Below you have a study guide to help you prepare for the final exam. There are over 215 questions on the study guide. The final will be 100 of these questions. Each of these questions comes from either: 1) the quizzes located online at classzone.com, or 2) from a previous test.
When we return to class, we will begin reviewing for the final.
The push for Native Americans to adopt European ways of life was called
The battle that brought the Indian Wars to an end was
Custer's last stand
Sand Creek Massacre
All these contributed to the cattle industry boom except
higher beef demand
the Chisholm Trail
the Oregon Trail
The main reason for the rapid settlement of the Great Plains was
the buffalo slaughter
The collapse of the Populist Party was most influenced by the
Panic of 1893
defeat of Bryan
free silver policy
gold bug Democrats
One positive, unifying effect of the railroads was
standardized time zones
equality in pay
pride in work
In American business, Social Darwinism was used to justify all these EXCEPT
failure of the poor
The Wobblies (IWW) believed the cure for labor's woes was
One prominent female organizer in the labor movement was
Mary Harris Jones
Esther Clark Hill
The government cracked down on union activity through the
Many minorities battled discrimination by
getting an education
relocating their families
organizing advocacy groups
Which answer best expresses the relationship between the discovery of gold in the Black Hills and the Battle of Little Big Horn? The gold discovery caused the battle.
Without the discovery of gold, the battle could never have happened.
There was no connection between the gold discovery and the battle.
The discovery of gold was one cause of the battle.
Which group would most likely support bimetallism? Bankers
Industrialists and Merchants
Farmers and laborers
Which statement best describes the exodusters? former slaves who opposed the Radical Republicans
former members of the Grand Army of the Republic
former sharecroppers who had become tenent farmers in the south.
former slaves who left the deep south and settled in Kansas
What is the strongest similarity between the Grange Movement and the Populist Party? Each had followers in the West.
Each fought for the interests of farmers.
Each was important in American history.
Each came to power in the nineteenth century.
Which best explains how settlers of the Great Plains dealt with the challenge of building homes on the treeless prairie? They made houses from adobe bricks.
They used soil matted with grass roots to build sod houses.
They brought wood with them from the forests of the East.
They made one-story dwellings of buffalo hides.
The vaquero was to Mexico what the __________ was to the American West. Which best completes the analogy?
Which factor most likely led to the growth of the Granger Movement? Increase in cooperative farming
Organization of farmer's wives
Decline of farm prices and growing farmer's debt
Development of the steel plow
Which best describes the major change brought about by the widespread use of barbed wire? Decline of windmills
Decline in cattle ranching
Increase in boundary disputes
End of the open range
Which of the following best summarizes the Homestead Act? it protected the right to bear arms
it established reservations for Native Americans
it put limits on the hunting of buffalo
it gave free land to settlers
Which statement best defines the role of the federal government in the settlement of the West? The federal government was sympathetic to the traditions of Native Americans, and stalwartly defended their rights.
The federal government, while sometimes sympathetic to the plight of Native Americans, was dedicated to facilitating white settlement.
By staunchly opposing the interests of railroads, the federal government sought to keep the West unsettled and pristine.
The federal government too a laissez-faire attitude toward Western settlement, and neither helped nor hindered the settlers.
Which statement best assesses what the Dawes Act did? it took tribal lands from the Native Americans, cut it into family sized parcels, and sold leftover lands to whites
it put boundaries on buffalo, with the aim of starving out the Native Americans
it gave free land to settlers
it reversed federal decisions that were crowding Native Americans onto reservations
Which answer best describes the similarity between the military actions at Wounded Knee and Sand Creek? Both actions were Native American defeats.
Both actions were massacres of Native Americans.
Both actions were massacres by Native Americans.
Both actions were Native American victories.
Harriet Beecher Stowe is to Uncle Tom's Cabin as Helen Hunt Jackson is to ______________________. Which best completes the analogy? Gone With the Wind
A Century of Dishonor
Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee
The Emancipation Proclamation
How did the Civil War economy effect the farmers in the West? Most farmers became rich through the issuing of war bonds that paid dividends in gold.
Farmers were issued loans of greenbacks but required to pay their debts with dollars on the gold standard.
Greenbacks left over at the end of the Civil War were given to settlers as a way for them to pay off their debts.
Greenbacks were collected by the federal government after the Civil War, taking the only currency available to settlers on the plains.
What impact did the rise of the cattle industry have on the environment? Because buffalo and cattle were so similar, the cattle industry had no real impact at all.
Overgrazing became a problem, causing erosion; the Great Plains are fenced in.
Since the cattle industry used little land, its main impact was to protect the environment.
The cattle industry halted the advance of the railroads, thus keeping the environment stable.
What was a major factor in the destruction of the American bison? As an act of warfare, whites killed the buffalo because they knew that Native Americans were dependent upon them for food, shelter, clothing, and fuel.
Most were driven away by cattle, and could not survive in the new environment.
Many herds of buffalo were hit by incoming trains in the railroad expansion.
Most were wiped out by mysterious changes in the prairie environment.
Which of the following were not a factor in bringing about the end of the cattle drives? The invention of barbed wire.
Extreme weather conditions during the 1870s
Economic advantages of raising smaller, healthier herds
The passing of the Interstate Commerce Act.
Which statement best describes the "gold standard"? The "gold standard" meant that all silver coins contained at least twenty percent pure gold.
The "gold standard" meant that for every dollar of paper money in circulation, there had to be a dollar's worth of gold in the U.S. Treasury.
The "gold standard" meant that paper money was worthless - all debts had to be settled in gold.
The "gold standard" was another name for bimetallism.
What was the main role the railroads played in the rising discontent of the farmers? By facilitating travel, the railroads allowed farmers to attend mass political meetings.
By making mail service more regular, the railroads allowed farmers to keep in better touch with national political developments.
By charging high prices to ship farmers' produce, the railroads added to the farmers' financial difficulties.
The railroads were widely seen as pro-farmer.
Which statement best explains why the Populists and the Democrats believed that bimetallism would help farmers and workers? By putting more money into circulation, people would be able to repay existing debts; this would help debtors climb out of debt sooner.
Populists and Democrats, who were enemies of the farmers, were opposed to bimetallism.
Farmers, like most populists, had large investments in silver mines.
By putting more money into circulation, bankers and investors would regain their confidence, and be less eager to foreclose on the farmers' defaulted loans.
Which reason explains the change shown in this table?
Western regions suffered an environmental collapse.
Petroleum production increased in urban areas.
Industries provided steady wages for workers.
Southern states experienced a decline in agriculture.