Chronological documentation for the period through 1842 Copyright Bruce Seymour blio, Cadet Papers of Patrick Craigie

Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle 1 March 1841 page 4col4

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Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle 1 March 1841 page 4col4

Lt George Lennox, 4th Madras Cavalry, son of Lord George Lennox, landed here on the 20th instant, after an absence in India of nearly five years, and proceeded to Bognor.


PRO [Chancery Lane, not Kew] HO107/734/4/f9
8 Half Moon Street
Eva James older than 20, younger than 25 Independent Foreign born

Mary Plowright >20<25 Female Servant Born outside county

Sarah Wigham >25<30 Independent Born outside of county

Bridget Holmes >25<30 Independent Born outside of county

Margaret Holmes 7 Born in county

Thomas Holmes 5 Born in county

Mary Mansfield >20<25 Female Servant Born outside of county

Thomas Kirney 15 Male Servant Born in Ireland

William Harley 15 Male Servant Born in county

6 June 1841

[In the 1841 census, the first English census, persons were not asked their exact age but were merely asked to place themselves within five-year ranges.

Lola, who according to the testimony of her maid in the divorce action was at this time living at 8 Half Moon Street, appears here in the census as "Eva James." Whether Eva was a name she had adopted or the censustaker simply got it wrong cannot be known. Eva would certainly seem more romantic a name than Eliza. The note at Harvard which appears to date from this period is signed simply with an E. In any case, Lola gave her age as over 20 but less than 25, which would be true if she had indeed been born early in 1820, as I surmise. She listed herself as "Foreign born," although that was not true. She should have given herself as "Born outside of county" or "Born in Ireland," but she may have not realized that being born in Ireland was not considered foreign-born, or she may have been claiming India as the land of her birth at this point. And, of course, there is always the chance the censustaker got all this information from a third person and Lola had nothing to do with it.]

Times of London 5 April 42 page 5 col3

Representation of the Montrose Burghs: Mr David Wemyss Jobson, a dentist, has also announced himself as a candidate. His principles, as announced, soar to the very highest flight of liberalism.

Times of London 19 April 42 page 5 col.4

Jobson gets no votes

PRO [Chancery Lane, not Kew] IND1-9710, Trinity term, page 42

Record of filing of case of James v. Lennox in Queen's Bench, Middlesex by A. Watson on 7 June 1842.

Apparently no other records of the case have survived.
Morning Herald (London) 7 December 1842 page 7 cols 3&4 of 6th Dec

Before Lord Denham

James v. Lennox

The Solicitor General and Mr J.W. Smith appeared for the plaintiff, and Mr. Thesiger and Mr Ball for the defendant.

Mr J.W.Smith opened the pleadings. This was an action in the plaintiff complained that the defendant had criminal conversation with the plaintiff's wife. The first plea denied the charge; the other denied the marriage.

The Solicitor-General said that he had the honour to appear before the court as counsel for the plaintiff, who was an officer in the East India Company's service. He had been compelled to bring this action to recover damages for the loss of the affection and society of his wife. The marriage between the plaintiff and his wife took place in 1837. She was the daughter of a general officer, and was a lady of great personal attractions. The marriage took place in Ireland, and after some time she went with her husband to India, whither he proceeded to join his regiment, which was stationed there. She remained about two years in India, but about the close of 1840, in consequence of ill-health, and partly too in consequence of an injury she had received from a fall from a horse, it was found necessary that she should come to Europe. Her step-father and mother, who were at the time in India, arranged the passage. She was to come over in a ship commanded by Captain Ingram, whose wife was also coming in the same vessel. There was likewise as passengers, Mr & Mrs Curtis, acquaintances of the lady, and to their care she was specially confided. Unfortunately, the vessel touched at Madras, and ther the defendant, who was an officer in the East India Company's service, came on board, and an intimacy commenced which unhappily ended in this action for adultery. He did not open this case as of aggravated circumstances; for undoubtedly there had been no violated friendship and hospitality to add to the injury inflicted on the plaintiff. Neither friendship nor hospitality had existed between the plaintiff and the defendant, for they were strangers to each other; but they were brother officers. The defendant had been introduced to the plaintiff's wife as to the wife of a brother officer; and, as he had been guilty of this act of adultery with her, he must take the responsibility of his criminal conduct. Mr. Thesinger here interposed, and after a brief conversation with the Solicitor-General, said that he had had some communication with his learned friend, and he was induced to interpose at this stage of the inquiry, for the sake of saving the time of the court. He appeared for the defendant. Inquiries of this description were generally of a disagreeable and sometimes very painful kind, and he was desirous, so far as he was able, to do justice, and yet to prevent an investigation, which, though it must be painful to all, must otherwise take place. He felt that he could offer no valid defense to this action. The plaintiff was clearly entitled to recover, and he felt that it was not inconsistent with his duty to consent to the plaintiff taking a verdict for a certain amount. He had proposed an amount to his learned friend which he believe was satisfactory to him, and if that was so, this painful case might terminate without further delay. He had proposed the sum of L100, which his learned friend thought to be fair and just between these parties. The Solicitor-General did not object to his learned friend's proposition. A verdict for the plaintiff, damages 100L, was accordingly taken.
The Times (London) 16 Dec 1842 page 6col3

James V. James

This was a suit for divorce, by reason of adultery, by Captain T. James against Rosanna, his wife. No appearance was given by the wife, against whom the proceedings were in parman. The libel pleaded that Captain James and his wife shortly after their marriage proceeded to India; that Mrs James, on account of her health, returned to England in the early part of this year; that on her passage in the Larkins she became acquainted with a Mr. Lennox, with whom she cohabited at the Imperial Hotel, Covent Garden, and in lodgings at St. James.

After hearing Dr. Addams for the husband, Dr Lushington said he was quite satisfied with the proof, and pronounced the divorce.

FILE OF JAMES V. JAMES, an action in the Consistory Court

[Following the penciled item numbering on documents] in the Greater London Record Office, Accession 73.77 [this accession number includes a great many documents, and one must ask for this specific file. Eventually the archivist hopes to individually catalog all items under this accession number.]

Item 1

Cover sheet, 4ยบ, folded lenghtwise, stating

Consistory (then in red) 14-13

James against James

Divorce Adultery

Citation returned 25 April 1842

Sentence signed 15th December 1842

Box 13 No.3

Item 2


One fold sheet in clerk's hand and lawyer's language refers to Mrs James as "Eliza Rose Anne (otherwise Eliza Rosanna otherwise Eliza)"

indicates Mrs James failed to appear

grants divorce or separation from Bed Board and mutual Cohabitation

indicates bond given on James' behalf that he will not remarry in lifetime of Mrs James

"that neither of them in the life time of the other shall in any way attempt or presume to contract another marriage"

signed "S. (Stephen) Lushington

J. Addams (?)

J. Haggard

note indicating given Thursday, 15 Dec 42, Byeday after Michaelmas Term in Common Hall of the Doctors Commons, situate in the Parish of St. Benedict near Paul's Wharf, London, signed Jnd Shepard
Item 3


1st Sess Trin. Term 31 May 1842

contains as Exhibit 1 the followingCopy from Registry of the Parishof Rathbeggan Diocese of Meath

On the 23rd of July 1837 seven Thos. James Lieut. in the 21st Regt. of the Honl. East India Company's service to Eliza Rosana Gilbert Spinster by

John James Vicar

Witnesses present T.James Lt

James J. Young 21st Regt. BNI

A. James E.R.Gilbert
I certify that the above is a true copy from the Registry Book of the Parish of Rathbeggan.

John James Vicar

of Rathbeggan

(all in hand of John James)

[This transcription of the parish register entry of Lola's first marriage is particularly valuable because the original register appears to have been destroyed in the storming of the Four Courts Building in Dublin in 1920.]
PLEADING [I have summarized most of the pleading of the complaint.]

On the first Session of Trinity Term to wit Tuesday the thirty-first day of May

One thousand eight hundred and forty two.
In the name of God Amen
First (alleges marriage in Rathbeggan)
Second (alleges true copy of the register)
Third (alleges consumation and living together until Oct 1840; alleges cohabitation in Rathbeggan, in Wexford (omitting father's first name and name of place) and at the houses of father and brother of Craigie at Edinburgh and other places in Scotland and England until autumn of 1838 when they went to India, alleging holding out as man and wife and regarded as such)
Fourth (arrived at Calcutta towards the end of 1838 and early in 1839 removed to Bareilly, about 150 miles from Calcutta where TJ was adjutant of the recruit depot there. They lived primarily there until Oct 1840 when partly from "the state of health at the time requiring a change of climate and partly from unhappy differences having then arisen between her and her said husband that the aforesaid arrangement (that Mrs James should return to England) was sanctioned and approved by Major Craigie and his wife (name blank) Craigie...who were then in Calcutta. TJ made suitable provisions for the separate maintenance of Mrs James before she left and it was arranged that immediately on arrival in England Mrs James would place herself under the protection of Craigie's family in Scotland and that friends of the family in England were written to receive her and undertake arrangements to get her to Scotland there to take up residence.
Fifth (Mrs James left Calcutta in ship Larkins on 3 Oct 40. TJ went along half way down the Ganges and then finally left and returned to Bareilly where he remains. Mrs James committed to protections of Mrs Larkins (Ingram), Capt Larkins (Ingram), and of Mr & Mrs Sturgis of the United States, friends of TJ's sister, Mrs. Thornhill of Calcutta.
Sixth (at Madras, on came George Lennox of the 4th Regt of Madras Lt Cavalry; they soon became improperly intimate and after no long time formed a criminal and adulterous connexion with each other... "from very shortly after the departure of the said Ship from Madras...GL was known to be shut up alone with Mrs James in her Cabin in which was the Couch that she slept upon at Night tho' used as a Sofa in the Day where (as also elsewhere in the said Ship) great and indecent familiarities passed and in many instances were seen to pass between them. Mrs James went not infrequently to GL's cabin after breakfast and remained there alone with him, sometimes until nearly dinner time. They were seen kissing. GL was seen lacing Mrs James's stays. Mrs James was seen putting on her stockings with GL present in her cabin. Ingrams and Sturgises remonstrated; she replied "cooly" that she was her own mistress and not accountable to them; Mrs. I and Mrs. S stopped associating with her; alleges adultery on the ship "had the use and knowledge of each others Bodies on board said Ship Larkins...."
Seventh (landed 20 Feb 1841. Mrs James and GL took rooms at the Star and Garter in Portsmouth with common sitting room; bill was made out to and paid by GL.
Eighth (Sunday, 21 Feb 41. They went to London, arrived in evening and took a sitting room with a single bedroom and single bed at Imperial Hotel, Covent Garden. They spent the evening in the sitting room and then "retired on the night of said twenty-first of February to the said Bedroom in the same and there lay naked and alone in one and the same bed there being but one bed in the said Bed Room and there had the Carnal use and knowledge of each others Bodies and committed Adultery together."
Ninth (GL left hotel the next day for Chicester. Mrs James told the mistress of the hotel he would be back on the following Thursday, but the Master and Mistress of the Hotel, for several reasons, among them the different names on the luggage, told her she must leave and moved to a lodging in Great Rider Street, St James, in the evening of Tuesday, 23 Feb. At that lodging she told the Master and Mistress her name was James and her husband was in India.
Tenth (Mrs James stayed in Great Rider Street several weeks. After the first day or two she was visited almost daily by GL who paid the rent and expenses. Mrs. Col Watson, TJ's sister, and several friends all urged her to go to Mrs. Rae in Scotland.
Eleventh (Mrs James was the one who slept with Lennox)Twelfth (It wasn't TJ who slept with Mrs James)
Thirteenth (ditto for hotels)Fourteenth (pleads jurisdiction of court)Fifteenth (pleads proper service)
Sixteenth (pleads public and notorious and for relief)signed J. Addams
J. Haggard
Item 4


Philip Champion Toker Notary Public one of the Procurators of the Arches Court of Canterbury ("insert date" written in pencil at end) dated 13 Sept 41 but no place indicated

Witnesses T.James Lut

J.Rosehoup 21st Regt NI (Seal)

Hugh Boyd, Captain

Item 5


John James and Sarah Watson of No. 4 Saint Germain Place, Blackheath, Kent, widow, pledge to pay L100 to Lushington 14 Dec 42 That Thomas James "shall not at any time thereafter (after decree) intermarry with any other Person during the life of said wife.
Item 6

Proof of Service (returned 25 April 42)

dated writ (with episcopal seal) 14 March 42

(went to Almond Cottage, Hornsey Road, St. Mary Islington; talked to Thomas Shaw, who said he was taking care of house; said Mrs James had left some time before, for London, he thought, and he'd helped taking out the servants' boxes. Left copy with Shaw and told him to get it to her. Later told him to post it to her c/o Mrs. Rae at 15 Nelson Street, Edinburgh, North Britain, and he said he would. 16 March 42

/s/ Richard Gardner, 10 Crown Court, Bow Street, Covent Garden

Thomas Innes certifies that he displayed the original with seal and left copy with Mrs James at house of Mrs. William Rae, 15 Nelson Street on 18 March 42.

Item 17

Letter from Willet Poynter & Dagneler(?)

to Jno. Shephard, Esq, Deputy Registrar of the Consistory Court

Doctors Commons

31 July 1849
Dear Sir:

We are instructed by Mess. (John) Coverdale & Co (Lee & Purvis) of Bedford Row (Bloomsbury) to apply to you for an immediate inspection and copy of certain proceedings related to the Divorce pronounced in 1842 between Thomas James, Esq. and Eliza Rose Anna James, his Wife, formerly Gilbert Spinster. The object required by ourselves is to proceed against Mrs. James for Bigamy for which purpose the instructions must be had to day, as the party to be proceeded against will leave England tomorrow Wednesday, and consequently there is no time to be lost in perrusing(?) the evidence and papers in the cause, which is the only means our clients have in order to put themselves in possession of the circumstances of the case.

We shall feel obliged therefore by your furnishing us with a copy of the libel and depositions, and in order to save time, direct that we and our Clients may have an immediate inspection of the originals.

Should there be any difficulty in the matters, the Case is so urgent and of such a public character, that our clients inform us, that they will be compelled however unwillingly to make an immediate application to the parties who have power to grant what they require.--

We beg to inform you that the Cause as against Mrs. James was in (?) and Mr. Toker the Proctor acting on behalf of Mr. James is now absent, consequently his consent to the request of our clients cannot be obtained.

Our clients assure us that time is exceedingly pressing, and that the least delay will prevent the due course of justice.

We remain Dear Sir

Your obediant servants

(On back) The copies within applied for were supplied to Messers Willett and Co

the Proctors on 31 July 1849 by direction of the Dty Registrar on his perusing of this letter. WLH (William L. Harvey, Record Keeper)

Item 8

Deposition of John James

John James says his brother left England about September 1838 and is still there and a few days ago he got a note from him from Nusserbad dated 22 Oct.

14 Decemeber (no year)

Item 9

Affidavit of Charlotte Hadden

(She is currently a cook, spinster, working at 71 Great Litchfield St, St. Marylebone for Dr. Devonald, Surgeon. On 16 June 1841 she became Lady's Maid to Mrs James at #8 Half Moon Street, Piccadily; 5 weeks later Mrs James went to #13 Duke Street, Manchester Square; a week later to Chapel Place, Vere Street; about a week later to #13 Great Castle Street, Oxford Market; a month or five weeks after (about 23 Aug 41) to Almond Cottage, Hornsey Road. There until the end of Oct when she went first to Leeds, then to Edinburgh; CH stayed at Cottage until the end of Nov 41 when Mrs James's notice to quit expired; CH got two letters from Mrs James while she was at the cottage and another in Feb 42 from Edinburgh signed "ERA James;" CH says Mrs James told her often she was the wife of "Capt" James and in the East India Company's service. 10 May 42
Item 10

(Note) 9 July 42

Richard Walters & Eliz Walters

Man and wife as witnesses

Item 11


Michaelmas Term 4th Session

Mrs James three times called, not appearing

Judge assigned cause for information and sentence Toker
Item 12/1
(Note) 29 Nov 42

cause to be concluded next Court

Item 12/2

Eliza Rose Anna James

(wife of Thomas James, Esq.)

(done in ornamental hand as for a label or placecard)

Item 12/3


12 oclock Dr. (John) Nicholls in Court

Mr. Nicholson for Js

Robert McMullin Esq

produced as witness

Item 13


Judge assigned all facts to be propounded next court

2 Sept 17 Nov 42

Item 14


Michaelmas term 1st Session

Nov 10, 1842

three times not appearing judge directs publication
Item 15


Witnesses produced

Charles Ingram, Esq.

Ann Eastmond Ingram, wife of said Ingram


Caroline Marden, Spinster
Item 16

April 22, 1842

Toker exhibited Proxy and the Hand and Seal of his Party and returned citation
Item 17


Consistory of London Bye Day 15 Dec 1842

James agt James

Toker ERAJ lush D
Item 18 Depostions [all of these depositions are not actual signed depostions, but appear to be detailed but unsigned summaries of the testimony given by the witnesses in open court.]

Item 18/1

John James 21 Oct 42

age 48; ten years at Rathbeggan; Eliza Rosanna ; 23 July 37 married them; had known Mrs James only a few days previously

there was a report they had been clandestinely married before, but he has no knowledge

by license from the Consistory Court of Meath

his wife and nephew Mr. Young were witnesses

Book of Common Prayer Service

as well as he can recollect, immediately after the marriage, the couple went ten Irish miles to Dublin. In the following year he frequently visited them in lodgings in Westmoreland Street and dined with them there, as well as previously at my father's house at Ballycrystal in Wexford, as well as at the house of mutual friends in Wexford and in Dublin; they left for India in the fall of 1838; they were residing just prior to their departure in Westmoreland Street. He has received a letter from his brother dated about three months ago. 24 Oct 42
Item 18/2

Browne Roberts of 23 Dorset Square, St. Marylebone, 59 years old

BR was in service of the East India Co, stayed on after retirement. Maybe 13 or 14 years ago Col Watson introduced him to Thomas James. BR returned from India in 1835. Two or three years later he accidentlys met James in Dublin with a lady he introduced as his wife. He said he was recently married, was most happy to have met BR as he stood in need of a means to enable him to proceed with his wife to India and enlisted BR's assistance. This occured in August 1838. I took them into a shop where I purchased some fruit for them. In a few days after I called on them in Westmoreland Street and lent him money on my opinion of him and of members of his family. Thomas James told me Mrs James was Craigie's step-daughter and he hoped Craigie could help him get a good

appointment so he could repay the loan. During the following three or four months I corresponded with James [but TJ departed Liverpool 18 Sept] and letter came from Scotland and England, a tour, and then they left for India.

In February 1841 on the evening of the 22nd, Major McMullin called on me at my home in Dorsett Square. McMullin was an old friend of Craigie's. He was expecting Mrs James and he and his wife were going to offer her hospitality, but Mrs James had written a note saying she would take lodgings for herself.

Various reports about Mrs James had reached McMullin, and he had found she was at the Imperial Hotel in Covent Garden. He had called but was unable to see her.

He asked me to call on her. I went to the Imperial Hotel and talked to the landlady, Mrs. Elizabeth Walters. She said Mrs James would not see me. I told her to take my card up to her and to say I insisted. After some little delay I was shown upstairs and found Mrs James at breakfast alone. I told Mrs James of reports I had heard and entreated her to put herself under protection of friends of her step-father or husband. She refused. She said that her mind was made up. I never saw her again. That was on 28 Feb 41 [23?]. I saw no man at the hotel

22 Oct 42

Item 18/3

Deposition of Elizabeth Walters, wife of Richard Walters of the Imperial Hotel, (1 Tavistock Row) Covent Garden, age 36

I and my husband have had the hotel upwards of five years. I have referred to the hotel books for my testimony. Sunday, February 21, 1841, a Gentleman and a Lady arrived in the evening in a hackney coach with a good deal of luggage. Some portmanteaux said "Mr. G. Lennox" and others said "Mrs.James." I asked the lady if one or two bedrooms were required and the man replied "We want only one bedroom." I gave them a sitting room with a single adjoining bedroom. They dined in the sitting room. I believe they spent the night in the only bed in the room. I did not see them undressed or in bed. They breakfasted in the sitting room and were charged for one bed only.

On Monday, February 22, the gentleman left after breakfast and told the porter to bring his luggage to the Golden Cross. Mrs James went out for a walk, and Major McMullin called and left an invitation for Mrs James to dine with them at their house. I gave Mrs James the message and she said she wouldn't go. Mrs James said, "Mr.Lennox is gone to see his parents at Bogner," and said that they had just come from India on the Larkins. Wh;en I gave Mrs James the message from Mr. McMullin, she said, "He's a friend of my husband." Before I gave her Mr.McMullin's message, I asked her if her name was James; she hesitated, then said yes. When I pointed out that the other luggage said Lennox, she said she was going to marry him.

On Tuesday, February 23, Mr. Browne Roberts called. Mrs James told me I ought to have "denied her to him" and refused to see him. But when I said I had told him she was in, she let him come up, and he stayed a considerable time. On the same afternoon Mrs James left the hotel and told the driver to take her to Great Rider Street.

A few days later Mrs. Col. Watson called trying to find Mrs James. I had heard her say #7 Great Rider Street to the porter. I told Mrs. Col. Watson that. She asked me to go to make sure of the address but not to tell Mrs James that she would call. I went, was shown up to a drawing room on the first floor where Mrs James sat alone. The door to the adjoining bedroom was open, and she said she expected Lennox any minute.

Item 18/4

Deposition of Richard Walters, Vintner, age 32

Both the man and woman said they needed only one bedroom. They had tea and cutlets in the sitting room and breakfasted together there the following morning. The gentleman paid the full bill up to his departure. On Monday I noticed the remaining baggage said "Mrs.James." Mrs James said she was going out to look for lodgings and took a cab. As Mr. McMullin was asking after her, she came up in a cab, and I pointed her out to him. Mr. McMullin went up to the cab and called her Mrs. James. She afterwards told me and my wife that she was Mrs. James but would soon marry Lennox. Mr. McMullin called again once or twice without seeing Mrs James and made many inquiries. Mrs James said she had come with Lennox on the Larkins and was about to divorce her husband in India. Two or three days later I took a note from Mr. McMullin or from Mr Browne Roberts to Great Rider Street and was shown into a drawing room where Mrs James was with Lennox. She was dressed to go out and said they were going to the theater. It was evening.
Item 18/5

Deposition of Anne Martin, wife of Joseph Vincent Martin

19 Bentinck St, Manchester Square age 29
Six years prior to last January, my husband and I let furnished rooms at 7 Great Rider Street. Mrs James hired a first floor drawing room with connecting bedroom together with a bedroom for a page or footboy. That was round the first of March 1841, and she stayed about a month. The day after she moved in, she told the maid not to admit anyone but Captain Lennox. Next day Lennox

caled and then came daily for about a week. He frequently came as early as nine and stayed to dine but did not remain after midnight. Lennox was gone for a few days, out of town, and then he renewed his visits until Mrs James moved out. Lennox paid the rent at the end of the first week; at the end of the second week Mrs James paid with a check signed by Lennox. It was signed George William Lennox, I think, and drawn on the East India Agency Office. Mrs James paid the remaining rent in cash.

Mr. Walter came around the day after Mrs James moved in. He was told she had gone to the theater and asked if anyone had gone with her. Walter returned the next morning, as early as nine, and personally gave Mrs James a note.

About an hour later Mrs. Walter came around, then around noon Mrs. Col. Watson arrived. Mrs James had gone out alone, but Mrs. Col. Watson assured us she was the sister of Mrs James's husband and that she must see her. We allowed her to wait in Mrs James's drawing room. Mrs James returned about 1 p.m. Mrs. Col. Watson later returned with Mrs. Rae and saw Mrs James. Mrs Rae remained about two days in Mrs James's lodging and on one occasion Lennox called during Mrs. Rae's visit.

Item 18/6

Deposition of Sarah Watson, No 4 St. Germain Terrace, Blackheath, Kent

Widow, age 44
I am the widow of Col. Watson of the 53rd Native Infantry. I came back from India in 1834. I saw my brother at Ballycrystal before I heard of his marriage, and in the autumn of 1837 I met Mrs James at Ballycrystal. They stayed there several weeks, and I was there most of the time. Our brother John was there, too. It was a large family party. Thomas called her Eliza. About two or three months prior to February 1841 I received a letter from my brother in Calcutta saying Mrs James had fallen from a horse, and her health generally necessitated her return to Europe. He said he had written to Mrs. Rae to come to London to take charge of Mrs James on her arrival, and he asked me to show her every attention. Mrs. Rae came and stayed with me awaiting Mrs James's arrival

I had commissioned the East India Agency House to inform me of the arrival of the Larkins. I received notice in late February of its arrival and also a note from Mr. Browne Roberts, an old brother officer of my late husband, saying that Mrs James was at the Imperial Hotel and had fallen into bad hands. I came to town, talked to Browne Roberts about his interview with Mrs James and also talked to Capt. Ingram and his wife. I wanted to dissuade Mrs James from the connection she had found. I went to the Imperial Hotel and asked Mrs. Walter to make sure that Lennox was not at Great Rider Street because I didn't want to meet him. When Mrs. Walter told me Mrs James was alone, I went to the boarding house.

I was allowed to wait in the drawing room. Mrs James was surprised to see me. I told her what I knew of the night at the Imperial Hotel with George Lennox and of what I knew of what had passed on the ship. I pointed out to her the inevitable ruin that awaited her persisting in such a course, and I told her to put herself under Mrs. Rae's protection. My entreaties were ineffectual, for she most positively declared, affirming with an oath, she never would go to any friend of Major Craigie. I went back a few days later with Mrs. Rae. I said I would receive Mrs James until she was ready to proceed to Scotland with Mrs. Rae. Mrs. Rae remained with Mrs James to attempt to work on her feelings.
Item 18/7

25 Oct 42

Deposition of Anne Eastmond Ingram

Blackheath, Kent age 36

Craigie and James both brought Mrs James to the ship. James had been aboard several times to make arrangements for his wife's passage. James remained until the ship was down the Ganges a ways, then went to shore.

At first it was proposed Mrs James should be under the joint protection of Mr Ingram and me, but later when it was discovered the Sturgises, who were connected by marriage to James's family (Mrs. Thornhill of Calcutta), they were put in charge. Thomas James expressed to me and to my husband a hope we would show Mrs James such attention as might be in our power. He appeared to be particularly concerned his wife should receive every protection and attention. Within a few days of Lennox' arrival I observed Mrs James's conduct towards him ws unguarded and flighty. Her general behavior was that which is commonly called flirting. The intimacy between them soon allowed him to visit her in her cabin. I saw her go into his cabin, and vice versa. It was improper, but

she wasn't under our care. The cabin of George Lennox had a window facing the deck from which I have repeatedly seen him and Mrs James sitting on the sofa, his arm being around her waist. I knew my husband more than once remonstrated with Mrs James on the subject of her having visitors at late hours in her cabin with many lights there; and I have heard her reply that she was her own mistress; my husband's remonstrances had more immediate reference to the danger to be apprehended from carelessness of the lights in the Cabin. I found it necessary in consequence of what I considered misconduct in Mrs James to discontinue associating with her and to exclude her from invitations in my cabin.
27 Oct 42
Item 18/8

Deposition of Charles Ingram, No. 4 Blackheath Terrace, Kent

Master Mariner age 42

Mr. Thornhill, Thomas James' brother-in-law living in Calcutta, knew the Sturgises well, so they took over the assignment of looking after Mrs James.

James came together with Mr. Thornhill to the boat to see Mrs James's cabin. On the day of the sailing Mrs James was there with Craigie and Thomas James arranging her cabin. Mr. James went down with the ship as far as Ft. Gloucester(?), where he left, having, as I understood, to attend the Governor General. Mr. James was indefatigable in his endeavors to provide for the comfort of his wife during the voyage and so expressed himself.

I soon noticed the intimacy between between Mrs James and Lennox. She was in the habit of remaining on the poop after the hour of the ladies' retiring below to their cabins; she used to address Lennox as "dear Lennox." She received him alone in her cabin. There was a sofa there, and she used to receive him at unreasonable hours. They were there alone together while the rest of the passengers were on deck attending divine service. She often went to his cabin, excusing herself by saying it was cooler than her own. I have seen him with his arm around her waist while they were sitting far aft on the poop late at night. I have more than once spoken to her about visitors (meaning George Lennox) and lights after lights ought to be out. She answered in a very cool manner that she should do as she liked and would not be under the control of anybody.

She wasn't under my care, but if I had seen any flagrant act which required my interference I should have prevented its recurrence. I saw no more than violent flirting with Lennox, which in a married woman I consider very improper conduct. Mrs James was excluded very nearly if not quite the last three months from our cabin. I saw Mrs James speaking violently to Mrs. Sturgis as if impatient with remonstrances.

In my many years of service with the East India Company I have never seen more improper conduct in a married woman. At landing, I saw Mrs James and George Lennox walking arm in arm to the baggage warehouse in Portsmouth.

27 Oct 42
Item 18/9

Depostion of Caroline Marden, Servant to Ingram, spinster, age 21

Intimacy developed fast. Lennox went to Mrs James mostly when she was alone. I could see into Mrs James's cabin when the door was open. It had no window, the only outside light came from a scuttle on the side of the ship. But rolling of the ship sometimes opened the door, and I have seen them together with Mrs James only in her stays and petticoats. More than once I have seen Lennox lacing up Mrs James's stays. I have also seen Mrs James putting on her stockings before Lennox alone in her cabin. They often sat close together on the sofa and I have seen him kiss her. I told Mrs. Ingram that George Lennox was in the habit of going to Mrs James's cabin shortly after breakfast and staying until tiffin time. When the venetian blind in Lennox's cabin was open, you could see what went on there. There was a general feeling on the ship that they were too familiar.
Item 18/10

Deposition of Robert McMullin 12 Dorset Square, St. Marylebone

Major in the East India Co., age 51

Craigie is now a Lt.Col. in India [sic].

In December 1840 I received a letter from Patrick Craigie of 12 October telling me Mrs James was on the Larkins. He had written me by the Larkins to make arrangements to retain Mrs James until her baggage came and she could be booked on a Leith steamer to his brother, Dr. Thomas Craigie, at Leith. On Sunday, 21 February 1841 the porter of the Oriental Club, Hanover Square, handed me a letter by private hand, singed by Henry Sturgis, dated on the ship Larkins off Plymouth, February 19, 1841, enclosing a letter from Craigie.

On Monday, February 22, I ascertained from a shipping agent in the City that Mrs James had landed at Portsmouth and come to London to the Imperial Hotel. I called on Mrs James the same day to offer my house and every service prior to her proceeding to Scotland. She was out. I left a note saying I would be happy to have her at my house until her departure for Scotland. I meant to go back, but I had an engagement and my wife went instead, but Mrs James was not there. My wife left a note. The same evening a note addressed to her from Mrs James arrived by post signed E.James. Mrs James excused herself from accepting my invitation, saying she had taken lodgings.

On the 23rd of February I called again and waited until she came up in a carriage. I tried to talk her into coming to stay, but she wouldn't. I went with Mrs. Rae to see Mrs James some time in March in Great Rider Street, but Mrs James refused to come. I went again with Mrs. Rae, but Mrs James again refused Mrs. Rae's appeal to go to Scotland.

Exhibit A to 18/10

Postal stamps: Calcutta, Steam Letter, 40 Oct 13, paid 14 & Ex 13 Dec 13 40

Address: By Steam via ??????, Major Robert McMullin, Col of the Bengal Army, at

the Oriental Club House, Hanover Square, London in corner PatCraigie

on back Upon Havisides & Co. and the ship agents in whose hands the

Larkins is usually placed

Calcutta 12 October 1840

My dear McMullin

I write to you a few lines by the ship Larkins on which Mrs. Craigie's daughter Mrs. James is a passenger entreating you if in town to make arrangements for taking her out of the ship, for entertaining her with you for a few days till her baggage is landed & for clearing her safely on board a Leith steamer: She is consequence (?) to my Brother Dr. Thomas Craigie of Leith - by kindly taking this trouble for us you will lay both Mrs. Craigie & myself under the deepest obligation to you -- I will ascertain the name of the Agents of the "Larkins" in London & will insert it in this letter in order that you may have the earliest notification of the ship's arrival on the Coast. Mrs. James has been for some time poorly & she has never recovered the effects of an injury in the back which she met with by a fall from her horse at Meerut -- a short residence in Scotland with the sea voyage will not, I doubt not, fail to perk (?) her up -- I have been making inquiries after your boy Robert from his Commaning Officer & the following is an extract of the last letter I have seen about him. It is dated the 27 Sept -- "Of McMullin I am happy to be able to give you a very favorable report, he is a smart & attentive officer and will get on well in his profession I have no doubt: he is at present down at Chau...(?) where he likes to remain on duty as they have quarters free there, he does not go out in society being if anything too fond of staying at home."

This is all very favorable & it will afford me very great pleasure to have it in my power to give him a lift for I cannot express to you how thankful I feel to Mrs. McMulli;n and yourself for your great kindness to my poor wife when she was in England -- Robert is now Senior Ensign in his Regiment & I have no doubt he will soon find himself a full Lieutenant -- The newspapers will have informed you that nothing is now talked of in India but War: however I see little probability of our being able to get up a fight in any direction - you will have observed that Deunie(?) of the 13 L.I. with 250 of the 35 Reg & as many of the Shady Goorkhas thrashed Dort Mohammed with 5,000 bosbigs(?) at his back. This is very well for Black Troops unaided by a single European soldier.-

-Pray present our kindest regards to Mrs. McMullin & believe me

Most sinyyours,


Old Lindor(?) tells me that he expects soon to hear of your son Alexander having obtained an appointment. My wife bids me say pray consign him to our care & she will see him comfortably established.

Exhibit B to 18/10

Addressed: Major Robert McMullin, of the Bengal Army, Oriental Club, Hanover Square, London PatCraigie sealed with red wax and seal with arabic characters

28 Sep 1840

My dear McMullin

I have requested the Captian of the Larkins to send this letter to you by the first communication which the ship may have with the shore after making England in order that you may have it in your power to comply with the solicitaion about to be conveyed to you by the next overland packet to receive Mrs. Craigie's daughter, Mrs James, on her arrival in London to take passage for her to Leith on one of the first steamers, to see her yourself on board and to write thru beams(?) to my brother, Dr. Thomas Craigie of Leith intimating the period of her probable arrival at that place in order that he may make arrangements for her reception. -- Of course, I have only solicited you to take the trouble under the impression that you are residing with your family in Town. Should this not be the case, I trust to the chaplain of the ship to do the needful.

We are very anxious that Mrs James should not be delivered for any time in London but that she should proceed at once to Scotland.

My agents "Messrs Scott Bell & Co" Aldersmans Walk, Broad Street Building will get her heavy Baggage passed thro the Custom house & forward it to my Brothers care at Leith.

I will not add more to this letter as it is my intention to address you by the first overland which you will receive long ere the Larkins reaches her destination but I will pray you to believe me with our ....(?) kindest regards to both Mrs McMullin & yourself

Most sincerely(?) yours,


[The reference to Craigie's London agents as Messrs. Scott Bell & Co is critical in authenticating the letter from Eliza Craigie, Lola's mother, to Dr. Cooper, Lola's doctor in her last illness, which is transcribed in the very strange pamphlet "A Hundred Years of Rip and Roarin' Rough and Ready" by Andy Rogers, see Volume 37, Tab-G. This pamphlet, which appears to be written by someone who is barely literate and certainly without any common sense in questions of history, contains on page 78 the transcription of a letter Rogers says he obtained from the son of Dr. Cooper. An entry in the visitors' book for the Lola Montez House in Grass Valley, now in the Bancroft collections, indicates that a son of Dr. Cooper did visit Grass Valley in the late 1940's, and it was probably then Rogers met him and subsequently got a photocopy of this letter from Mrs. Craigie to Dr. Cooper. Given the dubious nature of most of what is included in Rogers's pamphlet, the letter might also be open to question. As Rogers transcribed it, Mrs. Criagie wrote, "My direction is Mrs. Craigie, care of Mrs. Scott Bell, London, England," which, if correct, would seem to indicate the letter is a fraud, since in 1860 a letter could hardly be addressed simply care of an individual in London, a city of a million. But Rogers transcribed the letter wrong. What Mrs. Craigie must have written was "care of Messrs. Scott Bell & Co, London, England." She was still using her dead husband's forwarding company to receive her mail, and the post office, although it would not be likely to recognize the name of a single individual in the metropolis, could certainly deliver mail to a well-known forwarding company without the street address. Rogers and his wife were both killed in a car accident in the early 1960's, and there is no trace of his copy of the letter.]

Note from other sources:

Consistory Court sits at 10 precisely; has no fixed days; five days each term, except for four at the Easter term and additional between term days

Edinburgh Evening Courant Page 3 col.5
20 August 1849: ...There is no doubt, that, although not a Scot by birth, she was educated at Montrose; but we must leave it to others to determine both how far the rose in the fourth quarter (of her arms) is intended to commemerate her early connection with that thriving seaport of Angus (which has for its armorial ensign three roses, with the legend "Mare ditat, rosa decorat").........(is the lion for Scotland??) She was born in India of Irish parents, Captain Gilbert in the Company's service....Miss Gilbert was sent to Scotland to be educated under the eye of some of her step-father's relatives in Montrose. Here she showed an uncontrollable love of fun and mischief; and one of her girlish exploits in sticking flowers into the wig of an old gentleman who sat before her in church, is still freshly remembered. From Montrose she was sent to a boarding school in England. Meanwhile her mother returned from India, having for her fellow passengeer a young countryman, Lt James, with whom she proposed to visit Ireland. Miss Gilbert was summoned to Liverpool to meet her mother, whom it was intended she should accompany on the Irish tour; but when the party was on the eve of departure, one morning Lt James and Miss Gilbert were missing, and soon afterwards they presented themselves to Mrs. Craigie as having been clandestinely married. The nuptuals were subsequently formally celebrated in Ireland, and the pair proceeded to India.......It is less genereally known that after the affair with Captain Lennox, Mrs James came down to Edinburgh, where she resided for some time with a relative of her step-father in Nelson Street. During her sojourn here, she was an unsuccessful petitioner to Mr. Murray for leave to try her fortune as a performer on the boards of the Edinburgh theatre.....

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