Fracture of pars interarticularis (Spondylolysis) 80
Fracture of transverse process 81
Pathologic Fractures 81
VCT – vertebral column trauma.
SCI – spinal cord injury.
N.B. MRI can directly image ligamentous damage! (best sequences: STIR > T2) - normal ligaments are dark, linear structures (on both T1 and T2); when acutely injured, they are outlined by bright edema or blood, making torn ends quite conspicuous.
Fractures according to mechanism
Any combination of forces may occur in any single case!