***Note to Students: If you would like to bolster the Asia Pivot advantage, the Aff could add these twists
Possible 1AC Malaysia Twist
First – Plan’s key to US-Malaysian ties
The Economist ‘14
The Economist is an weekly newspaper edited in offices in London – “The geopolitics of MH370” – May 10th 2014 – http://www.economist.com/news/asia/21601902-having-bashed-malaysia-over-missing-flight-china-now-making-up-geopolitics-mh370
One person who has stood up for Malaysia overMH370is Barack Obama. During a recent long-scheduled visit to Malaysia, the American president went out of his way to laud the country’s leadership of the search operation. America has contributed a vast amount of equipment, man-hours and money to the search for the missing plane, out of all proportion to the three Americans (out of 227 passengers) lost on the flight. This has brought the two countries closer, at a time when America is searching for new and reinvigorated alliances in the region.Historically, there has been a good deal of anti-Americanism in Muslim-majority Malaysia, but for the time being that seems to have been stilled. Mr Obama got a hero’s welcome from everyone.
Two – Now’s a key time in the US-Malaysia-China triangular relations. Malaysia could shift.
Nile Bowie is a Kuala Lumpur-based writer for the Centre for Research on Globalization in Montreal, Canada. He explores issues of terrorism, economics and geopolitics. His is also a research affiliate with the International Movement for a Just World (JUST), an NGO based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. “Could the MH370 Disaster Herald a Pivot in Malaysia’s Foreign Policy?” – Counterpunch – Weekend Edition April 25-27, 2014 – http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/04/25/could-the-mh370-disaster-herald-a-pivot-in-malaysias-foreign-policy/
In contrast to other countries in the ASEAN region that are open in their misgivings toward China’s expanding military influence, Malaysia has displayed an extremely low level of threat perception, likely due to close naval tiesanda Memorandum of Understanding on defense cooperation.Malaysia’s positions on South China Sea disputesand larger issues that characterize ASEAN-China ties can be characterized by reticence and benignity to China’s interestsmore so than nearly all other regional neighbors. As the United States realigns itsmilitary and economic muscle toward the Asia-Pacific, the Obama administration sees Malaysia as an important geopolitical ally in the region. In late April, President Obama will be the first American president to visit Malaysia in several decades, and there is a perception thatPrime Minister Najib Razak may be more amenable to US interests than previous leaders. Obama’s visit comes at a time when Malaysia’s relationship with China is bruised with condescension and mistrust. If the Malaysian leadership could ever be persuaded to gradually integrate into the US sphere and adopt positions on China’s territorial disputes that are more closely aligned with Washington’s positions, the current conditions are ideal.
And, Malaysia key to the US’s “Asia Pivot” strategy.
Oxford Analytica ‘14
Oxford Analytica's Daily Brief Services, which analyse geopolitical, economic, social, business and industrial developments on a global and regional basis, providing clients with timely, authoritative analysis every business day of the year. An extensive and unique commissioning and editing process produced this article, ensuring it is of the maximum use to our clients. “MALAYSIA: MH370 case increases diplomatic difficulties” – April 22, 2014. Obtained via ProQuest.
The United States is sensitive to Kuala Lumpur's position, particularly under the stress of the MH370crisis, because Malaysia is vital to the US 'Asia pivot' strategy of transferring military and diplomatic emphasis to Asia, and is important for the success of the US-led TransPacific Partnership. Consequently, trade and regional economic integration will be high on the agenda.
Plan does cause tilt to Washington
US support for the 370 search tilts Malaysia toward Washington and away from Beijing.
The Malaysian Insider ‘14
The Malaysian Insider is a Malaysia news website. This article is internally quoting two highly respected publications – one from the Economist, a UK-based newsweekly. The other is the “Despite bad showing in MH370 saga, Malaysia crucial to China, US, says Economist” – May 9, 2014 – http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/despite-bad-showing-in-mh370-saga-malaysia-crucial-to-china-us-says-report
While Malaysia’s handling of the loss of flight MH370has been a public relations disaster, the saga has emphasised how much the country matters in the geopolitics of the region, particularly to China and the United States, The Economist said today. The newsweekly observed how Putrajaya has drawn flak from international media, opposition politicians and even family members of those on board the flight, saying that one of the gravest flaws has been a deep reluctance to release information, however innocuous. “On May 1, Putrajaya published a much-heralded report on the disappearance of the plane. This turned out to consist of just five pages, containing little new information. “But, as one government adviser admitted: ‘If we had got this out there in the first week, there wouldn’t have been a nine-week drumbeat of everyone calling us lying b*******’,” The Economist reported, adding that on the technical side Malaysia has done an adequate job with the relatively limited means at its disposal. The report said that one ardent supporter of Putrajaya’s handling of the search efforts was none other than President Barack Obamawho visited Malaysia recently as part of his Asia "pivot". “One person who has stood up for Malaysia over MH370 is Barack Obama. During a recent long-scheduled visit to Malaysia, the American president went out of his way to laud the country’s leadership of the search operation,” the newsweekly said. “Historically, there has been a good deal of anti-Americanism in Muslim-majority Malaysia, but for the time being that seems to have been stilled. Obama got a hero’s welcome from everyone.” The US has dished out an enormous amount of equipment, man-power and money to the search.A Sydney Morning Herald (SMH) reportpublished on April 4, 2014, revealed that the US navy allocatedUS$3.6 million (RM11.63 million) for the deployment of a pinger locator and underwater drone on the vessel that will search for the plane's black box recorders.
(Note: Putrajaya is a city in Malaysia that serves as the federal administrative centre of Malaysia. The seat of government was shifted in 1999 from Kuala Lumpur to Putrajaya.)
( ) On 370 issues, Malaysia will choose the US over China.
Bridget Welsh is Associate Professor of Political Science at Singapore Management University where she teaches courses on comparative politics, parties, political participation, gender and international relations. She specializes in Southeast Asian politics. “Opinion: Search for MH370 highlights need for trust, unity in Asia” – CNN – March 21, 2014 – http://www.cnn.com/2014/03/21/opinion/asia-search-for-mh370-security/index.html
The MH370crisis has also revealed that in spite of the rise of China, the U.S. and its allies still have an important security role to playin Asia. When push came to shove, Malaysia's Najib government turned to its Western partners for their investigative skills and search and rescue guidance.
Azmi Anshar – Senior Specialist Writer for the New Straits Times - “Obama a sharper political animal than some realise” – New Straits Times (Malaysia) – April 29, 2014 - lexis
Perhaps the only deal that Obama didn't quite seal was Malaysia's ambivalence to theTrans-Pacific Partnership Agreement, a multilateral free trade deal the Americans want to sign with 10 other nations. No bullying intended, of course. Overall, the secretive TPPA is at a standstill because the 10 nations are leery of the US' motives, especially the Americans' intent to strictly administer copyright enforcement that might threaten users' rights and Internet neutrality covering free speech, privacy and innovation. Nevertheless, Najib assured Obama that not everything about the TPPA was bad, only certain "sensitivities" that needed ironing out on the grounds that the "benefits outweighed the disadvantages", buying him time to win over TPPA sceptics. (Note: Najib – internally referenced – is the Prime Minister of Malaysia)
A-to Non-US Cplans
A-to Australia Cplan
Australia can’t solve – lacks the tech.
Nicky Phillips, Science Editor for the Sydney Morning Herald – “Search for MH370: Suspected debris lies above undersea volcanoes” – Sydney Morning Herald – March 26, 2014 http://www.smh.com.au/national/search-for-mh370-suspected-debris-lies-above-undersea-volcanoes-20140325-35gij.html#ixzz32zht2rWE
Robin Beaman, from James Cook University, said so little of the southern Indian Ocean sea floor, including the search zone, had been mapped in detail that any attempt to retrieve wreckage would require extensive 3D mapping, possibly by ships with multibeam echo sounders. But Australia no longer has the capacity to chart depths of 3000 metres, the average depth of the search area, because the only government vessel capable of conducting mapping of that kind, the RV Southern Surveyor, had been decommissioned in December.
Note: “MBES” stand for “multibeam echo sounders”.
A-to China Cplan
( ) Chinese search and mapping won’t solve – technical problems.
This is originally an Agence France-Presse Report – New Delhi Television Limited (NDTV) is an Indian commercial broadcasting television network – “Chinese Ship in Latest Glitch in MH370 Search Mission” May 31, 2014 – http://www.ndtv.com/article/world/chinese-ship-in-latest-glitch-in-mh370-search-mission-533823
A Chinese ship mapping the ocean floor ahead of an intensive underwater search formissing Flight MH370was returning to port today due to a technical problem, officials said. The massive Indian Ocean search for the Malaysia Airlines plane, which disappeared on March 8 carrying 239 people including five Indians, has so far failed to find any sign of the Boeing 777. The Chinese survey ship, Zhu Kezhen, was conducting a bathymetric survey - or mapping of the ocean floor - to help experts determine how to carry out the next stage of the search on the previously unmapped ocean seabed. "Zhu Kezhen suffered a defect to its multibeam echosounder and is coming into port to conduct the necessary repairs," Australia's Joint Agency Coordination Centre said in a statement.
( ) China won’t find it – plan is key.
Benjamin Ho is an Associate Research Fellow in the Multilateralism and Regionalism Program in the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University. His research interests include the study of multilateral institutions in the Asia-Pacific region, US-China political relations, and national security issues. Benjamin a Masters degree in International Relations from NTU. “MH370: Limits of China’s Soft Power” – RSIS COMMENTARIES, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies – This piece was also carried by the New Straits Times – March 31st – http://www.rsis.edu.sg/publications/Perspective/RSIS0592014.pdf
Despite China’s growing regional influence, it would seem that at the end of the day, Western involvement and assistance is needed, especially when it comes to the use of technology in complex search missions. According to the Straits Times’ China specialist Ching Cheong, what the MH370 incident revealed about China’s power status in the region is not encouraging as countries were reluctant to share information with it. Given Malaysia’s influential position in ASEAN, it is likely that the Malaysian approach – looking to the West, instead of China – is representative of an overall ambivalence of the ASEAN community when it comes to working with China, especially when it concerns sharing of technical information that could possibly impinge on national security and intelligence-gathering capabilities. The fact that China does not enjoy the trust of its neighbours also raises the question to what extent its global aspirations are viewed favourably by the rest of the region. In the case ofMH370, China has contributed considerable assets in searching for the aircraft. Yet none of these assets possess the technological sophistication needed to undertake a mission as difficult as the current search for the missing airliner - a sign that China’s much- vaunted military modernisation programme still has some way to go before it matches that of its Western counterparts.Unless Beijing is concealing its true capabilities – something unimaginable in such circumstances - regional countries would still turn to the West, if not always, for leadership, at least for its technical competence and know-how,even on territory that China claims.
A-to Malaysia Cplan
( ) Malaysia can’t solve – lacks the sonar tech.
Tan yi Liang – reporter for The Nation – internally quoting Royal Malaysian Navy Chief Laksamana Tan Sri Abdul Aziz Jaafar, “Missing MH370: Submarines not designed for search-and-rescue ops, says Navy chief” – The nation – March 11, 2014 – http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:4CbkB6qFWXAJ:www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2014/03/11/missing-mh370-submarine-not-for-SAR/+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us
The Royal Malaysian Navy (RMN) is not using submarines in search-and-rescue (SAR) operations for the missing Malaysian Airlines MH370 flight as its sonar is not designed to conduct sea-bed searches. "It is only good for detecting and searching for moving underwater contacts that produce sound, such as the sound of engines, movement, and radio or sonar transmissions," said RMN chief Laksamana Tan Sri Abdul Aziz Jaafar, in a statement issued Tuesday, in response to questions raised by certain quarters why RMN submarines had not been deployed.