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Committee & CommissionNational Health Committees
Various committees of experts have been appointed by the government from time to time to render advice about different health problems. The reports of these committees have formed an important basis of health planning in India. The goal of
National Health Planning in India is to attain Health for all by the year 2000.1. BHORE COMMITTEE. 1946.
This committee, known as the Health Survey & Development Committee, was appointed in 1943 with Sir Joseph Bhore as its Chairman. It laid emphasis on integration of curative and preventive medicine at all levels. It made comprehensive recommendations for remodeling of health services in India. The report, submitted in 1946, had some important recommendations like Integration of preventive and curative services of all administrative levels. Development of Primary Health Centres in 2 stages a. Short-term measure – one primary health centre as suggested fora population of 40,000. Each PHC was to be manned by 2 doctors, one nurse, four public health nurses
, four midwives, four trained dais, two sanitary inspectors, two health assistants, one pharmacist and ﬁfteen other class IV employees. Secondary health centre was also envisaged to provide support to PHC, and to coordinate and supervise their functioning.
b. A long-term programme (also called the 3 million plan) of setting up primary health units with 75 – bedded hospitals for each 10,000 to 20,000 population and secondary units with 650 – bedded hospital
, again regionalised around district hospitals with 2500 beds. Major changes in medical education which includes 3 - month training in preventive and social medicine to prepare
“social physicians”.2. MUDALIAR COMMITTEE. 1962.
This committee known as the Health Survey and Planning Committee, headed by Dr. AL. Mudaliar, was appointed to assess the performance in health sector since the submission of Bhore Committee report. This committee found the conditions in PHCs to be unsatisfactory and suggested that the PHC, already established should be strengthened before new ones are opened.
Strengthening of sub divisional and district hospitals was also advised. It was emphasised that a PHC should not be made to cater to more than 40,000 population and that the curative, preventive and promotive services should be all provided at the PHC. The Mudaliar Committee also recommended that an All India Health service should
be created to replace the erstwhile Indian Medical service.