World meteorological organization


REPORT OF THE BRAZILIAN MARINE METEOROLOGICAL SERVICE



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REPORT OF THE BRAZILIAN MARINE METEOROLOGICAL SERVICE



1 - INTRODUCTION
The Brazilian Marine Meteorological Service is operated by the Navy Hydrographic Centre (NHC), and is located in the city of Niterói, Rio de Janeiro State. It is the national organization responsible for the production and publishing of meteorological analyses and forecasts for the maritime area which Brazil is responsible for (METAREA V), in order to attend to international commitment accepted by our country before the maritime community, as a member of the Safeguard of Life at Sea International Convention (SOLAS).
For simplification and clarity sake, METAREA V is divided into eight coastal areas (A through H), and two oceanic areas (South and North).
The Service itself is coordinated by the Meteorology and Oceanography Superintendent, and is run by four Divisions - Environmental Information, Environmental Predictions, Numerical Prediction and Remote Sensing. The Environmental Predictions Division is responsible for the generation and transmission of most products (manned 24/7) and is supported by the Numerical Prediction Division, which is responsible for all atmospheric and oceanographic models run by the Centre.
2 - OFFERED PRODUCTS


  • Meteorological Bulletins (METEOROMARINHA) - twice a day and divided into five parts - Severe Weather Warnings, Synoptic Situation, Areas Forecasts (Weather, Wind, Waves and Visibility), IAC – FLEET Code and SHIPS

  • Severe Weather Warnings - Wind Force  7, Waves  3 meters, Wave Surge  2.5 meters and Visibility < 1 km

  • Special Forecasts - SAR

  • Meteorological Charts - twice a day - Surface Pressure

  • Numerical Modelling Products - atmospheric and oceanographic - twice a day

  • Reference Information - Cloud Atlas, Glossary, Graphical Simbology and Beaufort Scale Table


3 - TRANSMITTING METHODS


  • INMARSAT-C (SAFETYNET) - LES TANGUÁ

  • RADIOFACSIMILE – PWZ33 ERMRJ

  • RADIOTELEPRINTING (RATT) – PWZ33 ERMRJ

  • RADIOTELEPHONY – RENEC – VHF AND HF - per request

  • INTERNET – http://www.dhn.mar.mil.br/dhn/chm/meteo

  • TELEFAX - +55 21 26208861


4 - 2001 TRANSMISSIONS STATISTICS


  • Surface Pressure Charts - 730

  • METEOROMARINHA - 730

  • Special Forecasts – 3.127

  • Severe Weather Warnings - 968

  • SAR Special forecasts - 218








Niterói, 12 December 2006.
















Carlos Augusto Chaves Leal Silva







Commander, Brazilian Navy







OIC Environmental Predictions Division



REPORT FROM CHINA
THE OPERATIONAL ACTIVITIES

WITH GMDSS FOR NAVAREA XI (IOR) IN CHINA


1. INTRODUCTION
The China Meteorological Administration (CMA) is responsible for preparing and providing meteorological message services for NAVAREA XI(IOR) under GMDSS. The services include the Inmarsat SafetyNET and NAVTEX. The National Meteorological Center (NMC) at CMA provides the Inmarsat SafetyNET service. Dalian, Shanghai, Fuzhou, Guangzhou, and Sanya meteorological observatories issue meteorological messages via NAVTEX.
2. INMARSAT SAFETYNET SERVICE
2.1 The NMC provides operational services, including weather condition monitoring, weather situation analysis, weather forecast and meteorological messages. The meteorological messages, which include the meteorological information for the area covering 100-125E, 0-30N transferred from Hong Kong through GTS, are issued four times per day at 03:30, 10:15, 15:30 and 21:15 UTC.
2.2 CONTENTS OF BULLETINS
2.2.1 Warning information: Including marine environmental elements such as gales with scales of grade 6 and above, dense fog, the position of low and (or) tropical storms and their wind radii of Beaufort force 8 and 10, Minimum pressure, speed and direction of movement, 24 and 48 hour forecasts, visibility less then 10 kilometers and waves higher than 3 meters, and areas where the above conditions may appear.
When a typhoon has been given a name, warning messages will be released immediately, including position, intensity, direction, speed, area of influence and possible variations in intensity, direction and speed for the next 24 hours.
2.2.2 Summary and forecast of synoptic systems: Including positions of high, low, tropical cyclone, cold front, warm front and stationary front.
2.2.3 Distribution and forecast of weather elements: Including wind, fog, poor visibility and severe swell.
2.3 AN EXAMPLE OF BULLETIN
2:31:11:11:00

BT

ZCZC



PAN PAN=

MESSAGE FOR NAVAREA XI(IOR) ISSUED BY NMC, BEIJING

  AT 0330UTC DEC. 13 2006=
     MESSAGE IS UPDATED EVERY 06 HOURS=
     SYNOPSIS VALID 0000UTC DEC. 13=
     FORECAST VALID 0000UTC DEC. 14=
     WARNING=
     TY 0623(0622) UTOR 960HPA AT 16.4N 112.7E
     MOVING WNW 10KM/H AND MAX WINDS 38M/S NEAR
     CENTER(SEAS UP TO 7.0M) AND RADIUS OF 30KTS
     WINDS 380KM RADIUS OF 50KTS WINDS 100KM
     FORECAST FOR 140000UTC AT 17.6N 111.1E 975HPA
     MAX WINDS 33M/S NEAR CENTER=
     SUMMARY=
     WINDS FROM 14 TO 38M/S SEAS UP TO 7.0M OVER
     MIDDLE AND NORTH PARTS OF SOUTH CHINA SEA=
     NE WINDS FROM 12 TO 18M/S SEAS UP TO 3.5M OVER
     TAIWAN STRAIT AND SEA EAST AND SOUTH OF TAIWAN
     AND BASHI CHANNEL AND BALINTANG CHANNEL AND
     SOUTH PART OF SOUTH CHINA SEA=
     FOG OBSERVED LOCALLY OVER YELLOW SEA AND WEST
     PART OF EAST CHINA SEA AND HORIZONTAL VISIBILITY
     LESS THAN 10KM=
     HORIZONTAL VISIBILITY LESS THAN 10KM OVER TAIWAN
     STRAIT AND NORTH PART OF SOUTH CHINA SEA AND
     NORTH PART OF THAILAND GULF AND ANDAMAN SEA AND
     SEA WEST OF SUMATERA AND SUNDA STRAIT AND LAUT
     MALUKU=
     FORECAST=
     WINDS FROM 14 TO 33M/S SEAS UP TO 6.5M OVER
     MIDDLE AND NORTH PARTS OF SOUTH CHINA SEA=
     NE WINDS FROM 12 TO 18M/S SEAS UP TO 3.5M OVER
     SEA EAST AND SOUTH OF HAINAN PROVINCE AND TAIWAN
     STRAIT AND SEA EAST AND SOUTH OF TAIWAN AND
     BASHI CHANNEL AND BALINTANG CHANNEL AND SOUTH
     PART OF SOUTH CHINA SEA=
3. NAVTEX SEVICE
3.1 Dalian, Shanghai, Fuzhou, Guangzhou and Sanya Costal Radio Stations had been established in China. Dalian, Shanghai, Fuzhou, Guangzhou and Sanya meteorological observatories are responsible for providing meteorological messages to them several times a day.
3.2 The bulletin information includes warning messages, general synoptic conditions and forecasts. The warning messages include gale, dense fog, the low and (or) tropical storm, heavy rainfall, etc. General synoptic conditions include position of high, low, tropical cyclone, cold front, warm front, stationary front and their movements. The forecasts concern sky condition, wind speed and direction, sea waves, etc. in future 24 hours.
3.3 Bulletin examples
Example (1):
ZCZC

FXCI69 BCGZ 232100

232100UTC JAN 2002

IN ENGLISH

GUANGZHOU OBSY WEATHER REPORT =

NO WARNING IN RESPONSIBLE AREA =

MARINE WEATHER FORECAST FOR 24 HOURS FROM 240100Z =

TAIWAN STRAITS = CLOUDY TO OVERCAST WITH SCATTER LIGHT RAIN WIND

NE 22 TO 33 KTS GUSTS 34 TO 40 KTS SEAS ROUGH TO VERY ROUGH VIS 8

TO 16 KMS =

EAST GUANGDONG = FINE TO CLOUDY WINDS NE TO E 22 TO 27 KTS GUSTS

28 TO 33 KTS SEA ROUGH VIS 8 TO 16 KMS =

WEST GUANGDONG QIONGZHOU STRAITS = OVERCAST WITH LOCAL SHOWERS

WINDS ELY 17 TO 21 KTS GUSTS 22 TO 27 KTS SEA MODERATE VIS 5 TO 15

KMS =

BEIBU WAN GULF = OVERCAST WITH LOCAL SHOWERS WIND NE 17 TO 21 KTS



GUSTS 22 TO 27 KTS SEA MODERATE VIS 8 TO 16 KMS =

SOUTHWEST HAINAN ISLAND = CLOUDY TO OVERCAST WINDS NE TO E 17 TO

21 KTS GUSTS 22 TO 27 KTS SEA MODERATE VIS 10 TO 20 KMS =

XISHA = CLOUDY WINDS NE TO E 17 TO 27 KTS GUSTS 28 TO 33 KTS

SEAS MODERATE TO ROUGH VIS 15 TO 25 KMS =

DONGSHA ZHONGSHA NANSHA = CLOUDY WIND NE 22 TO 33 KTS GUSTS 34

TO 40 KTS SEAS ROUGH TO VERY ROUGH VIS 10 TO 20 KMS =

BASHI = CLOUDY TO OVERCAST WITH LOCAL SHOWERS WIND NE 22 TO 33

KTS GUSTS 34 TO 40 KTS SEAS ROUGH TO VERY ROUGH VIS 8 TO 16 KMS =

VABELLA = CLOUDY TO OVERCAST WIND NE 22 TO 33 KTS GUSTS 34 TO 40

KTS SEAS ROUGH TO VERY ROUGH VIS 10 TO 20 KMS =

ST.JACQUES = CLOUDY TO OVERCAST WITH LOCAL SHOWERS WIND NE 22 TO

27 KTS GUSTS 28 TO 33 KTS SEA ROUGH VIS 8 TO 16 KMS =

ZENGMU ANSHA REEF = CLOUDY TO OVERCAST WITH SHOWERS WIND NE 22 TO

27 KTS GUSTS 28 TO 33 KTS SEA ROUGH VIS 5 TO 15 KMS =

IN CHINESE

1684 1558 3051 6272 0669 1131 3051 1032 0707 =

6307 0117 0575 0355 3541 6226 0707 =

9924 9809 2607 0171 (24) 1420 2514 3189 3152 1131 3051 7315 0707 =

0669 3494 3189 1499 = 1122 7189 6567 7113 2589 0433 2414 1420

7183 2639 0554 7364 (22-33) 4634 7109 7364 (34-40) 4634 1129 3186

0451 1565 3186 6018 4453 (8-16) 0361 6849 =

1684 2639 2639 6752 = 2532 6567 1122 7189 2639 0554 0451 2639

7364 (22-27) 4634 7109 7364 (28-33) 4634 1129 3186 6018 4453

(8-16) 0361 6849 =

1684 2639 6007 6752 3890 1558 3189 1499 = 7113 1444 6752 2589

7109 7183 0252 2639 7364 (17-21) 4634 7109 7364 (22-27) 4634 0022

3186 6018 4453 (5-15) 0361 6849 =

0554 6752 3494 = 7113 1444 6752 2589 7109 7183 2639 0554 7364

(17-21) 4634 7109 7364 (22-27) 4634 0022 3186 6018 4453 (8-16)

0361 6849 =

3189 0589 1497 6007 0589 6752 = 1122 7189 0451 7113 2639 0554

0451 2639 7364 (17-21) 4634 7109 7364 (22-27) 4634 0022 3186 6018

4453 (10-20) 0361 6849 =

6007 3097 = 1122 7189 2639 0554 0451 2639 7364 (17-27) 4634

7109 7364 (28-33) 4634 0022 3186 0451 1129 3186 6018 4453 (15-25)

0361 6849 =

2639 3097 0022 3097 0589 3097 = 1122 7189 2639 0554 7364

(22-33) 4634 7109 7364 (34-40) 4634 1129 3186 0451 1565 3186 6018

4453 (10-20) 0361 6849 =

1572 1102 = 1122 7189 0451 7113 1444 6752 2589 7109 7183 2639

0554 7364 (22-33) 4634 7109 7364 (34-40) 4634 1129 3186 0451 1565

3186 6018 4453 (8-16) 0361 6849 =

5478 0441 2139 = 1122 7189 0451 7113 2639 0554 7364 (22-33)

4634 7109 7364 (34-40) 4634 1129 3186 0451 1565 3186 6018 4453

(10-20) 0361 6849 =

7333 7319 = 1122 7189 0451 7113 1444 6752 2589 7109 7183 2639

0554 7364 (22-27) 4634 7109 7364 (28-33) 4634 1129 3186 6018 4453

(8-16) 0361 6849 =

2582 3018 2542 3097 = 1122 7189 0451 7113 2589 7109 7183 2639

0554 7364 (22-27) 4634 7109 7364 (28-33) 4634 1129 3186 6018 4453

(5-15) 0361 6849 =

NNNN

---------------------------------------------------------



ZCZC 000

FSCI40 BCGZ 240900

99936 00707 11144

99937 00101 11144

99938 00101 11233

99939 00207 11232

99940 00101 11144

99941 00101 11144

NNNN

--------------------------------------------------------


Example (2):
ZCZC RE27 1050

290000UTC JAN20002

DALIAN OBSY NO WARNING STOP

SYNOPTIC SITUATION 281800Z

HIGH 1061 HAP AT 47N95E MOVING E 12 KTS X

COLD FRONT FROM 49N 123E PASSING 47N 120E TO 46N 112E X

LOW 1015 HAP AT 123E MOVING SE 13 KTS STOP

24 HOURS WEATHER FORECAST FROM 290000Z

BOHAI SEA BOHAI STRAITS NORTH AND CENTRAL HUANGHAI SEA X

PARTLY CLOUDY SOMETIMES CLOUDY X

WLY WINDS FORCE 5 TO 6 BECOMING N WINDS FORCE 6 NOON X

SEA MODERATE BECOMING ROUGH STOP

NNNN
3.4 NEW DEVELOPMENTS
As a result of the developments of both the China marine weather services and customer demands in recent years, the content of NAVTEX has been expanding. In addition to the traditional products, coastal weather observatories have issued some new marine weather products with local characteristics. For example:


Service

Content

Frequency

Typhoon warnings

00- 72 hour forecasts with 12 hours interval

Issued every 6 hours when typhoon is to the west of 132°E.

Typhoon position,intensity and gale radii

Issued every hour when typhoon is offshore.

Offshore weather forecasts: wind, fog, rainfall and wave.

24- 48 hour forecasts for 13 China offshore sea areas issued with 12h interval.

3 times a day.

Marine hazard weather warnings: wind scales of grade 8 and above, visibility less than 1 km and wave higher than 4m.

24-hour forecast for sea area WMO XI.

Twice a day.

Since June of 2005, Dalian Coastal Radio Station has opened its voice weather service on single sideband for free, which is the only station that has opened this service in China. With high quality services, Dalian Coastal Radio Station has gained praises from customers and peer cooperators.


CMA has been in cooperation with China Maritime Safety Administration to work for Chinese broadcasts on NAVTEX.
4. Others
The NMC has also established an operational system to provide navigation services. The services provide meteorological messages, navigation and optimal shipping line to ocean-going voyages.


National Technical Report on GMDSS for France

2002 - 2006

Within the GMDSS framework, France is Issuing Service for:




  1. METAREA II




  1. METAREA VIII (S) (tropical cyclone warnings)

Within the GMDSS framework, France is Preparation Service for:




  1. Western part of METAREA III (scheduled bulletins and warnings, for Greece)




  1. METAREA VII (forecasts for area 30°S/50°S - 50°E/80°E & tropical cyclone warnings West of 90°E, for South Africa)

Scheduled bulletins prepared by Mauritius for METAREA VIII (S) are broadcasted by France.




GMDSS National Focal Points

For METAREA II (& Metarea III(W))

For Metarea VIII(S) (& Metarea VII)

Mr Henri Savina

Météo-France

Direction de la Prévision

Division Marine et Océanographie

42, avenue Gaspard Coriolis

31057 TOULOUSE Cedex 1

France

Telephone: +33-5 61 07 82 91



Telefax: +33-5 61 07 82 09

E-mail: henri.savina@meteo.fr



Mr Paul Rémois

Météo-France

Direction Interrégionale de La Réunion

BP 4


97491 STE. CLOTILDE Cedex

France


Telephone: +33-2 62 92 11 00

Telefax: +33-2 62 92 11 47

E-mail: paul.remois@meteo.fr





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