Virgin islands families



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Johannes van Beverhoudt is the fourth and last of the early members of this family on St. Thomas. He made his appearance in March 1700 when he is listed as having recently begun a plantation on the East End of St. Thomas.128 The following year, on the 15th August 1701, he was permitted by the Vice Commander to be engaged to Sara Mooy, the late Captain Daniel Mooy's daughter, and on the following day they were engaged.129 On 11 September 1701, he married in the Dutch Reformed Church, Sara Mooy.130 She was born on St. Thomas in about 1687, and was the daughter of Captain Daniel Mooy and his wife Dorothea.131

In about 1721, he took up an estate in what was then called Pieter de Loos Bay, St. John.132 In July 1722, he was listed as a resident on St. Thomas and an owner of property on St. John, and was characterized as "good and reliable subject."133

As of 1728, he had a manager [Mesterknegt] on the plantation with 14 male slaves, 2 female slaves, along with 2 male and 3 female manqueroons. He and his family lived on St. Thomas.134 In 1729, the situation had not changed, with the exception that now there were 27 slaves on his St. John plantation.135 In 1730, no real change had occurred, as there were 14 slaves, 9 manqueroon and 3 boys under age with a Mestereknegt. Johannes and his family were still living on St. Thomas136.

In 1731, Johannes's estate had his son as a Mesterknegt, and there were 15 male and 2 female slaves, 7 female house slaves, 7 manqueroons, 10 boys and 6 girls under age. Johannes, his wife and children continued to live on St. Thomas.137

In 1730, Johannes also acquired Robben Preyer's plantation after his death, and it was described as growing a little cotton. There were no slaves there.138 In 1731, a little cotton was grown and and there were some animals, but there were not slaves.139

Also in 1730, Johannes acquired a half part of estate no. 39, which had belonged to Jan van Harmael.140

In 1731, estate no. 38, in Riff and Fish Bay, was said to have been acquired by Johannes on 10 October 1730, from Lucas Volkers and deceased Jan van Hermael or Jan van Hermael and Johannis Laurert Carstensen, which had been purchased at auction. There were no slaves on it141.
Children of Johannes and Sara (Mooy) van Beverhoudt:
1 i. Engel Peter van Beverhoudt, b. c1706 - d. before 31 January 1737.

? ii. Dorothea van Beverhoudt, b. c1709 - d. 8 August 1807.

Johannes van Beverhoudt,

Pieter van Beverhoudt


1. Engel van Beverhoudt, .

In 1728, there is a reference to the ownership of an estate on St. John, in Small and Large Cruz Bay, as follows: "Engel van Beverhoudt Junior on St. Thomas, has two plantations, the one given to his wife[,] the wife of Nully[,] and the second to Maria de Windt." There were on this cotton state as of 1727, 11 male and 3 female slaves, and 1 male manqueroon and 1 bosal.142 In 1729, matters remained the same on his St. John estate.143 In 1730, Engel van Beverhoudt, Junior, moved from St. Thomas, and his family consisted of himself, a 14 year old daughter and 4 children under age. Resident was also a Mesterknegt. Among the slaves there were 60 adults, 22 children under age, 1 boy 11 years old and a girl 10 years, along with 5 manqueroons.144

In 1731, a plantation in Small and Large Cruz Bay was listed as belonging to Engel Beverhoudt Junior's widow, on which she was resident, which was reported by Johannes van Beverhoudt. Among the children with her were a daughter, 14 years old, a son, 12 years old, and two boys and a girl also lived there, along with the Mesterknegt. In addition there were thirty able slaves, 4 manqueroons, 15 boys and 12 girls, who were under age.145
Dorothea van Beverhoudt was born on on St. Thomas146/St. Croix,147 in about 1760.148 She was baptized on 26 August 1709 in the St. Thomas Lutheran Church.149 [There is a problem here of the difference between her presumed birth date and her baptismal date.] She was married to Peter Vogelsang, who was born in Norway in about 1752.150

They were married by November 1788.151

She died 8 August 1807. He died on 2 December 1827.
Johannes van Beverhoudt was the son of Johannes van Beverhoudt.152 He was married to Diena Marcheé.153 He wrote a will on St. John on 9 April 1749.154 He was referred to as " Burgher Captain."155

He had an estate on St. John in Reef Bay, from at least 1755 until 1762, after which it was listed in his wife's name, as his widow.

He was dead before 1 January 1767, and left no direct descendants.156 He left only 20 S. to his heirs, and 1000 S. to each of his brother Pieter's sons.157

On 18 August 1767, when Diena Marcheé made her will, she was living on St. Thomas.158


Pieter van Beverhoudt, son of Johannes van Beverhoudt and brother of Johannes van Beverhoudt.159
Children of Pieter van Beverhoudt and unknown:160
1. i. Johannes van Beverhoudt

2. ii. Daniel van Beverhoudt

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Johannes van Beverhoudt was married to Maria Duurloo, both of whom were members of the Dutch Reformed Church on St. Thomas.161 He owned an estate on the east end of St. Thomas.162
Child of Johannes and Maria (Duurloo) van Beverhoudt:
1. i. Lucas van Beverhoudt, b. c1726

2. ii. ? van Beverhoudt, b. 23 October 1728


1. Lucas van Beverhoudt was born in about 1726 and was baptized at his parents home on an estate at the east end of St. Thomas by the Lutheran Pastor on 18 November 1726.163 He was then baptized in the St. Thomas Lutheran Church on 12 December 1726.164 Elisabeth Uytendaele, born Delicat, along with Peter Duurloo, Senior and Peter Duurloo, Junior, served as godparents.165
2. ? van Beverhoudt was born on 23 October 1728 and was baptized in the St. Thomas Lutheran Church on 5 November 1728.166 Cornelius Duurloo, brother to Maria van Beverhoudt, born Duurloo, was a godfather.167
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Rebecca v. Beverhoudt had a relationship with a man with the surname, Coppy.168
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Johannes van Beverhoudt, Claudizoon was born about 1711 and was a member of the Dutch Reformed Church. He married, before 16 September 1733, Anna de Nully, who was born in about 1716, and was a member of the Dutch Reformed Church.169

She died before 9 November 1740. He died 25 November 1751, in New York and was buried by the Pastor of the New York Dutch Church.


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Geurtruy van Beverhoudt seems to have been married to a Runnels.170 She was subsequently married to Joris Jeems.171

He was dead by 27 June 1765.172 In 1765, she was living on St. John.173


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Geurtryde van Beverhoudt, who was born on St. Thomas in about 1737, was buried in Christiansted on 21 March 1813 by the Danish Lutheran Pastor.174
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Martha van Beverhoudt, who was a member of the Anglican Church, was married on 20 November 1780 at home by the Lutheran Pastor to Peter Holte.175
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Helene van Beverhoudt was married in the Christiansted Danish Lutheran Church, on 29 December 1791, to Hermann van Thiel.176 Both were members of the Dutch Reformed Church.177 She was widow of Mr. Hoffmann.178

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Johana Juliana [?] van Beverhoudt, of the Dutch Reformed Church, was married in the Christiansted Danish Lutheran Church on 27 July 1805, to John Qvim, who was a merchant from New Orleans, Louisiana, and who by 1805, was a widower. 179 Joh. van Beverhoudt, a Bookkeeper stood for the bride.180
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Gertrude Beverhoudt, who was born on St. Croix in about 1795 and was baptized in the Lutheran Church on 11 January 1796, was married in the Christiansted Danish Lutheran Church on 14 October 1820 to Johan Christopher Andréa, 181 who was born in Copenhagen in about 1797 and was baptized in the Lutheran Church.182

In 1841, they were living at 13 Church Street, Christiansted and he was a Royal Bookkeeper. 183


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Peter Berent van Beverhoudt had a relationship with Adriane Dardis.184
Child of Peter Berent van Beverhoudt and Adriane Dardis:
1. i. Diderich Dardis van Beverhoudt, b. 3 January 1829

2. ii. Augustus Lafayette Dardis Beverhoudt, b. c1831


1. Diderich Dardis van Beverhoudt was born on 3 January 1829 and was baptized in the Christiansted Lutheran Mission Church on 26 April 1829. 185 He was classified as a free mustice child.186

In 1831, he was living in the household of Michael Dardis.187

In 1835, he was living with Michael B. Dardis at his home at 18a King Street, Christiansted.188

In 1864, he was a saddle maker in Puerto Rico,189 but by 1866 he was in Christiansted in the same profession.190 He was married to Rachel Constantia Francis, who was born in about 1839, and was a member of the Lutheran Church.191 In 1864, she was living in Christiansted.192


Children of Diderich Dardis and Rachel Constantia (Francis) van Beverhoudt:
3. i. Lafayette Dardis van Beverhoudt, b. 2 August 1864

4. ii. Florence Augusta van Beverhoudt, b. 18 November 1865


2. Augustus Lafayette Dardis Beverhoudt was born in about 1831 and was baptized in the Lutheran Mission Church, classified as a mustice. 193

In 1831, he was living in the household of Michael Dardis.194

In 1835, he was living with Michael B. Dardis at his home at 18a King Street, Christiansted.195
3. Lafayette Dardis van Beverhoudt was born on 2 August 1864 and baptized in the Christiansted Lutheran Church on 8 November 1864.196
4. Florence Augusta van Beverhoudt was born on 18 November 1865 and baptized in the Christiansted Lutheran Church on 1 April 1866.197

----------------------


E. Joh. [S.] 198 van Beverhoudt had a relationship between about 1827 and 1832 with Mary Aletta Quickly [a.k.a. Quicly], who was classified as free colored.199
Child of C. Joh. S.[?] and Mary A. Quickly [a.k.a Quicly]:
1. i. Johannes van Beverhoudt, b. 9 December 1827

2. ii. Claudius van Beverhoudt, b. 16 April 1829

3. iii. Eleonora van Beverhoudt, b. 14 May 1830

4. iv. Engel van Beverhoudt, b. 10 March 1832

5. v. Bertha van Beverhoudt, b. 12 July 1833
1. Johannes van Beverhoudt was born on 9 December 1827, classified as a free mustice, and was baptized in the Christiansted Lutheran Mission Church on 17 February 1828. 200
2. Claudius van Beverhoudt was born on 16 April 1829, classified as free colored, and he was baptized in the Christiansted Danish Lutheran Church on 2 August 1829.201
3. Eleonora van Beverhoudt was 14 May 1830 and was baptized in the Christiansted Danish Lutheran Church on 15 August 1830. 202
4. Engel van Beverhoudt was born on 10 March 1832 and was baptized in the Christiansted Danish Lutheran Church on 13 May 1832.203
5. Bertha van Beverhoudt was born on 12 July 1833 and was baptized in the Christiansted Danish Lutheran Church on 22 September 1833.204
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Caroline Beverhout was born on St. Croix in about 1827 and was baptized in the Anglican Church.\205

In October 1846, she was living in the household of Hans Raahauge and family, at 13 Queen Street, Frederiksted, free, and unmarried, supported by Hans Raahauge.206


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Thomas Mac. Beverhoudt was born on St. Croix in about 1811207/1816 and was baptized in the Dutch Reformed Church208 on 12 June 1812. 209

He had a relationship, between about 1836 and 1846, with Aletta E. 210 Williams,211who was born on St. Croix in about 1811, and was baptized in the Lutheran Church.212

In October 1841, he was living with Aletta E. Williams and his children at 2b Prince Street, Christiansted, unmarried and employed as a Tailor and a Private in the Christiansted Division.213

In October 1846, he was living with Aletta E. Williams and their children at 10ab Prince Street, Christiansted, unmarried and employed as a Tailor and a private in the Christiansted Division, and she was employed as a Housekeeper.214


Children of Thomas Mac. Beverhoudt and Aletta E. Williams:
1. i. Thomas Leopold Beverhoudt, b. 13 February 1837

2. ii. Mark Beverhoudt, b. c1838

3. iii. William Aahman[?] Beverhoudt, b. 3 May 1839

4. iv. E. W. Beverhoudt, b. c1841

5. v. L. E. Z. v. Beverhoudt, b. c1843
1. Thomas Leopold Beverhoudt was born on St. Croix215 on 13 February 1837 and was baptized on 25 December 1839 in the St. Croix Danish Lutheran Church. 216

In October 1841, he was living with his parents and siblings at 2b Prince Street, Christiansted, supported by his father.217

In October 1846, he was living with his parents and siblings at 10ab Prince Street, Christiansted. 218
2. Mark Beverhoudt was born on St. Croix in about 1838 and was baptized in the Lutheran Church.219

In October 1841, he was living with his parents and siblings at 2b Prince Street, Christiansted, supported by his father.220


3. William Aahman[?] [Arans? 221] Beverhoudt was born on St. Croix222 on 3 May 1839 and was baptized on 25 December 1839 in the St. Croix Danish Lutheran Church. 223

In October 1841, he was living with his parents and siblings at 2b Prince Street, Christiansted, supported by his father.224

In October 1846, he was living with his parents and siblings at 10ab Prince Street, Christiansted. 225
4. E. W. Beverhoudt was born on St. Croix in about 1843 and was baptized in the Lutheran Church on 25 October 1843. 226

In October 1846, he was living with his parents and siblings at 10ab Prince Street, Christiansted. 227


5. L. E. Z v. Beverhoudt was born on St. Croix in about 1843. 228

In October 1846, she was living with her parents and siblings at 10ab Prince Street, Christiansted. 229


Appendix 1.
From the St. Thomas Matricles:
"The Nearest Quarter on the South Side" (1759:1) "... or, Musquette Bay" (1761:1)

1755-56, 1758-61: Jochum Melchior van Beverhoudt (Unk. x 3200)

sugar whites: 00:00:00 servants: 01:00:00 slaves: 47:20:02:29 (1755:1)

sugar whites: 00:00:00 servants: 00:00:00 slaves: 27:11:01:12 (1756:1)

sugar 00:00:00 00:00:00 28:12:02:22 (1758:1)

sugar 00:00:00 00:00:00 37:11:00:23 (1759:1)

[1760: divided into two estates & van Beverhoudt kept one (unk. x 1600)]

sugar 00:00:00 01:00:00 24:13:05:09 (1760:1)

sugar 00:00:00 01:00:00 24:13:05:09 (1761:1)
1755: Johannes van Beverhoudt Glaudiszoons Arvinger (3000x1500)

1756: Johannes van Beverhoudt Glaudizoonzoon

cotton whites: 00:00:00 servants: 00:00:00 slaves: 07:06:02:04 (1755:2)

cotton whites: 01:01:01 servants: 00:00:00 slaves: 07:03:02:07 (1756:2)


1755: Johannes van Beverhoudt Gaudiszoonzoon

(1755:not owner of the above)

none whites: 01:01:01 servants: 00:00:00 slaves: 08:03:03:03 (1755:2)
1755: Johannes van Beverhoudt Gaudiszoonzoon (unkn. x 4500)

(1755: East End, sold to M. A. Currea)

cotton slaves: 05:04:00:01 (1755:2)

(1758: they are paying for the Jew Emanuel De Abraham Ottwarius Corea, who run away)

cotton 00:00:00 00:00:00 06:05:00:01 (1758:7)
"Little Northside Quarter" (1759:2)
1755-6 , 1758 Claudius van Beverhoudt (unknown x 2664)

sugar whites: 00:00:00 servants: 01:00:00 slaves: 30:18:02:26 (1755:2)

sugar whites: 00:00:00 servants: 01:00:00 slaves: 21:16:02:25 (1756:2)

sugar 00:00:00 00:00:00 11:01:02:07 (1758:3)

1758 sold to Major & Commandant Johan Georg von Johnn (1759:3)
"Southside Quarter" (1759:6)
1759-61 Johannes van Beverhoudt Glaudizoonszoon (unkn. x 2400)

(1759: purchased form Byfoged Hans Jentoft Leth)

cotton whites: 00:00:00 servants: 00:00:00 slaves: 10:08:02:03 (1759:6)

cotton 00:00:00 00:00:00 06:06:02:03 (1760:7)

cotton 00:00:00 00:00:00 06:06:02:03 (1761:7)

1759-61 Claudius van Beverhoudt (3000 x 600)(purchased from Thomas Orll)

cotton whites: 00:00:00 servants: 00:00:00 slaves: 08:02:02:07 (1759:7)

2 cotton 00:00:00 00:00:00 12:06:01:05 (1760:8)

00:00:00 00:00:00 12:06:01:05 (1761:8)

Town
1755-6, 1758 Engel van Beverhoudts Encke

town whites: 00:01:00 slaves: 04:01:02;02 (1755:5)

town whites: 00:01:00 slaves: 04:01:02:02 (1756:6)

00:01:00 04:00:03:02 (1758:8)


1755-6 . 1758-61 Jochum Melchior van Beverhoudt

town whites: 01:01:04 slaves: 10:01:03:09 (1755:6)

town whites: 01:01:05 slaves: 10:01:03:09 (1756:7)

01:02:05 00:00:00:00 (1758:9)

01:01:05 00:00:00:00 (1759:8)

01:01:03 08:00:01:08 (1760:10)

01:01:06 08:00:02:03 (1761:9)
1755-6, 1758-61 Claudius van Beverhoudt

town whites: 00:01:04 slaves: 00:00:02:00 (1755:8)

town whites: 01:01:00 slaves: 08:00:02:04 (1756:9)

01:01:01 07:01:04:07 (1758:10)

01:01:01 12:01:05:06 (1759:10)

02:01:03 09:00:03:06 (1760:14)

01:01:00 00:00:00:00 (1761:14)
1755-6, 1758 Johannes van Beverhoudt Glaudiszoons Arvinger, who are young

town whites: 00:00:02 slaves: 03:00:02:02 (1755:8)

town whites: 1/2:01:00 slaves: 03:00:02:02 (1756:9)

1/2:01:00 05:00:01:02 (1758:10)

1759-61 Johannes van Bevernhoudt Glaudizons Zoon

town whites: 01:01:03 slaves: 03:01:01:00 (1759:8)

01:01:03 05:01:00:03 (1760:9)

01:01:00 05:00:00:00 (1761:13)


1760-61 Johannes van Beverhoudt Jannizoons

town whites: 01:01:01 slaves: 05:00:01:08 (1760:12)

01:01:00 05:00:01:08 (1761:12)
Appendix 2.
Residences of Adrian van Beverhoudt:

Men Women Children Boys Girls

1740: Christiansted 1 1 ?

1742: Christiansted

1754 Christiansted - resident

1755: Christiansted tax list does not exist

1756: [134] Strand Street, Christiansted 1 3

1757: [96] Strand Street, Christiansted 1 3

1758: 40 King's Street, Christiansted 1 1 2

1759: [33] King's Street, Christiansted 1 1 2

1760: 32 King's Street, Christiansted 1 2

Appendix 3.

The residences of Lucas van Beverhoudt (1728-1796):
Men Women Boys/Girls Boys Girls

1760: Strand Street, Christiansted 1 1 1

1761: Strand Street, Christiansted 1 1 1

1762: Strand Street, Christiansted 1 1 1

1764: 1 Strand Street, Christiansted 1 [he himself is in Europe]

1765: Strand Street, Christiansted 1 1

1766: 1 Strand Street, Christiansted 1 1

1767: 1 Strand Street, Christiansted 1 1

1768: 1 Strand Street, Christiansted 1 1

1769: 1 Strand Street, Christiansted 1

1770: 3 Strand Street, Christiansted 1 1

1771: 62 King's Street, Christiansted 1

1772: 2 Strand Street, Christiansted 1 1 2 3

1773: 2 Strand Street, Christiansted 1 1 2 2

1774: 2 Strand Street, Christiansted 1 1 2 2

1775: 2 Strand Street, Christiansted 1 1 1

1776: Tax record missing

1777: 1 Strand Street, Christiansted 1 1 2

1778: 1 Strand Street, Christiansted 1 1 3

1779: 1 Strand Street, Christiansted - sold to David McFarlane


Appendix 4
Beverhout, Henry, Free Black Man from Nova Scotia to Sierra Leone
Simon Schama Rough Crossings -

p. 299]
Clarkson appointed forty black captains, including ... another Pioneer originally from St. Croix, Henry Beverhout, ... who were to be distributed among the ships. ...


p. 330] ...Henry Beverhout, one of the Methodist captains, came to see him to insist tha this flock had nothing to do with the agitation. ..
p. 335] ... But, to his dismay, Clarkson also noticed that liquor was starting to make inroads among "his
blacks. To his amazement the Methodist preacher Henry Beverhout had actually complained that Clarkson withheld grog from the blacks working on the experimental garden attached to his house. To Clarkson this could only mean that Beverhout had somehow fallen under the influence of Peters, ...
p. 336] ...

When he got back from another trip up-river to Bance Island ... he was handed an extraordinary letter. It was signed by Henry Beverhout on behalf of his own company, but evidently spoke for many more. There were immediate, material, concrete issues to which Beverhout haddressed imself: "the pepel of our Companey Consesents to the wagers that your honoer proposul that is to work for two Shillens a day as long as we drowr our provisions'...

But the document of the 25th of June was not just a list of grievances, more a social and political contract. It was an assertion, the first of its kind, of the civil and political rights to which the blacks knew they were entitled. It was, in factg, the first African-American demand for representation-a proper share in British freedom. 'We are all willing to be govern by the laws of england in full but we donot Consent to gave it in to your hands with out haven aney of our own Culler in it.' ... 'ther is non of us wold wish your hoer to go way [p. 337] and leave us hear but your will be pleased to rember what y our honer told the piepel in a maraca [America] at Shelburn that is whoever Came to Sarraleon wold be free and houls have a law and when theur war aney trial thear should be a jurey of both white and black and all should be equel so we Consideren all this think that we have a wright to Chuse men that we think proper for to act for us in a reasonable manner'. ... 'we wish for pece if posable we can but to gave all out of our hands we cannot your honer know that we have laws and ragerlations among our self and be Consirent with the laws of England because we have seen it in all the parts whear eaver we have being Sir we do not mene to take the law in our hands by no meanes but to have your honer approbation for we own you to be our had and governer.'



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