Supplementary Information (Online only): Identification of areas in Brazil that optimize conservation of forest carbon, jaguars, and biodiversity



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Supplementary Information (Online only):
Identification of areas in Brazil that optimize conservation of forest carbon, jaguars, and biodiversity

De Barros, Alan E.; Macdonald, Ewan A.; Matsumoto, Marcelo H.; Paula, Rogério C.; Nijhawan, Sahil; Malhi,Y.; Macdonald, David W.


*Correspondence: E-mail: alanbiology@gmail.com
Appendix S1.Table S1: Datasets used in GIS analysis.
Appendix S2. Table S2: REDD related strategies in Brazil.
Appendix S3. Supplementary results and parameters and values adopted in the Promethee method

Fig. S3: Occurrence (within municipalities) of JCU and biodiversity categories in relation to forest carbon storage and annual deforestation rate.

Table S3a: Fundamental criteria used to compare all scenarios with distinct levels of carbon and deforestation

Table S3b: All criteria used to compare the top four scenarios


Appendix S4. Table S4: List of municipalities highlighted as “REDDspots”.

Appendix S5. Fig S5: “REDDspots” and (JCUs & corridors, Protected areas and Indigenous lands).
Appendix S6. Comparisons of carbon stored (in forest remnants 2008) within Brazilian municipalities for two different datasets: Ruesch & Gibbs (2008) and Saatchi et al (2011).

Table S6: Differences and correlation between Ruesch and Gibbs (2008) and Saatchi et al (2011) carbon datasets.

Fig. S6: Scatter plots comparing two datasets of carbon: Ruesch and Gibbs (2008) and Saatchi et al (2011) datasets

Fig. S7: Scatter plots for REDDspots and correlation plots for biomes comparing Ruesch and Gibbs (2008) and Saatchi et al (2011) carbon datasets.


Appendix S7. Support references

Appendix S1. Datasets used:

Table S1: Datasets used in the GIS analysis. In some cases the datasets that we used in our analysis were themselves compiled from a number of pre-existing datasets; to make this clear we have listed the dataset that we used in regular font, but also added the original datasets below in italics.

Dataset

Data description

Source

Carbon dataset

Global biomass and soil carbon map

a) global carbon biomass

b) soil carbon map

Kapos et al (2008)

a) Ruesch & Gibbs (2000)

b) G.S.D.T (2000)

Biodiversity 1

Global map of priority areas for biodiversity with six prioritization schemes:

a) Conservation International’s Hotspots

b) WWF Global 200 ecoregions - terrestrial

c) WWF Global 200 ecoregions - freshwater

d) Birdlife International Endemic Bird Areas, EBA5

e) WWF/IUCN Centres of Plant Diversity, CPD5

f) Amphibian Diversity Areas

Kapos et al (2008)
a) Mittermeier et al., (2004)

b) Olson & Dinnerstein, (2002)

c) Olson & Dinerstein, (2002)

d) Birdlife International, (2008)

e) WWF and IUCN (1994)

f) Duellman, (1999)

Biodiversity 2

Biological Importance in Brazil, Ministry of Environment

MMA (2007)

Biomes

Brazilian main biomes

MMA & IBGE (2004)

Deforestation and remnant forest 1

Available deforestation and forest remnant landcover data for Amazon Biome from year 2002 to 2008.

PRODES/ National Institute for Space Research (INPE).



INPE (2009)

Deforestation and remnant forest 2

Available deforestation and forest remnant landcover data for Biomes of Atlantic Forest, Cerrado, Pantanal, Caatinga and Pampas from year 2002 to 2008.

Ministry of Environment/ Brazilian Environment and Natural Resources Institute (MMA - CSR/IBAMA)



MMA/IBAMA (2009)

Municipalities

Municipalities layer referent to 2007 from Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE)

IBGE (2008)

Jaguar Conservation Units

Priority areas for jaguar conservation. Updated data from CENAP/ ICMbio and Panthera Foundation. 20 JCUs inside the Brazilian territory (4 of urgent action priority, 9 of interest for research and conservation, 5 of interest for conservation and 2 of research interest).

Paula et al. (2010), Nijhawan et al. 2010, Nijhawan (2012), Sanderson et al. (2002), Desbiez &Paula 2012

Jaguar Corridors

Jaguar network corridors, CENAP/ ICMbio and Panthera Foundation. 18 corridors considering barriers, 13 corridors without consider barriers.

* Corridor polygons merged and adapted from original.



Nijhawan et al. 2010, Rabinowitz & Zeller (2010)

REDD projects

We identified municipalities where REDD projects occur because many projects did not have available GIS layers.

Cifor (2010), SFB/MMA (2009), Idesam (2010) and others, see STable 2.

Protected areas,

Indigeous Lands

Brazilian Federal, State and municipal PA of integral protection and sustainable use and Indigenous Territories

MMA & FUNAI (2010)



Appendix S2. Table S2: REDD related strategies in Brazil.

Table S2: This table summarises all of the REDD related initiatives that we used in our analysis. These data refer to all activities in Brazil that relate to Reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation. (Data referent to January 2011).

State 

REDD

Area (Ha)

No. of municipalities

Source

Status

Type*

Land Tenure / rights

Amazonas

Southern Amazon Project

Not informed

5

Cifor, IDESAM, SFB

early stage of planning

AD, ADG, AGF

Mixed/ Government

Amazonas

Apui mais verde Project

10000

1

Cifor, IDESAM, SFB

early stage of planning

AD, AGF

Private

Mato Grosso

Alto Teles Pires Carbon Project REDD+

Not informed

13

Cifor

early stage of planning

AD, ADG, RS,AGF

Private

Mato Grosso

ONF/Peugeot Carbon Sink

7000

1

Cifor

early stage of planning

AGF,RS, AD

Private

Mato Grosso

Juruena Carbon Sink

7000

1

Cifor

early stage of planning

AGF, AD

Private

Mato Grosso

Prolifico Foundation avoided deforestation

5000

1

Cifor

early stage of planning

AD

Private

Goias, Para, Roraima

Registry for Socio-Environmental Responsibility (RSR) GO,PA, RR

NA

9

IPAM, Aliança da Terra

early stage of planning

AD, ADG, AGF

Private

Mato Grosso

Registry for Socio-Environmental Responsibility (RSR) and reforestation in Xingu

946300

11

Cifor, IPAM

early stage of planning

AD, ADG, AGF

Private

Mato Grosso, Para

EcoSecurities

Not informed

17

SFB

early stage of planning

AD

Private

Para

REDD Project North of PA

7400000

6

SFB, Cifor, Idesam

early stage of planning

AD, ADG

Government

Para

Sao Felix do Xingu pilot and neighbor municipalities registry

8400000

7

SFB, Cifor

early stage of planning

AD, ADG

Mixed/ Government

Para

RainTrust REDD

578000

3

Cifor, Winrock International

early stage of planning

AD

Private

Para

Tembé/ Rio Guamá Project

150000

3

Cifor

early stage of planning

AD

Indigenous Groups

Para

COOPED Project/ Marajó

100000

1

C-trade

early stage of planning

AGF, AD

Mixed

Para, Amazonas, Roraima

Mapuera Project

5020418

5

Cifor, C-trade

early stage of planning

AD

Indigenous Groups

Mato Grosso, Para

Securing Protection of Kayapo (and others Indigenous) territories in SE Amazon and Xingu Socio-Environmental Carbon Project

14000000

18

Cifor, CI

early stage of planning

AD

Indigenous Groups

Rondonia, Mato Grosso

Cinta Larga REDD project

2700000

3

Cifor

early stage of planning

AD

Indigenous Groups

Not informed

Willowriver - Amazon Reserve rainforest protection

Not informed

Not informed

Cifor, Willowriver website

early stage of planning

AD, ADG

Private

Goias, Mato Grosso

Brasil Mata Viva

Not informed

15

BMV website

early stage of planning

AD, ADG, RS

Private

Acre

Acre State Carbon Project

5800000

8

Cifor, GCF, SFB, Idesam

in preparation

AD, ADG, RS,AGF

Mixed/ Government

Amazonas

Itacoatiara Project

102000

1

SFB

in preparation

AD, ADG

Private

Mato Grosso

NW Mato grosso Pilot

758600

7

SFB, Idesam, Cifor

in preparation

AD, ADG, AGF

Mixed/ Government

Para

Ecomapuá Amazon REDD Project

94171

1

SFB, Cifor, Idesam

in preparation

AD, ADG, RS,AGF

Private

Rondonia, Mato Grosso

Surui Project

248000

3

SFB, Cifor, IDESAM

in preparation

AD, RS

Indigenous Groups

Tocantins

Genesis REDD Project

1076.49

1

SFB, Cifor, Idesam

in preparation

AD, RS, AGF

Private

Amazonas

Forest Allowance Program

9928678

25

SFB, Cifor

in progress

AD, ADG,AGF

Mixed/ Government

Amazonas

Juma Reserve REDD Project

589611

1

SFB, Cifor, Idesam

in progress

AD, ADG

Government

Para

Avoided Deforestation on small rural properties in the region of the Transamazon Highway

31745

3

SFB, Cifor, Idesam

in progress

AD, ADG

Private

Parana

Pilot Project for Reforestation and Conservation of Atlantic Rainforest

11900

1

SFB, IDESAM

in progress

AD, ADG, RS

Private

Parana

Action Plan against Global Warming

6700

1

SFB, Cifor

in progress

AD, ADG, RS

Private

Goias, Mato Grosso do Sul

Emas Taquari Biodiversity Corridor Carbon Project

681

3

CCBA, forest carbon portal

in progress

RS

Private

Bahia

The Monte Pascoal - Pau Brasil Ecological Corridor: Carbon, Community

11 to 1000

1

CCBA, forest carbon portal

in progress

RS

Private

Acre

WWF/ SKY Forest Carbon Network Initiative

Not informed

2

Cifor

support program

AD

Private

Brazil

Amazonian Fund

Not informed

Brazil

SFB

support program

AD, ADG, RS,AGF

Government

Mato Grosso

Project historical series of deforestation

Not applicable

Not informed

SFB

support program

baseline

Mixed


* AD =Avoided Deforestation, ADG = Avoided degradation, RS = restoration, AGF = Agroforestry. (Modified from Cifor 2010).

Status of projects (in January 2011): “in progress” refers to projects that have already been implemented. “in preparation” corresponds to projects in an advanced stage of planning, “support program” corresponds to projects giving parallel support to REDD projects, and “early stage of planning” corresponds to areas that host planned, future REDD projects.

Any information regarding the locations of private projects not given online or in reports was obtained through direct contact with the projects (email, phone).

Most of initiatives were mentioned in the Cifor (May and Millikan, 2010), IDESAM (Cenamo, M. C., et al. 2009) and SFB ( SFB - MMA 2009) publications. We also cite other references below (All accessed by January 2011).
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