Jul 9, Khrushchev threatened to use rockets to protect Cuba from the US.
July 16 Sino-Soviet Split: Moscow recalled thousands of Soviet advisers from China and ended econ and military aid.
Jul 17, Francis Gary Powers pleaded guilty to spying charges in a Moscow court after his U-2 spy plane was shot down over the Soviet Union.
Aug 13, The Soviet Union withdrew advisors, aid and other support from China.
Aug 17, Gary Powers pleaded guilty at his Moscow trial for spying over the Soviet Union in a U-2 plane.
Aug 19, A tribunal in Moscow convicted American U2 pilot Francis Gary Powers of espionage.
Oct 12, Khrushchev disrupted a UN General Assembly session by pounding his desk with a shoe when a speaker criticized his country.
Dec 20 Vietnam War: National Front for Liberation of Vietnam was formed.
1961 Feb 5, The Soviets launched Sputnik V, the heaviest satellite at 7.1 tons.
Apr 12, Yuri Gagarin, Russian cosmonaut, experienced the weightlessness of space for 108 minutes.
April 20 Bay of Pigs Invasion: Castro announced that all the invaders had been defeated.
Apr 30, Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba received the Lenin Peace Prize.
Jun 3, JFK and Khrushchev met in Vienna.
Jun 4, A Soviet K-19 nuclear submarine with 139 crew members experienced a nuclear accident. 22 later died from radiation poisoning.
Aug 7, Soviet premier Khrushchev predicted that the USSR economy would surpass that of the US.
Aug 13 Construction began on the Berlin Wall.
Oct 30, The Soviet Union tested a hydrogen bomb, the "Tsar Bomba," with a force estimated at about 50 megatons.
Oct 30, Soviet Party Congress unanimously approved a resolution ordering removal of Josef Stalin's body from Lenin's tomb.
Nov 11, Molotov, Malenkov & Kaganovich were kicked out of Russia's communist party.
Nov 11, Stalingrad was renamed Volgograd.
Dec 2 In a nationally broadcast speech, Castro declared he was a Marxist-Leninist and that Cuba was going to adopt Communism.
Dec 10 Sino-Albanian split: The Soviet Union severed diplomatic ties with Albania.
1962 Jan 23, British spy Kim Philby defected to USSR.
Feb 10, Soviet Union exchanged captured American U2 pilot Francis Gary Powers for Rudolph Ivanovich Abel,
June 2 Novocherkassk massacre: Soviet workers gathered in town square of Novocherkassk to protest an increase in food prices and work quotas. The government fired on the rioters, killing nearly a hundred.
June 25 Mozambican War of Independence: The Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO) was founded.
Aug 5, Russia set off a 40-megaton atomic bomb as part of a new test series.
Aug 11, The Soviet Union launched cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev on a 94-hour flight.
Aug 25, USSR performed a nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, Eastern Kazakh, Semipalitinsk.
Oct 14, The American CIA U-2 mission detected Soviet ballistic missiles in Cuba.
Oct 16 Cuban Missile Crisis: President Kennedy was shown U-2 surveillance images of SS-4 launch sites in Cuba.
Oct 18, JFK met Russian minister of Foreign affairs Andrei Gromyko.
Oct 22 Cuban Missile Crisis: Kennedy announced that any nuclear missile attack from Cuba would be regarded as an attack by the Soviet Union, and that the island would be placed under "quarantine" to prevent further weapons shipments.
Oct 25, Adlai E. Stevenson presented evidence of Soviet missile bases in Cuba to the UN Security Council.
Oct 26 Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet Union offered to withdraw missiles in return for U.S. guarantee not to invade Cuba or support any invasion.
Oct 27, Khrushchev offered to remove Soviet missile bases in Cuba if the U.S. removed its missile bases in Turkey.
Oct 28 Cuban Missile Crisis: Khrushchev announced that he had ordered the removal of the Soviet missiles in Cuba.
Nov 2, Pres. Kennedy reported that Soviet missile bases in Cuba were being dismantled.
Nov 19, Fidel Castro accepted the removal of Soviet weapons.
Nov 20, USSR agreed to remove bombers from Cuba and US lifted its blockade.
Alexander Solzhenitsyn (43) published "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovitch." It first appeared in the Soviet magazine Novy Mir.
1963 Jan 16, Nikita Khrushchev claimed the USSR had a 100-megaton nuclear bomb.
Jan 17, Soviet leader Khrushchev visited the Berlin Wall. [see Feb 17]
Feb 19, The Soviet Union informed President Kennedy it would withdraw "several thousand" of an estimated 17,000 Soviet troops in Cuba.
Feb 20, Moscow offered to allow on-site inspection of nuclear testing.
Feb 22, Moscow warned the U.S. that an attack on Cuba would mean war.
Feb 27, The U.S.S.R. said that 10,000 troops would remain in Cuba.
Apr 27, Cuban premier Fidel Castro arrived in Moscow.
Jun 28, Khrushchev visited East-Berlin.
Jul 25, US, Soviet Union and Britain initialed a treaty in Moscow prohibiting testing of nuclear weapons in atmosphere, in space or underwater.
Aug 5, US, Britain and Soviets signed Limited Test Ban Treaty in Moscow banning nuclear tests in the atmosphere, space and underwater. Pub
1976 Sep 6, A Soviet pilot landed his MIG-25 in Tokyo and asked for political asylum in the United States.
1977 July 23 Ogaden War: Somali National Army invaded the Ogaden region in eastern Ethiopia.
September 7 Ogaden War: The Soviet Union ended its arms shipments to the Somali government.
Nov 13 Ogaden War: Barre cancelled the Somali-Soviet treaty of friendship.
1978 April 28 Saur Revolution: Military units loyal to PDPA assaulted the Afghan Presidential palace, killing President Mohammed Daoud Khan.
May 1 Saur Revolution: The PDPA installed its leader, Nur Muhammad Taraki, as President of Afghanistan.
July A rebellion against the new Afghan government began with an uprising in Nuristan.
Dec 5 A treaty was signed which permitted deployment of the Soviet military at the Afghan government's request.
Dec 25 Cambodian-Vietnamese War: Vietnamese army invaded Cambodia.
1979 Jan 7 Cambodian-Vietnamese War: Vietnamese army captured Phnom Penh, ending the reign of the Khmer Rouge.
Jan 10 Cambodian-Vietnamese War: People's Republic of Kampuchea was established.
Jan 15, The Soviet Union vetoed a United Nations resolution and called for the withdrawal of all Vietnamese troops from Cambodia.
Jun 18, President Carter and Soviet Brezhnev signed the SALT II strategic arms limitation treaty in Vienna.
July 19 The armed forces of the Marxist Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) entered Managua.
Sep 14 Taraki was murdered by supporters of Prime Minister Hafizullah Amin.
Dec 24 Soviet war in Afghanistan: Fearing the collapse of the Amin regime, the Soviet army invaded Afghanistan.
Dec 27 Operation Storm-333: Soviet troops occupied major governmental, military and media buildings in Kabul,
1980 Jan 14, UN voted 104-18 to deplore the Soviet Afghan acts.
Jan 20, President Carter announced the US boycott of Olympics in Moscow.
Jan 22, Sakharov and his wife Jelena Bonner were banished from Moscow to Gorky.
Feb 22, In a stunning upset, the U.S. Olympic hockey team defeated the Soviets at Lake Placid, N.Y., 4-3.
Sep 17 The trade union Solidarity was founded in Poland.
Oct 10 Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) was founded from an assortment of leftist and Communist Salvadoran organizations
Dec 14, NATO warned the Soviets to stay out of the internal affairs of Poland.
1981 May 13, John Paul II was shot and seriously wounded in St. Peter's Square by Turkish assailant Mehmet Ali Agca.
Nov 30, US and the Soviet Union opened negotiations in Geneva aimed at reducing nuclear weapons in Europe.
Dec 13 Jaruzelski, First Secretary of Communist Party, declared martial law in Poland.
1982 Jan 25 Suslov died after a severe stroke.
Nov 10 Brezhnev died of a heart attack.
Nov 12 Yuri Andropov was elected General Secretary of the CPSU.
1983 Mar 8, Pres Reagan called the USSR an "Evil Empire."
Aug 25, The US and USSR signed a $10 billion grain pact.
Sep 1, KAL flight 007 was downed by a Soviet jet fighter
Sep 26, Soviet Union's early warning system wrongly signaled launch of a US missile. Lt. Col. Petrov, decided the alarm was false.
Oct 19 Grenadian military overthrew the government of Maurice Bishop and installed the pro-Soviet Stalinist Bernard Coard to lead the nation.
Oct 25 Invasion of Grenada: US and her Caribbean allies toppled the Coard government.
1984 Feb 9 Andropov died after long kidney disease and was succeeded as General Secretary by Konstantin Chernenko.
Feb 13, Chernenko was chosen to be general secretary.
Aug 11, Reagan sparked controversy when he joked during a voice test for a paid political radio address: "My fellow Americans, I'm pleased to tell you today that I've signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in five minutes."
1985 March 10 Chernenko died of Emphysema.
March 11 The Politburo unanimously supported Mikhail Gorbachev as General Secretaryof the Communist Party.
Mar 11, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev visited Lithuania.
Mar 12, The US and the USSR began arms control talks in Geneva.
Apr 23, Gorbachev announced economic reforms known as perestroika (reconstruction and opening).
May 20, FBI arrested John A. Walker. US Navy Chief Petty Officer spy.
Nov 19, Reagan and Gorbachev met for the first time as they began their summit in Geneva.
Gorbachev told Communist leaders in Eastern Europe that Moscow would not interfere in their domestic affairs.
1985-1994 Aldrich H. Ames, a CIA counterintelligence official, passed information over this time to the Soviet Union that included the names of US agents. The deaths of at least 9 agents were blamed on his disclosures.
1986 Feb 19, The Soviet Union launched the first component of its Mir space station. Mir meant peace.