What follows are all the multiple choice questions from quizzes through chapter 14. They constitute the majority of the questions that will be on the semester final. 1. Which of the following is a correct statement about the use of slave labor in colonial Virginia?
A. Slave ownership was forced on reluctant White Virginians by profit-minded English merchants and the mercantilist officials of the crown.
The ultimate extent of the American domain was to be from the tropics to the Arctic
Which of the following most likely increased Mexican suspicion of American territorial objectives of the 1830s and 1840s?
Abolitionist agitation in the North
Jackson’s policy toward the annexation of Texas (1836-1837)
The Webster –Ashburton Treaty
Clay’s speeches in the campaign of 1844
Rhetoric on “manifest destiny” in the American press
A proposal for the uncompensated emancipation of American slaves was advanced by
A. Thomas Jefferson in the Northwest Ordinance of 1787
B. James Madison in The Federalist in 1788
C. The American Colonization Society in 1817
D. William Lloyd Garrison in The Liberator in 1831
E. The Republican party platform of 1860
Which of the following had the greatest effect on the institution of slavery in the United States in the first quarter of the nineteenth century?
Demands of Southern textile manufacturers for cotton
Introduction of crop rotation and fertilizers
Use of more stringent techniques of slave control
Invention of the cotton gin
The “three-fifths” compromise
The dramatic increase in The South’s slave labor force between 1810 and 1860 was due to
an increase in the African slave trade
the importation of slaves from the West Indies
an increase in the severity of fugitive slave laws
the acquisition of Louisiana
the natural population increase of American-born slaves
In the antebellum period, free African Americans were
given the right to suffrage in most states
protected from kidnapping under stringent provisions of the Fugitive Slave Act
educated in integrated schools in most northern states
able to settle in states in the Middle West without legal restriction
able to accumulate some property in spite of discrimination
The Missouri Compromise did which of the following?
Prohibited slavery in all of the Louisiana Purchase
Provided for admission to the Union of all future states in pairs of one free, one slave
Allowed Maine to enter as a free state
Provided for the annexation of Texas
Finally settled the question of congressional power over slavery in the territories
The Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) heightened the sectional crisis because it
Repealed the Missouri Compromise
Repealed the Fugitive Slave Act
Made Kansas and Nebraska free states
Stimulated Southern emigration to the territories taken from Mexico
Signaled acceptance of the principle of the Wilmot Proviso
79. In the pre-Civil War era, the railroad’s most important impact on the economy was the
Creation of a huge new market for railway equipment
Creation of the basis for greater cooperation between Southern planters and Northern textile manufacturers
Generation of new employment opportunities for unskilled workers
Participation of the federal government in the financing of a nationwide transportation network
Accessibility to Eastern urban markets provided to Midwestern farmers
In the presidential campaign of 1860, which of the following positions was asserted by the Republican Party platform with respect to slavery?
Slavery should be abolished immediately by the federal government
The extension of slavery to other countries should be prohibited
The Missouri Compromise line (36◦ 30◦) should be extended to the Pacific Ocean, and slavery should be prohibited in territories above that line
The gradual emancipation of the slaves should begin, and the federal government should compensate slave owners for the loss of slave property
The extension of slavery to United States territories should be prohibited by the federal government, but slavery should be protected in the states where it already existed
The hostility of the Know-Nothing Party was primarily directed against
the growth of cities and industrial manufacturing
Irish and German Catholic immigrants
Free Masons and members of other fraternal orders
Which of the following states the principle of Popular Sovereignty?
Congress has the right to decide where slavery shall and shall not exist
The settlers in a given territory have the sole right to decide whether or not slavery will be permitted there
Individual citizens can decide for themselves whether or not to hold slaves
The American people shall decide where slavery will exist through a national plebiscite
D. The relationship between the United States and Britain
E. The proposed annexation of Colombia
105. All of the following were objectives of W.E.B. DuBois EXCEPT
A. the total enfranchisement of all eligible Black citizens
B. the establishment of an organization to seek legal redress of Black grievances
C. The establishment of Black political power
D. cooperation of White people in obtaining Black progress
E. the implementation of Booker T. Washington's program for Black progress
106. The Supreme Court decision in Plessy V. Ferguson (1896) did which of the following?
A. Denounced business combinations in restraining of trade
B. Sanctioned separate but equal public facilities for African Americans
C. Declared that the Fourteenth Amendment applied principally to the protection of corporations
D. Defined the Constitution as color-blind
E. Empowered Congress to cancel treaties with American Indian tribes unilaterally
107. In his Atlanta Compromise speech, Booker T. Washington called for which of the following?
A. African American voting rights
B. An end to racial segregation
C. Support for African American self-help
D. Educational equality for African Americans
E. Racial integration of religious organizations
108. During the closing decades of the nineteenth century, farmers complained about all of the following except
A. rising commodity prices
B. high interest charges
C. high freight rates
D. high storage costs
E. large middleman profits
Which of the following is a correct statement about the Gilded Age?
The average real wages of blue-collar workers declined.
The average number of hours people worked increased.
Prices of farm products rose sharply, causing the cost of living to rise steeply.
Business activity expanded and contracted frequently.
The federal debt from the Civil War required heavy federal taxes.
Joseph Pulitzer achieved fame and wealth as a
Which of the following was primarily responsible for the declining death rate in American cities at the end of the nineteenth century?
Fewer poor people moved to the cities in the late nineteenth century.
Cities began to provide free medical care to those who needed it.
Doctors began to provide free medical care to poor people.
Better transportation enabled more people to seek medical care.
Cities built sewers and supplied purified water.
The second Sioux War (1875-1876), which saw the defeat of Custer at the Battle of the Little Big Horn, was caused by all of the following EXCEPT
The extension of the route of the Northern Pacific Railroad
The gold rush in the Black Hills
A concentrated effort on the part of the major Protestant denominations to convert the Sioux to Christianity
Corruption within the Department of the Interior
Overland migration of settlers to the Pacific Northwest
All of the following are true of railroad expansion in the late nineteenth century EXCEPT that it
Opened new territories to commercial agriculture
Accelerated the growth of some older cities and created new ones
Was financed by private corporations without government assistance
Led to new managerial forms and techniques
Was often capitalized beyond what was needed
The intent of the Dawes Act of 1887 was to
Assimilate American Indians into the mainstream of American culture
Recognize and preserve the tribal cultures of American Indians
Legally establish the communal nature of American Indian landholding
Restore to American Indians land seized unjustly
Remove all American Indians to the Indian Territory (Oklahoma)
Which of the following constitutes a significant change in the treatment of American Indians during the last half of the nineteenth century?
The beginnings of negotiations with individual tribes
The start of a removal policy
The abandonment of the reservation system
The admission of all American Indians to the full rights of Unites States citizenship
The division of the tribal lands among individual members