Exam 1 Review Session #3

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Exam 1 Review Session #3

  1. In the earliest days, psychology was defined as

    1. Science of mental life

    2. Study of conscious and unconscious activity

    3. Science of observable behavior

    4. Science of behavior and mental processes

  1. Today, psychology is defined as

    1. Science of mental phenomena

    2. Study of conscious and unconscious activity

    3. Science of behavior

    4. Science of behavior and mental processes

  1. Which of the following is NOT one of the basic tastes?

    1. Sweet

    2. Salty

    3. Umani

    4. Bland

  1. To determine the effects of a new drug on memory, one group of people is given a pill that contains the drug. A second group is given a sugar pill that does not contain the drug. This second group is constitutes the

    1. Random sample

    2. Experimental group

    3. Control group

    4. Test group

  1. As we move, viewed objects cast changing shapes on our retinas, although we do not perceive the objects as changing. This is part of the phenomenon of

    1. Perceptual constancy

    2. Relative motion

    3. Linear perspective

    4. Continuity

  1. Of the four distinct skin senses, the only one that has definable receptors is

    1. Warmth

    2. Cold

    3. Pressure

    4. Pain

  1. The brain research technique that involves monitoring the brain’s usage of glucose is called (in abbreviation form) the

    1. PET scan

    2. fMRI

    3. EEG

    4. MRI

  1. Who wrote the early textbook Principles of Psychology?

    1. Wilhelm Wundt

    2. Ivan Pavlov

    3. Jean Piaget

    4. William James

  1. Moruzzi and Magoun caused a cat to lapse into a coma by severing neural connections between the cortex and the

    1. Reticular formation

    2. Hypothalamus

    3. Thalamus

    4. Cerebellum

  1. The brain breaks vision into separate dimensions such as color, depth, movement, and form, and works on each aspect simultaneously. This is called

    1. Feature detection

    2. Parallel processing

    3. Accommodation

    4. Opponent processing

  1. Which of the following exemplifies the issue of the relative importance of nature and nurture to our behavior?

    1. The issue of the relative influence of biology and experience on behavior

    2. The issue of the relative influence of rewards and punishments on behavior

    3. The debate as to the relative importance of heredity and instinct in determining behavior

    4. The debate as to whether mental processes are a legitimate area of scientific study

  1. The principle that one sense may influence another is

    1. Transduction

    2. Gate-control theory

    3. Kinesthesis

    4. Sensory interaction

  1. Psychologists who study, assess, and treat troubled people are called

    1. Basic researchers

    2. Applied psychologists

    3. Clinical psychologists

    4. Psychiatrists

  1. Which of the following BEST describes the hindsight bias?

    1. Events seems more predictable before they have occurred

    2. Events seem more predictable after they have occurred

    3. A person’s intuition is usually correct

    4. A person’s intuition is usually not correct

  1. Heartbeat, digestion, and other self-regulating bodily functions are governed by the

    1. Voluntary nervous system

    2. Autonomic nervous system

    3. Sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system

    4. Somatic nervous system

  1. Dr. Hernandez is studying neurotransmitter abnormalities in depressed patients. She would most likely be working from a _______________ perspective.

    1. Personality

    2. Phrenology

    3. Psychoanalysis

    4. Biological

  1. The Young-Helmholtz theory proposes that

    1. There are three different types of color-sensitive cones

    2. Retinal cells are excited by one color and inhibited by its complementary color

    3. There are four different types of cones

    4. Rod, not cone, vision accounts for our ability to detect fine visual detail

  1. The myelin sheath that is on some neurons

    1. Increases the speed of neural transmission

    2. Slows neural transmission

    3. Regulates the releases of neurotransmitters

    4. Prevents positive ions from passing through the membrane

  1. According to Freud, dreams are

    1. A symbolic fulfillment of erotic wishes

    2. The result of random neural activity in the brainstem

    3. The brain’s mechanism for self-stimulation

    4. The disguised expressions of inner conflicts

  1. Which of the following is typically controlled by the left hemisphere?

    1. Making inferences

    2. Word recognition

    3. The left side of the body

    4. Perceptual skills

  1. The gland that regulates body growth is the

    1. Adrenal

    2. Thyroid

    3. Hypothalamus

    4. Pituitary

  1. The sleep cycle is approximately ______ minutes

    1. 30

    2. 50

    3. 75

    4. 90

  1. Given a normal sensory ability, a person standing atop a mountain on a dark, clear night can see a candle flame atop a mountain 30 miles away. This is a description of a vision’s

    1. Difference threshold

    2. JND

    3. Absolute threshold

    4. Feature detection

  1. According to the opponent-process theory

    1. There are three types of color - sensitive cones

    2. The process of color vision begins in the cortex

    3. Neurons involved in color vision are stimulated by one color’s wavelength and inhibited by another’s

    4. All of these statements are true

  1. The seventeenth-century philosopher who believed that the mind is blank at birth and that most knowledge comes through sensory experiences is

    1. Plato

    2. Aristotle

    3. René Descartes

    4. John Locke

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