Chronological documentation for the period through 1842 Copyright Bruce Seymour blio, Cadet Papers of Patrick Craigie

Unidentified newspaper clipping in collection of Harry Ransom Center, U of Texas, Austin

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Unidentified newspaper clipping in collection of Harry Ransom Center, U of Texas, Austin,

claims LM was "adopted" by William Willis, MP of Redleaf, near Tunbridge Wells [this appears to be nonsense.]

Montrose Parish Register

Katherine Craigie married Wm Rae in Montrose on 7 Sept 1828

Craigie family tombstone in Montrose churchyard as recorded

[Stone very weathered and nearly illegible]

Patk Craigie (Provost) here d 18(11?) (died 1844 age 67?) Mary Hill d here 5.18(45?61?) chn major Patk....near Dinapore Oct 18(43) officers; Dr. Thomas Craigie, physician in ..... d Feb 18??Dr Wm Craigie, physician (26 July 38?) here d.. May (1818?), John d.....(b 1808), Mary (born 1801, d1820) James (?)
Montrose town records

Patrick Craigie [Senior] was Provost of Montrose in 1808, 1809, 1812, 1813;

last term on town council was in 1816 [town clerk told me this was unusual because former provosts generally remained on the town council essentially for life]
Notes on visit to Montrose, Scotland:

174 High Street is Holly Close (Carnegie Close) almost directly across the High street from the red sandstone church; most of the town is red sandstone. The tidal basin came right up to the rear of the house.

By the time of the census of 1841, no member of Patrick Craigie's immediate family was still living in Montrose.

In 1821 the population was 9,208, 4000 men and 5000 women.

Sunderland Herald 31 August 1849, page 5, columns 1-2

Sir - In reply to yours upon the subject of Lola Montez, I beg to state my perfect recollection of that celebrated lady during the years 1831-32, as the neice (by marriage) of Mr and Mrs Rae, a gentleman and lady of great aimability and intelligence, to whom I had the pleasure of personal introduction on their arrival from Scotland for the purpose of establishing a boarding school in Monkwearmouth. To their guardianship the future heroine of Bavaria had been committed by her step-father (Mrs Rae's brother), Major Craigie, then in India; and from the East (I forget which part) to North Britain, and thence southward to our good town, formed, I believe, the extent of her travels up to that period. She became my pupil in drawing, and I had thus constant opportunities of remarking her temper and disposition when under the restraints of employment and a teacher, besides the more genial and social ones afforded me by the frequent hospitality of her excellent relatives. Eliza Gilbert (of the intermediate name "Rosanna" I knew, or at least remember, nothing) was at that time a very elegant and beautiful child of about ten or (perhaps) eleven; of stature rather promising to be tall than actually such for her age, but symmetricaly formed, with a flowing graceful carriage, the charm of which was only lessened by an air of confident self-complacency - I might almost say of haughty ease - in full accordance with the habitual expression of her else beautiful countenance, namely, that of indomitable self-will - a quality which I believe had manifested itself from early infancy. Her features were regular, but capable of great and rapid changes of expression. Her complexion was orientally dark, but transparently clear; her eyes were of deep blue, and, as I distinctly remember, of excessive beauty, although bright with less indication of the gentle and tender affections of her sex than of more stormy and passionate excitements. The mouth, too, had a singularly set character, far more allied to the determined than the voluptuous, and, altogether it was impossible to look at her for many minutes without feeling convinced that she was made up of very wayward and troublesome elements. The violence and obstinacy, indeed, of her temper gave too frequent cause of painful anxiety to her good kind aunt; and I remember, upon one occasion it was necessary, before Eliza could receive her lesson, to release her from solitary durance, in which she had been kept all the previous part of the day for some rebellious outbreak of passion. The door was opened, and out came the incipient Lola Montes, looking like a little tigress just escaped from one den to another! I think, however, that, although one of the class of horrid teachers - (those ogres in the romance of youthful life!) - I was rather a favourite with our little friend, for, to me, individually, she never bore herself in ungracious or unamiable manner. Naturally fond of children, - especially, to speak the truth, of beautiful ones, - accustomed to joke and laugh and romp with her at other times, in non-professional hours, and my professional duties themselves not being of a rigid or distasteful kind, even to the very young, I had, perhaps, a fairer position with the little lady than some other friends and instructors of more grave and stenuous waywardness and violence, - I do not say that it was not affectionate, - but I have no assurance from memory that it was such. Her animal spirits were naturally very great; she romped as assiduously as any girl of her age; danced gracefully, talked with great animation in her merry moods, and seemed altogether what is called a "clever child;" although I confess that my remembrance of her general intellect is not sufficiently distinct to enable me to speak beyond that....J.G.Grant
Bath and Bristol with the Counties of Somerset and Glouscester displayed in a series of Views from the original drawings of Thom. H. Shepherd; London, Jones & Co, 1829.

Lansdown Crescent [sic; it should be labeled Camden Place], Bath - Opposite page 30

Page 31: At the top of Lansdown-street on the elevated acclivity of Beacon-hill, is place this most superb elliptical range of buildings, overlooking all the eastern part of the city, on the one hand; on the other commanding an extended prospect of the beautiful valley, with the winding stream of the Avon, its green meadows, and the handsome villages scattered along its borders. The London Road approaching Bath, passes through a pleasant avenue formed by mountainous elevations on either side, and immediately below is the village of Welcot, consisting formerly of a few scattered rural inhabitations, but now making part of Bath;.....

At a distance, to the south-east, the prospect is diversified by the appearance of Prior Park, with numerous interesting objects, and nearer, in the same direction, are Sydney Gardens, and the splendid architectural embellishments of Bathwick.

BLIO: MSS.EUR. F175 J.Nicoll's Journals [JNJ]

Periods covered by Item Nos.

36/ Sept 1827 to Dec 1829

Vizagapatar, Calcutta, Meerut

37/ Dec 1829 to Aug 1831

Meerut, Calcutta, London (arrived London on 11 July 31)

38/ Sept 1831 to May 1833

London (LM arrives Sept 32)

39/ Sept 1833 to Dec 35


40/ Dec 35 to Apr 38

England, Indexed (LM elopes July 37)

41/ April 38 to May 41

CinC Madras, CinC India

42/ May 41-June 43

Afghan War, army affairs

43/ June 43 to June 44

Resignation as CinC; Europe

44/ June 44 to May 46

Retirement to England; indexed

45/ May 46 to Dec 48

Retirement in England

46/ Dec 48 to April 49

Retirement in England

56/ Family correspondence
Nicoll's wife's name is Anne; Son Frank born 7 Dec 1820, Daughter Fanny,

Octavia the youngest born 21 Oct 23

JNJ Item 37

JN returns to England on 11 July 1831

JNJ Item 38

Pages 82-83 14 Sept 1832

Today arrived from Durham Capt Craigie's sister, with Mrs. C's daughter whom they request us to put to school for them. I shall have a fine number of children to look after if they increase in this manner.
Bath Directory, Bath, H. Silverstone, 1837

p 192 under Academics: Aldrige, Misses, 20 Camden Place

Chairmen's fares: 1s/6d from town to Camden Place

Bath Population around 50,000

Bristol by the Upper Road about 11 1/2 miles
Coaches every day at 8,9,11,&2 from the Angel in Westgate St

Every hour from the Castle, Greyhound, White Hart, & White Horse Inns

Bristol and Clifton Mail 5, 6, 3, 4:30 from White Lion

Coach to Reading from White Lion via Devizes, Marlborough, Newbury

Pigot and Co's National Commercial Directory, London, J.Pigot & Co, 1830

p 682 Eliza and Catherine Aldridge's Ladies Boarding Academy

(also in 1829 Kane's Bath Directory)

School seems to have existed about 1829 to 1846

P.Egan: Walks Through Bath; Bath, Meyler and Son, 1819

p 77-78 Pryor Park at a distance on the right, a pleasing view of Sydney Gardens, and the New Church at Bathwide, the houses beneath, with Walcott Church and Chapel....The winding of the Avon and the venerable Abbey in perspective, tend to increase the beauty of the scene.

Notes on visit to Camden Crescent, Bath:

Corinthian pilasters on the building, honey-colored limestone--Bath stone; a better view from here than from either of the big crescents; Camden Crescent was originally called Camden Place; designed to be a real Crescent by John Eveleigh, late 18th century, but land slippage prevented completion of the plan, so the central portion, with the arms of Lord Camden is not in the center. LM's school was the next to the north end. Each door has an elephant above it, part of Lord Camden's hearaldry? Very small back yards, steep slope in back and in front; in the 1841 census of Bath, everyone on Camden Place was of Independent means

Good print of Camden Place in Lees-Milne, James & Ford, David

Images of Bath, Richmond upon Thames, St.Helena Press, 1982

Gallery #569

Print of Camden Crescent, wrongly identified as Lansdown Crescent

Jones & Co, Temple of the Muses, Finsbury Square, London, 3 June 1829, Steel Engraving, 93x145 ; in Britton, Bath and Bristol, 1829, Bath Reference Library, Queen St.
In 1841 school was still Misses Aldrigde's School was Miss Aldridge's in 1846, not listed in 1848

Census of 1841 shows Jane Aldridge >75

Eliza >35

Caroline 30 cf name with catherine above

16 pupils from age ten to >15<20, six female servants
BLIO: JNJ Item 39

Page 30 14 Feb 1834

At last we have heard from Mrs. Craigie - who was I supposed constrained to answer our numerous letters tho' she heard from us 6 times before this effect was produced - I felt greatly surprised - not a little vexed - and in some degree repented of having so easily undertaken an unpleasant and apparently thankless task. I likened her to a tortoise who buries her eggs lightly in the sand, and leaves them to the sun, and to chance.
Bengal Hukaru(Calcutta) 2 November 1836 page 2col4

Departures: Orient for London and Cape, including passengers Mrs. Craigie and Lieut. James of the 21st NI

BLIO EUR MSS F175, JNJ Item 40

Page ? 18 Apr 37

A load has been lifted from us by the arrival of Mrs. Craigie - she had a very tedious voyage of 5 months and 11 days, as bad as our own. The NE winds have kept all shipping from entering the Channel & the Orient anchored at Penzance.
26 Apr 37

Early in the morning I called on Mrs. Craigie, whom I found looking very well.

29 Apr 37

Returned home, accompanied by Mrs. Craigie.

BLIO JNJ Item 40 Page 129 31 July 37 (in margin "Wretch Gilbert")

I am not a bad prophet as to the figure which young people will make in life - I always predicted the "vanity and lies" of EG would bring her to shame -- She has started very badly, if not worse, for, leaving school in June, she married a Company Officer without a penny, in 2 or 3 weeks -- Her mother I fear cannot be blameless - at all events the 1800 or 2000 £ expended on her education & her mother's voyages, is lost.

BLIO JNJ Item 40 Page 132 12 August 37

We have now heard of EGilbert from 3 quarters - all very, very, unsatisfactory both regarding herself and her husband - however Mrs. Craigie introduced the Gentl, and must bear the results as well as she can - She asked Lady N's advice thro' Mrs. Rae, and we have told her to let her daughter write, but not to return her to confidence imm' - nor to see her - They are full of contrition already - but I fear that they want to draw on Craigie's funds by that means, which we have warned her against.

BLIO JNJ Item 40 Page 151 15 Nov 37

Mrs Craigie having lost all her spirits comfort by the frauds of her silly child, & encouraged by Craigie, means to return to Calcutta in a few days. Hers has been a lot such to be pitied - a kind step-father has lavished L1000 on her child's education & and the dirty ungracious whelp has thrown it all away on the first man she met - The day of punishment surely awaits from some source - her husband's fraud & falsehood, and her own--

Bengal Almanac

James Rutherford Lumley was the sixth highest ranking officer in Bengal in 1837

Hodson: List of the Officers of the Bengal Army

James Rutherford Lumley was Adjutant General from 28 Nov 1833 until the day before his death in 1846. His eldest son, also named James Rutherford Lumley, was born at Calcutta 27 Oct 1810, was Lt in 9th NI in 1836. He was assistant in the Thugi Dept from 16 Dec 1835 to 5 June 38. On 24 Apr 38 (39?) he married his cousin at the Tower of London.

Second son was William Brownrigg Lumley, born Calcutta 3 Sept 1812, was ensign with the 57th NI in 1837. He married after his retirement in 1847.
Records in Dublin indicate Thomas James of Ballycristal [Lola's father-in-law]

married Miss Wallace, North Cumberland Street, in March, 1792

BLIO Cadet papers

Thomas James: affidavit from his father that he was 20 years old on 23 January 1827; privately baptised, no parish entry, born at Carlow; nominated by John Thornhill, Esq. signed by Charlotte James

BLIO Service records

Thomas James arrived in India on 18 Mar 26; 3 months sick leave to Calcutta in 29 extended to 6 months; July 33 on way home; Oct 33-Mar 34 leave on personal business to Dacca; May to Nov 34 leave on personal business to Dacca; sick leave granted from July of 36 to 20 Jan 37; goes on furlough on 19 July 36; departs for England 4 Nov 36; reports arrival in England on 3 May 37; permitted to return on 22 Aug 38; arrives at Ft William 26 Jan 39; on leave to visit the Presidency in Calcutta 5 Aug to 5 Nov 40; on sick leave 2 Aug 41 to 10 Nov 41 to north of Depah; assigned to the Kotah contingent on 27 Oct 41; made commander of the contingent on 19 Oct 42; resumed charge of the Kotah Detachment on 31 Jan 54; left Kotah on 16 Jan 56

British Statutes:

Marriage Act, 1823, 4 George 4, c76 and Marriage Act,

1836, 6&7 William 4 c85, require that persons under 21 have consent of father if living or, if dead, guardian, or if no guardian, the mother if she has not remarried.
Notes on visit to ruins of Rathbeggan Church

Church about 17 paces long. Square West tower about 40 feet high

The National Gazeeter: A Topographical Dictionary of the British Isles

London, Virtue & Co, 1868

Vol 3, p 286 Rathbeggan, a parish in the baronacy of Ratoach, co. Meath, prov of Leinster, Ireland, 3 mi SE of Dunsgaughlin Clonee, its post town. It is traversed by the road from Dublin to Enniskillen. The living is vicarage in the diocese of Meath, value L122. The Church was erected by the late Board of First Fruits. The parish is united to Ratoach in the Roman Catholic arrangement. Rathbeggan House is the neighboring seat. Building stone is quarried.

Records of the Church of Ireland HQ, Dublin

John James [Lola's brother-in-law, who performed wedding]

son of Thomas James of Ballycristal, Co. Wexford, gent,

born in Dublin, educated by Mr. Fallon, entered Trinity College, Dublin as FC, June 7, 1813, age 18, BA 1817, MA 1832, ordained Deacon 1818, C. Killanne(Ferns) 1818, C.Ardcolm (dw) 1826, V. Rathbeggan 1832-62, married at Rathaspeck Ch, Co Wexford, Dec 11, 1824, Annette, eldest daughter of Lt.Gen Hatton (D.E.M.) died Oct 8, 1862. His widow died at Monkstown, Sept 5, 1868

Notes on visit to ruins of Ballycrystal House

The house appears on Wexford Sheet 14 of Ordnance Survey Maps of 1833-34;by the survey of 1898 it was already listed as being in ruins; the site today is a farmhouse and yard, nd the foundations of the house are visible but partially covered by a barn; the site lies beneath the dark form of Mt. Leinster, the rolling countryside, patchwork of fields stitched together by the ancient, impenetrable hedges.

Madras Almanac for 1839; Madras, Asylum Press

page 413

Passengers on the David Scott, R. Spence, Capt, London 25 Nov, Cape 22 Feb; For Madras: Dr. & Mrs. Murray & Miss Murray, Lt. Ogilvie, engigns Pratt and Madigan, Messers Tulloch, Hare, & Austin, 2 soldiers and 2 servants; For Calcutta: Mrs. Craigie, Capt. Compton, Mr & Mrs Taylor, Ensign Shaw and Postlethwaite, Mr. Hopkinson, Mr. Oakes, Mr. Jays, Mr. Wale, Mr. Palmer, 1 soldier, 3 servants, & Mrs. Whitmore.
Mrs. Craigie left London on the David Scott commanded by R.Spence on 25 Nov 1837, arrived at the Cape 22 Feb, Madras, 14 April, Calcutta 30 April.
Bengal Hukaru(Calcutta) 26 February 1839 page 3col1

Arrived on 25th, English Ship Bland, T. Callan, from Liverpool 18th September and St. Jago, 12th October.

Per Bland from Liverpool Mrs. Eaton; Mrs James, and Mrs Robinson; Misses Kibly and Rynald; Major Stale BNI; Lieut. James; M. Syers, D. Dearie, M. Black, and J.Briddon, Esqrs., Merchants; Mrs. Gattible, Mrs Woods, Mr J. Crosbie, and Mr. J. Snow, Steerage Passengers.

The Bland on 18th Oct in Lat 9.16 N 8.00 W spoke the Mary Ann Peters from Liverpool to Calcutta, on the 28th December in Lat 8.6 S, 83(5?).5 E spoke the Shaw, American from Boston with cargo of ice, half of which on the above date was supposed lost. On 1st of January in 4.52S 86.00E spoke the Adams from Cadalon for Mauritius with coolies on board, a number sickly. On the 4th of January in 2.28S 87.40E spoke the Ino from Calcutta for Mauritius, all well. On the 22nd January exchanged colors with a French ship, supposed to be the Irma, about 60 miles SE of light ship. Experienced on same day a violent Northwester which continued for three hours. 72 degrees, Sunrise 6:45, set 5:43; high water 2 pm, Moon 12 days old; Haydn's Creation being performed at the Town Hall

BLIO Service records

W.H.Lomer: absent from troop since June 45

Biographical card file in BLIO

John Bensley Thornhill Sr in 1840 was Collector of Stamps at Calcutta and head assistant to the board of customs, salt and opium.

John Bensley Thornhill, Civil Service, born 27 May 1808, son of John & Henrietta Sarah Thornhill; died 15 Apr 44; married Charlotte; son John born at Macao in 1832, son Edmund born at Macao 1834 (died of wounds at Lucknow, 12 Oct 57) [Thornhill's wife Charlotte was a sister of Thomas James, Lola's husband.]

James Rutherford Lumley was Adjutant General of the army from 28 November 1833, and he had been a widower since 28 Nov 1820

Thomas Palmer, later to be captured and tortured at Ghanzee and subsequently

court-martialed, was Lt.Col. of the 21 NI in 1836.

Owen Lomer is the only Lomer with the 21st in 1836.

Lt. William Lomer joined 21st on 19 Mar 1833.

Capt Lomer from 18 June 1834.

Owen Lomer had five children with his wife Eliza, born between 1829 and 1838;

in 1840 three were alive, ages 10, 8, and 2.

[Lola claimed in her autobiographical lectures that Lt. James ran off with the wife of a fellow officer, Capt. Lomer. There were two brothers named Lomer serving as officers in the 21 Native Infantry, but only Owen was a captain at that time. The fact that Capt. Lomer's wife had three small children at the time makes it seem unlikely she would abandon them to run off with Lt. James.

In addition, Lola in her lecture claimed they rode off together to the Neilghery Hills, which were more than a thousand miles distant in Madras. The records in the divorce action indicate that at the time Lola's marriage to Lt. James collapsed, he was serving as adjutant to the recruiting depot in Bareilly, and the other officers of the regiment were serving at Moradabad. James's service records in the BLIO indicate he took personal leave of three months on 5 August 1839, and the testimony in the divorce action from the captain of the Larkins indicates he accompanied Lola on board the Larkins at Calcutta and was very concerned for her comfort on the journey. The whole Lomer story appears to be a typical Lola Montez fabrication.]
South Park Burial Ground, Calcutta -- Inscription

In Memory of Maria E.K.Howard

Daughter of Robert and Maria Howard, who died

17th May 1840, aged 24 years.

And of her nephew James Perkins Sturgis,

son of Henry P. and Mary G. Sturgis,

who died 8th Sept 1840, aged 11 months.

In years they differed, in purity and innocence

they were alike.

"Of such is the kingdom of heaven."

[This Henry and Mary Sturgis may be the American couple on the Larkins who were

friends of Thornhill and were asked by him to look out for Mrs. James on the

trip back to England.]
Notes from a trip to India:

The Agra convent was founded in November 1842. Lola claimed in her memoirs of 1851 to have visited this convent in Agra and spoken to a French Mother Superior there in 1840, but the convent most definitely did not exist in any form at that time.

The foothills of the Himalayas can be seen from Karnal. Lots of the trees on the way to Simla are rhotedendrons. There are monkeys all over Simla, climbing in pine trees. The jungle used to come down to Karnal. Lord Auckland's place was on the the ridge north of the Mall and perpendicular to it with Himalayan views.

The Hindu temples all have long poles with little pennants.

Terraced hillsides on the way to Simla with candelabra-like cactus.

Precipitous, wooded hillsides around Simla. From Simla you can see a sea a ridges of the foothills fading away and finally disappearing into the haze of heat over the plains.

Karnal is greener than most of the surrounding area and had malarial swamps.

Dung is stored in conical piles. Beautiful bright green birds. Some roofs are flat as opposed to thatch. Groups of vultures squatting together. En route to Simla there are curious pine trees with a long, erect trunk and a round, full crown.

BLIO Cadet papers

George Lennox: son of Lord George Lennox; nominated by J.G.Ravenshaw; born 5 Jan 1821; May of 1836 Lord George Lennox writes from 41 Wilton Crescent, Belgrave Sq.; 3 Nov 36 Lord George writes from Boulogne sur Mer; 5 Jan 37 exchanges into the cavalry from the infantry with Sir John Hobhouse. George Lennox was ensign of rank 6 July 37 in 4th Madras Cavalry, Lt from 14 May 39, Aide de Camp to Governor General Lord Elphinstone, who arrived 4 Mar 37.

Madras Almanac for 1841; Madras, Asylum Press, 1841

Page 644

Oct 24 (1840) Larkins departs Madras for London

Passengers from Calcutta: Mesdames Sturges and 2 children, Bayne and child, James, Stevens, & Ingram; Messers Sturges & Steer, CS (civil service), Rev messers Ruspini and Bayne, Mr. Tucker, civil service, Captain Dorhill, Lieutenant Robertson, Mr. Murray, 6 steerage passengers, 2 servants

Passengers from Madras: Mrs. Col Drever and child, G. Lennox, 4th light cavalry, F.Trower, 45 NI, and Frend, and Captain Arckoll of the Belle Alliance
Bengal Hurkaru (Calcutta), 1 October 1840, page 2col3

Larkins departed for London via Madras on 29 September.

Gentlemen's Magazine

weather for London on 21 February 1841, the day Lola arrived in London with Lt. Lennox:

6 a.m. 45 degrees, noon 50 degrees, 11 p.m. 38 degrees; rain, cloudy.

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