Active voice example



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Active and Passive Voice

The voice of a verb tells whether the subject of the sentence performs the action or receives the action. When the subject performs the action, the verb is in the active voice. When the subject receives the action of the verb, the verb is in the passive voice.


ACTIVE VOICE EXAMPLE: Tina hit two home runs. (The subject is Tina. Tina performs the action of hitting.)
PASSIVE VOICE EXAMPLE: Two home runs were hit by Tina. (The subject is home runs. The action of hitting is performed on the home runs.)
Notice that the passive voice is formed by using a form of to be plus the past participle form of an action verb.
Your writing will sound stronger and more direct if you use mostly active voice verbs. However, the passive voice is appropriate when you want to emphasize the receiver of the action or when the performer of the action is unknown.
The passive voice is used when the identity of the actor is irrelevant or unknown.

The course was canceled.
For this reason, the passive voice is frequently used in scientific and technical writing.

The beaker was filled with saline.
Changing from Passive Voice to Active Voice

Change each of the following sentences from passive voice to active voice.



Passive – Billy Wilson's basketball was run over by the green truck.
Active – The green truck ran over Billy Wilson's basketball.

Exercises:

1. Furniture is often sold by retailers at reduced prices.

Retailers often _______________________________ furniture at reduced prices.

2. The ball was hit over the outfield fence by Jody.

Jody _______________________________ the ball over the outfield fence.

3. We were instructed by the coach.

The coach _____________________________ us.

4. Helpful diagrams are provided by the author.

The author _______________________________ helpful diagrams.

5. The small child was bitten by the dog.

The dog _______________________________ the small child.

Changing from Passive Voice to Active Voice


Name ________________________________ Date ________________ Period _______

The verbs in the following sentences are all in the passive voice. Rewrite each sentence, changing the sentence to be in active voice.





  1. A forward pass was thrown by Red to Bill.

________________________________________________________________________




  1. Water and sunshine are needed by most plants for growth.

________________________________________________________________________




  1. Now the Atlantic can be spanned by jet airliners in several hours.

________________________________________________________________________




  1. Mary was thanked by the committee for her work.

________________________________________________________________________




  1. An average of twenty-three points per game had been scored by the team captain.

________________________________________________________________________




  1. This week Tim will be shown the town by Uncle Frank.

________________________________________________________________________




  1. The crop was ruined by the early frost.

________________________________________________________________________




  1. Can good pictures be taken by a beginner?

________________________________________________________________________




  1. I had not been warned by the townspeople about the poorly paved road.

________________________________________________________________________




  1. John was met at the terminal by his cousin Sam.

________________________________________________________________________



English for Meaning, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1967.

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