NFPA 1901 - Standard for automotive fire apparatus
Battery cables and battery cable harnessing shall be installed utilizing the following guidelines:
All battery cables and battery harnesses shall have a permanent label attached for easy identification of the harness part number and fabrication date.
Splices shall not be allowed on battery cables or battery cable harnesses.
For ease of identification and simplified use, battery cables shall be color coded. All positive battery cables shall be red in color or wrapped in red loom the entire length of the cable. All negative battery cables shall be black in color.
For ease of identification, all positive battery cable isolated studs throughout the cab and chassis shall be red in color.
For increased reliability and reduced maintenance, all electrical buss bars located on the exterior of the apparatus shall be coated to prevent corrosion.
ELECTRICAL COMPONENT INSTALLATION
All lighting used on the apparatus shall be, at a minimum, a two (2) wire light grounded through a wired connection to the battery system. Lights using an apparatus metal structure for grounding shall not be allowed.
An operational test shall be conducted to ensure that any equipment that is permanently attached to the electrical system is properly connected and in working order. The results of the tests shall be recorded and provided to the purchaser at time of delivery.
Four (4) 12 volt batteries that include the following features shall be provided:
Each battery case shall be a black polypropylene material with a vertically ribbed container for increased vibration resistance. The cover shall be manifold vented with a central venting location to allow a 45 degree tilt capacity.
The inside of each battery shall consist of a "maintenance free" grid construction with poly wrapped separators and a flooded epoxy bottom anchoring for maximum vibration resistance.
A single starting system shall be provided.
An ignition switch and starter button shall be located on the instrument panel.
An indicator light shall be provided on the instrument panel to notify the driver of the status of the battery system.
The batteries shall be stored in well-ventilated compartments that are located under the cab and bolted directly to the chassis frame. The battery compartments shall be constructed of ten (10)-gauge steel and be designed to accommodate a maximum of three (3) group 31 batteries in each compartment. The compartments shall include removable access panels with flush style latches and formed fit heavy-duty roto-molded polyethylene battery tray inserts. The batteries shall be mounted inside of the roto-molded trays.
One (1) set of battery jumper studs with plastic color-coded covers shall be installed on the battery box on the driver's side. This shall allow enough room for easy jumper cable access.
POWER CONVERTER / BATTERY CHARGER
There shall be one (1) power converter/battery charger capable of charging up to three (3) separated banks of batteries.
Each isolated circuit is capable of 60-ampere output and can be parallel connected.
The power converter/battery charger shall contain the following features:
- Four-Stage Charging System constantly monitors battery voltage, then automatically selects one of four charging modes: BOOST, NORMAL, STORAGE, or EQUALIZE.
- Reverse battery protection prevents charger damage if battery leads are accidentally reversed.
- Over Voltage Protection prevents high voltage spikes from damaging sensitive electronic components in the charger.
- Electronic Current Limiting limits the maximum output current to the rating of the charger to prevent overheating and damage caused by shorts or excessive loads.
- Regulated Output Voltage prevents AC line voltage variations from being transmitted to the batteries and 12 Volt circuits.
- Intelligent Cooling Fan only runs as fast as required to maintain constant operating temperature reducing thermal stress.
- Automatic Over-temperature Shutdown prevents charger damage in the event the fan is unable to cool the charger due to inadequate compartment ventilation.
The battery charger/power converter shall be powered from a shoreline/generator receptacle.
An alternator shall be provided that has a rated output current of 340 amps, as measured by SAE method J56. The alternator shall feature an integral, self diagnostic regulator and rectifier. The alternator shall be connected to the power and ground distribution system with heavy-duty cables sized to carry the full rated alternator output. No exception.
An electronic load management (ELM) system shall be provided that monitors the vehicles 12-volt electrical system, automatically reducing the electrical load in the event of a low voltage condition, and automatically restoring the shed electrical loads when a low voltage condition expires. This ensures the integrity of the electrical system.
For improved reliability and ease of use, the load manager system shall be an integral part of the vehicle's solid state control system requiring no additional components to perform load management tasks. Load management systems which require additional components shall not be allowed.
The system shall include the following features:
System voltage monitoring.
A shed load shall remain inactive for a minimum of five minutes to prevent the load from cycling on and off.
Sixteen available electronic load shedding levels.
Priority levels can be set for individual outputs.
High Idle to activate before any electric loads are shed and deactivate with the service brake.
"Load Man Hi-Idle On" shall display on the information center.
Hi-Idle shall not activate until 30 seconds after engine start up.
Individual switch "on" indicator to flash when the particular load has been shed.
The information center indicates system voltage.
The information center includes a "Load Manager" screen indicating the following: