The papers submitted to ESDev conferencewill be published in the Proceedings. We wish to give the proceedings a high-quality appearance. Therefore we ask that authors to follow some simple guidelines. In essence, you should format your paper exactly like this document. The easiest way to do this is simply to download a template and replace the content with your own material. The template file contains specially formatted styles (e.g. Title, Author, Affiliation, Normal, Heading, Bullet, Table, References,) that will reduce your work in formatting your submission.
PAGE SIZE AND COLUMNS
On each page use a text area to fit within a rectangle of dimension 16 x 21 cm, centered on an A4 page. Setting the margins of the page A4 size as: left = 3.50 cm, right = 1.50 cm, top = 6.70 and bottom = 2.00 cm would produce the required text area (16 X 21). The title of the paper (on the first page) starts 1.9 cm below the beginning of the standard page. Right margins should be justified.
Prepare the document on word processor in “Times New Roman” with text body in fonts 10 point normal. Text should be single space, with double space between paragraphs and justified.
Title and Authors
The title of the paper should be in Times Roman 12-point, bold and centered. Authors’ names should be in Times Roman 10-point bold, and affiliations in Times Roman 10-point and centered. Please use full international addresses and telephone dialing prefixes. Leave one 10-pt line of white space below the last line of affiliations.
Abstract and Keywords
The paper should begin with an abstract of about 150-200 words, followed by a set of keywords. The abstract and keywords should be placed in the left format.
The first set of keywords will be used to index the paper in the proceedings.
Tertiary headings should be avoided, but if necessary they are run-in italic and bold. Main items are numbered 1., 2., 3., etc. and are flush left as follows:
LANGUAGE, STYLE AND CONTENT
The written and spoken language of ESDev is English. Spelling and punctuation may use any dialect of English (e.g., British, Canadian, US, etc.) provided this is done consistently. Hyphenation is optional. To ensure suitability for an international audience, please pay attention to the following:
Write in a straightforward style.
Try to avoid long or complex sentence structures.
Briefly define or explain all technical terms that may be unfamiliar to readers.
Explain all abbreviations and acronyms the first time they are used in your text – e.g., “Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)”.
The following form is used for equations:
a + b = 75 (1)
Equations are referenced in the text as Eq. (1), (2), etc. and Eqs. (3) and (4).
Slashes are preferred in expressing simple fractions in the text:
F1 = m (v1/t) (2)
Abbreviations. When abbreviations for units of measure are used, lower case without periods is preferred in most instances; e.g. ft, yd, sec, ft/sec etc. but in. for inch.
FIGURES AND TABLES
Figures are referred to in the text as Figure 1 and Figure 2. Captions are in caps and lower case; they are centered below the figure in the following format:
Figure 1. Figure captions should be centered and placed below the figure.
Similarly tables are referred in the text as Table 1 and Tables 2. Captions are in caps and lower case; they are centered above the table in the following format:
Table 1: Table captions should be centered and placed above the table.
Figures should be reduced to a suitable size (usually about one-half or one-quarter page size) and placed where they belong in the text.
In a general way, the standards set forth in official style manuals of the University of Chicago2 or of the American Institute of Physics3 are acceptable unless otherwise specified in these format instructions.
Any acknowledgment which the author or authors wish to make may appear here.
If mathematical symbols require definition, a table of notation should appear here.
References are indicated in the text by a superscript Arabic number1 or as . More than two references are listed [3-5] and are listed at the end of the paper as:
How to Classify Works Using ACM’s Computing Classification System.
Raja, I.A. Solar Energy Resources of Pakistan. Oxford Brookes University Press, 1996.
Klein, S.A. A design procedure for solar heating systems. Renewable Energy, 18(2)1976, 113-125
Ahmed, I; Hamdani, N; and Ibrahim, K Global radiation maps for Iraq. Solar Energy, 31(1)1983, 29-43.
Roberton C. A case study of atria, in: Energy Efficient Buildings, Roaf, S. and Hancock, M. (eds) Blackwell Scientific Publishers, Oxford, 1992, 129-144.
Zellweger, P.T; Bouvin, N.O; Jehøj, H; and Mackinlay, J.D. Fluid Annotations in an Open World. Proc. Hypertext, ACM Press (2001), 2001, 9-18.
1. Maximum of 10 pages per paper is allowed. This limit must strictly be followed. The papers spreading over more than 10 pages may not be included in the proceeding of the conference. However, this limit can be waived when or where appropriate (e.g. in case invited speakers).
2. “Widow” and “orphan” lines should be avoided: More than one line of a paragraph should appear at the end or beginning of a page, not one line by itself. A heading should not appear at the bottom of a page without at least two lines of text.