February 24, 2016 Respiratory system Dr Masoud Sirati Nir Respiratory system



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February 24, 2016

Respiratory system - Dr Masoud Sirati Nir


7. Respiratory system

Exercise 7-1 Match the numbers in Column 1 with the letters in Column 2 according to the corresponding terms and definitions they designate.



 

Term

 

Definition

1.

______ pulmonary alveoli

A.

the “indentation” in the right lung that makes way for the heart

2.

______ diaphragm

B.

this helps prevent food and drink from entering the trachea, and acts as the “voice box”

3.

______ pulmonary

C.

referring to the upper tip of each lung

4.

______ trachea

D.

accomplishes the mechanical process of breathing by means of its upward and downward movements

5.

______ cardiac arch

E.

tiny “sacs” in the lungs that receive oxygen from the bronchioles and transfer it to the capillaries

6.

______ base

F.

the “windpipe”; air flows through it to the bronchi

7.

______ larynx

G.

its epithelium purifies air coming from the nasal cavity

8.

______ bronchioles

H.

referring to the bottom of each lung

9.

______ apex

I.

indicating something in or associated with the lungs

10.

______ pharynx

J.

the smallest extensions of the bronchi, which pass air directly to the alveoli

11.

______ emphysema

K.

a lung disease characterized by reversible inflammation and constriction

12.

______ bronchitis

L.

surgery performed on the nose

13.

______ dyspnea

M.

narrowing of a bronchial tube

14.

______ tracheotomy

N.

inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bronchial tubes

15.

______ bronchiostenosis

O.

inflammation of a lung, caused by infection, chemical inhalation, or trauma

16.

______ apnea

P.

inspection using a bronchoscope

17.

______ rhinoplasty

Q.

absence of breathing

18.

______ bronchoscopy

R.

condition in which the alveoli are inefficient due to distension

19.

______ asthma

S.

incision into the trachea

20.

______ pneumonia,
pneumonitis

T.

difficult breathing

EXERCISE 7-2 Build surgical terms for the following definitions by using the word parts it’s expected that studenthave learned.

Pleur

o

pexy

WR

CV

S

EXAMPLE :

1. surgical repair of the trachea



WR CV S


2. incision of larynx and trachea

WR CV WR S

3. surgical puncture of the pleural cavity to remove fluid

WR CV S

4. incision into the chest cavity

WR S

5. creation of an artificial opening into the trachea

WR S

6. excision of the tonsils

WR S

7. incision of the trachea

WR S

8. surgical repair of a bronchus

WR CV S

9. excision of the larynx

WR S

10. surgical puncture of the larynx to aspirate fluid

WR CV S

11. surgical repair of the nose

WR CV S

12. incision of a sinus

WR S

13. surgical puncture of a chest cavity to aspirate fluid

WR CV S

14. excision of the adenoids

WR S

15. surgical repair of the larynx

WR CV S

16. excision of a lobe of the lung

WR S

17. incision of lung and bronchus

WR CV WR S

18. creation of an artificial opening into the larynx

WR S

19. excision of a lung

WR S

20. incision into the septum

WR S


21. surgical repair of the septum

WR CV S

EXERCISE 7-3 Build diagnostic procedural terms for the following definitions by using the word parts it’s expected that studenthave learned.

EXAMPLE: instrument used to measure oxygen ox / i / meter

WR CV S

1. visual examination of the larynx

WR CV S


2. instrument used to measure

breathing



WR CV S

3. x-ray film of the bronchi

WR CV S

  1. instrument used for visual

examination of the larynx

WR CV S

5. visual examination of the bronchi

WR CV S

6. measurement of breathing

WR CV S

7. instrument used for visual examination of the bronchi

WR CV S

8. process of x-ray filming the bronchi

WR CV S

9. visual examination of a hollow organ or body cavity

P S(WR)

10. instrument for visual examination of the thorax

WR CV S

11. instrument used for visual examination of a hollow organ or body cavity

P S(WR)

12. visual examination of the thorax

WR CV S



Answers key:

EXERCISE 7-1



1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

E

D

I

F

A

H

B

J

C

G

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

R

N

T

S

M

Q

L

P

K

O

EXERCISE 7- 2:

1. trache/o/plasty 11. rhin/o/plasty

2. laryng/o/trach/otomy 12. sinus/otomy

3. pleur/o/centesis 13. thorac/o/centesis or thora/centesis

4. thorac/otomy 14. adenoid/ectomy

5. trache/ostomy 15. laryng/o/plasty

6. tonsil/ectomy 16. lob/ectomy

7. trache/otomy 17. pneum/o/bronch/ otomy

8. bronch/o/plasty 18. laryng/ostomy

9. laryng/ectomy 19. pneumon/ectomy

10. laryng/o/centesis 20. sept/otomy

21. sept/o/plasty



EXERCISE 7-3:

1. layng/o/scopy 7. bronch/scope

2. spir/o/meter 8. bronch/o/graphy

3. bronch/o/gram 9. endo/scopic

4. laryng/o/scope 10. thorac/o/scope

5. bronch/o/scopy 11. endo/scope



6. spir/o/metry 12. thorac/o/scopy



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