Southern states wanted slavery; Northern states wanted to abolish slavery
Southern states supported state’s rights allowing states to rule themselves; Northern states believed in a strong national government.
Southern states believed that states could “nullify” or declare invalid, any law they deemed unconstitutional.
The Missouri Compromise of 1820 prohibited slavery north of the 36 latitude line. This agreement kept the balance of power between free and slave states in the Senate.
The Compromise of 1850 occurred when California wanted to enter the US as a free state thus upsetting the balance of free and slave states. Henry Clay convinced both sides to compromise by giving concessions to both the North and South.
The Georgia Platform, adopted in 1850, showed Georgians support of the Compromise of 1850.
In 1854, the Kansas-Nebraska Act allowed for popular sovereignty thus giving territories the right to allow citizens to vote on the issue of slavery upon becoming a state.
Dred Scott was slave who traveled with his master to a free state. Upon his return to the slave state of Missouri, Scott was arrested. He later filed a lawsuit claiming his freedom because he lived in a free state of Wisconsin. The US Supreme Court ruled that Scott could not sue because slaves were not citizens but property.
In the election of 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected president. The Southern states were afraid Lincoln would end slavery. Thus beginning in secession movement.
After Lincoln’s election, Georgia legislature met to discuss secession. Alexander Stephens spoke out against secession. However, after much discussion, Georgia voted to secede from the United States on January 19, 1861.
Antietam was the bloodiest one day battle in American history.
The Emancipation Proclamation issued by Abraham Lincoln in 1862 freed
the slaves in the Confederate States of America.
Gettysburg is the turning point of the Civil War. It was a Union victory with over 50,000 casualties. It led to Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address.
The Emancipation Proclamation issued by Abraham Lincoln in 1862
freed the slaves in the Confederate States of America.
The Union blockade of Georgia’s coast was a successful wartime strategy for the North.
Sherman’s March to the Sea, was the North’s strategy of marching from Atlanta to Savannah, burning and destroying military and civilian targets in its path.
Atlanta Campaign led by Gen. Sherman was a series of battles in north Georgia in 1864 which lead to the eventual fall of the city of Atlanta.
Andersonville was a Confederate Civil War prison with overcrowded, unsanitary, deplorable conditions.
The Freedmen’s Bureau was a federal government organization established in 1865 that helped the newly freed slaves after the Civil War.
The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1865, made slavery illegal.
The Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S Constitution, ratified in 1868, guaranteed all citizens equal protection under the law.
The Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in 1870, extended the right to vote to all males.
The Ku Klux Klan was a secret racist organization formed in 1865 that worked to keep the freedmen from voting after the Civil War.
Sharecropping was an agricultural system where landless farmers worked the land of a landowner who also supplied a house, farming tools, animals, seed and fertilizer in return for a share of the harvest.
Tenant Farming was an agricultural system where landless farmers worked the land of a landowner in exchange for cash or an agreed-upon share of the harvest; tenant farmers usually owned some agricultural equipment and animals.