FAO and other development partners have been working with the GoB in a number of areas, in order to improve the livelihood of vulnerable groups. Assistance by the FAO has been in the area of animal disease control, especially FMD. In addition, the FAO has assisted the MoA in a number of TCP projects: capacity building in Farm Business Management for Farmers and Extension Officers (TCP/BOT/3003), Monitoring and Evaluation System Development for MoA (TCP/BOT/302) and Training in Statistical Data Processing (TCP/BOT/0066). FAO has also offered assistance in the preparation of MTIP and formulation of bankable projects in support of CAADP implementation (TCP/BOT/2902(I)).
Despite the middle income status Botswana has attained, FAO and other UN agencies and some bilateral partners have remained to work in Botswana, while other donors have pulled out. The FAO, UN agencies and other bilateral donors have mainly assisted GoB in curbing the spread of HIV/AIDS, which has reduced the country Human Development Index (HDI) and poverty reduction, whose prevalence is relatively high for middle income country.
FAO and GoB view agriculture as a sector that can significantly reduce poverty, especially in the rural areas and hence improve both food and nutrition security. In order for the sector to perform this role effectively; both FAO and GoB recognise that the resources available should be used in an economically, socially and environmentally sustainable manner. This will ensure that the livelihoods of the rural dwellers, who depend on agriculture and are among the most vulnerable groups are improved.
The CPF document, which has been prepared by the FAO and the GoB details areas in which the FAO, and other development partners should focus on in order to develop the agricultural sector for the next five years (2014-2017). The document is an outcome of a series of extensive discussions with donors, CSOs, the private sector, UN agencies involving a wide range of stakeholders, mainly the MoA and other partners drawn within Botswana. The preparation of the CPF document was guided by UNDAF Botswana 2010-2016, which forms a basis for UN assistance to Botswana. The UNDAF documents priority areas where UN assistance is required. These priority areas have been agreed by the GoB and various UN agencies as needing attention in order to move Botswana forward in its developmental agenda.
The CPF has identified three priority areas in which FAO assistance is needed, in order to improve the livelihoods of vulnerable groups. These priority areas include the following:
Poverty reduction and improved food and nutrition security
Enhancing environmental sustainability and adoption of climate change adaptation and mitigation technologies
Reduction in social inequality through gender sensitive programming and women’s empowerment.
These priority areas are in line with the UNDAF, which has been prepared to enhance the achievement of Vision 2016 pillars and NDP 10 objectives. In addition, these priority areas are in line with global (MDGs), regional and other national frameworks that enhance the realisation of the country’s targets of eradicating poverty and attaining gender equality by 2016.
For the CPF to succeed, it must be visible and all stakeholders must be aware of it. In order to achieve this, the CPF document has a communication strategy whose main purpose is to contribute to the successful implementation of the CPF with the right communication delivered to the right audiences at the right time. In addition, the CPF document has an in-built monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system which will ensure that all the planned activities are effectively implemented. To aid the M&E system, a logical framework matrix has been prepared, which specifies the activities, base line, targets and means of verifications, including assumptions. Funding for the activities under the CPF will mainly be sourced from TCP, GoB and other UN agencies. It is estimated that total funding required for the CPF will amount to USD 4.305 million for the next five years, which need to be mobilised.