Security Education Narrative Database Patterns of Professional Education



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Suriname

Swaziland

Sweden


Swedish Armed Forces Military Academy, Karlberg Castle, Stockholm

Swedish National Defence College, Stockholm


Switzerland


MILAK, Zurich

Syrian Arab Republic

Tajikistan

Thailand


Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy, Hin Kong [see presentation from 9th ISMS 2004] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chulachomklao_Royal_Military_Academy

Timor-Leste

Togo

Tonga

Trinidad and Tobago


Trinidad does cadet training for the region, about 30 per year, from all over. Interview with Capt R.G.K. Carter, rgkcarterarmy@yahoo.com a student at the CLFCSC (Kingston, 11 Nov 09)

Tunisia

Turkey

Turkish Military


Turkish Military Academy, Ankara. The Turkish Military Academy, (Turkish: Kara Harp Okulu), is a four year co-educational military academy located in the center of Ankara. Its mission is to develop cadets mentally and physically for service as commissioned officers in the Turkish Army. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_Military_Academy)

Turkish Gendarme/paramilitary




Turkish Police


Turkish National Police Academy, founded in 1937, became the national police academy in 1984 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_National_Police_Academy

Turkmenistan

Tuvalu

Uganda


Dear Prof. David Last,

Reference is made to the e-mail from the Commonwealth Secretariat London on the above subject matter.

This is Simon P Opolot, a former Commonwealth Scholar of MA Strategic Studies, School of Politics & International Studies, University of Leeds, UK. I have keen interests in security issues across the Great Lakes, Horn of Africa region and key regions of the globe.

Currently on top of my formal employment, I and a few other members recently (Aug 2008) established a Research Think Tank - Center for Strategic & International Insights (CSII) Uganda.  CSII offers Strategic policy options on Defence & Security, Governance & Democracy, Regional Development & Integration and Culture & Ideology. I am really very interested in collaboration and advice on how to fully develop and stregthen this Center.

I will be glad to hear from you soon.

Simon Peter Opolot opolotokwalingas@yahoo.com

Director General & CE

CSII

Ukraine


Reflections on Policing Post-Soviet Ukraine, continuity http://www.pipss.org/index294.html

United Arab Emirates

United Kingdom (of GB and NI)




UK Military


Britannia Royal Naval College, Dartmouth

Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, Camberley

Royal Air Force College, Cranwell

Defence Academy of the UK, Shrivenham, including the Joint Services Command and Staff College for Officers and Warrant Officers (Shrivenham) and the Royal College of Defence Studies for senior officers and civilians (London).


Defunct British establishments include: Joint Service Defence College, Staff college Camberly
Defence Police College (DPC) Southwick Park, a tri-service establisment for training the service police (

UK Police


There are 43 separate police forces in England and Wales, another 8 in Scotland and (I think) one in Northern Ireland). The National Policing Improvement Agency, established 2007, manages training and information, which seems to be fairly seriously decentralized, although many of the standards are national.
Hendon Police College, the principal training school for London’s Metropolitan Police

Police Staff College, Bramshill House, Basingstoke, Hampshire, the principal police staff training establishment in the UK

Scottish Police College, Tulliallan Castle.

United Republic of Tanzania


Dear Last [ef, 16 Dec 09, in response to Commonwealth Scholar network]

I am glad to hear about the initiative. I am interested in the work and wouldlike to work with you. I am social scientist/social sector analyst tratined by the world bank. I shall appreciate o work with you in future.

Regards

Pantaleon N Shoki (B.A, MSc)



Managing Director

Victoria Research Bureau Ltd

P O Box 1611

Mwanza, Tanzania

Cellular: +255-754-931-799, +255-732-981-281

Web: http://myprofile.cos.com/shoki



shokipn2000@yahoo.com

United States of America




US Armed Services


United States Military Academy, West Point, NY

United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD

United States Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, CO

United States Coast Guard Academy, New London, CT

United States Merchant Marine Academy, Kings Point, NY

Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences


Joint Forces Staff College, Norfolk VA (http://www.answers.com/topic/joint-forces-staff-college ) Note subordinate schools composing the JFSC: Joint Advance Warfighting School (JAWS); Joint and Combined Warfighting School (JCWS); Joint Command, Control and Infromation Operations School (JC2IOS); Joint Continuing Distance Education School (JCDES).
US Army Management Staff College, Fort Belvoir (http://www.amsc.belvoir.army.mil/ ) (see also the US Army Logistics University?)
Air University, Maxwell AFB, comprising the Air Command and Staff College, the Air War College, and the Air Force Institute of Technology (Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio)
Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, KS, including the School of Advanced Military Studies
US Army War College (Carlisle, PA)
Naval War College, Newport, RI, comprising College of Naval Command and Staff, and College of Naval Warfare
Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA
Defence Acquisition University, with five campuses and HQ at Fort Belvoir, Virginia [how does this relate to the logistics university?]
National Defense University, Washington DC, comprising National War College, Industrial College of the Armed Forces
http://usacac.leavenworth.army.mil/BLOG/blogs/reflectionsfromfront/archive/2008/12/24/beyond-the-mmas-expanded-degree-authority-for-cgsc.aspx

Only published comments... Dec 24 2008, 08:59 AM by Dr. Jack

Filed under: CGSC, Innovation, Education
Beyond the MMAS: Expanded Degree Authority For CGSC

The Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417, October 14, 2008) provided expanded degree authority for a number of the professional military education colleges and schools. This act modified the applicable sections of Title 10, U.S. Code with identical language for each of the colleges and universities.


· National Defense Intelligence College (10 USC § 2161)
· National Defense University (10 USC § 2163)
· United States Army Command and General Staff College (10 USC § 4314)
· United States Army War College (10 USC § 4321)
· United States Naval Postgraduate School (10 USC § 7048)
· Naval War College (10 USC § 7101)
· Marine Corps University (10 USC § 7102)
· United States Air Force Institute of Technology (10 USC § 9314)
· Air University (10 USC § 9317)
For the United States Army Command and General Staff College, the previous authority to award degrees was limited to the MMAS degree. The language in the previous authority for Title 10 stated:
§ 4314. United States Army Command and General Staff College degree: Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Army, and with the approval of a nationally recognized civilian accrediting association approved by the Secretary of Education, the Commandant of the United States Army Command and General Staff College may upon recommendation by the faculty confer the degree of master of military art and science upon graduates of the college who have fulfilled the following degree requirements: a minimum of thirty semester hours of graduate credit, including a masters thesis of six to eight semester hours, and a demonstration of competence in the discipline of military art and science as evidenced by satisfactory performance on a general comprehensive examination. These requirements may be altered only with the approval of such association.
In summary, this provision of Title 10 provided the requirements for the MMAS degree:
· Regional accreditation (from North Central Association of Colleges and Schools);
· Recommendation of the faculty (based on the thesis and comprehensive examinations);
· At least thirty semester hours of graduate credit (the year at CGSC);
· A master’s thesis of six to eight semester hours); and
· A general comprehensive examination (based on the CGSC curriculum).
The updated section of Title 10 for CGSC gives expanded authority to award degrees. The new (and current) authority from US Code Title 10 for CGSC states:
§ 4314. Degree granting authority for United States Army Command and General Staff College
(a) Authority.--Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the Army, the Commandant of the United States Army Command and General Staff College may, upon the recommendation of the faculty and dean of the college, confer appropriate degrees upon graduates who meet the degree requirements.
(b) Limitation.--A degree may not be conferred under this section unless--
(1) the Secretary of Education has recommended approval of the degree in accordance with the Federal Policy Governing Granting of Academic Degrees by Federal Agencies; and
(2) the United States Army Command and General Staff College is accredited by the appropriate civilian academic accrediting agency or organization to award the degree, as determined by the Secretary of Education.
(c) Congressional Notification Requirements.--
(1) When seeking to establish degree granting authority under this section, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives--
(A) a copy of the self assessment questionnaire required by the Federal Policy Governing Granting of Academic Degrees by Federal Agencies, at the time the assessment is submitted to the Department of Education's National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity; and
(B) the subsequent recommendations and rationale of the Secretary of Education regarding the establishment of the degree granting authority.
(2) Upon any modification or redesignation of existing degree granting authority, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report containing the rationale for the proposed modification or redesignation and any subsequent recommendation of the Secretary of Education on the proposed modification or redesignation.
(3) The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report containing an explanation of any action by the appropriate academic accrediting agency or organization not to accredit the United States Army Command and General Staff College to award any new or existing degree.
This expanded authority does not mean that there will be new degrees offered in the immediate future; it does mean, however, that CGSC can now develop new graduate degrees in addition to the MMAS with the following requirements:
· Approval recommendation by the Secretary of Education;
· Approval by the regional accrediting agency (North Central Association of Colleges and Schools);
· Notification to the Senate and House of Representatives Armed Services Committees (HASC/SASC).
There are two areas that I believe are worth pursuing, based on this new authority. The first is to establish a separate master’s program for the School of Advanced Military Studies (SAMS). Currently, SAMS students also receive an MMAS degree – which, in many cases, is the second MMAS for some of the students (one from ILE; a second from SAMS). This would create a separate and unique degree based on the requirements of SAMS, while still maintaining the current MMAS program for the ILE program.
A second area for careful study and consideration is a professional doctorate program with a practitioner focus, such as a “Doctor of Military Art and Science (DMAS).” The rationale and approach for such a degree would require careful consideration and additional assets to produce the “doctorate level practitioner of operational art.”

US Police Services


ICITAP
US Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) has supported the International Law Enforcement Academies (ILEA) since 1995, establishing regional centres in Hungary, Thailand, Botswana, and El Salvador.

Uruguay

Uzbekistan

Vanuatu

Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of

Viet Nam


“The first military academy in Asia, and probably the world, was established in Vietnam in the 14th century.” (Heathcote, Answers.com, “Military Academy”)
The Vietnamese Military Academy of Dalat, appears to be a post-colonial, pre-unification phenomenon (http://www.vnafmamn.com/dalat_military_academy.html )

Yemen

Zambia

Zimbabwe



International and Regional Organizations




Europe

European Military


NATO Defence College, Rome

European Paramilitary

European Police


European Police College, CEPOL, established as an agency of the European Union in 2005

International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA), Budapest.


Americas




Americas Military




Americas Paramilitary




Americas Police


International law Enforcement Academy (ILEA), San Salvador. US Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) has supported the ILEA since 1995.

Africa

African Military




African Paramilitary




African Police


International Law Enforcement Academies’ Gaborone Academy (ILEA Gaborone), Otse, Botswana, established 2000, hosts law enforcement officers from 25 countries in Africa. US Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) has supported the ILEA since 1995.

Asian Regional and International




Asian Military




Asian Paramilitary




Asian Police


International Law Enforcement Academy, Bangkok. US Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) has supported the ILEA since 1995.

Middle East




Global




Miscellaneous Observations

Software developed to assist in training foreign officers: http://directory.officer.com/product/57856/CROWN_POINTE_TECHNOLOGIES_Field_training_officer_training_software_FTO_System



1 http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA449425&Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf

2 http://fmso.leavenworth.army.mil/documents/albania2.htm

3 http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0IAJ/is_3_25/ai_104634866/

4 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Police_Corps_of_Andorra

5 http://www.iss.org.za/AF/profiles/Angola/SecInfo.html

6 Angola, South Africa announce military training, telecom cooperation plans, SAPA web site, 16 October 2000.

7 Angolan military delegation visits Portugal to “exchange experience”, Angop, 14 October 2000. http://www.iss.org.za/AF/profiles/Angola/SecInfo.html

8 http://www.bb.undp.org/index.php?page=antigua-barbuda

9 http://home.att.net/~ordersandmedals/links/argentina.htm

10 http://www.gendarmeria.gov.ar/

11 Jim Barrett, Aug 09

12 http://www.bmi.gv.at/cms/BMI/_news/BMI.aspx

13 http://www.bundespolizei.gv.at/lpk/

14 http://www.ansarvdpbd.org/

15 http://www.mofaic.gov.bw/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=428

16http://www.defenceweb.co.za/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=7513:botswana-trains-commissions-65-military-cadets&catid=47:Logistics&Itemid=110

17 http://www.gov.bw/en/Ministries--Authorities/Ministries/State-President/Botswana-Defence-Force-BDF/Training--Recruitment/Officer-Cadets10/

18 http://www.janes.com/articles/Janes-Sentinel-Security-Assessment-North-Africa/Defence-budget-Djibouti.html

19 http://www.cdi.org/pdfs/Djibouti.pdf

20http://djibouti.usembassy.gov/vip_security_training_for_djibouti_nationale_police_november_2nd_06.html

21 http://tyglobalist.org/index.php/20100124250/Opinion/Schooling-a-New-Golden-Generation.html

22 http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/3386965.stm

23 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_National_Defense_Force

24 http://allafrica.com/stories/200907310640.html

25 http://allafrica.com/stories/200609130726.html

26http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,,,QUERYRESPONSE,HUN,4562d8b62,3f7d4da62a,0.html

27 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Icelandic_Coast_Guard

28 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Icelandic_National_Police

29 http://www.jweekly.com/article/full/11373/israel-opens-military-academy/

30 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rabin_Pre-Military_Academy

31http://www.photius.com/countries/kazakhstan/national_security/kazakhstan_national_security_military_establishme~1611.html

32 https://consortium.pims.org/blog/henri-bigo/pfpc-discusses-defense-institution-building-curriculum-with-kazakhstan-national-defense-university

33http://74.125.93.132/search?q=cache:AHIpm_NaDHAJ:mod.kz/old/index4fad.html%3Fpost%3D332%26id%3D1686%26lang%3Deng+kazakhstan+defence+university&cd=4&hl=en&ct=clnk&client=safari

34 http://polis.osce.org/library/f/3663/2855/OSCE-AUS-RPT-3663-EN-Online%20workshop%20report.pdf

35 http://www.army.mil/-news/2009/02/05/16479-kenyan-leadership-visits-west-point/

36 http://www.armedforces.co.uk/army/listings/l0142.html

37 http://www.canadainternational.gc.ca/kenya/highlights-faits/peace_course-cours_paix.aspx?lang=eng

38 http://www.kenyapolice.go.ke/kenya%20police%20college.asp

39 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maldives_National_Defence_Force

40 www.police.gov.mv

41http://web.me.com/dmlast/POE426/5_files/urbalejo,%20reforming%20mexican%20police,%202003.pdf

42http://web.me.com/dmlast/POE426/5_files/anozie,%20mexico%20city%20police%20corruption,%202004.pdf

43 http://www.flickr.com/photos/robertperdomo/2831791622/

44 http://www.sedena.gob.mx/index.php?id=232

45 http://www.worldpolicy.org/projects/globalrights/mexico/2000-fall-wpj-mexpolice.html

46 Rule of law reform and development By M. J. Trebilcock, Ronald J. Daniels http://books.google.com/books?id=NTWq-CHZgZYC&dq=mexico+police+academies&source=gbs_navlinks_s

47http://www.ssp.gob.mx/portalWebApp/appmanager/portal/desk?_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=sspN_page_3&nodeId=/BEA%20Repository/276089//archivo&docName=Eje%20cuatro%20%20%20

48 http://www.fiep-asso.org/ro/index.htm

49 http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/somalia/military.htm

50 http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/somalia/military.htm

51 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Somali_Police_Force

52 http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/90001/90777/90855/6558322.html

53http://www.photius.com/countries/sudan/national_security/sudan_national_security_training.html

54 Library of Congress Country Studies (transient bookmark)

55 http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article35436

56 http://www.nsi-ins.ca/english/pdf/SSR%20Sudan.pdf

57 http://www.sd.undp.org/projects/dg5.htm

David Last / 10/17/2016
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