Table Of Contents introduction 2



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Table Of Contents

INTRODUCTION 2

Procedural Steps to Filing a Claim in Court 2

Documents that must be created: 2

Procedural Steps to Filing a Civil Court Injunction 2

FACTUAL CIRCUMSTANCES 3

Doubt and the Values of an Ignorance-Based World View for Restoration: Coastal Louisiana Wetlands by: R. Eugene Turner 3

Abstract 3

Introduction 3

Two Different World Views 4

Louisiana Coastal Land Formation 5

Land Loss, Human Interventions, and the IBWV 7

Agricultural Impoundments 8

Dredging 9

Wetland Management 9

Restoring Louisiana’s Wetlands in a Field of Ignorance 10

River Diversions 11

Salinity 11

Sediments 12

Nutrients 12

The Acceptance of Either the KBWV or IBWV has Meaningful Consequences 13

Adaptive Management 14

Complex or Complicated 15

Models 15

Some Simple Goals 15

NEPA 16

NEPA PROCEDURAL GIUDE AND LEGISLATION 16



Washington University Journal of Law and Policy, 2007, NEPA'S ZONE OF INTERESTS by: Kenley S. Maddux 16

I. Background: NEPA, NEPA Actions, and Standing to Sue Under NEPA 16

A. NEPA's Environmental Impact Statement Requirement 16

B. Private Actions to Enforce NEPA Compliance 17

C. Prudential Standing to File a NEPA Complaint 17

II. The Circuit Split over ‘Economic Interests' and NEPA 18

A. The Eighth Circuit: Sometimes, NEPA Protects Purely Economic Interests 18

B. The Ninth Circuit: A Purely Economic Injury is not Within NEPA's Zone of Interests 18

III. What Is NEPA's Zone of Interest? 19

A. Bennett v. Spear and NEPA 19

B. Congressional Intent: The Purpose(s) of NEPA 19

C. Public Policy: Who Should Have Standing? 20

IV. Conclusion 21

NEPA SAMPLE DOCUMENTS 21

Sample Petition written by Grant Freeman. 21

NEPA DISCOVERY AIDS 24

EIS 24

EIS LEGISLATION 24



State Statutes 24

Federal Statutes 26

EIS PROCEDURAL GIUDE 26

Federal Case law and secondary sources 26

Necessity and Sufficiency of Environmental Impact Statements Under the National Environmental Policy Act by Ray Vaughan, J.D.* 26

Topic of Article: 27

I. Background 27

§ 1. Introduction; scope of article 27

§ 2. General requirements of the national environmental policy act (NEPA) 28

§ 4. Decision whether to issue an EIS 30

§ 5.5. Segregation of projects; cumulative impacts 32

§ 6. Exploration of alternatives and impacts 32

§ 7. Public notice, comment, and hearing 33

§ 8. Finalization of EIS 33

§ 9. Supplemental EIS 33

§ 10. Judicial review of agency decisions under NEPA 34

§ 10.5. Standard of review 35

§ 11. Proving and challenging EIS sufficiency, generally 36

§ 11.5. Applying the hard look standard 37

II. Elements of Proof 37

§ 14. Proof as to necessity of EIS; Checklist 37

§ 15. Proof as to sufficiency of EIS; Checklist 38

Memorandum Asking for Preliminary Injunction and Commencement of Supplemental EIS Studies by Eva Conner. 39

EIS SAMPLE DOCUMENTS 40

EIS DISCOVERY AIDS 40

Necessity and Sufficiency of Environmental Impact Statements Under the National Environmental Policy Act written by Ray Vaughan, J.D. 40

Interrogatories from plaintiff environmental group to federal agency, regarding decision not to prepare EIS 41

Interrogatories from plaintiff environmental group to federal agency, regarding sufficiency of EIS 44

ESA 46

ESA PROCEDURAL GIUDE AND LEGISLATION 46



Species Protection: Critical Legal Issues, Cosponsored by the Environmental Law Institute with the, Cooperation of the Endangered Species Committee of the ABA Section of Environment, Energy, and Resources, CITIZEN SUITS by: Eric R. Glitzenstein, Meyer Glitzenstein & Crystal, Washington, D.C., Copyright (c) 2009 The American Law Institute; Eric R. Glitzenstein 46

Introduction 46

Current State of the Law 47

Standing 47

Other Jurisdictional Issues 49

ESA versus APA Claims Following Bennett v. Spear 50

Standard of Review 53

Venue/Transfer Issues 54

60-Day Notice Requirement 55

Intervention 55

Relief 55

Emerging Issues and Future Directions 56

Conclusion 57

ESA SAMPLE DOCUMENTS 57

ESA DISCOVERY AIDS 57

CWA/CIRCLA 57

CWA/CIRCLA LEGISLATION 57

Rough breakdown of CERCLA liability as pertains to the Canaervon and Davis Pond Diversions By: Kellyn Elmer and Jennifer Mayberry 58

CWA and CERCLA (release + hazardous substance) 58

List of CWA toxic substances: 40 C.F.R. § 401.15 58

CERCLA liability 61

Issues: 61

Rules: 61

Facts: 61

Waters Transfer Rule/Unitary Waters theory 62

CWA Memo: navigable waterways by: Eva Conner 62

CWA/CIRCLA PROCEDURAL GIUDE 64

CITIZEN SUITS AND DEFENSES AGAINST THEM by: James R. May, Widener University, School of Law, Wilmington, Delaware, Copyright (c) 2011 The American Law Institute; James R. May 64

I. Introduction 64

I. Clean Water Act 65

A. Procedural 65

1. Notice 65

2. Standing 67

3. Preclusion and Diligent Prosecution 68

4. Standing & Mootness 70

5. Sovereign Immunity 71

6. Attorney Fees 71

B. Substantive 72

1. TMDL/Listing 72

2. Permits/Jurisdiction 72

3. Post-Judgment Issues 73

C. Hybrids: Clean Water Act and Other Environmental Statutes 74

1. Procedural 74

2. Substantive 74

II. Clean Air Act 75

A. Procedural 75

B. Substantive 75

III. Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act 77

A. Procedural 77

1. Notice 77

2. Jurisdiction 77

3. Standing 77

4. Attorney Fees 77

B. Substantive 77

IV. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act 78

A. Procedural 78

1. Notice 78

2. Jurisdiction 79

3. Complaint 79

4. Standing 79

5. Abstention 80

B. Substantive 80

1. Liability/Indemnification 80

2. Preliminary Injunction 81

3. Enforcement 81

4. “Imminent and Substantial Endangerment” 81

V. Endangered Species Act 82

A. Procedural Issues 82

1. Notice 82

2. Jurisdiction 82

3. Standing 82

B. Substantive Issues 83

1. Section 4 83

2. Section 7 83

3. Sections 9 and 10 84

Conclusion 84

STATUTES W/ENV. CITIZEN SUITS INCLUDE 84

CITIZEN SUIT PURPOSES 84

ANATOMY OF A CITIZEN SUIT 85

CWA/CERCLA SAMPLE DOCUMENTS 85

Environmental Law Forms Guide, Database updated April 2013, by: Richard H. Mays 85

Part III. Clean Water Act (CWA) Forms 85

Chapter 15. Complaints Under The Clean Water Act 85

§ 15:18. Private party complaint against the government for wetlands destruction 85

CWA/CIRCLA DISCOVERY AIDS 99

LDEQ Permitting 99

Louisiana Practice Series - Louisiana Environmental Compliance 99

Public Trust - IT Analysis 99

WHAT HAS BEEN DONE SO FAR 102

Permitting 102



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