Gonzaga Debate Institute 2011 Mercury Conspiracy Theory



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Moon Landing Real


The Shadows are a result of the moon’s surface, not Hollywood lights.

Caron,  Managing Editor, ABC News On Campus, ‘09

(Christina, July 19 2009, ,  Managing Editor, ABC News On Campus , abc news “Refuting the Most Popular Appollo Moon Landing Hoax Theories” http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/Apollo11MoonLanding/story?id=8104410 6/27/11 BLG)

The Claim: On the Tape, the Shadows Look Translucent -- That Wouldn't Happen on the Moon. Was This Taped in a Studio with a Floodlight? The shadows you see in NASA's film footage do seem odd, but Germann says there are several reasons why: the surface of the moon is uneven, and there's "lots of light kicking back from surface of moon." "If they were faking the thing they would arrange it so that the shadows would look right," he said. "If it was a floodlight the shadows are wrong. The astronaut closer to the [supposed] floodlight would have a longer shadow."
The flag rippled because it was touched and a landing wouldn’t cause a crater- the moon landing was real.

Caron,  Managing Editor, ABC News On Campus, ‘09

(Christina, July 19 2009, ,  Managing Editor, ABC News On Campus , abc news “Refuting the Most Popular Appollo Moon Landing Hoax Theories” http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/Apollo11MoonLanding/story?id=8104410 6/27/11 BLG)

The Claim: There Isn't Any Wind on the Moon. The Flag Shouldn't be Rippling Yes, it is true that there is no air or wind on the moon. Germann explained that the flag moved because the astronauts touched it, creating ripples in the fabric. The flag is attached to a metal pole. If someone were to touch the metal it would vibrate, and so would the flag. According to the moon hoax rebuttal on the NASA Web site, "Unfurling a piece of rolled-up cloth with stored angular momentum will naturally result in waves and ripples -- no breeze required!" The Claim: If the Apollo Landed on the Moon, Why Wasn't There a Giant Blast Crater? Germann explained that the moon is a rock that has been compacted for millions of years. On the top it is "powdery and fluffy" but a half an inch down it's hard. "The lower layer isn't going to blow," he said. In addition, the moon's low gravity would have eased the impact of the shuttle.

The Hubble Telescope is too far away to take a picture- hoax theories are an insult to the astronauts.

Caron,  Managing Editor, ABC News On Campus, ‘09

(Christina, July 19 2009, ,  Managing Editor, ABC News On Campus , abc news “Refuting the Most Popular Appollo Moon Landing Hoax Theories” http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/Apollo11MoonLanding/story?id=8104410 6/27/11 BLG)

The Claim: If the Hubble Telescope Is Up There, Why Doesn't It Take a Picture? The moon is about 240,000 miles away from the earth, whereas the Hubble Telescope orbits approximately 380 miles above the earth. "This I don't fault people for, it's a technical question," Germann said. "Because of the way the Hubble is operated it can't resolve an object that small. "In one sense I guess it's good that people are interested enough to doubt [the moon landing]. It's an iconic event, it stands for a whole era. And for that reason it's important to people," Germann said. But he has little patience for the skeptics. "To say it's a fake is an insult to the many people who worked on this and risked their lives to make it happen. That's what gives it an edge for me."


Moon Landing Real


Moon Landing Real- Flag waving legitimized.

McGuire ‘09

(Cheston McGuire, July 19, 2009 Missourian “MU professor debunks hoax theory of moon landing” http://www.columbiamissourian.com/stories/2009/07/19/debunking-moon-myth/ 6/27/11 BLG)



MU history professor Jeff Pasley, who teaches "Conspiracy Theories and Conspiracies in U.S. History and Culture," calls the moon landing hoax theory "the most ridiculous and insignificant of all the popular conspiracy theories that don't involve the supernatural." Pasley said the moon landing hoax theory is the third most popular conspiracy theory behind the John F. Kennedy assassination and 9/11. The moon hoax is so popular because "it doesn't really matter, so it's OK to believe it," he said. People believe the hoax because they can protest the government without any real political convictions. "Belief in the moon landing isn't a cause," Pasley said. "It's a belief." While many people might be interested in the theory, Pasley questioned how many people actually believe it. One Web site that does believe the theory is The Apollo Hoax, which states in its opening words that the site "was written to prove, once and for all, that we are not being told the truth about the NASA film footage of the Apollo missions." The site is filled with pictures, videos and diagrams poking holes in the moon landing. One of the most common arguments against the reality of the lunar landing is that the U.S. flag planted there was waving even though there's no wind on the moon. An August 2008 episode of the TV show MythBusters recreated the scenario by planting a flag in the ground within a vacuum. The momentum alone caused the flag to wave, no air required.
A moon landing failure would be as popular as other NASA failures

McGuire ‘09

(Cheston McGuire, July 19, 2009 Missourian “MU professor debunks hoax theory of moon landing” http://www.columbiamissourian.com/stories/2009/07/19/debunking-moon-myth/ 6/27/11 BLG)



Another supposed piece of evidence that the moon landing couldn't have happened is that astronauts couldn't have survived the radiation of space. That kind of argument is what Pasley calls "negative subjunctive reasoning." When people believe one facet of an event is impossible — like someone surviving the radiation of space — it allows them to believe an entire event is a conspiracy, Pasley said. "Given what we know about NASA, it doesn't seem they could have faked (the moon landing)," Pasley said. Given all of the other well-publicized NASA failures, including exploding shuttles and failed launches, Pasley asked why the moon landing would be any different. In 1961, President John F. Kennedy gave a speech. He said that the U.S. should work quickly and meet a goal. The goal was to send people to the Moon and back.



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