AH2 Students, Below you have a study guide to help you prepare for the final exam. There are over 215 questions on the study guide. The final will be 100 of these questions

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AH2 Students,

Below you have a study guide to help you prepare for the final exam. There are over 215 questions on the study guide. The final will be 100 of these questions. Each of these questions comes from either: 1) the quizzes located online at classzone.com, or 2) from a previous test.

When we return to class, we will begin reviewing for the final.

Mr. Tapley

The push for Native Americans to adopt European ways of life was called





The battle that brought the Indian Wars to an end was

Wounded Knee

Ghost Dance

Custer's last stand

Sand Creek Massacre

All these contributed to the cattle industry boom except


higher beef demand

the Chisholm Trail

the Oregon Trail

The main reason for the rapid settlement of the Great Plains was

free land

cash incentives

the buffalo slaughter

agricultural inventions

The collapse of the Populist Party was most influenced by the

Panic of 1893

defeat of Bryan

free silver policy

gold bug Democrats

One positive, unifying effect of the railroads was
standardized time zones

equality in pay

successful unions

pride in work

In American business, Social Darwinism was used to justify all these EXCEPT

laissez faire

failure of the poor

individual responsibility

government intervention

The Wobblies (IWW) believed the cure for labor's woes was



Social Darwinism

state regulations

One prominent female organizer in the labor movement was

Lucretia Mott

Mary Harris Jones

Eugenia Debs

Esther Clark Hill

The government cracked down on union activity through the

Knights of Labor

Haymarket affair

Sherman Antitrust Act

Interstate Commerce Act

In 1900, the largest numbers of immigrants came from

Central America




New immigrants settled in cities for all these reasons EXCEPT
lower costs of living


ethnic communities

better housing

Jane Addams is known for helping immigrants and others through

settlement houses

dumbbell tenements

row houses


An organized group that traded favors for political and financial support was the

social reformers

political party

political machine

union activists

The merit system countered the spoils system and awarded jobs in

city hall

civil service

foreign service

the military

Turn-of-the-century technology included all these EXCEPT


electric streetcars

steam engines

steel-cable suspension bridges

One goal of public education for immigrants was to

marginalize them

Americanize them

send them home

create an accurate census

Expansion of education had all these effects EXCEPT

more libraries

more galleries and museums

increased fiction sales

increased romanticism

Southern legislation that separated blacks and whites was known as the

Jim Crow laws

Atlanta Compromise

Plessy v. Ferguson

Exclusion Act

Turn-of-the-century leisure activities included all these EXCEPT




motion pictures

Leaders of the women's suffrage movement included all these EXCEPT
Susan B. Anthony

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Maria Mitchell

Lucy Stone

Theodore Roosevelt's administration protected citizens' health through the

Pure Food and Drug Act

Agricultural Adjustment Act

Foraker Act

New Frontier

With Taft's presidency, the Republican Party

became unified

lost power


became Progressive

Results of the 1912 election showed the people wanted

the Bull Moose Party

the Republican Party

more conservatism


Wilson's progressivism was limited by his failure to institute

social reform

political reform

economic stability

sufficient federal revenue

European nations colonized Africa in the late 1800s because of its

military location

economic strength

proximity to Europe

resources and markets

All these characterized American imperialism EXCEPT

respect for different cultures

belief in racial superiority

economic opportunities

global military sites

American support for the Cuban revolt peaked with news of

poisoned wells and murdered children

Cubans in concentration camps

the Enrique Dupuy de LÙme letter

the U.S.S. Maine explosion

American imperialism in the Philippines is most similar to

British imperialism in the U.S.

American imperialism in Cuba

Spanish imperialism in Cuba

Spanish imperialism in Puerto Rico

Roosevelt's policy of 'speaking softly and carrying a big stick' enabled the U.S. to

build a large navy

become a world power

gain control over Korea

make loans to Nicaragua

War among European nations erupted when
Bosnia rebelled against Austria-Hungary

Archduke Ferdinand was killed

Kaiser Wilhelm expanded Germany's navy

Russia sent troops to Serbia

WWI weapons were considered advanced because they

hit targets more precisely

cost more than previous weapons

weighed less than older weapons

inflicted harm on a large scale

The U.S. government asked citizens to support the war effort by

planting victory gardens

listening to Four-Minute speeches

buying war bonds

eating more wheat products

The Great Migration of WWI refers to

African-Americans moving north

African-Americans moving south

Germans moving to the U.S.

Germans moving to Allied countries

These were themes of Wilson's Fourteen Points speech EXCEPT

creation of an international organization

preservation of colonial inequities

freedom to select one's nationality

stimulation of free trade

In 1920s America, immigrants were often treated with




Postwar striking workers were often portrayed as




Some of Harding's chief administrators negatively impacted his administration through their
acceptance of bribes

social behavior

job performance


The U.S. government supported the automobile by subsidizing
gasoline prices

car purchases

Highway 66 construction

plant improvements

The slogan 'Enjoy while you pay' lured consumers into
spending money frivolously

overpaying for products

living 'the good life'

buying items on credit

The 1920 census revealed that most Americans chose to live in
urban areas

small towns

farming communities

suburban areas

American fundamentalists opposed educators teaching





Trends of the 1920s were most likely to decrease women's employment in




The first solo transatlantic flight was made by

Babe Ruth

Scott Fitzgerald

Charles Lindbergh

Amelia Earhart

The Harlem Renaissance was an expression of

jazz and the blues

1920s New York life

racial discrimination

African-American culture

The decline in new housing impacted such industries as
automobiles and railroads

coal and oil

furniture and appliances

agriculture and farm equipment

An effect of The Great Depression was an increase in

international unemployment

the demand for WWI reparations

imported European goods

the use of the gold standard

For children, the Great Depression meant

poor nutrition

longer school days

direct relief payments

frequent doctor's visits

Hoover's pledge of 'a chicken in every pot' promised a

nutritious hot dinner

spread of prosperity

hen for every household

less-involved government

Hoover's political life ended as a result of the

infantry attacking the Bonus Army

Bonus Army attacking the infantry

veto of the Patman Bill

passage of the Patman Bill

Roosevelt and Congress helped restore faith in banks by
creating the FDIC

giving every family $5000

closing unstable banks

vetoing a banking act

All these measures helped to regulate the stock market EXCEPT

requiring full financial disclosure

setting stock prices

establishing a governing bureau

making companies accountable

All these were indicators that a Second New Deal was needed EXCEPT

high unemployment

low production levels

the collapse of small farms

the recovery of rural towns

The organization started by whites and blacks but ignored by New Deal programs was the

Tennessee Valley Authority

Southern Tenant Farmers' Union

Home Owners Loan Corporation

Rural Electrification Administration

Movies were popular during the Depression because they

presented American propaganda

were cheap and plentiful

provided hope and escape

showed real life conditions

The governments of Italy, Russia and Germany suppressed

the rights of individuals

agricultural production

industrial development

the employment of citizens

Use of radar was instrumental in defeating the

Russian air force

Italian air force

British RAF

German Luftwaffe

All these were acts against German Jews EXCEPT

expulsion from government jobs

forfeiture of personal property

vandalism of homes

forced emigration

The Nazi's 'Final Solution' was implemented to rid Germany of





Before the United States was drawn directly into WWII, which of the following was NOT part of Roosevelt's foreign policy of neutrality?

selling weapons to Britain and France

signing the Tripartite Pact

trading destroyers for leases on military bases

sending lend-lease supplies to the Soviet Union

Mexican-Americans and African-Americans joined the war effort due to the threat of




Internment of Japanese-Americans took place in all these states EXCEPT





Roosevelt and Churchill agreed to first defeat




'The day that will go down in infamy' describes
the D-Day invasion

the Battle of the Bulge

V-E Day

Pearl Harbor

Two locations prominent in the surrender of Japan were

Nagasaki and Hiroshima

Tokyo and Washington D.C.

Iwo Jima and Okinawa

Guadalcanal and Leyte

The Marshall Plan was implemented to help
Czechoslovakia fight Russia

rebuild European nations

spread democracy

expand Communism

Great Britain, France, and the U.S. wanted Germany reunified to

show all was forgiven

relieve food shortages

help stabilize Europe

give support to Russia

For Korea, the aftermath of WWII most closely paralleled


the U. S.



Someone accused of McCarthyism would be likely to engage in
biased accusations

traitorous deals

illegal wiretapping

sound prosecutions

All these occurred in the U.S. during the Cold War EXCEPT

build-up of military arms

interrogations of citizens

protection of free speech

fear of nuclear war

A cause of frequent labor strikes after WWII was
rising prices and rising wages

rising prices and lower wages

lower prices and lower wages

lower prices and rising wages

These were successes of Truman's Fair Deal EXCEPT

low-income housing

minimum wage increase

expansion of social security

nationwide health insurance

Companies hiring 'Organization Men' wanted

conformity, teamwork, allegiance

individuality, creativity, leadership

aggressiveness, motivation, thriftiness

devotion, humility, selflessness

The health of suburban communities depended on

friendly neighbors

stable marriages

recreational facilities

transportation systems

Many minorities battled discrimination by
getting an education

opening businesses

relocating their families

organizing advocacy groups

Which answer best expresses the relationship between the discovery of gold in the Black Hills and the Battle of Little Big Horn?
The gold discovery caused the battle.

Without the discovery of gold, the battle could never have happened.

There was no connection between the gold discovery and the battle.

The discovery of gold was one cause of the battle.

Which group would most likely support bimetallism?

Industrialists and Merchants

Foreign Investors

Farmers and laborers

Which statement best describes the exodusters?
former slaves who opposed the Radical Republicans

former members of the Grand Army of the Republic

former sharecroppers who had become tenent farmers in the south.

former slaves who left the deep south and settled in Kansas

What is the strongest similarity between the Grange Movement and the Populist Party?
Each had followers in the West.

Each fought for the interests of farmers.

Each was important in American history.

Each came to power in the nineteenth century.

Which best explains how settlers of the Great Plains dealt with the challenge of building homes on the treeless prairie?
They made houses from adobe bricks.

They used soil matted with grass roots to build sod houses.

They brought wood with them from the forests of the East.

They made one-story dwellings of buffalo hides.

The vaquero was to Mexico what the __________ was to the American West.
Which best completes the analogy?




Which factor most likely led to the growth of the Granger Movement?
Increase in cooperative farming

Organization of farmer's wives

Decline of farm prices and growing farmer's debt

Development of the steel plow

Which best describes the major change brought about by the widespread use of barbed wire?
Decline of windmills

Decline in cattle ranching

Increase in boundary disputes

End of the open range

Which of the following best summarizes the Homestead Act?
it protected the right to bear arms

it established reservations for Native Americans

it put limits on the hunting of buffalo

it gave free land to settlers

Which statement best defines the role of the federal government in the settlement of the West?
The federal government was sympathetic to the traditions of Native Americans, and stalwartly defended their rights.

The federal government, while sometimes sympathetic to the plight of Native Americans, was dedicated to facilitating white settlement.

By staunchly opposing the interests of railroads, the federal government sought to keep the West unsettled and pristine.

The federal government too a laissez-faire attitude toward Western settlement, and neither helped nor hindered the settlers.

Which statement best assesses what the Dawes Act did?
it took tribal lands from the Native Americans, cut it into family sized parcels, and sold leftover lands to whites

it put boundaries on buffalo, with the aim of starving out the Native Americans

it gave free land to settlers

it reversed federal decisions that were crowding Native Americans onto reservations

Which answer best describes the similarity between the military actions at Wounded Knee and Sand Creek?
Both actions were Native American defeats.

Both actions were massacres of Native Americans.

Both actions were massacres by Native Americans.

Both actions were Native American victories.

Harriet Beecher Stowe is to Uncle Tom's Cabin as Helen Hunt Jackson is to ______________________.
Which best completes the analogy?
Gone With the Wind

A Century of Dishonor

Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee

The Emancipation Proclamation

How did the Civil War economy effect the farmers in the West?
Most farmers became rich through the issuing of war bonds that paid dividends in gold.

Farmers were issued loans of greenbacks but required to pay their debts with dollars on the gold standard.

Greenbacks left over at the end of the Civil War were given to settlers as a way for them to pay off their debts.

Greenbacks were collected by the federal government after the Civil War, taking the only currency available to settlers on the plains.

What impact did the rise of the cattle industry have on the environment?
Because buffalo and cattle were so similar, the cattle industry had no real impact at all.

Overgrazing became a problem, causing erosion; the Great Plains are fenced in.

Since the cattle industry used little land, its main impact was to protect the environment.

The cattle industry halted the advance of the railroads, thus keeping the environment stable.

What was a major factor in the destruction of the American bison?
As an act of warfare, whites killed the buffalo because they knew that Native Americans were dependent upon them for food, shelter, clothing, and fuel.

Most were driven away by cattle, and could not survive in the new environment.

Many herds of buffalo were hit by incoming trains in the railroad expansion.

Most were wiped out by mysterious changes in the prairie environment.

Which of the following were not a factor in bringing about the end of the cattle drives?
The invention of barbed wire.

Extreme weather conditions during the 1870s

Economic advantages of raising smaller, healthier herds

The passing of the Interstate Commerce Act.

Which statement best describes the "gold standard"?
The "gold standard" meant that all silver coins contained at least twenty percent pure gold.

The "gold standard" meant that for every dollar of paper money in circulation, there had to be a dollar's worth of gold in the U.S. Treasury.

The "gold standard" meant that paper money was worthless - all debts had to be settled in gold.

The "gold standard" was another name for bimetallism.

What was the main role the railroads played in the rising discontent of the farmers?
By facilitating travel, the railroads allowed farmers to attend mass political meetings.

By making mail service more regular, the railroads allowed farmers to keep in better touch with national political developments.

By charging high prices to ship farmers' produce, the railroads added to the farmers' financial difficulties.

The railroads were widely seen as pro-farmer.

Which statement best explains why the Populists and the Democrats believed that bimetallism would help farmers and workers?
By putting more money into circulation, people would be able to repay existing debts; this would help debtors climb out of debt sooner.

Populists and Democrats, who were enemies of the farmers, were opposed to bimetallism.

Farmers, like most populists, had large investments in silver mines.

By putting more money into circulation, bankers and investors would regain their confidence, and be less eager to foreclose on the farmers' defaulted loans.


Which reason explains the change shown in this table?

Western regions suffered an environmental collapse.

Petroleum production increased in urban areas.

Industries provided steady wages for workers.

Southern states experienced a decline in agriculture.


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