|Unit 2 Exam Study Guide – U.S. & Canada
1. What were the results of the Columbian Exchange?
Plants, animals, and diseases moved between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres
2. Which landforms are NOT shared by the United States and Canada?
Gulf- Atlantic Coastal Plain, Interior Highlands, Arctic Coastal Plain, Piedmont
3. A climate region found in the United States but not in Canada?
Tropical Wet & Dry, Tropical Wet, Mediterranean, Humid Subtropical, Desert
4. The United States government divides power between local, state, and national governments, but it also
obtains its power through the people who rule through elected officials making it both
A federal republic and a representative democracy
5. How would you describe the Northeast region of the US?
It’s the economic, cultural, and political center of the United States
Divided into New England & Mid-Atlantic
History includes the American Revolution, Declaration of Independence, Constitution
20% of the U.S. population lives on only 5% of land
Home to the Boswash megalopolis and the nation’s capitol
6. This province holds ¾ of Canada’s French speaking citizens and has petitioned for independence from
7. How would you describe Quebec?
75% of French-speaking people lives here
Separatism was proposed
It is the largest province in terms of land area
8. Describe a representative democracy
A government in which people rule through elected officials
9. The current economy of the United States is predominantly based on
Service industries that serve on a national and international level
10. An area of low population density in Canada
Territory of Nunavut
11. Benefits of the Transcontinental Railroad
Connected the eastern & western railways and allowed the spread of goods and ideas
12. Location of the Gulf -Atlantic Coastal Plains
In the southern region between the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean
13. The rivers of North America flow eastward and westward at the Continental Divide because
It is situated along the highest points of the Rocky Mountains
14. Quebec and Ontario are known as the Core Provinces because
They comprise the area of the greatest landmass and population
15. Result of the 1803 Louisiana Purchase
The U.S. almost doubled in size
16. Why is most of Canada’s population near its border with the United States?
The climate there is less harsh than in more northern areas of the country
17. The cultural “mosaic” of Canada can be contributed to the fact that immigrants were encouraged to
Retain their cultural identity
18. The major difference between the Rockies and the Appalachians is that the
The Rockies are only about 80 million years old and rise to much higher elevations.
19. Which types of climates do the 48 contiguous United States NOT contain and what are their
Polar regions where the temperature is cold all year round, such as the Icecap climate zone.
20. Know the 4 subregions of the U.S. and which states are in each?
Oklahoma West Virginia
Texas North Carolina
Louisiana South Carolina
North Dakota Indiana
South Dakota Ohio
21. What are characteristics of the American West?
Home to the Mojave Desert
Has the highest amount of Hispanic influence
Known for its cattle ranching
Growth in the 20th century was helped by air conditioning and by irrigation
22. Which of the U.S. regions has the greatest amount of physical and cultural similarities with the Prairie
The Midwest region
23. Know the 3 branches of government and what each does?
Executive - Carries out the laws
Legislative – Enacts the laws
Judicial – Interprets the laws and reviews decisions of lower courts
DEFINE: BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY ON A MAP:
24. Frontier Mississippi River British Columbia
25. Sectionalism Rio Grande River Newfoundland
26. Export Rocky Mountains Nunavut
27. Free Enterprise System Great Lakes North Dakota
28. Megalopolis Gulf-Atlantic Coastal Plain Texas
29. Permafrost Great Plains New York
30. Métis Pacific Coastal Ranges Georgia
31. Columbian Exchange Appalachian Mountains Florida
32. Prime Minister Alaska