Waterloo b 2009 veto packet Tossups

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Waterloo B 2009 VETO Packet


1) It is interesting that "The Blanched Soldier" and "The Lion's Mane" are both narrated by this man, who so often criticized another for romanticizing incidents with narrative instead of stating facts. Perhaps old age has tempered his views, as "The Lion's Mane" is set after his retirement from the unique profession which made his name famous. He is first presented to us sporting numerous cuts and chemical stains, when he reveals to the narrator that he has just discovered a reliable test for blood stains. He is later confronted with the word "Rache" written in blood in “A Study in Scarlet”. He appears in 3 other novels and 56 short stories, all written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. For ten points, name this consulting detective, long-time friend and roommate of Dr. John Watson.
Answer: Sherlock Holmes

2) This nation includes the locales such as Silhouette, Cerf, Alphonse, Marianne, and the Providence atoll. Geographically, it can be split into two distinct regions: the so-called Inner Islands, which are made up mostly of granitic rock, and the outer islands of coral formation. After a struggle between the French and the British, Britain assumed full control of this territory, as formalized by the 1814 Treaty of Paris. It gained its independence from the United Kingdom in 1976, and 1993 saw the approval of this nation's first constitution. Its island neighbours include Zanzibar to the west, the Maldives to the northeast and Mauritius to the south-east. For ten points, the city of Victoria on the island of Mahé is the capital of which country, by population the smallest state of Africa?

Answer: Republic of Seychelles

3) It was written for the 1965 film, La Neige a fondu sur la Manicouagan ["MA-nee-coo-GAN"], and won its author the Felix Leclerc prize that same year. Patsy Gallant recorded a disco version of it, which became popular in both Canada and the United States, but which was not appreciated by the author. It has come to be known as a Quebec "national anthem", and in 2005, it was inducted by the Canadian Songwriter's Hall of Fame. For ten points, name this song by Gilles Vigneault, the title of which translates as “my country”.

Answer: Mon Pays (“pa-EE”)

4) Born and raised in Texas, this theoretical physicist showed signs of a prodigious intellect from an early age. At age thirteen, his attempt to build a nuclear reactor was thwarted by the US government, and at fourteen, he started grad school, going on to earn a Master's and two PhDs. At fifteen, he worked as a visiting professor in Germany. Today, he researches string theory at the California Institute of Technology, a job he has held for the past 3 1/2 years. For ten points, name this socially-awkward scientist who lives next door to Penny on The Big Bang Theory.

Answer: Dr. Sheldon Cooper

5) Educated in mathematics and literature, he received training as a goldsmith from the Arte della Seta, or Silkmaker's Guild. He demonstrated his mathematical knowledge with strong use of geometric figures in buildings such as the Medici Church of San Lorenzo, and he pioneered the use of a single vanishing point to show depth using linear perspective. Perhaps his best work as a sculptor was his panel "The Sacrifice of Isaac", which was his submission to a competition he lost against Lorenzo Ghiberti to design the Eastern doors of the Florence Cathedral. For ten points, name this famous Italian sculptor, artist, and architect, best known for his work on the Duomo in Florence.

Answer: Filippo Brunelleschi

6) This geographical feature is named after a Canadian geologist and founder of the Geological Survey of Canada. In the early evening of June 23, 1925, MacCarthy, Lambart, Carpe, Foster, Read and Taylor stood on top of it for the first time. It is located within Kluane National Park and Reserve in southwestern Yukon and is the source of the Hubbard Glacier. With the massif containing eleven peaks over 5,000 metres, it is also believed to have the largest base circumference of any mountain on Earth. For 10 Points, name the second highest point in North America and Canada’s highest mountain.

Answer: Mount Logan

7) After a title winning season in 1991, this soccer player left Marseilles for the English Premier League. Catching the eye of manager, Sir Alex Fergusson, this soccer player joined the ranks of Manchester United, where he would go on to play until May 1997. Although he had a largely successful career with the club, this player would become known for a famous altercation with a fan, for which he was given a nine month ban by the FA. For ten points name this soccer legend, now a spokesperson for Nike's Joga TV.

Answer: Eric Cantona

8) It calls the word “meaningful” a “bankrupt adjective”, and lists injecting opinion, explaining too much, and using fancy words among serious mistakes to avoid. It was originally written in 1918 by a Cornell University professor and was revised in 1959 by one of his former students. As a result, this book has since been primarily refered to by the names of its two authors. Hailed as an essential guide to English style, name, for ten points, this small reference volume by William Strunk Jr. and E. B. White.

Answer: The Elements of Style (Accept Strunk and White before their names are mentioned.)
9) He was well-known for his love of poetry and wrote many Urdu ghazals himself, but while his genius as a poet was undeniable, his talent as an emperor was not. He ruled from 1838--1857, though the empire he inherited from his father, Akbar Shah II, was already far diminished. The 1857 War of Independence was started under his reign, as an attempt to overthrow the British forces in India, but was a miserable failure and ended in his exile to Rangoon. Here, he spent the last five years of his life, dying in 1862 at the age of 87. Who was, for ten points, this last of the Moghul kings?
Answer: Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar

10) Retailer 'Hennes and Mauritz' (H&M) has signed this designer on as their latest in its string of high-profile guest designers. His label is also known for its bags, which will be available from November 14, 2009 at H&M. In February 2007, a majority shareholding the company was acquired by TowerBrook Capital Partners, the international private equity firm, a deal which valued the company at 185 million pounds. He has won the 2009 Nordstrom 'Partners in Excellence' award. U.S. first lady Michelle Obama wore shoes by this designer on her husband's Inauguration Day. For ten points, name this Malaysian shoe designer who is a favourite of Sex and the City’s Carrie Bradshaw.

Answer: Jimmy Choo

11) This 1896 uprising was not as loud as it was effective—that is the way Canadians usual conduct themselves. The Métis prevented government senator William McDougall from entering the territory, because of his opposition to the French speaking people. The rising occurred in the area formerly known as Assinaboia. In 1870, the legislature passed the Manitoba Act, allowing the titular settlement to enter Confederation as a province. For ten Points, name the resistance that was headed by Lois Riel.

Answer: Red River Rebellion

12) This device was recently featured in an Easter special of Doctor Who, in which The Doctor and his fellow stranded humans try to get through a wormhole safely, by turning their bus into this shielding device. It is applied to many electrical appliances such as coaxial cables, and is used in chemistry labs to protect experiments from electromagnetic interference. It works as a hollow conductor where the conducting surface contains holes no larger than the wavelength of the electromagnetic field that the device is placed in. For ten points name this invention capable of dispersing all electromagnetic charges and fields over a conductive exterior, keeping the interior of the contraption safe from EM interference.

Answer: Faraday Cage or Screen Room

13) This merchant was born in 1724, in Konigsberg and lived entirely within 26 kilometres of the city. A philosopher, his works are often brought up in the discussion of business ethics. Although he is best known for his “respect for persons” principle, the core of his works revolve around the purity of our intentions in acting morally. His beliefs came down to the premise that it is the intentions behind an action, rather than its consequence, that makes it a good action or not. For ten points, name the East Prussian deontologist who spoke of the categorical imperative.

Answer: Immanuel Kant

14) Its main character is the 16-year-old Michel Dufrénoy, who receives a degree in literature, but discovers it to be useless in the contemporary society. Set in the author's hometown, this novel correctly predicts a number of elements of modern technology, including gasoline cars, wind power, fax machines and the electric chair. However, politics, medicine, law and war are obsolete in this vision of 1960s Europe. It was written in 1863, however the publisher deemed its depiction of the dystopian society without art too radical at the time, hence it was not published until 1994, after the manuscript was presumably discovered by the great-grandson of the writer. For ten points, name this last published work of Jules Verne.

Answer: Paris in the Twentieth Century or Paris au XXe siècle

15) They are independent and very successful warriors, whose territory stretched from the North Saskatchewan River along what is now Edmonton, Alberta in Canada, to the Yellowstone River of Montana, and from the Rocky Mountains and along the South Saskatchewan River, east past the Cypress Hills. They were nomadic peoples who followed the buffalo and lived in teepees. In 1877, the Canadian tribes signed Treaty 7 and settled on reserves in southern Alberta. Enemies included the Crow and Sioux on the Great Plains; and the Shoshone, Flathead, and Kootenai in the mountain country to their west. Popular members include Tyson Tomko, professional wrestler; Nick Carter and Aaron Carter, pop singer; and the guy who played “Bubba” in Forest Gump, Mykelti Williamson. For ten points, name this group of First Nations which also carries the name Niitsítapi meaning “original people.”

Answer: Blackfoot (also accept the Blackfoot Confederacy)

16) It is the main subject of the 1968 footage known as the Folden Film, and it is also referenced in the Final Fantasy IV video game. A Canadian postage stamp showing an artist's conception of it was released in 1990, while it also appears on the logo of a certain Western Hockey League team.  The earliest recorded accounts of it date back to 1860s, when first European settlers arrived in the area, although it may also be referred to in natives' legends. The most notable sighting occurred in 1926, when it was presumably seen by passengers of some thirty cars, on which then-editor of Vancouver Sun commented saying "too many people have seen it to ignore the seriousness of actual facts". It is generally described to be one to two feet in diameter, with length ranging between 15 and 20 feet, strongly resembling a log. Possible explanations for eyewitness accounts include a standing wave, a lake sturgeon, or a beaver splashing its tail. For ten points, name this mysterious creature, a lake moster presumed to be inhabiting lake Okanagan in British Columbia.

Answer: The Ogopogo or Naitaka

17) Codenamed WhiteStar, the second product of this company was publicly unveiled in March 2009. Its investors include Google founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin as well as Daimler AG. Founded by Elon Musk in 2003, this Silicon Valley startup has recently received a loan from the US government as part of the Department of Energy's effort to spur the development of fuel-efficient vehicles. Both of this company's models are claimed to reach the speed of 60 miles per hour in under 6 seconds - an impressive feat considering they're powered solely by a three-phase AC induction motor. For ten points, name this recently-founded California-based automaker, suitably named after a certain late 19th/early 20th century inventor.

Answer: Tesla Motors

18) It was first referred to by its modern name in Galois's studies on solvability of a polynomial equation, although its formal axiomatic description by Heinrich Weber was not given until 50 years later. Standard definition requires the presence of identity and inverse elements, as well as associativity of the members of the set. In a cyclic one, each set member is a power of a particular element, while a symmetry one describes a certain repeating geometric or physical pattern.  Lagrange's theorem states that for every finite one of these, the order of the substructure divides the order of the original one. The term "abelian" adds the property of commutativity to, for ten points, which mathematical structure, consisting of a set and an operator under which it is closed?

Answer: group

19) A study published in 1987 suggest a link between acetaminophen intake and this medical condition, although others claim that the conclusion was flawed. It was first documented in a 1963 paper by Graeme Morgan, Jim Baral, and the University of Sydney graduate, after whom it is named. The incidence of this disease is significantly higher in children than adults, with over thirty percent of reported cases resulting in death. Characteristic symptoms include brain inflammation and fatty liver, and it is often occurs during recovery from a viral infection such as chickenpox. For ten points, name this disease, typically associated with aspirin intake by a child.

Answer: Reye's syndrome

20) Born in 1913, this author was an active member of the French Resistance during World War Two. The author, having written plays, essays, and novels, later became known for exploring existential themes including revolt and the absurdity of human existence. Also, the Nobel prize winning author was once a friend of premier existentialist, Jean-Paul Sartre, although their friendship did not last. For ten points, name this French-Algerian author whose works include The Fall and The Myth of Sisyphus.

Answer: Albert Camus

21) In addition to taking part in Rome's transition from Republic to Empire, this man effectively helped to stabilize the struggle for power in the regions surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. The man's story has been told by many men including the orator of his time, Cicero and later by Shakespeare. Along with two other notable figures, this man formed Rome's First Triumvirate and expanded territorial claims in Gaul. For ten points name this individual who would later go on to "cross the Rubicon" and bring about Pompey's demise.

Answer: Julius Caesar

22) Written in 1915, this anticlimactic novella showcases motifs including alienation and choice. It is alluded to in a Simpsons episode where Lisa visits a Café named after the author. The novella's main character lives with his parents and sister, although he is no longer able to support the family financially. In the absence of the breadwinning main character, the family decides to rent out part of their apartment to three lodgers, which helps to advance plot and theme. For ten points, name this Franz Kafka novella, in which Gregor Samsa wakes up to find that he has turned into a bug.

Answer: The Metamorphosis

23) In physics, the name of this group originates from the Greek word meaning "thick" or "bulky". It consists of two major subgroups of elementary particles, one of which was correctly predicted by Hideki Yukawa in 1934, for which he received a Nobel Prize in 1949. The other subgroup is characterized by each particle having a half-integral spin, obeying of the Fermi-Dirac statistics, and being made up of three quarks. Members of this class are produced in high-energy subatomic collisions, and with the exception of the proton and the neutron, have relatively short lifespans. For ten points, baryons and mesons together form which class of subatomic particles, representing bound states of quarks?

Answer: Hadrons

24) Over six thousand of these have been located in Southern Ontario. They have obviously been shaped by the ice moving over them, but the amount resulting from material being dropped by the melting ice and how much from erosion by the moving ice, is a matter of speculation. There are fields, or clusters of these with dozens to hundreds of similarly shaped, sized and oriented. For ten points, name this topographical feature, also referred to as sowbacks, whalebacks, or elliptical hills.

Answer: Drumlins


Bonus 1

For ten points each, identify the rhetorical device, given a description and example.

1. The opposite of polysyndeton, this device is defined by an absence of conjunctions between consecutive clauses. An example is Caeser's infamous "I came, I saw, I conquered."

Answer: Asyndeton

2. This device involves switching the order of two words or clauses to create a violation of regular syntax. An example is the first line of Robert Frost's "Mending Wall": "Something there is that doesn't love a wall."

Answer: Anastrophe [an-AS-tro-PHEE]

3. This device is defined by structural reversal within a clause. An example is Dr. Seuss's "I meant what I said, and I said what I meant."

Answer: Antimetabole [AN-tee-me-TA-bo-LEE]

Bonus 2

It was created in 1947, when Muhammad Ali Jinnah led a movement to establish an independent state for the Muslims living in India. For ten points each, answer the following questions about Pakistan.

1. What is the national language of Pakistan?

Answer: Urdu

2. What political party, with leader Asif Ali Zardari--husband of the late Benazir Bhutto--currently holds power in Pakistan?

Answer: Pakistan Peoples Party

3. What is the only sport in which Pakistan has ever won an Olympic gold medal?

Answer: Field hockey

Bonus 3

FTPE, identify these Canadian national parks.

1. Founded in 1922, this is Canada's largest national park by land area. It lies directly north of the Athabasca Oil Sands.

Answer: Wood Buffalo National Park

2. This national park is located on the west coast of Vancouver island. It includes the area of Long Beach and neighbours the settlement of Tofino, a popular surfers' destination.

Answer: Pacific Rim National Park Reserve

3. Visitors to this national park in the Maritimes can explore the ocean bottom, as the nearby body of water is famous for having one of the highest tides in the world.

Answer: Fundy National Park

Bonus 4

Fifteen points if you can identify the novel from the first clue. Five points for an additional clue.

1. Clue 1: It was originally titled “The Kingdom by the Sea” in reference to a poem about a boy's deep love for a young girl, and also to the narrator's childhood sweetheart, Annabel Leigh.

Clue 2: For 5 points, name this novel by Vladimir Nabokov, in which Humbert Humbert develops an obsessive, pedophilic love for the twelve-year-old title character.

Answer: Lolita

2. Clue 1: Several titles were originally considered for this work, including “Under the Red, White and Blue” and “Trimalchio in the West Egg”.

Clue 2: For 5 points, name this novel about one man's prolonged quest to win Daisy Buchanan's heart, written by F. Scott Fitzgerald.

Answer: The Great Gatsby

Bonus 5

Answer the following questions about a programming language, for ten points each.

1. Logo, Arc, and Scheme are modern-day dialects of what programming language dating from the late 50s?

Answer: Lisp (Accept List Processing language.)

2. Lisp was originally conceived for, and is still the most widely used language in, what field of computer science?

Answer: Artificial Intelligence

3. Though it has its problems, Lisp also has many avid admirers. Who once wrote that Lisp code is "the purity of quantified conception, of ideas manifest," claiming it must have been the language from which the Universe was created?

Answer: Randall Munroe (Do not accept "The xkcd guy" or any references to xkcd.)

Bonus 6

(Hand out attached image)

1. You have just been given a copy of a painting, but it is missing something. What famous caption has been removed from the bottom?

Answer: Ceci n'est pas une pipe. (Do not accept English translations.)

2. What French artist painted this painting?

Answer: René Magritte

3. What is the title of this painting?

Answer: La trahison des images or The Treachery of Images

Bonus 7

Answer, for ten points each, the following questions about a famous historical battle.

1. “Go tell the Spartans, Stranger passing by, that here, obedient to their laws we lie,” is an epitaph carved on a stone lion to commemorate what battle which took place between the Persians and the Spartans in 480 BC?

Answer: Battle of Thermopylae

2. For five points each, name the two kings who fought in the Battle of Thermopylae.

Answer: Xerxes the Great (Accept Xerxes I of Persia) and Leonidas of Sparta

3. The Battle of Thermopylae was the second Persian invasion of Greece. The first invasion, which was ended by the Greek victory at the Battle of Marathon, was led by which Persian king, father of Xerxes?

Answer: Darius the Great or Darius I

Bonus 8

This English novelist and essayist is regarded as one of the foremost modernist literary figures of the twentieth century. For 10 points each, answer these questions about the works of Virginia Woolf.

1. This work is set on two days ten years apart. The plot centers on the Ramsay family's anticipation of and reflection upon a visit toward the titular location and the connected familial tensions. One of the primary themes of the novel is the struggle in the creative process that beset painter Lily Briscoe while she struggles to paint in the midst of the family drama.

Answer: To The Lighthouse

2. This book-length essay from 1929 was one of her most resonant pieces. Its famous dictum is that, "A woman must have money and [this] if she is to write fiction."

Answer: A Room of One’s Own

3. Her last work, (1941) it sums up and magnifies Woolf's chief preoccupations: the transformation of life through art, sexual ambivalence, and meditation on the themes of flux of time and life, presented simultaneously as corrosion and rejuvenation—all set in a highly imaginative and symbolic narrative encompassing almost all of English history.

Answer: Between the Acts

Bonus 9

For ten points each, identify the following musical symbols.

1. This symbol indicates a gradual decrease in volume, and can be extended in the same manner as crescendo.

Answer: Diminuendo (also accept decrecesendo)

2. This symbol indicates a forward jump in the music to its ending passage, marked with the same sign. It is only used after playing through a Da Capo or Dal Segno.

Answer: Coda

3. This symbol indicates an indefinitely-sustained note or chord. It Usually appears over all parts at the same metrical location in a piece, to show a halt in tempo. It can be placed above or below the note.

Answer: Fermata (prompt on “Pause”)

Bonus 10

For ten points each, answer the following questions about the French-English relations in Canada.

1. This 2000 Act specified the conditions under which the federal government would recognize a referendum result in Quebec on the issue of independence.

Answer: The Clarity Act

2. This was the terrorist wing of the Quebec separatist movement in the 1960’s and 1970’s

Answer: Front De Libération Du Quebéc (prompt on FLQ)

3. This term denotes the dramatic change of values and attitudes, especially toward the state, the new collective self-confidence, and the new brand of nationalism in Quebec in the 1960’s.

Answer: The Quiet Revolution

Bonus 11

Ryan and Marissa, Seth and Summer, Kirsten and Sandy, Julie and half the cast. The following questions will be about the hit television show, The OC. For ten points each:

1. There were few shows doing well in the summer of 2003 right before its debut, which included American Idol Juniors. What U.S. network aired the teen drama?

Answer: Fox Television

2. She was an alcoholic and kicked Ryan out of the house. Name the character who was Ryan’s biological mother.

Answer: Dawn Atwood

3. This surfer, actor Cam Gigandet, first appears in Season three.  According to most other characters, he was a bad influence on Marissa and ends up killing her by driving Ryan and her off the road. 

Answer: Kevin Volchok

Bonus 12

Vincent Willem van Gogh (30 March 1853 – 29 July 1890) was a Dutch Post-Impressionist artist. He was a pioneer of Expressionism with enormous influence on 20th century art. Name the following described works. Note: none of the answers will be The Starry Night.

1. There is a dozen yellow objects with green stems and seedy brown centres, both dying and alive. They are placed in a decorated container that likely has water in it. This 1888, oil on canvas painting is currently housed in Munich

Answer: Vase with Twelve Sunflowers

2. Vincent wrote about this picture: I have tried to express the idea that [this] is a place where one can ruin oneself, go mad, or commit a crime. This 1888, oil on canvas painting is currently housed in the Yale University Art Gallery

Answer: The Night Cafe.

3. You probably are one. Van Gogh said he wanted to depict peasants as they really were. He deliberately chose coarse and ugly models, thinking that they would be natural and unspoiled in his finished work: "I wanted to convey the idea that the people [doing this] by the light of an oil lamp used the same hands with which they take food from the plate to work the land, that they have toiled with their hands—that they have earned their food by honest means." Vincent van Gogh painted this oil on canvas in April 1885 while in Nuenen, Netherlands. It is housed in the Van Gogh Museum of Amsterdam.

Answer: The Potato Eaters

Bonus 13

On June 11, 2008, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper issued an official apology to the aboriginal peoples on behalf of the Canadian government, admitting that "this policy of assimilation was wrong, has caused great harm, and has no place in our country", and that the "this policy has had a lasting and damaging impact on aboriginal culture, heritage and language".

For ten points, identify this federally financed program, whose purpose was to assimilate the the aboriginal people into the Euro-Canadian society, and qwhich as described by many as "killing the Indian in the child".

Answer: The residential schools system

This commission was established on June 2, 2008 as a result of the court-approved Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement. Its mandate is "to inform all Canadians about what happened in Indian Residential Schools", and to "document the truth of survivors, their families, communities, and anyone personally affected by the Indian Residential School experience".

Answer: The Indian Residential Schools Truth & Reconciliation Commission

This bill, passed in 1857, has established the notion of "enfranchisement" of male Indians aged over 21, which would legally turn them into regular British subjects. It was followed by the Gradual Enfranchisement Act of 1869, and has laid the foundation of the assimilation programs such as the residential schools one.

Answer: The Gradual Civilization Act or the Act to Encourage the Gradual Civilization of Indian Tribes in this Province, and to Amend the Laws Relating to Indians

Bonus 14

For ten points each, answer the following questions concerning a specific type of aircraft which is currently in commercial service.

1. Work on this project began in June 1994, following a feasibility study of a "Very Large Commercial Transport". The first prototype was rolled out and shown to the public in January 2005, with test flights commencing in April of the same year. It can carry over 500 people in a standard three-class configuration. Identify this aircraft, the world's largest passenger airliner to date.

Answer: Airbus A380

2. On October 25th, 2007, this Asian airline, a Star Alliance member, became the first to introduce the A380 into revenue service. The first flight, aptly numbered "380", carried 455 passengers betwen the airline's hub city and Sydney, Australia.

Answer: Singapore Airlines

3. Although various parts of it are built all over Europe, the final assembly of the A380 takes place in this city in southern France, the site of Airbus's corporate headquarters. It is also the country's fourth largest metropolitan area.

Answer: Toulouse

Bonus 15

For ten points each, identify the following moons found in the Solar System.

1. This moon is the only one known to have a dense atmosphere, consisting mostly of nitrogen. The man-made Huygens probe successfully landed there in 2005.

Answer: Titan

2. This sixth-largest moon of Saturn also made news in 2005, when the passing Cassini orbiter detected water-rich geysers venting from the area around its southern pole. It is named after one of the giants in Greek mythology.


3. This moon of Eris, the largest known dwarf planet in the Solar System, was discovered in 2005. It is named after the daemon of "lawlessness" in Greek mythology, who happens to be one of the Eris's daughters.


Bonus 16

Holding its position of power from 1613 until 1917, it was the second-longest reigning Russian dynasty. For ten points each:

1. Identy this royal family, which includes members such as Peter and Catherine the Great, as well as the last ever Emperor of Russia, Nicholas II.

Answer: The House of Romanov

2. From 1732 until 1917, this building in Saint Petersburg has served as the official residence of the ruling Romanov dynasty members.

Answer: The Winter Palace (do not accept Hermitage)

3. The Romanovs have absolutely no blood relation to this earlier dynasty of Russia and the Kievan Rus', named after the legendary Varangian Viking who presumably established the nation in 862.

Answer: The Rurik [ RYU-reek ] or Rurikovich dynasty

Bonus 17

For ten points each, given the formula and a brief description, provide a common name for the following chemicals, which have medicinal uses.

1. C6H9NO2. This compound is often used as an active ingredient in analgesic and antypyretic drugs. It can cause fatal liver damage if consumed in large amounts.

Answer: Paracetamol or Acetaminophen ( do not accept Tylenol or other brand names )

2. C17H21NO. Also marketed as Benadryl, this antihistamine compound is used in sleep-aid drugs due to its sedative effect, and also as allergy medicine.

Answer: Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride

3. C22H30N6O4S. Used for treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertention, this chemical is sold under various brand names, such as Revatio or Viagra.

Answer: Sildenafil Citrate

Bonus 18

Held on June 12th of this year, it has caused some worldwide controversy and concerns over the potential electoral fraud, censorship, and police response to the public demonstrations. For ten points each, answer the following questions related to the 2009 presidential election in Iran.

1. According to the Islamic Republic News Agency of Iran, this incumbent candidate has gained 63% of the total votes, thus winning the election. He has held the position of President of Iran since his previous win in 2005.

Answer: Mahmoud Ahmadinejad

2. Ahmadinejad is considered one of the main figures in this organization, an alliance of several conservative parties.

Answer: Abadgaran or Alliance of Builders of Islamic Iran

3. This man, president of the Iranian Academy of Arts and former Iranian Prime Minister, ran against Ahmadinejad in the 2009 election.

Answer: Mir-Hossein Mousavi Khameneh

Bonus 19

Margret Attwood is one of Canada's most notable authors. There are however many other notable Canadian authors. For ten points each, name the following Canadian author.

1. Champion of the Order of Canada, he has written for The National Post, The Gazette, and The New Yorker. He was also the author of the famed Jacob Two-Two series.

Answer: Mordecai Richler

2. This author was originally from Sri Lanka, but became a Canadian citizen in 1965. He wrote notable works such as Coming Through Slaughter, Anil's Ghost, and The English Patient.

Answer: Michael Ondaatje

3. At the age of 21 this author was the youngest editor on any Canadian daily newspaper and today he even has a library named after him in Vaughan, Ontario. His notable works include Klondike, The National Dream, and The Arctic Grail.

Answer: Pierre Berton

Bonus 20

The Human mind is an interesting mystery, though lots of research has been done on it. Identify the following tests and concepts dealing with human attention and information processing for ten points each.

1. Suggesting that identifying the colour in which other colour names are written is more difficult than reading the words themselves, this effect shows how a human's processing of the word's meaning interferes with the colour naming task.

Answer: Stroop Effect also accept "STROOP TEST"

2. This law suggests that when faced with a decision, a human's reaction time increases logarithmically as the number of possible responses and their complexity increase.

Answer: Hick-Hyman Law

3. Similar to the Hick-Hyman law, this law suggests that the time taken to reach or strike a target is largely dependent on the size of the target, and the distance between the user and the target.

Answer: Fitt's Law

Bonus 21

It is also known as Scholastic Bowl, Brain Game,Academic Team, Academic Challenge, Battle of the Brains. For ten points each, answer the following questions regarding Quizbowl.

1.Much of traditional non-academic trivia falls under this heading. The use of the word, in reference to these subjects, was originally derogatory. PrideSubjects in these games are generally considered to be current events, sports, pop culture, and some parts of the "general knowledge" catch-all.

Answer: Trash

2. In what country would one play Protmušis, a competition similar to the Quizbowl games, where the participants are primarily university students.


3. This former NAQT player disappointed on the premier of ‘1 vs. 100’, winning $714 but appeared on ‘Jeopardy’ and ‘Are you Smarter Than a Fifth Grader?’ earning him over $3,500,000.

Answer: Ken Jennings

Bonus 22

There have been many schools of thought in world philosophy. Identify the following schools or idealists of Greek philosophy for ten points each.

1. Towards the end of the 5th century BC, these Greek philosophers became well-known by travelling and teaching. They helped to spread concepts of rhetoric, democracy and commercialism, while Plato and Socrates criticized them.

Answer: The Sophists also accept "SOPHISM"

2. Beginning with Miletus of Thales, this school made the jump from studying myth to studying science including studying the evolution of the world.

Answer: The Ionian School

3. These Greek philosophers were more interested in the supernatural and artistic than the Ionians, and they also liked mathematics.

Answer:The Pythagorean School

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