Appendix a-glossary



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APPENDIX A—GLOSSARY

3DNEPH 3-Dimensional Nephanalysis


A1C Airman First Class

A2C Airman Second Class

A3C Airman Third Class

A2P2 Air Weather Service Annual Programming Plan

AAC Army Air Corps

AACS Army Airways Communications System

AAF Army Air Forces

AB Air Base

ABNCP Airborne Command Post

ACC Air Combat Command

ACFP Advanced Computer Flight Plan

ACMES Advanced Climate Modeling and Environmental Simulations

ACN Air Force Weather Agency Consolidated Network

ADFS Automated Digital Facsimile System

ADM Acquisition Decision Memorandum

ADVCLD Advect Cloud Model

ADWS Automated Digital Weather Switch

AEF American Expeditionary Forces or Aerospace Expeditionary Force

AF Air Force

AFB Air Force Base

AFCAC Air Force Communications Acquisition Center

AFCENT Air Forces Central Command or Allied Forces Central Europe

AFCRL Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratory

AFCS Air Force Communications Service

AFCC Air Force Communications Command

AFCCC Air Force Combat Climatology Center

AFCWC Air Force Combat Weather Center

AFDD Air Force Doctrine Document

AFOTEC Air Force Test and Evaluation Center

AFDIGS Air Force Digital Graphics System

AFFOR Air Force Forces

AFGWA Air Force Global Weather Agency

AFGWC Air Force Global Weather Central (Center)

AFGL Air Force Geophysics Laboratory

AFI Air Force Instruction

AFLC Air Force Logistics Command

AFMC Air Force Material Command

AFMEA Air Force Management Engineering Agency

AFMPC Air Force Military Personnel Center

AFN American Forces Network

AFNWC American Forces Network Weather Center

AFOAT-1 AF Office of Atomic Engery-1

AFOTEC Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center

AFPEO Air Force Procurement Executive Officer

AFRES Air Force Reserves

AFRL Air Force Research Laboratory

AFROC Air Force Requirements Oversight Council

AFSC Air Force Systems Command or Air Force Specialty Code

AFSOC Air Force Special Operations Command

AFSPC Air Force Space Command

AFTAC Air Force Technical Applications Center

AFN Armed Forces Network

AFW Air Force Weather

AFWA Air Force Weather Agency

AFWIN Air Force Weather Information Network

AFWSEP Air Force Weather Standardization and Evaluation Program

AFW-WEBS Air Force Weather-Web Services

AFWWS Air Force Weather Weapon System

AGRMET Agricultural Meteorology

AGU Airborne Guidance Unit

AIN Army Installation

ALC Air Logistics Center

AMC Air Mobility Command

AMS American Meteorological Society or Automatic Meteorological Station

AME Atmospherics Measuring Equipment

AMN Afghan Mission Network or Airman

AMS American Meteorological Society

ANG Air National Guard

ANMCC Alternate National Military Command Center

AOC Air and Space Operations Center

AOR Area of Operations

AOWG Air Ground Operations Wing

AOY Airman of the Year

APT Automatic Picture Transmission

ARCENT Central Command, Army

ARL Army Research laboratory

ARPA Advanced Research Project Agency

ARQ Automatic Response to Query

ARRS Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Service

ARWO Aerial Reconnaissance Weather Officer

ASAT Air-launched, Antisatellite

ASOS Automated Surface Observation System

ATC Air Transport Command or Air Training Command

AUTODIN Automatic Digital Information Network

AWAPS Advanced Weather Analysis and Prediction system

AWC Aviation Weather Center

AWDS Automated Weather Distribution System

AWE Advanced Warfighting Experiment

AWN Automated Weather Network

AWOS Air War Over Serbia

AWS Air Weather Service
BCT Brigade Combat Team

BMT Basic Military Training

BWOFS Battlefield Weather Observation and Forecast System

BRAC Base Realignment and Closure

Brig Brigadier
C3 Command, Control, and Communications

C3P2 Command, Control, and Communications Programming Plan

C4I Command, Control, Communications, and Computers

C4ISR Command, Control, Communications, and Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance

CA Civil Affairs

CACDA Combined Arms Combat Development Activity

Capt Captain

CARMISH Commander, Army Mission

CARP Computed Aerial Release Point

CAT Crisis Action Team

CAWSS Crisis Action Weather Support System

CC Commander

CCB Configuration Control Board

CCG Combat Communications Group

CDD Capability Development Document

CDFS Cloud Depiction and Forecast System

CD-ROM Compact Disc-Read Only Memory

CDS Container Delivery System

CDT Central Daylight Time

CES Civil Engineering Squadron

CENTAF Central Command Air Forces

CENTCOM Central Command

CENTRIXS Combined Enterprise Regional Information Exchange system

CFP Computer Flight Plan

CFEP Communications Front-end Processor

CHECKMATE An Air Force Studies Group

CINC Commander in Chief

CIS Commonwealth of Independent States

C/JTMK Commercial/Joint Mapping Toolkit

CM Change Management; Configuration Management; or Capability Module

CMEF Combat Mission Execution Forecast

CMSgt Chief Master Sergeant

CNO Chief of Naval Operations

COA Course of Action

Col Colonel

COMEDS CONUS Meteorological Data System

COMET CONUS Meteorological Teletype

COMIREX Committee on Imagery Requirements and Exploitation

CONOPS Concept of Operations

CONUS Continental United States

COOP Cooperation

COTS Commercial-off-the-shelf

CRC Contingency Response Capability

CRRA Capabilities Review and Risk Assessment

CRRES Combined Release and Radiation Effects

CSAF Chief of Staff of the Air Force

CTECS Compact Total Electron Content Sensor

CWSS Combat Weather System Squadron

CWF Combat Weather Facility

CWT Combat Weather Team


DAR Data Automation Requirement

DECCO Defense Commercial Communications Office

Det Detachment

DEPFOR Deputy for

DIFAX Digital Facsimile

DISS Digital Ionospheric Sounding System

DIST Defense Integration Support Tools

DMR Defense Management Review

DMRD Defense Management Review Decision

DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program

DOC Department of Commerce

DoD Department of Defense

DOW Directorate of Weather

DSAP Defense System Applications Program

DTA Dust Transport Algorithm

DUAT Direct User Access Terminal

DWSS Defense Weather Satellite System
E&I Engineering and Installation

ECMWF European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts

EEC Enterprise Electronics Corporation

EF Ensemble Forecasting

ECM Electronic Counter Measures

EAM Emergency Action Messages

E-O Electro-Optical

EOP Executive Office of the President

EOTDA Electro-Optical Tactical Decision Aid

ESSA Environmental Science Services Administration

ESC Electronic Systems Center

ESD Electronic Systems Division

ESG Environmental Scenario Generator

ETAC Environmental Technical Applications Center

Eurfax European Facsimile

EURDIGS European Digital Graphics System


FA Forecaster apprentice

FAA Federal Aviation Administration

FASCAP Fast Payback Capital Investment Program

FITL Forecaster-in-the-loop

FMH Federal Meteorological Handbook

FNMOC Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center

FOA Field Operating Agency

FOC Full Operational Capability

FORSCOM Forces Command

FY Fiscal Year


GAO Government Accounting Office or Government Accountability Office

GCCS Global Command and Control System

Gen General

GFS Global Forecast System

GHQ General Headquarters

GIS Geospatial Information System

GLCM Ground Launched Cruise Missile

GMGO German Military Geophysical Office

GMS Geostationary Meteorological Satellite

GOC Ground Observer Corps

GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

GOR General Operational Requirement

GOSG General Officer Steering Group

GPS Global Positioning System

GSA Government Services Administration

GSM Global Spectral Model

GTWAPS Global Theater Weather Analysis and Prediction system

GWC Global Weather Central

GWIP Global Weather Intercept Program
HAF Headquarters Air Force (Air Staff)

HF High Frequency

HFRB High Frequency Regional Broadcast

HIRAS High Resolution Analysis System

HPC High Performance Computing

HQ Headquarters

HWD Horizontal Weather Depiction
IBM International Business Machines

ICAMR Interdepartmental Committee for Applied Meteorological Research

ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization

ICBM Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile

ICD Initial Capabilities Document

ICMS Interdepartmental Committee for Meteorological Services

ICMSSR Interdepartmental Committee for Meteorological Services and Supporting Research

IDPS Interface Data Processing Segment

IFOR Implementation Force (NATO)

IG Inspector General

IMA Individual Mobilization Augmentee

IMETS Integrated Meteorological System

IOC Initial Operational Capability

IOP Input/output Processor

IOT&E Initial Operational Test and Evaluation

IP Interservice Publication or Internet Protocol

IPADS Interactive Product and Display System

IPOMS International Polar Orbiting Meteorological Satellite

IRTSS Infrared Target Scene Simulation

ISC Initial Skills Course

ISOON Improved Solar-Optical Observing Network

IWEDA Integrated Weather Effects Decision Aid

ITWR Interim Tactical Weather Radar

IWR Improved Weather Reconnaissance

IWSM Integrated Weapon System Management
JAAWIN Joint Air Force and Army Weather Information Network

JADOCS Joint Automated Deep Operations Coordination System

JCB Joint Capabilities Board

JCF Joint Contingency Force

JCS Joint Chiefs of Staff

JCSDA Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation

JEFS Joint Ensemble Forecast System

JET Joint Environmental Toolkit

JFACC Joint Force Air Component Commander

JFLCC Joint Force Land Component Commander

JFSOCC Joint Force Special Operations Component Commander

JMCC Joint METOC Coordination Cell

JMCCB Joint METOC Configuration Control Board

JMCO Joint METOC Coordination Organization

JMIB Joint METOC Interoperability Board

JMIST Joint METSAT Ingest, Software, and Terminals

JMTC Joint Multinational Training Command

JNWPU Joint Numerical Weather Prediction Unit

JPADS Joint Precision Airdrop System

JPSS Joint Polar Satellite System

JROC Joint Requirements Oversight Council

JSTARS Joint Surveillance Target attack Radar System

JTFEX Joint Task Force Exercise

JTF-SWA Joint Task Force-Southwest Asia

JTWC Joint Typhoon Warning Center

JUON Joint Urgency Operational Need


KBG Kiewit Building Group

KIA Killed in Action

KFOR Kosovo Force

LAR Launch Acceptability Region

LDAS Land Data Assimilation System

LEADS® Leading Environmental Analysis & Display System

LIS Land Information System

LLC Limited Liability Corporation

Lt Lieutenant
MAC Military Airlift Command

Maj Major

MAIS Military Aircrew Information System

MAJCOM Major Air Command

MARCENT Marine Forces Central Command

MATS Military Air Transport Service

MDS Meteorological Data System as used with AN/GMD-5

MEDS Meteorological Data System as used in COMEDS and other weather communication dedicated circuits

MES Meteorological Enhancement Seminars

MET Management Engineering Team

METAR Meteorological Aerodrome Report [ICAO] [Aviation Routine Weather Report (AFM 15-111)]

METOC Meteorological and Oceanographic

METSAT Meteorological Satellite

METTIPS Meteorological Technical Information Publication System

MFSC Military Flight Service Center

MIA Missing in Action

MILCON Military Construction

MIST Meteorological Information Standard Terminal

MM5 Mesoscale Model 5

MNS Mission Need Statement

MOA Memorandum of Agreement

MOC Meteorological Operations Capability

MOS Model Output Statistics or Manual Observing System

MOU Memorandum of Understanding

MP Mission Planning

MSEA Air and Space Natural Environment Modeling & Simulations Executive Agent

MSgt Master Sergeant

MSI Mission Success Indicators

MSP Mission Support Plan

MTA MAC Training Advisory

MWWC Military Weather Warning Center
NACA National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics

NASA National Aeronautics Space Administration

NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NAVAF Navy and Air Force (as used in coordination efforts)

NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research

NCEP National Center for Environmental Prediction

NCO Non-Commissioned Officer

NECC Network Enabled Command and Control

NEO Noncombatant Evacuation Order

NESS NMCC Environmental Support System

NITES Naval Integrated Tactical Environmental System

N-TFS New-Tactical Forecast System

NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NextGen Next Generation

NEXRAD Next Generation Weather Radar

NGA National Geospatial-intelligence Agency

NGB National Guard Bureau

NIPRNET Non-Classified Internet Protocol Router Network

NMCC National Military Command Center

NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOGAPS Navy’s Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System

NORAD North American Air Defense Command

NOTAM Notice to Airmen

NOWS Night Vision Goggle Operations Weather Software

NPOESS National Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellite System

NPP NPOESS Preparatory Project

NRO National Reconnaissance Office

NVG Night Vision Goggle

NWP Numerical Weather Prediction
OA Operational Assessment

OID Operator Interface Display

OIF Operation IRAQI FREEDOM

OEF Operation ENDURING FREEDOM

OFCM Office of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorological Services and Supporting Research

OL Operating Location

O&M Operation and Maintenance

OMB Office of Management and Budget

OND Operation NEW DAWN

OPS Operational Production System

OPUP Open Principal User Processor

OpVer Operational Verification

ORD Operational Requirements Document

ORDA Open Radar Data Acquisition

OS21 Observing System 21st Century

OSD Office of Secretary Defense

OSR Occupational Survey Report

OSS Operational Support Squadron

OTH-B Over the Horizon Backscatter (radar)

OUE Operational Utility Evaluation

OWS Operational Weather Squadron
PA Public Affairs

PACAF Pacific Air Forces

PAD Program Action Directive

PADS Precision Airdrop System

PAR Point Analysis Reengineering

PBD Program Budget Decision

PCS Permanent Change of Station

PDP Program Development Plan

PDR Portable Doppler Radar

PGSS Persistent Ground Surveillance System

PGS/S Program Generation Scheduler/Server

PIBAL Pilot Balloon

PI Point of Impact

PIP PADS Interface Processor

PIREPS Pilot Reports

PKI Public Key Infrastructure

PMD Program Management Directive

POG Psychological Operations Groups

POM Program Objective Memorandum

PRESSURS Pre-Strike Surveillance/Recon System

PSS Persistent Surveillance System

PSU Pennsylvania State University

PTDS Persistent Threat Detection System

PUP Principal User Processor


QOR Qualitative Operational Requirement

QOT&E Qualification Operational Test and Evaluation


RCA Radio Corporation of America

RDJTF Rapid Deployment Joint Task Force

RDT&E Research Development Testing and Engineering

REIP Reengineered Enterprise Infrastructure Program

RGR Ranger Regiments

ROC Required Operational Capability

ROS Representative Observation Site

RSTN Radio Solar Telescope Network

RTNEPH Real-Time Nephanalysis

RVN Republic of Vietnam

RVR Runway Visual Range

RWM Relocatable Window Model


SAC Strategic Air Command

SAES Special Assistant for Environmental Services

SAGE Semi-Automatic Ground Environment

SAF Secretary of the Air Force

SAFSP Secretary of the Air Force for special Projects

SAF/US Under Secretary of the Secretary of the Air Force

SAIC Science Applications International Corporation

SAMSO Space and Missile Systems Organization

SAR Synthetic Aperture Radar

SATCOM Satellite Communications

SCA Satellite Control Authority

SCOMP Strategic Communications Program

SDC System Development Corporation

SDDS Satellite Data Support System

SDHS Satellite Data Handling System

SEA Senior Enlisted Advisor or Southeast Asia

SELS Severe Local Storm

SEON Solar Electro-optical Observing Network

SESS Space Environmental Support System

SFG Special Forces Groups

SFMR Stepped-Frequency Microwave Radiometer

Sgt Sergeant

SIDAS Satellite Imagery Display and Analysis

SIPRNET Secret Internet Protocol Router Network

SLAM Swedish Limited Area Model

SLFCS Survivable Low Frequency Communications System

SMC Space and Missile System Center

SMSgt Senior Master Sergeant

SOAR Special Operations Aviation Regiments

SOF Special Operations Forces

SOFNET Solar Observing and Forecasting Network

SOFWOC Special Operations Weather Operations Center

SOS System Operations Squadron

SOWT Special Operations Weather Team

SPACEWOC Space Weather Operations Center

SPO System Program Office

SrA Senior Airman

SRS Space Radio Spectrograph

SSgt Staff Sergeant

SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave/Imager

SSM/IS Special Sensor Microwave/Imager Sounder

START Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty

STRATCOM Strategic Command

STS Space Transport System

STT Small Tactical Terminal

SWA Southwest Asia

SWAFS Space Weather Analysis and Forecast System

SWO Staff Weather Officer

SWTG Special Warfare Training Groups

SWWC Severe Weather Warning Center

SYNCoC Synchronization Council of Colonels
TAC Tactical Air Command

TACC Tanker Airlift Control Center

TACAMO Take Charge and Move Out

TAF Terminal Aerodrome Forecast

TAFVER Terminal Aerodrome Forecast Verification

TAWS Target Acquisition Weather System

TAMDAR Tropospheric Airborne Meteorological Data Reporting

TCTCO Time Compliance Technical Change Order

TDA Tactical Decision Aids

TDAS Tactical Decision Aid Support

TDL Techniques Development Laboratory

TECAM Technical Conference on Aviation Meteorology

TFS Tactical Forecast System

TFU Tactical Forecast Unit

TIROS Television Infrared Observation Satellite

TMOS Tactical Meteorological Observing System

TPMS Transition Power Maintenance Shelter

TRADOC Training and Doctrine Command

TSgt Technical Sergeant

TTP Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures

TWESO TRADOC Weather and Environmental Support Office

TWA Trailing Wire Antenna

TWR Tactical Weather Radar
UAS Unmanned Aerial System

UAV Unmanned Air Vehicle

UAWS U.S. Army Europe Automated Weather System

UKMO United Kingdom Meteorological Office

UM Unified Model

URL Uniform Resource Locator

U.S. United States

USA United States Army

USACE United States Army Corps of Engineers

USDA United States Department of Agriculture

USAF Headquarters, United States Air Force

USAFA United States Air Force Academy

USAFE United States Air Forces in Europe

USAFETAC USAF Environmental Technical Applications Center

USAREUR United States Army Europe

USSPACECOM United States Space Command

USTRANSCOM United States Transportation Command

USMC United States Marine Corps

USS United States Ship

USSOCOM United States Special Operations Command


VCSAF Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force

VHF Very High Frequency

VLR Very Long Range

VoIP Voice over Internet Protocol

VSAT Very Small Aperture Terminal
WAC Women’s Army Corps

WAF Women in the Air Forces

WAG World Aeronautical Grid

WASP Women Airforce Service Pilots

WBAN Weather Bureau-Air Force-Navy

WBAWS Weather Briefing Advisory and Warning System

WDA Weather Data Analysis

WDCADS Weather Data Collection and Dissemination System

WF Weather Flight

WEBS Web Services

WEM Weather Effects Matrix

WG Wing or Weather Group

WGP Weather Group (Provisional)

WICU Weather Intercept Concentrator Unit

WIN WWMCCS Intercomputer Network

WIPS Weather Information Processing System

WIPS-R Weather Information Processing System-Replacement

WMO World Meteorological Organization

WRF Weather Research and Forecasting (model)

WRS Weather Reconnaissance Squadron

WS Weather Squadron

WSSC Weather Systems Support Cadre

WSR Weather Search Radar

WSU Weather Support Unit

WWMCCS World-Wide Military Command and Control System

WWW World-Wide Web


Y2K Year 2000

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