This book is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press.
First published 1996 Third printing 1997
Printed in the United Kingdom at the University Press, Cambridge
ISBN 0 521 45980 X Student's Book ISBN 0 521 45981 8 Teacher's Book ISBN 0521 459826 Cassette
Map of the book w Thanks and Acknowledgements viш Section 1 Computers today 1 Unit 1 Computer applications 2
Unit 2 Configuration 7
Unit 3 Inside the system 11
Unit 4 -Szfo and bytes 17
Unit 5 Buying a computer 21 Section 2 Input/output devices 26 Unite 6 Type and click! 27
Unit 7 Capture у our favourite image 32
Unit 8 Viewing the output 36
Units 9 Choosing a printer 40
Unit 10 I/O devices for the disabled 45 Section 3 Storage devices 50 Unit 11 Floppies 51
Unit 12Hard drives 56
Unit 13 Optical breakthrough 60 Section 4 Basic software 65 Unit 14 Operating systems 66
Unit 15 The Graphical User Interface 70
Unit 16 A walk through word processing 74
Unit 17 Spreadsheets 80
Unit 18 Databases 83 Section 5 Creative software 88 Unit 19 Graphics and design 89
Unit 20 Desktop publishing 94
Unit 21 Multimedia 98 Section 6 Programming 102 Unit 22 Program design 103
Unit 23 Languages 109
Unit 24 The PostScript revolution 112
Unit 25 Jobs in computing 116 Section 7 Computers tomorrow 120 Unit 26 Electronic communications 121
Unit 27 LANs and WANs 127
Unit 28 New technologies 132 Notes for Student A 137 Notes for Student В 141 Glossary 145 Acronyms and abbreviations 151 Trademarks 153
Enrique Artal andj. Antonio Martinez for their ideas and suggestions.
The Department of Mathematics (Zaragoza University).
Vincente Casanova, Tony Galvez, and the staff of Campus Informatico, S.A. for their materials and technical
Students and teachers of Institute Pilar Lorengar, Zaragoza: Javier Latorre, Javier Jimenez and Elena Marco, who
advised me on computer-related topics.
Brigit Viney for editing the typescript.
Joanne Currie for designing the book, Andy Robinson for producing it and Amanda Ogden for researching the
photographs. Thanks also to Peter Ducker for his design assistance.
The author and publishers are grateful to the authors, publishers and others who have given permission for the use of copyright material identified in the text. It has not been possible to identify the sources of all the material used and in such cases the publishers would welcome information from copyright owners, (p = page; t = top; с = centre; b = bottom; 1 = left; r = right)
p 2 tl Barclays Bank pic; p 2 tr John Birdsall; p 2 bl Art Directors; p 2 br Pascal Rondeau/Allsport; p 5 Paul Scheult/Eyc Ubiquitous; p 7 Graham Portlock; p 12 Digital Equipment Corporation; p 15 Taheshi Takahara/ Science Photo Eibrary; p 21 t Byte Computer Superstore Ltd; p 21 bl, br Apple Computer UK Ltd; p 21 1 Digital Equipment Corporation; p 23 r Amstrad pic; p 241 Compaq Computer Limited; p 24 r Apple Computer UK Ltd; p 35 Caere Corporation; p 42 Hewlett-Packard Limited; p 45 tl Hank Morgan/Science Photo Library; p 45 tr Action for Disability, Newcastle-upon-Tyne/Simon Eraser/Science Photo Library; p 45 cjacky Chapman/ Financial Times; p 45 bl Don Kryminec/Science Photo Library; p 45 br The Computability Centre; p 46 1 The Computability Centre; p 46 r Adam Hart-Davis/Science Photo Library; p 47 Chariot Magazine/Output UK; p 51 Paul Seheult/Eye Ubiquitous; p 56 ESS, a subsidiary of Integrated Technology (Europe) Ltd; p 58 screen from SUM Tune-Up by permission of Symantec Corporation; p 60 t Last Resort Picture Library; p 60 b Graham Portlock; p 63 Manning/Times Newspapers; p 67 t Microsoft Corporation; p 67 b Apple Computer UK Ltd; p 68 t IBM United Kingdom Limited; p 68 с AT&T (UK) Ltd; p 68 b Digital Equipment Corporation; p 70 the computer screen is reproduced by kind permission of Apple Computer Inc., Copyright Apple Computer Inc., All rights reserved; pp 72, 74, 76, 77, 78, 80 and 82 screen shots reprinted with permission from Microsoft Corporation; p 94 screen shot of Adobe ® PageMaker ® reproduced with the permission of Adobe Systems Europe Ltd; p 98 Microsoft Corporation; p 99 Graham Portlock; p 110 Microsoft Corporation; pp 117 and 119 Graham Portlock; pp 121 British Telecom/Scope Communications; p 122 IJohn Birdsall; p 122 r Philippe Plailly/Eurelios/Science Photo Library; p 123 1 The Electronic Frontier Ltd (Tel: 01734 810600); p 123 tr Paul Sehcult/Eye Ubiquitous; p 123 br screen from Teletext on ITV and Channel Four by permission of Teletext Ltd; p 125 screen from New Prestel Ltd; p 130 b Nottinghamshire Country Council Leisure Services, photograph by John Birdsall; p 132 tl Philips Communications & Processing Services Ltd; p 132 tr NASA/Science Photo Library; p 132 b University of Sunderland; p 134 Amstrad pic; p 135 Apple Computer UK Ltd; p 136 cartoon by Patrick Blower. Thanks also to Sibelius Software, Cambridge for the use of their premises and equipment for the photograph on P99.
Illustrations by Oxford Illustrators, Paul Collicut and Amanda MacPhail. Facsimile artwork by Kevin McGeoghegan. Cover design by Meta Union Design Limited.