Past Tense Pronunciation for Regular Verbs (-ed)



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Past Tense Pronunciation for Regular Verbs (-ed)



Rule 1: If the verb base ends in a voiceless sound, then the –ed ending sounds like “t”.

The “t” is blended together with the previous consonant and not pronounced as an extra syllable.




Rule 2: If the verb base ends in a voiced sound, then the –ed ending sounds like “d”.

The “d” is blended together with the previous consonant and not pronounced as an extra syllable.





Rule 3: If the verb base ends in a “t” or “d” sound already, then the –ed ending sounds like “id” or “ud”.
It is pronounced as an extra syllable.

A voiceless sound is like a whisper. Your vocal chords don’t vibrate.


Voiceless consonant sounds:
p, f, k, s, sh, ch, th


A voiced sound means that your vocal chords vibrate.


Voiced consonant sounds:
b, v, g, z, j, th, l, m, n, r
All vowel sounds are voiced.





Examples of past tense verbs where the –ed ending sounds like “t”
worked

dropped


finished

divorced


stopped

laughed


coughed

watched



Examples of past tense verbs where the –ed ending sounds like “d”
moved

returned


stayed

studied


married

widowed


raised

engaged


traveled

Examples of past tense verbs where the –ed ending sounds like “ed”
started

graduated

visited

separated



dated

attended



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