Plants, animals, and diseases moved between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres

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Unit 2 Exam Study Guide – U.S. & Canada
1. What were the results of the Columbian Exchange?

Plants, animals, and diseases moved between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres
2. Which landforms are NOT shared by the United States and Canada?

Gulf- Atlantic Coastal Plain, Interior Highlands, Arctic Coastal Plain, Piedmont
3. A climate region found in the United States but not in Canada?

Tropical Wet & Dry, Tropical Wet, Mediterranean, Humid Subtropical, Desert
4. The United States government divides power between local, state, and national governments, but it also

obtains its power through the people who rule through elected officials making it both

A federal republic and a representative democracy
5. How would you describe the Northeast region of the US?

  • It’s the economic, cultural, and political center of the United States

  • Divided into New England & Mid-Atlantic

  • History includes the American Revolution, Declaration of Independence, Constitution

  • 20% of the U.S. population lives on only 5% of land

  • Home to the Boswash megalopolis and the nation’s capitol

6. This province holds ¾ of Canada’s French speaking citizens and has petitioned for independence from



7. How would you describe Quebec?

  • 75% of French-speaking people lives here

  • Separatism was proposed

  • It is the largest province in terms of land area

8. Describe a representative democracy

A government in which people rule through elected officials
9. The current economy of the United States is predominantly based on

Service industries that serve on a national and international level
10. An area of low population density in Canada

Territory of Nunavut
11. Benefits of the Transcontinental Railroad

Connected the eastern & western railways and allowed the spread of goods and ideas
12. Location of the Gulf -Atlantic Coastal Plains

In the southern region between the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean
13. The rivers of North America flow eastward and westward at the Continental Divide because

It is situated along the highest points of the Rocky Mountains
14. Quebec and Ontario are known as the Core Provinces because

They comprise the area of the greatest landmass and population
15. Result of the 1803 Louisiana Purchase

The U.S. almost doubled in size
16. Why is most of Canada’s population near its border with the United States?

The climate there is less harsh than in more northern areas of the country
17. The cultural “mosaic” of Canada can be contributed to the fact that immigrants were encouraged to

Retain their cultural identity

18. The major difference between the Rockies and the Appalachians is that the

The Rockies are only about 80 million years old and rise to much higher elevations.
19. Which types of climates do the 48 contiguous United States NOT contain and what are their


Polar regions where the temperature is cold all year round, such as the Icecap climate zone.
20. Know the 4 subregions of the U.S. and which states are in each?







New Hampshire


Rhode Island



New York

New Jersey

Maryland Tennessee

Delaware Kentucky

Oklahoma West Virginia

Texas North Carolina

Louisiana South Carolina

Arkansas Georgia

Mississippi Florida


North Dakota Indiana

South Dakota Ohio

Minnesota Michigan

Nebraska Wisconsin

Kansas Iowa

Missouri Illinois

Alaska Wyoming

Hawaii Colorado

Washington Arizona

Oregon Utah

Montana California

Idaho Nevada

New Mexico

21. What are characteristics of the American West?

  • Home to the Mojave Desert

  • Has the highest amount of Hispanic influence

  • Known for its cattle ranching

  • Growth in the 20th century was helped by air conditioning and by irrigation

22. Which of the U.S. regions has the greatest amount of physical and cultural similarities with the Prairie


The Midwest region
23. Know the 3 branches of government and what each does?

  1. Executive - Carries out the laws

  2. Legislative – Enacts the laws

  3. Judicial – Interprets the laws and reviews decisions of lower courts


24. Frontier Mississippi River British Columbia

25. Sectionalism Rio Grande River Newfoundland

26. Export Rocky Mountains Nunavut

27. Free Enterprise System Great Lakes North Dakota

28. Megalopolis Gulf-Atlantic Coastal Plain Texas

29. Permafrost Great Plains New York

30. Métis Pacific Coastal Ranges Georgia

31. Columbian Exchange Appalachian Mountains Florida

32. Prime Minister Alaska

33. Confederation

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