the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans.

Cars drive across the canal on a highway, making Panama a crossroads of world trade.

  1. True or False Mexico is a country with great problems and great potential. But political and economic failings

have kept much of the population in poverty.

  1. True or False Brazil has the greatest variety of animals of any country in the world. It is most well-known for

its dense forests and the Amazon, the world's largest jungle.

  1. True or False Brazil forms an enormous triangle on the eastern side of South America. It has borders with every

country in South America.

  1. True or False Today, Brazil's politics and economy have become fairly stable allowing Brazil to become an

economic giant.

  1. True or False Brazil has many different soils and climates, so it can produce a great variety of crops.


  1. _____ Analyze A. Judge; rank; put a value on

  2. _____ Compare B. Create; design; build; make

  3. _____ Contrast C. Tell how

  4. _____ Describe D. How things are different

  5. _____ Evaluate E. Tell all about (5 senses)

  6. _____ Explain F. Tell what happens next

  7. _____ Formulate G. Short version

  8. _____ Infer H. How things are similar

  9. _____ Predict I. Back up with details

  10. _____ Summarize J. List in steps

  11. _____ Support K. Educated guess

  12. _____ Trace L. Break down into pieces

Multiple Choice

1) Which statement explains why women began to emerge in more skilled professions and leadership positions in the 1990s?

 A) They began to earn more money than men.

 B) They began to emerge as leaders in the military.

 C) They were no longer needed in the home.

 D) They were more likely to pursue higher education.

2) Which best defines cultural diffusion?

 A) The mixing and spreading of the traditions and customs of multiple groups

 B) An urban area where persons with similar cultural backgrounds live side by side

 C) A government program that helps new residents to assimilate quickly

 D) The refusal of immigrants to adjust their religious and linguistic traditions

3) Which religious faith currently has the most followers in the United States?

 A) Islam

 B) Judaism

 C) Roman Catholicism

 D) Protestant Christianity

4) A metropolitan area is a region that contains

 A) A large number of commercial and family farms

 B) A group of small towns built on a major highway

 C) A large city and its surrounding communities

 D) Several towns built along the same coastline

5) Which term best describes the economic systems of both the United States and Canada?

 A) State-planned

 B) Command

 C) Traditional

 D) Market-based

6) The term biodiversity refers to an area’s 

 A) Total number of animal species

 B) Variety of plant and animal life

 C) Level of human racial diversity

 D) Quality of land, air, and water 

7) Most of South America’s people live in

 A) Deserts

 B) Coastal Areas

 C) Rain Forests

 D) Mountainous Regions


Answer two of the following questions about the Americas. Use complete sentences when answering the questions. Your answer should be at least 35 words.

  1. How has location influenced life in the United States and Canada?

  2. How has the environment shaped life in the United States and Canada?

  3. How has diversity shaped the cultures of the United States and Canada?

  4. How have the United States and Canada become influential politically and economically?

  5. How should the United States respond to the challenges of an aging population?

  6. How do geographic factors impact life in Latin America?

  7. How have people in Latin America used and modified the environment?

  8. How does Latin American culture reflect its mixed roots?

  9. How have democracy and economic diversification affected Latin America?

  10. Can economic development and environmental protection coexist in the Amazon?


Explain in 100 to 150 words what you know about Unit 7.

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