Unit Review/Study Guide

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Unit Review/Study Guide

  1. What was the public policy of segregation known as in the South following the Civil War? Jim Crow Laws

  1. During the New South Era, why did Georgia host three "expositions" between 1881 and 1895? To attract new industries

  1. Why were "Jim Crow" laws passed in Georgia? To establish “separate but equal” for whites and blacks (segregate)

  1. The phrase "the New South" refers to an important period in Southern history that occurred at what time? During the late 1800’s (after Reconstruction)

  1. During the late 1800s, many Georgia Democrats believed that the "New South" prosperity depended on manufacturing rather than cotton. An important part of this involved what group or entity? Bourbon Triumvirate

  1. Why did the Populist Party of the 1890s fail to gain much support in the South? They called on black farmers and white farmers to work together

  1. What was a result of the "New South" movement in the 1870s and 1880s? There was a trend toward industrialization and diversification of agriculture.

  1. How should the economy of Georgia in the late 1800s be described?

rural and agricultural

  1. Name two strategies used to disenfranchise black Georgians in the early 1900s? poll tax, grandfather clause, owning property, & literacy tests

  1. The results of the legal case involving which person struck fear in Jewish southerners until the civil rights movement brought significant changes? Leo Frank

  1. Who was the son of a white master and a slave that went on to found the Atlanta Life Insurance Company, one of the most successful black-owned insurance businesses in the nation? Alonzo Herndon

  1. Who was the first black president of Atlanta Baptist College (which was renamed Morehouse in 1913)? John Hope

  1. What were services offered by the organization founded by Lugenia Burns Hope? Vocational classes for children, health clubs, and clubs for boys and girls and financial aid for the needy.

  1. What group was supported by Tom Watson, a Georgia populist? Farmers (alliance)

  1. Name 3 ideas or accomplishments of Rebecca Felton? She was against Bourbon T, women’s suffrage, and convict lease system

  1. Who or what benefited from the county unit system? Rural areas

  1. What did Plessy v. Ferguson give states the right to do? Continue segregation under the statement “separate but equal” clause.

  1. What racial issue, opposed by Booker T. Washington, did W.E.B. DuBois support? Political equality

  1. Which African American leader believed that economic independence was the only way to achieve social and political equality? Booker T. Washington

  1. What was the one single event that led to the start of World War I? the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

  1. What were problems that led to underlying tension between the European nations prior to the start of World War I? Ethnic conflict, nationalism, ideological differences, political and economic rivalries

  1. In what ways did Georgia contribute to World War I? 100,000 men and women, military bases, prisoner of war camps,

  1. What were events that caused the United States to enter World War I? Sinking of the Lusitania, discovery of the Zimmerman telegram

  1. What were accomplishments of Tom Watson? Leader of the populist party, established the Rural Free Delivery Bill

  1. What was the cause of the 1906 Atlanta Riot? Stories of violence by black men against white women

26. Who wanted to expand Georgia’s economy and make it more industrial and supported white supremacy? Bourban Triumvirate

27. Who founded the NAACP, graduated from Harvard, organized the Niagara Movement, and wrote the Souls of the Black Folks? W.E.B. DuBois

28. Under the County Unit System, which type of county had the advantage under this system? Rural

29. Which party was also known as the People’s Party, was led by Tom Watson, supported the rights of farmers, including those of African Americns, and was against capitalism and urbanization? Populist Party

30. Who worked with neighborhoods in Atlanta to provide welfare assistance and education to African Americans and was married to the President of the Atlanta University? Lugenia Burns Hope

31. Who made up the Allied Powers during WWI? U.S., Great Britain, France, Russia

32. What does the term segregate mean? To separate by race

33. What does the term anti-Semitism mean? Hostility to or prejudice against Jewish people

34. Understand the similarities and differences between Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois

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