Highland Biodiversity Action Plan Phlana-gnìomha Bith-iomadachd na Gàidhealtachd



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Highland Biodiversity Action Plan
Phlana-gnìomha Bith-iomadachd na Gàidhealtachd

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The Biodiversity of Highland

Bith-iomadachd na Gàidhealtachd
The UK Biodiversity Action Plan identifies 1150 priority species and 65 priority habitats as priorities for action within the UK. 606 of the UK priority species occur in Scotland, and Highland supports 75% of these (455 species). Highland also holds over three quarters of the UK priority habitats (51 habitats). Annex 1 lists the national priority habitats and species that occur in Highland.

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4. Biodiversity Awareness & Knowledge

Mothachadh mu Bhith-iomadachd
Highland supports 75% of the UK BAP priority species which are known to occur in Scotland (40% of the UK priority species). This means Highland is the most important place in the UK for threatened, rare and declining wildlife.

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Habitats__Species__Leas-phàipear_1:_Liosta_de_dh’Àrainnean__Ghnèithean_le_Prìomhachas'>Annex 1: List of Priority Habitats & Species

Leas-phàipear 1: Liosta de dh’Àrainnean & Ghnèithean le Prìomhachas
Further information on associated habitats and species is on the UKBAP website www.ukbap.org.uk.


Habitat

Highland Importance

Ancient and/or species rich hedgerows

*

Blanket bog

***

Blue mussel beds

Not ascertained yet

Calaminarian grasslands

Not ascertained yet

Carbonate mounds

Not ascertained yet

Cereal field margins

?

Coastal and floodplain grazing marsh

?

Coastal saltmarsh

***

Coastal sand dunes

**

Coastal vegetated shingle

**

Deep sea sponge communities

Not ascertained yet

Estuarine rocky habitats

Not ascertained yet

Eutrophic standing waters

*

Fens

*

File shell beds

Not ascertained yet

Fragile sponge & anthozoan communities of subtidal rocky habitats

Not ascertained yet

Inland rock outcrops and scree habitats

Not ascertained yet

Intertidal boulder communities

Not ascertained yet

Limestone pavements

***

Lowland calcareous grassland

*

Lowland dry acid grassland

*

Lowland heathland

***

Lowland meadows

*

Lowland wood pasture and parkland

**

Machair

*

Maerl beds

***

Martime cliffs and slopes

**

Mestotrophic lakes

**

Mountain heaths and willow scrub

Not ascertained yet

Mud habitats in deep water

***

Mudflats

***

Native pinewood

****

Oligotrophic and dystrophic lochs

Not ascertained yet

Open mosaic habitats on previously developed land (brownfield sites)

Not ascertained yet

Ponds

Not ascertained yet

Purple moor grass and rush pasture

**

Reedbeds

*

Rivers

Not ascertained yet

Saline lagoons

*

Seagrass beds

**

Seamount communities

Not ascertained yet

Sheltered muddy gravels

***

Tidal rapids

**

Traditional orchards

Not ascertained yet

Upland calcareous grassland

***

Upland flushes, fens and swamps

Not ascertained yet

Upland hay meadows

*

Upland heathland

****

Upland mixed ashwoods

***

Upland oakwood

***

Wet woodland

***




Key:





****

Over 75% of UK distribution




***

50-74% of UK distribution




**

25-49% of UK distribution




*

Under 25% of UK distribution




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