Hradec Králové Anglophone Conference 24 25 March, 2015



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Hradec Králové Anglophone Conference
24 – 25 March, 2015


Contents

The Town of Hradec Králové 3


Faculty of Education 4


Conference Programme 5


Keynote Speech 9


Abstracts of Presentations 10


Hradec Králové Journal of Anglophone Studies 21


Notes 23

THE TOWN OF HRADEC KRÁLOVÉ
The town of Hradec Králové is situated in North-Eastern Bohemia. Its administration area, the size of which is 105.6 square kilometres, is divided into 21 land registers. By the end of 2005, 96,955 inhabitants were living in the town. The town of Hradec Králové is characterised by its unique urban style and modern architecture which arose in the first third of the 20th century. The town has many green and recreation areas. It is spread around the confluence of the rivers Labe (Elbe) and Orlice (Eagle River) in a convenient climate characterised as warm, slightly dry with mild winters. Its average altitude is 235 metres above sea level.
The landscape on the confluence of the rivers Labe and Orlice which is dominated by the town of Hradec Králové, was inhabited as early as prehistoric times. Archaeological sites on the outskirts of the town prove inhabitants both from prehistoric and the Roman times. As early as the 10th century, the Slavic site of an ancient settlement arose here together with a busy market place. The site ruled over the old trade path from Cracow through Náchod to Prague. When in 995 the Czech tribes were united under the rule of the house of the Přemyslides, Hradec Králové became the seat of a prince and the administration centre of the large area of the North-Eastern Bohemia on both banks of the river Elbe on its flow from the town of Dvůr Králové to the town of Pardubice. The 13th century plays a significant role in the development of the town settlement – in 1225 under the reign of the king Přemysl Otakar I the town together with its market outer ward became a free royal town.
The town of Hradec Králové nowadays is the seat of the Regional Authority of the Hradec Králové Region, the Regional Court, the Catholic and Protestant Bishoprics as well as of several educational and scientific institutions, e.g. the University of Hradec Králové, Faculties of Medicine and Pharmacy of Charles University, and the Faculty of Military Health Sciences. Many significant cultural institutions, e.g., the Klicpera Theatre, puppet theatre Drak, Gallery of Modern Arts, Hradec Králové Philharmonic Orchestra, and Museum of Eastern Bohemia have their seats here. The town is famous also for many music and theatre festivals with international participation. The town of Hradec Králové is not just the town of congress tourism but also the starting point of many interesting routes full of sights and natural beauties in its surroundings.
The twin towns of Hradec Králové are Alessandria (Italy), Arnhem (the Netherlands), Banská Bystrica (Slovakia), Giessen and Meth (Germany), Kaštela (Croatia), Walbrzych and Wroclaw (Poland). The town is also a member of the Union of Towns and Villages, the European Federation of Congress Towns, the Association of Historical Seats of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia, the Czech Inspiration, and the National Network of Healthy Towns.
znak města

Faculty of Education

The University of Hradec Králové is a vibrant institution, and its constant development is reflected both in academic and construction activities: new faculties and institutes are being established, new study programmes are being accredited, and, last but not least, the construction of the University campus is in unremitting progress. The University campus “Na Soutoku”, “At the Confluence”, is situated conveniently in the town centre within walking distance of the other university buildings, the Educational and Scientific Library, and the old town with many cosy restaurants and bars. In addition to classrooms and lecture halls equipped with latest technology, the campus includes the University Library and Gaudeamus Publishing House, a textbook shop, and an art gallery. The campus visitors will meet enthusiastic young people, Czech and international students as well as members of the academic staff.

The Faculty of Education is the oldest faculty of the University of Hradec Králové. This faculty laid the foundations for all the other faculties of the University and for the University of Hradec Králové itself. After the secession of non-teaching study disciplines and the establishment of the other faculties, the main focus of the faculty has returned back to the training of future teachers and qualified pedagogical workers. Within BA, MA and PhD study programmes the students are trained for the profession of teachers for all levels and types of schools: nursery schools, lower and upper levels of primary schools and secondary schools. The faculty also trains special pedagogues, instructors, free-time pedagogues, adult education specialists, sport coaches and trainers.

Students can choose the combination of their specializations freely, including the instruction of artistic subjects. The faculty also offers supplementary courses and qualification extension courses for teachers. All teacher-training courses are accredited at the Faculty of Education, instruction of specialized subjects is provided by the academic staff of the relevant faculties of the University of Hradec Králové. The two-segment instruction guarantees excellent quality of both didactic and specialization part of the study. Graduates of the faculty succeed exceptionally well in finding both teaching and non-teaching jobs.


www.uhk.cz
CONFERENCE PROGRAMME

Tuesday 24th, March 2015


9:00-13:30 Registration

13:30-13:40 Conference Opening – Room A25

13:45-18:15 Parallel Sessions – Rooms A23, A24, A25

18:45-21:00 Reception – Atrium


Wednesday 25th, March 2015


9:00-10:00 Keynote Speech - Room A25

"A Centenary of English Studies at Charles University"

prof. PhDr. Libuše Dušková, DrSc.

10:30-13:45 Parallel Sessions – Rooms A23, A24, A25


TUESDAY



WEDNESDAY



Poster presentations will be on display throughout the conference at the corridor.
Hrozková Ivana

Learner strategies compared: A case study of a young learner


Klímová Lada


Translation in ELT at the tertiary level

Lu Wei-lun


Eye-tracking as a New Empirical Method for Cognitive-Functional Linguistics Research: The Case of Deixis in Translation


Keynote Speech

A Centenary of English Studies at Charles University

prof. PhDr. Libuše Dušková, DrSc.

(Charles University, Prague)

An outline of the history of English studies at Charles University, with a focus on the scholars who played a formative part in the establishment of the English Department: Vilém Mathesius, its founder and life-long director, and his pupils and followers of the first and second generations, Bohumil Trnka, Josef Vachek, Ivan Poldauf and Jiří Nosek. Mathesius is characterized as a general linguist, English scholar and bohemicist. Bohumil Trnka was Mathesius' oldest pupil, closest co-worker and successor in the English Department. Josef Vachek's connection with Prague English studies is shown in regard to his teaching activities and the role he played in the Prague Linguistic Circle. Ivan Poldauf's is presented through the many spheres of his scholarly interests ranging from general and contrastive linguistics to lexicography and methodology of foreign language teaching. Jiří Nosek was Trnka's foremost pupil and follower, and later a close co-worker. Both in his investigation of English and general linguistic studies he consistently applied the principles of functional structuralism. Attention is also paid to Vilém Fried, who after his emigration to Germany made the work of Bohumil Trnka and other Czech representatives of the Prague School of Linguistics known abroad.




ABSTRACTS OF PRESENTATIONS
Bláhová Mária University of Economics in Bratislava
Value of Happiness in Multicultural Societies
The contemporary globalized world has been challenged by a host of issues resulting from increasing number of multicultural characters in societies worldwide. Intercultural communication as well as awareness of happiness and its value can act as facilitators in combating potential clashes between different cultures. The paper will focus on some phenomena that may cause general feelings of happiness people of all cultures enjoy. It will also attempt to specify those factors that increase feelings of happiness thus reflecting certain nations’ and cultures’ priorities.
Bobčáková Bibiána Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice
Specific features of language acquisition in bilingual children – language interference vs. developmental errors
My research is a longitudinal study of language acquisition in a bilingual child acquiring his two languages (English and Slovak) simultaneously under a specific circumstance – the mother is not an English native speaker. My work focuses on language development on the morphological and syntactic levels as well as the growth of MLU in morphemes. My observations are supported by naturalistic primary research involving regular data collection both via video/audio recordings as well as keeping a diary over a period of nearly three years.
Does the interference error production overrun production of developmental errors in these circumstances? Is English language acquisition comparable with that of native English speaking children? Some answers to these and other closely related questions are presented in the conclusions of my paper.
Böhmerová Adela Comenius University, Bratislava
Words - Or Not Yet?
The paper investigates recent English postings in an open online lexicographical database. The postings, as varied as those who submit them, have been found to include communicatively established denotations of new phenomena, attitudes, etc., hence neologisms per se, but also items most probably existing only in the posters’ idiolect, being their own “promising” nonce-formations, or even just bizarre fabrications as results of “leximania”. We raise the question of what does or does not qualify them for “wordhood”. The main focus of the investigation is on whether they can indicate and testify to the current word-formative potential and tendencies of English within unlimited “nameability”, regardless of whether they actually fill some “blank spots”, or only support the post-modernist socio-cultural attitudes characterized by individual freedom, spontaneity, openness to stimuli, experimentation and breaking the conventions, thus, instead of just “recycling words”, by active enjoyment of lexical play and creativity.
Bubíková Šárka University of Pardubice
Who reads this and why? The crossover phenomenon in contemporary young adult fiction.

In the field of young adult literature (YA), a new phenomenon is gaining critical attention – the so-called crossover novel, i.e. a book that attracts both YA and adult readers. One of the reasons for the rising popularity of YA titles among adult readers is, as Falconer explains, the fact that YA fiction “by its very emphasis on transience, attract[s] to its conductive space questions and debates about what it means to be human in the twenty-first century” (2010, 88). Suspended between childhood and adulthood, adolescence is a threshold, liminal state and therefore it may be appealing to adult readers who feel they are themselves living in a volatile world of constant transition, never reaching a point of stability. The paper will explore the concept of the crossover novel and will provide examples from current British and American YA literature.


Čoupková Eva Masaryk University, Brno
Monstrous space of Piranesi in the works of M.G. Lewis and W.H. Ainsworth
Labyrinthine dungeons constitute a typical trope appearing in the Gothic literature of the 1790s, as well as in the Victorian Gothic novels. The origins of this emblematic Gothic space were largely influenced by a series of engravings of the Italian painter G.B. Piranesi, who in his sixteen prints entitled Carceri d’Invenzione depicted the interiors of vast prisons with tiny figures struggling in the huge illogical areas. The present study compares the oppressive architecture of subterranean spaces in M.G. Lewis’s romance The Monk and a succession of stairs, trapdoors and cells in W.H. Ainsworth’s Tudor novel The Tower of London. While Lewis shows strong anti-Catholic sentiments in his descriptions of the damp sepulchers of the Spanish convent, Ainsworth brings the Gothic prison to Britain, indicating that this monstrous space may possibly cover the whole social system.
Dittrichová Johana Charles University, Prague
Requests in Marital Communication in The Canterbury Tales
This paper is an inquiry into pragmatic analysis of interaction between husbands and wives in The Canterbury Tales, namely in the Shipman’s and the Clerk’s Tales. The study is based on Searle’s classification of illocutionary speech acts (1975) with a focus on requests. While requests within the marriage in the Shipman’s Tale are all direct and are not preceded by any pre-requests, the ones in the Clerk’s Tale tend to be indirect, accompanied by frequent hedging and reliant on pre-sequences. Furthermore, there is a difference between the tales in the fact that the requests of husband and wife in the Shipman’s Tale share similar characteristics (cf. structure, explicitness and frequency), while in the Clerk’s Tale no such symmetry can be observed. In this paper I will argue that the properties of requests in the Shipman’s and the Clerk’s Tales reflect the dynamics of the two marriages.

Hrozková Ivana Masaryk University, Brno
Learner strategies compared: A case study of a young learner
Learner strategies and the choice of them are affected by many factors such as learning style, gender, and age. Research conducted to date in the Czech Republic and other countries has showed that young learners exploit learner strategies according to R. Oxford’s taxonomy (1990) but also certain learner strategies typical for this age corresponding with their cognitive and emotional development. e.g. cooperation with parents or doing practice test (Hrozková 2014).
Therefore, this case study aims to outline and compare the strategies a young learner used at the end of primary education and then at the end of lower secondary, i.e. compulsory education. The results were collected through a field- tested questionnaire and semi- structured interviews and indicate the difference in the repertoire of the strategies used by the learner in 2010 and 2014, her motivation, self-efficacy and learner autonomy.
Hučka PavoL Université Paris Diderot - Paris 7/Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice
Investigating the nominalisation of English conglomerates, the case of the ‘N of the N’ pattern
This paper analyses a possible relation between structural similarity of English multiword expressions and their ability to get nominalised. The multiword expressions considered are what we call ‘conglomerates’ (Benveniste 1966), the nominalised sequences of three and more components cut out of discourse with their original internal structure preserved (e.g. pick-me-up, behind-the-scenes, etc.).
Based on a diachronic and synchronic analysis of the structural pattern ‘N of the N’, (e.g. state of the art, state of the union, spur of the moment, etc.), the paper focuses on the following questions: (1) whether structural similarity is reflected in sequences’ tendency to get nominalised; (2) if and in what way similarity in structural patterning can be held accountable for unidirectionality in diachronic clines of these units; (3) to what extent are discourse frequencies of individual sequences correlated to their token frequency as conglomerates; and (4) if genre plays any significant role in forming conglomerates.
Huschová Petra University of Pardubice
Interpretations of the past tense modals COULD and MIGHT in formal contexts
The presentation is concerned with the incidence of the past tense modal verbs COULD and MIGHT in formal contexts, focusing primarily on identifying their senses in administrative and academic texts. It presents the findings of a small-scale study based on examining the contextualized occurrences of COULD and MIGHT and exploring their hypothetical and present uses. The presentation thus attempts to summarize the most common readings of the analysed modal auxiliaries in formal written language and aims to reveal the most significant contextual factors determining their interpretation with regard to the root-epistemic distinction.

Ježková Šárka University of Pardubice
Strategies of gaining time in conversation
This paper is focused on one of the phenomena typical of the discourse of spontaneous dialogues – attempt of the participants to handle the situation of both planning and executing their utterances at once. The grammar of conversation has been explored for a couple of decades and some authors argue that writing and speech are two different systems. Even if we do not accept such an attitude, it is undisputable that one of the observable features of unplanned speech is dysfluency and recurrent repair. The analysis of a sample of pieces of authentic conversation will try to describe the distribution of various means like repetitions, pauses, utterance launchers and other discourse markers which are used with the aim to gain some more time since dialogues take place in real time and speakers are under the pressure of such a situation.
Kačer Tomáš Masaryk University, Brno
Dion Boucicault's The Octoroon as a case for stirring up the debate over abolition of slavery

The Octoroon (premiered in New York in 1859) by the British and later naturalized American playwright Dion Boucicault, is in principle a harmless melodrama – save for a potentially explosive element, an interracial couple. Its staging directly before the outbreak of the US Civil War contributed to stirring up the debate over the abolition of slavery (together with the then comparably popular dramatizations of H. B. Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin) and conversely, this element also called for various textual adjustments. The interracial motif had to be suppressed for American audiences and there are also several endings of the play depending on its productions. Variations to The Octoroon become a reflection of the social changes in the United States of the Civil War era.


Klímová Lada University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice
Translation in ELT at the tertiary level
Translation as a part of ELT has had its place for many centuries. One of the methods (grammar-translation) even includes the word "translation" in its name. However, communicative approach denied translation in ELT at all. Today, in the post-methodical period, translation seems to have found its place in ELT again. Our paper deals with the possibilities of implementing translation in ELT at the Faculty of Health and Social Studies. We would like to show the ways in which translations as a part of ELT can improve students´ communicative skills.
Kolář Pavel Silesian University in Opava
Linguistic aspects of listening comprehension
Listening comprehension represents a key skill in the acquisition of English. Traditional methodology has introduced a number of supportive techniques whose outcome does not always meet planned expectations. Students are likely to worry, and listening comprehension becomes a serious constraint of learning progress. The paper tries to analyze the issue from a wider text linguistic perspective with the aim of facilitating the skill for students and clarifying its scope for teachers.
Krejčová Ela Akcent College, Prague
Finite complements of would rather, would prefer – a corpus-based study
This presentation deals with the finite complements of would rather and would prefer (e.g. You would rather I went with them, I would prefer that you stay at home). There is a wide range of verbal syntagms that are available to complement these expressions, such as clauses involving modal verbs, lexical verbs in the past tense or in the subjunctive mood.
A detailed analysis, based on the Corpus of Historical American English (COHA) and the Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA), shows that the preferences for a particular complementation pattern changed over the nineteenth and twentieth century.
This article attempts to demonstrate major tendencies in the usages, as represented in both aforementioned corpora. It also discusses the factors (stylistic and structural) that may determine the choice of a particular complementation pattern.
The principle focus is on the use of the present subjunctive triggered in the finite complements of suasive verbs (e.g. suggest, insist, demand, etc.) with which would rather and would prefer share the mandative component of meaning. While a considerable amount of previous research deals with the complementation profiles of suasive verbs, the area of distributional patterns of would rather and would prefer has remained underexplored. This article attempts to address this gap.
Livingstone David Palacký University Olomouc
The Lunatic, the Lover and the Poet: Representations of William Shakespeare in Film and Television.
This paper will examine various depictions of William Shakespeare in film and television with special attention paid to the authorial question, gender issues, sexual orientation, the origin of the sonnets, etc. The works in focus will include: Will Shakespeare (1978); Shakespeare in Love (1998); A Waste of Shame (2005); Anonymous (2011); Only Lovers Left Alive (2013). There will also be shorter references to television clips from Dr. Who and Black Adder. This paper will finally attempt to draw parallels between developments in literary theory and the evolving image of the man or myth of Shakespeare.
Lu Wei-lun Masaryk University, Brno
Eye-tracking as a New Empirical Method for Cognitive-Functional Linguistics Research: The Case of Deixis in Translation
In this talk, we propose to give an overview of the possible connection between cognitive-functional linguistics and eye-tracking as one of the latest empirical methodologies in the field. We will in particular investigate how deixis in discourse, i.e. how the speaker chooses to refer to entities in the communicative process, influences the translation product and the cognitive effort that is involved in the process of translation.
We will conduct an experiment on Czech learners of English as their second language on tasks of silent reading, reading aloud and sight translation. In the experiment, we will measure how the subjects react to natural occurring texts with proximal/distal deixis and will compare the reactions when the subjects read a constructed text with an alternative deixis and when they produce translation. By comparing the subjects’ performance in the three tasks, we will be able to measure the cognitive effort involved in processing texts that involves different referring expressions and will be able to empirically attest the psychological reality of the cognitive mechanism of referent tracking that allows a bilingual speaker to comprehend and produce language in the process of translation.
We expect the proposed study to make an impact in the field of cognitive-functional linguistics, pragmatics, translation studies, and second language acquisition.
MÁNEK BOHUSLAV University of Hradec Králové
The Scope of Approaches of Czech Translators to Translation of English Prose and Poetry in the Czech National Revival
The paper discusses different approaches used by Czech translators for translations of English prose and poetry in the Czech National Revival. Using different techniques, some poems and dramatic verses were translated into prose and some into verse, some pieces of prose were translated accurately, some freely and some transformed into poems. The authors of presented specimens include William Shakespeare, Alexander Pope, Jonathan Swift, Psedo-Sterne, George Lyttelton, Thomas Gray, James Macpherson-Ossian, Walter Scott, Lord Byron and Benjamin Franklin; the Czech translators were Václav Thám, Karel Hynek Thám, Josef Jungmann, Bohuslav Tablic, František Palacký, F. L. Čelakovský, K. F. Dräxler, Jan Kaška, K. B. Štorch and J. K Tyl.
Němec Martin Masaryk University, Brno
Translation in the Classroom
Translation and translation oriented research in ELT is always a bit of a controversial topic. It was even called the "skeleton in the cupboard" recently and, still, with all the controversies in mind, it is used in a modern classroom and some teachers and educators even say they can hardly teach without the support of the students’ mother tongue. The article and presentation clarifies and explains the position of translation in modern pedagogical approaches, suggests ways that will eliminate the controversies and will present translation as one of many approaches used in modern ELT methodology.
Némethová Ildikó University of Economics in Bratislava
Effective Communication Across Cultures
This aim of this paper is to explore some controversial areas in teaching intercultural communication, propose a way of conceptualising the role of culture in influencing or conditioning intercultural educational outcomes and analyse how intercultural competencies and cultural intelligence affect and enhance students’ opportunities on the global labour market. Intercultural communication competence incorporates in-depth knowledge, heightened mindfulness, and competent communication skills, and their effective utilization in a diverse range of intercultural encounters.
Pavelková Hana Czech Technical University in Prague
Dramatizing the Israeli-Palestinian Crisis in Contemporary British Monologue Plays
There is hardly any current topic that raises so many controversies and disputes as the ongoing, incredibly complex social and political conflict between Israel and Palestine. It is therefore not that surprising that theatrical plays dealing with this crisis have also provoked strong reactions from both audiences and critics. In the context of contemporary British theatre, however, it is rather remarkable that the plays that have sparked the most heated debates, caused media scandals, and even enraged other playwrights so much that they wrote plays in response, have all been written in the monologue form. The aim of this paper is to examine how the particular use of the monologue by David Hare in Via Dolorosa (1998) and Wall (2009), by Alan Rickman and Katharine Viner in My Name is Rachel Corrie (2005), and Caryl Churchill in Seven Jewish Children (2009) influences the audience’s perception and elicits audience engagement.
Peldová Petra Technical University Liberec
Patterns of Evaluation in British Broadsheet and Tabloid Newspapers
Linguistic description of evaluative meaning can be looked at from various angles; it can be analysed drawing on Martin and White’s Appraisal Theory (2005), Hunston’s approach to evaluation, or Bednarek’s Parameters of Evaluation. This study sets out to examine another phenomenon – the lexico-grammatical patterns of evaluative adjectives. The relationship between a pattern and expression of evaluative meaning was first noted by Francis and Hunston (2000), Hunston and Sinclair (2000), and further amended by Bednarek (2009). Bednarek’s approach, in particular, is used to quantitatively compare evaluative adjective patterns in six British online newspapers (three broadsheets and three tabloids) and explore their function in terms of expressing attitude. The results of a detailed analysis of nine adjective-based evaluative patterns showed differences especially in the presentation of opinion and emotion in the broadsheets and tabloids.

Polehlová Helena University of Hradec Králové
Ælfric’s Grammar as “the key which unlocks the understanding of books”

The paper aims to present the Grammar of Ælfric, an abbot of Eynsham (ca 1000), as a unique Anglo-Saxon handbook of Latin grammar that uses Old English as its medium. Undoubtedly it is a piece of text invaluable for our knowledge of Old English and the society in Anglo-Saxon England. The paper analyzes the sources and methods of Ælfric’s work, ones which reflect his great interest in teaching Latin as a foreign language. It focuses on Ælfric’s usage of Old English linguistic terminology, testifying to his attempts to make the language accessible to young learners of an elementary level. Although the Grammar is based on several earlier, purely Latin, grammars, Ælfric’s selection of vocabulary (Latin as well as Old English) used as illustration of morphological and syntactical categories together with the fact that he employs a vernacular as the medium make it a pioneer work.


Práger Libor Palacký University Olomouc
Reading McEwan. Cognitive and empirical approach to experiencing fiction.
The presented paper aims to illustrate the contribution of cognitive approach both to the research of literary reading experience and the practice of literary analysis. It presents the results of an empirical, questionnaire-based research of readers' responses to selected narrative texts and contrasts traditional close readings of two short stories by the British writer Ian McEwan, “Homemade” and “Butterflies”, with a structured cognitive analysis of these stories based on collected empirical data from over two hundred voluntary readers. The purpose of the analysis was to confirm a hypothesis that readers' interpretations of literary narratives are shaped both by their cognitive frames and models, i.e. previously acquired, culture based knowledge and experience, and also by non-discursive, evolutionary shaped cognitive structures which influence general interpretive strategies and mental representations of a fictional discourse.
Ráčková Patricia University of Hradec Králové
A Hundred Tigers in the Cripple‘s Chest: “Freaks“ as Heroes and Victims in Three Short Stories
The paper focuses on three texts by different authors (Poe, Wilde, Wolker): texts that introduce “freak“ protagonists whose otherness (or handicap) is abused to entertain those who have power over them. The paper concentrates on a series of dichotomies within the texts: the dichotomy of genre (fairy story/ Gothic story), that of protagonists’ responses to victimization (helpless suffering/ rage and rebellion), and the concepts of (inner/outer) beauty.
Reimannová Irena University of Pardubice
Examining grammatical competence of English language student teachers
It is widely believed that the content knowledge, or scholarship in content disciplines, plays a central role in the knowledge base of teaching (Shulman, 1987), however, investigations of its acquisition still remain rare not only in the context of the Czech Republic, but worldwide (see e.g. Píšová, Duschinská, a kol.; 2011). The paper focuses on whether and how the content knowledge of the bachelor programme students of English for education is developed. Based on the analysis of test and examination results, the study hypothesizes that there is correlation between the selected aspects of communicative competence in the course of the study programme. Drawing on correlations of exam results in morphology and the grammatical part of the language exam, this study also suggests that raising theoretical knowledge about language may help students improve their use of grammar.

Řeřicha Václav Palacký University Olomouc
The Dirty Dozen Revisited (A Word-field Theory Classification of Czech - English Lexical Equivalents)
Řeřicha’s and Livingstone’s approach in The Dirty Dozen: Translating Semantically Complex Words and Collocations from Czech to English (2012) based on a culture-specific, stylistic and componential classifications was limited by the constrictions of the applied Referential Lexical Analysis. Their critical analysis (2014) of the referential approaches to lexical and semantic analysis compared to the results of Lipka’s Word-field Theory Classification seems to prove that, in spite of the recent pragmatic, communicative and cognitive-based lexical analyses, a formal language-immanent classification may be of benefit when translating semantically complex words and collocations from Czech to English. The presentation The Dirty Dozen Revisited (A Word-field Theory Classification of Czech - English Lexical Equivalents) is an attempt to overcome the constrictions of the Referential Lexical Analysis methods.
Solotruk Martin Comenius University, Bratislava
Hamlet - Hypnosis of the Notional Crisis Unearthing in Language
As emblematised by the the famous Hamletian phrase, the play seems to play out a lot of the angst of ambivalence. That ambivalence, however, is usually read as purely existential or as a moral question, but not so often as a notional issue that would be manifested in different patterns and layers of language of the main characters, as well as via multiple meaningful strategies employed in the play.
Therefore, in the presentation, we shall endeavour to show how the very utterance can be viewed as a synthesis of the meaningful flows of ambivalent tunes generated by the characters as they gradually awaken to the hypnosis of the presence of notional uncertainty. We shall elucidate how, in the light of the hypnosis, the characters´ language not only speaks of their static identity or expected angst, but, in the same breath, also unearths their buried fluid states and unconscious gravities that, arrayed together, constitute the play´s dynamic equillibrium of meaning of significantly polysemic nature.
ŠTEFKOVÁ JAROSLAVA Technical University in Zvolen
Evaluation of Architecture of Scientific and Specialized Abstracts Written in English
An abstract as an example of technical writing is undoubtedly a part of scientific and research publications. Its role is important; however, its construction is given considerably little attention. First, the topic is addressed from the point of view of Slovak, English and publisher’s requirements for abstracts. The authors evaluate if the rules to construct abstracts are followed based on the comparison of several selected parameters of abstracts concerning structure, length and formal layout according to the STN ISO 214 standard. The abstracts are evaluated for two fields: ecology and environmental sciences and fire science and technologies. The obtained outcomes are related to publishing scientists and teachers of technical English and academic English courses.
Štefl Martin Czech Technical University in Prague
Why Always Violence”: Towards a Theory of the Comic in Wyndham Lewis’ Fiction
The paper discusses the role, function and connection between violence and humour in the philosophy and aesthetics of one of the key personas of English Modernism, Wyndham Lewis. Covering the Vorticist and post-war phase of his artistic career (approximately between 1910 - 1930), and paying attention to his less know texts such as “Cantleman’s Spring Mate” or “Beau Séjour”, the argument introduces Lewis as a painter, writer, and thinker, whose work is based on a bizarre fusion of violence, satire and an original sense of “humour”. By explicating this connection, the argument offers a detailed analysis of Lewis’ conservative/classicist anthropology and places his work within the context of English Modernism.
Tihelková Alice University of West Bohemia, Pilsen
Unsafe as Houses: The Socio-Cultural Aspects of the Current Housing Crisis in Britain
Britain, one of the most densely populated countries in Europe, has suffered from a shortage of affordable homes since the era of the Industrial Revolution. There have been several housing crises in modern British history, but the present one, caused by a mixture of recent economic and demographic factors, is unprecedented in its overall impact. The present paper aims to demonstrate how the current housing squeeze has affected the quality of life of Britons, tracing its influence on their social and cultural capital. While for the middle classes, the crisis has spelled a challenge to their status and identity, the unprivileged class have experienced it as an attack on their very livelihoods, many facing circumstances similar to those last seen during the Victorian period. The implications of this development for Britain’s class structure are also discussed.
VALENTOVÁ EVA Masaryk University, Brno
The Charm of the Boy Who Wouldn’t Grow Up: Peter Pan and Canonicity

According to John Keith L. Scott, it is the readers who make works canonical, not any inherent quality within the works themselves. Nevertheless, there must be something in these works that makes them so appealing. The aim of this paper is to find out what constitutes this “something” in the story of Peter Pan. Apart from the obvious charm of a character that remains forever young and manages to avoid responsibilities connected with adulthood, the paper explores other reasons for the enduring appeal of Peter Pan, such as its ambiguous and hybrid character. Indeed, just like its protagonist, both the story and its narrator are a betwixt-and-between, disrupting the boundaries between the modes of drama and novel, between the audience/readership and the author, and between the literature for adults and for children. Another reason for the continuing popularity of Peter Pan is the fact that the story has become a modern myth. In fact, the mythologisation of Peter Pan may have been triggered by Barrie himself. He contributed to the process in two ways: first, by mystifying its authorship and, second, by his initial resistance to the idea of setting the story in print. The undying appeal of Peter Pan lies not only in the arguably universal topics the story deals with, but also in its shape-shifting and hybrid character that makes it truly original and strange. The proof of this appeal can be found not only among the readers, but also among other writers who have produced countless adaptations.


Zedníková Alžběta Masaryk University, Brno
Anne Brontë: Elimination by Obscurity
Both Charlotte and Emily Brontë and their respective works, Jane Eyre and Wuthering Heights, have their set place in the English canon and are among both the most celebrated authors and works of English literature. Their youngest sister, Anne, and her works, Agnes Grey and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, however, are neither part of the English canon nor universally acknowledged and loved. Considering the author’s obvious talent and the fact that Anne’s works, particularly The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, generated even more passionate reactions and discussions than the works of her sisters, one wonders how the youngest Brontë came to be completely forgotten, while her sisters and their works became culturally immortal.
This presentation argues that the youngest Brontë and her works were refused and thrown into obscurity because of the revolutionary mode of thinking they presented: an “uncompromising attack on masculine vice” and “explicit demand for equality” (171). A dangerous thought is easier to dismantle by soothingly and apologetically questioning the author’s respectability and skill, as Charlotte did in her famous “Biographical Notice” to the posthumous edition of Wuthering Heights, rather than actually responding. In order to quieten her powerful and unequivocal social and moral criticism, Anne was systematically degraded, originally by her sister, and eventually by society, to a “pretty, little, slight, feminine” (Miller 172) woman who did not really know what she was doing when she created the two texts.
Zitková Helena University of Pardubice
Development of Future Language Teachers´ Social Skills
The presentation deals with the development of future language teachers´ professional competence, especially in the field of social skills. The flow of a course, which is a part of our master program -English Language Teacher Education, focusing mainly on the skills such as cooperation, solving problems, establishing and maintaining relationships, building cohesivness of the group and communicative skills, will be described and presented in detail. The main objective of this particular course is the gradual evolvement of specific social skills through drama techniques and experience-based activities.

Hradec Králové Journal of Anglophone Studies

Hradec Králové Journal of Anglophone Studies, as a peer-reviewed academic journal, aims to be a medium which brings together the results of current research of Czech and international scholars. It welcomes submissions of articles in the following fields:

  • English Linguistics

  • Anglophone Literatures and Cultural Studies

  • English-teaching Methodology

The journal will publish both contributions presented at Hradec Králové Anglophone Conferences as well as other original unpublished papers. All submissions shall be the subject of double expert blind-review procedure whether they constitute beneficial contribution to the field of Anglophone studies.


Guidelines for Authors


The manuscripts should be submitted in English in the range of 3000 - 6000 words, with references formatted according to the MLA. Please note that submissions which do not conform to the MLA style with in-text citations will not be considered for publication. Authors are solely responsible for the correct use of English language. Each submission should be preceded by a 200-word abstract outlining the article and also short bibliographical information about the author.

For more information see the journal webpage: http://pdf.uhk.cz/hkjas/index.php

Since 2015 Hradec Králové Journal of Anglophone Studies has been added toSeznam recenzovaných neimpaktovaných periodik vydávaných v ČR”.
Should you wish to submit your conference presentation for the review process, the article submission date is May 1, 2015.

Send your contributions to helena.polehlova@uhk.cz

Do you have any comments, suggestions for improvements or messages for the organizers?

Use the feedback form at the conference website or the conference e-mail.


We are looking forward to seeing all of you at

Hradec Králové Anglophone Conference 2016

March 29 – 30, 2016




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