Atlas (mythology), a Titan who bore the spheres of the heavens; inspiring the widely used image of a man carrying a celestial sphere on his back or shoulders (also known as Atlas Telamon or "enduring Atlas").
Farnese Atlas, a 2nd-century Roman marble copy of a Hellenistic sculpture of the Titan, "Atlas"
Atlas (no relation) was a mortal son of Poseidon and first king of Atlantis.
Atlas (moon), a moon of Saturn
Atlas (crater), a prominent impact crater on the Moon
Atlas (star), a triple star system in the Pleiades cluster