Our world is filled with computers of many sizes and shapes, from the microchips in a microwave oven, to the complex computer systems that guide the International Space Station. If asked to describe a computer, most people would probably think of something like the picture here.
Specifically, desktop computers like the one pictured above are
Other terms for microcomputers include
Home computers were first available in the late _______________'>_______________. Each computer maker had its own _____________________________ for the hardware.
Some of the early makers of microcomputers were:
IBM 360 Mainframe
Before 1981, many small companies, like Apple, Commodore & Atari dominated the market for home computers. Companies that make huge mainframecomputers, like _______________, did not think that microcomputers were very important.
When “Big Blue” did decide to enter the market, their large sales force and corporate structure soon became the dominant force that determined the direction of the ________________________________________.
In 1981, IBM entered the home computer market and introduced the _______________
Soon most computer makers were building “clones” or _______________ computers that functioned just like the IBM machines.
These compatible computers used the IBM-PC ________________________.
An early Compaq compatible
Some microcomputer companies went bankrupt like _______________, others changed their computer architecture so they were compatible with IBM; for example _____________ _______________, andnew companies entered the market just selling IBM clones. ______________ is one of the most successful of these.
One computer maker that refused to copy IBM’s computer design was ______________________________.
Microcomputers from Apple, such as the _______________have traditionally maintained a different architecture
What does the term computer architecture mean?
Microcomputers are not the only size of computer. What are the various sizes of computer systems?
The Hardware Diagram
Since there are many different configurations of hardware, it is worthwhile to identify the most basic parts on a computer system. This basic design applies to almost all computer systems used in the world today. Fill in this diagram as directed by the teacher.
List a few examples of each of the four main types of computer hardware:
Learning Activity Name: _______________ Read the Computer Hardware article provided by your teacher and complete these notes.
What is hardware?
A peripheral device
What are these three types of ports?
List several input devices.
List the output devices that display data or output sound
What peripheral devices storedata?
The motherboard is inside the computer case. A motherboard is
What are main components in a motherboard?
Sizes of Computers Name: _______________
Computers range in size from multi-million dollar supercomputers to tiny microcontrollers embedded into toys and appliances. Learn about the various sizes of computers by completing these notes on the various types of computers.
Start with the Lesson 5—Computer HardwarePowerPoint provided in the class folder and update the information from the Internet. Suggested site: http://en.wikipedia.org/ Remember to replace the “Handheld Computers” category with “Smart Phones” and add a new category called “Tablet Computers”.
For each category, give the name, a brief description of the size and who uses this type and a price range.