This Book is divided into four sections. Section one comprises of 2 parts. Part A 2000 commonly used words and their uses through a sentence. Part B 700 commonly used idioms their origins and uses through the examples of sentence. We would advise the students to make it a habit of reading extensively and should try framing sentence on the difficult words so that they are aware about the proper English usage. This will be of immense help in solving comprehensions, closet test and other questions, if you do this exercise on a regular basis rest assured that you will read, write and speak excellent English. We would also want to make it clear that many of the sentences has been taken from the articles and journals of newspaper and we in no way are trying to endorse or opposes any views/outfits/affiliations, etc. This was the process adopted by me during my preparation days hence you will find many sentences which were a part of the newspaper articles twelve-thirteen years back. Still if it hurts the sentiments of any person living or dead, we are tendering our apology in advance and we vouch that we have no intentions of hurting or maligning any one.
Section two comprises of English grammar basics and explanations with examples based on it. To make the students understand better in this section many things have been repeated in this book.
Section three consists of exercises on all the commonly asked topic of English, which are included in the competitive examinations.
And finally in section four we have provided you with the practices set to gey yourself equipped with the examination pattern and environment
Note: for the sake of students interest at large we have also incorporated a section on computer awareness; to give them the hands on experience on the computer basics and fundamentals. Please note that this portion is only indicative and not exhaustive.
The book is a part of coaching material of banking Wizard exclusively to be used by and distributed to our in-house students and not to be sold over the counter for any commercial activities.
We once again put our disclaimer that the sentences taken from the journal, articles, print and electronic media, etc are in no way endorsed by us. These are not our opinions or views, we are using those sentences only as a tool to teach our students on how to use the words in a sentence to enhance their vocabulary usage so that they could read, write and speak English at par with any other English speaking person.
SECTION:1 PART ‘A’ COMMONLY USED WORDS AND THEIR USES.
Aeon: an immeasurably long period of time. (‘YUG’)
After dominating the World Cricket for aeons, Sachin Tendulkar finally retired yesterday.
PLUNGE: To (cause to) move or be thrown suddenly forwards and/or downwards; (of the neck of a woman’s garments) to have a low curve or v-shape that shows quite a large area of chest.
Plunge Into: to push or rush suddenly or violently into the depths or thickness; to be completely darken. (‘ANDHERE ME DOOB JANA’)
Many parts of the city were plunged into darkness for four hours.
Smother: To die or kill from lack of air; suffocate; to cover thickly.
Fog smothered the City/ disrupts air and rail traffic.
Chugs: Sound of an engine.
Palpable: easily and clearly known by the sense or the mind; obvious.
Tears and anxiety ‘palpable’ as the last train to Pakistan ‘chugs’ off.
Yokel, lout, bumpkin: rustic person lacking knowledge of urban mannerism.
Upshot: result or outcome
Dainty: small sized
Symbiosis: close association
Demarche: giving a boundary or limit (demarcation)
India issued a fresh demarche to Pakistan asking it to hand over the 20 criminals and terrorist sought by India.
Ponder: to spend time in considering ( a fact, difficulties, etc)
Absconding: to go away suddenly and secretly because one has done wrong.
He absconded from the bank with all the money.
Disembarked: to go on shore from a ship
Outrage: a very cruel/ wrong act, outraged, offends.
Aide: a person who helps or assists
Annuls: to cause agreement; to cease to exist
HDFC may lose 8 crore if NSE annuls cyberspace deals.
Rake: to remember and talk about (something that should be forgotten)
Foment: arouse or increase (trouble or discontent); apply warmth or moisture to (a part of the body) to lessen pain or discomfort.
Insurrection: the act or occasion of rising against the people who have power such as the government.
Pakistan has for years used such a formulation as a cover to foment and supply the Kashmir insurrection.
Shield: to protect or hide from harm or danger
Substantiate: to prove the truth
The PM accused opposition of failing to provide any evidence to substantiate their allegations.
Heaven: place of calm and safety.
Evidence that the Taliban are using Pakistan as a safe heaven is mounting.
Torment: a cause of very great pain or suffering
Freezing February continue to torment Delhiites.
Embroiled: to cause (oneself or another) to join in something trouble some
Odyssey: a sort of biodata; list of activities; long adventurous journey.
Abduction: to take away (a person) unlawfully often by force.
Injunction: law; a command or official order to do or not to do something; to control/prevent from doing something.
The Delhi High Court dismissed an application filed by archies seeking an injunction to restrain the Shivsena, VHP and Bajrang Dal from interfering in Valentine’s Day celebrations.
Hostile: unfriendly; showing dislike; belonging to an enemy.
Many a time the eye witness turn hostile and judiciary becomes a mockery.
Screaming: to cry out loudly on a high note (‘chillana’)
Blunt: not sharp
Glue: to paste (‘çhipkana’)
Perseverance: to continue firmly in spite of difficulties (‘jeevat’)
Dogged: having or showing a character which refuses to yield or give up the face of difficulty or opposition (‘jeevat’)
Obtuse: stupid (‘murkh’)
Saga: a long story about the brave and exciting actions of a distance time in history (‘gaatha’)
Veneration: to treat with great respect and honor and sometimes worship (áadar’)
Vilification: to say bad things about something, abuse (‘kalankit karna’)
Valentine is for veneration not vilification
Hail: to recognize as something good (‘abhivadan karna’) hailstone: ola, hailstorm: ola vristi i.e falling of stones from the sky along with water during rainfall
Connotation: an idea suggested by a word in addition to the formal meaning of the word.
Emanate: to come out from (‘nikalna’)
Bizarre: strange, peculiar, odd (‘vichitra’)
A 62 year old man died under bizarre circumstances
Ransack: to search through and rob( ‘chaan dalna’; ‘loot lena’)
Shivsainik ransack a shop in Delhi on the eve of Valentine’s Day.
Congressional: to exchange information and opinion (‘sammelan’)
A congressional research service study has said, a Chinese company delivered 12 shipments of components for missiles.
Stir: public excitement (‘sansani failana’; ‘hulchul macha dena’)
President Musharraf created a stir by suggesting, India may have conducted a nuclear test)
Startle: to cause to jump by sudden surprise (‘chakit/ bhauchakka kar dena’)
The actor startled the audience.
Blitz: sudden heavy attack especially from the air (‘hawai aakraman’; ‘aasmani hamla’)
Diplomatic blitz preferred to guns. (kutneeti ko bandook se jyada variyata dena)
Skeptical: unwilling to believe; doubtful (‘sansay’)
Rout: to defeat completely and drive away (‘ghor parajay’; ‘khader dena’)