General assembly


INTER-AMERICAN SUPPORT FOR THE COMPREHENSIVE NUCLEAR-TEST-BAN TREATY



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INTER-AMERICAN SUPPORT FOR

THE COMPREHENSIVE NUCLEAR-TEST-BAN TREATY

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 5, 2000)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


HAVING SEEN the Report of the Permanent Council (AG/doc.3848/00), in particular the section referring to the Report of the Chair of the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CP/CSH-307/00);
RECOGNIZING that the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones is an effective and concrete mechanism which contributes to the maintenance of international peace and security;
BEARING IN MIND that, to date, the Treaty of Tlatelolco has been ratified by the majority of OAS member states;
MINDFUL that the General Assembly, in resolution AG/RES. 1622 (XXIX-O/99), operative paragraph 5, reaffirms its commitment to continue striving for a nonproliferation regime that is universal, genuine, and nondiscriminatory in every aspect;
REAFFIRMING:
The need for universal adoption of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), negotiated within the United Nations framework; and


    The importance of the CTBT for ensuring the maintenance of international peace and security;

NOTING that, to date, the CTBT has been signed by 26 member states of the OAS and ratified by nine of them; and, in particular, that five of the eight states in the region whose ratification is required for the treaty to enter into force have already ratified it; and


WELCOMING ESPECIALLY the ratification of the CTBT by the Russian Federation, which thereby joins France and the United Kingdom as permanent members of the United Nations Security Council and permanent observers to the Organization of American States that have ratified the Treaty,
RESOLVES:


  1. To urge the states of the region that have not yet done so, in particular the states included in Appendix 2 to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), to sign and/or ratify the CTBT, as appropriate, so that it may enter into force as soon as possible.

  2. To request the Secretary General to transmit this resolution to the United Nations Secretary-General and to the Executive Secretary of the Provisional Technical Secretariat of the CTBT Organization.

AG/RES. 1748 (XXX-O/00)



CONSOLIDATION OF THE REGIME ESTABLISHED IN THE TREATY FOR THE PROHIBITION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS IN LATIN AMERICA AND

THE CARIBBEAN (TREATY OF TLATELOLCO)

(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 5, 2000)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


RECALLING its previous resolutions on this topic, especially resolutions AG/RES. 1499 (XXVII-O/97), AG/RES. 1571 (XXVIII-O/98), and AG/RES. 1622 (XXIX-O/99);
CONVINCED that the creation of nuclear-weapon-free zones is an important step that significantly strengthens all aspects of the international nonproliferation regime, thus contributing to the maintenance of international peace and security;
CONVINCED ALSO that, as stated in the preamble to the Treaty of Tlatelolco, militarily denuclearized zones are not an end in themselves, but rather a means for achieving general and complete disarmament at a later stage;
RECOGNIZING that the Treaty of Tlatelolco has become the model for the establishment of other nuclear-weapon-free zones in various regions of the world, such as the South Pacific (Treaty of Rarotonga), Southeast Asia (Treaty of Bangkok), and Africa (Treaty of Pelindaba), which, when they enter into force, will cover more than half the countries of the world and all territories in the Southern Hemisphere;
NOTING WITH SATISFACTION that on November 8, 1999, Nicaragua deposited its instrument of ratification of the amendment to the Treaty approved by resolution 290 (E-VII) of the General Conference of the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL); and
BEARING IN MIND that the Treaty of Tlatelolco is now in force for 32 sovereign states of the region,
RESOLVES:
1. To urge the states of the region that have not yet done so to deposit their instruments of ratification of the Treaty of Tlatelolco as well as of the amendments to the Treaty approved by the General Conference of the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL) in resolutions 267 (E-V), 268 (XII), and 290 (E-VII).
2. To reaffirm the importance of strengthening OPANAL as the appropriate legal and political forum for ensuring unqualified observance of the Treaty in its zone of application and cooperation with the agencies of other nuclear-weapon-free zones.
3. To renew its appeal to those states that have not yet done so to negotiate, as soon as possible, multilateral or bilateral agreements with the International Atomic Energy Agency for application of that Agency's safeguards to their nuclear activities, as stipulated in Article 13 of the Treaty of Tlatelolco.
4. To reaffirm its commitment to continue striving for a nonproliferation regime that is universal, genuine, and nondiscriminatory in every aspect.
5. To request the Secretary General to transmit this resolution to the Secretary General of OPANAL and to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

AG/RES. 1749 (XXX-O/00)


INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION ON TRANSPARENCY IN

CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS ACQUISITIONS


(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 5, 2000)


THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,


HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council (AG/doc.3848/00) and, in particular, the section referring to the Report of the Chair of the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CP/CSH-307/00);
RECALLING:
The adoption and opening for signature, through resolution AG/RES. 1607 (XXIX-O/99), of the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions, in Guatemala City, Guatemala, on June 7, 1999; and
That the Heads of State and Government, at the Second Summit of the Americas (Santiago, 1998) pledged to continue promoting transparency in matters related to defense policy, among other aspects, with regard to modernizing the armed forces, comparing military expenditures in the region, and strengthening the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms;
RECOGNIZING that strengthening peace and security in the Hemisphere is an essential purpose of the Organization of American States and that economic and social development and cooperation among its member states are fundamental to its achievement;
EMPHASIZING that the application of confidence- and security-building measures helps to establish a climate conducive to an effective limitation of conventional weapons that makes it possible to devote the largest amount of resources to the economic and social development of member states, one of the essential purposes set forth in the OAS Charter;
REAFFIRMING the Declaration of Santiago and Declaration of San Salvador on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures, which recommended the application, in the manner that is most suitable, of confidence- and security-building measures; and that it is necessary and timely to continue to increase dialogue to build peace, confidence, and security in the region;
RECALLING ALSO its resolution AG/RES. 1179 (XXII-O/92), in which member states agreed to “accept as a guiding principle of regional disarmament, arms control and limitation policies, the requirement to enhance security and stability at the lowest possible levels of forces consistent with defense requirements and international commitments”; “express the commitment of the organization to effectively contribute to the efforts being made at the international level towards the strengthening of peace and security”; “maintain only such military capabilities as are necessary for self-defense and fulfillment of international commitments, consistent with their Constitutions, laws and the principles and purposes of the OAS and UN Charters”; and “exercise restraint in conventional arms transfers with a view to preventing excessive or destabilizing arms build-ups”;
CONVINCED that endeavors by countries to promote regional disarmament, taking into account the specific characteristics of each region and in accordance with the principle of undiminished security at the lowest level of armaments, would enhance the security of states and would thus contribute to international peace and security by reducing the risk of regional conflicts;
NOTING WITH SATISFACTION that the Government of Canada deposited its instrument of ratification and that 19 OAS member states have signed the Convention;
RECALLING FURTHER its appeal, in the Convention and in resolution AG/RES. 1500 (XXVII-O/97), to the international community to contribute to regional transparency and confidence in the Americas; and
BEARING IN MIND that increased openness and transparency in the conventional weapons field contributes to building mutual confidence, reducing tensions, and strengthening regional and international peace and security, and may help to decrease the acquisition, production, and transfer of conventional weapons,
RESOLVES:
1. To reaffirm its commitment to the principles of the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions.
2. To urge all states that have not already done so to sign and/or ratify the Convention.
3. To request the Secretary General to present a report to the Permanent Council, prior to the thirty-first regular session of the General Assembly, on the status of signatures and ratifications of the Convention.
4. To request the Secretary General to transmit this resolution to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
AG/RES. 1750 (XXX-O/00)
INTER-AMERICAN CONVENTION AGAINST THE ILLICIT MANUFACTURING OF

AND TRAFFICKING IN FIREARMS, AMMUNITION, EXPLOSIVES,

AND OTHER RELATED MATERIALS
(Resolution adopted at the first plenary session,

held on June 5, 2000)




    THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

RECALLING its resolution AG/RES. 1 (XXIV-E/97), in which it resolved to adopt and open for signature the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials;


RECALLING also its resolution AG/RES. 1621 (XXIX-O/99);
WELCOMING the signature of the Convention by a majority of the member states of the Organization of American States and its entry into force on July 1, 1998;
STRESSING the urgent need for all states to take the appropriate measures and to cooperate with one another to prevent, combat, and eradicate the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials, because of the harmful effects of these activities on the security of each state and the region as a whole, since they jeopardize the well-being of peoples, their social and economic development, and their right to live in peace;
UNDERSCORING:
The significance of the fact that the Convention has been taken as a model for negotiation of a protocol to combat the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components, and ammunition in the context of the negotiation of a convention against organized transnational crime under the auspices of the United Nations; and
The importance of the Convention’s earliest possible entry into force in each of the member states of the Organization of American States; and taking note, in this context, of the report of the Secretary General (CP/doc.3296/00), presented in accordance with resolution AG/RES. 1621 (XXIX-O/99); and
EXPRESSING ITS SATISFACTION at the deposit, on November 9, 1999, of the 10th instrument of ratification, which, under Article XXI of the Convention, enabled the Consultative Committee to be installed and to hold its first regular meeting, at OAS headquarters, on March 9 and 10, 2000,
RESOLVES:



1. To urge all member states that have not already done so to sign and ratify the Convention, as appropriate.
2. To note with satisfaction the work program (CIFTA/CC/doc.2/00 rev. 1) adopted by the Consultative Committee at its first regular meeting, and to express its support for the work of the Secretary pro tempore.
3. To request the General Secretariat to continue to provide, within the resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources, the administrative and secretariat support required by the Consultative Committee for the performance of its functions and to take the necessary steps to that end, in accordance with resolution AG/RES. 1645 (XXIX-O/99) and the agreement reached in that regard among the members of the Consultative Committee.
4. Further, to request the Secretary General to present a report to the General Assembly, at its thirty-first regular session, on the status of signatures and ratifications of the Convention.

AG/RES. 1751 (XXX-O/00)




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