The Revised National Policy on Education (RNPE) was approved by the National Assembly on the 7th April 1994.
This policy outlines the government’s reactions to the recommendations of the Report of the National Commission on Education (1993) and lays down policy guidelines and strategies for future educational development.
The RNPE spells out the strategy for educational development whose long-term perspective is up to 25 years groups in the society through the following main issues:
Access and equity
Effective preparation of students for life, citizenship and the world of work
Improvement and maintenance of quality of the education system
Enhancement of the performance and status of the teaching profession
Efficient management of the education system
Cost effectiveness and cost sharing in the financing of the education system
The district has done much in trying to realise the above. For example in terms of cost effectiveness and cost sharing in financing of education, foreign students have already started paying for their education; the transition from primary to secondary education has been achieved by the district.
Education sector has the following responsibilities, primary, secondary, tertiary and private institutions. Map 9.1 shows the distribution of education facilities in the Kgatleng District.
Map 9.2 Distribution of education facilities in the Kgatleng District
22.214.171.124Primary and Special Education
Primary education in the context of the Botswana education system falls under the joint jurisdiction of the Ministries of Education and Local Government with the former being responsible for the professional aspects of the primary education system such as the curriculum, development of instructional materials, teacher training at both pre-service and in-service levels, assessment/examinations procedures, school management/supervision, career progression of teachers including conditions of service. On the other hand, the Ministry of Local Government is responsible for development of infrastructure for primary education such as classrooms and teachers’ quarters construction. Local Government carries out this mandate through the local authorities and amongst other aspects the local authorities are charged with the responsibility for purchase and distribution of school supplies, school transport as well as matters relating to welfare such as provision of housing.
The Special Education is an integral component of the mainstream education system.
A notable achievement in this field has been the continued establishment of special education units within the conventional school system to cater for children with disabilities. In Kgatleng District special units have been introduced in some schools, for example there is a special unit for the visually impaired at Lencwe Primary School and a special unit for the mentally retarded at Kgafela Primary School.
This is an approach that should be emphasised for the education system to cater for the majority of our disabled children in a most cost effective manner that avoids unnecessary duplication of resources.
The government through all the stakeholders should put in place the required support structures or services like:-
Transport for disabled students
Support for both disabled children and their parents/guardians.
Provision of requisite instructional materials and equipment
Provision of appropriate trained teachers and support staff
Inculcation of positive attitudes on the part of the parents/guardians and the community in general towards the disabled.
Naturally, provision of special education in the Botswana context cannot be viewed in isolation from the broader education system.
Kgatleng District Council has 35 Setswana medium primary schools. There is one mission school run by the Roman Catholic Church at Morwa. One new school is being built in Mochudi making a total of 36 primary schools. There is also one privately run English medium school.
The table below shows the current situation at our primary schools, the projected enrolment for the plan period 2003 – 2009 per school at 5% growth annual rate.
Table 9.36 Existing Primary School Facilities in Kgatleng District and Projected Pupil Enrolment up to 2009 at 5% Growth Rate
Source: Primary Education Department (Kgatleng District Council) - 2002 According to the enrolment growth shown on the above table, there are no expectations of any large increase in the student population that might need an extra primary school. However, provision would be made for two new primary schools to cater for any crucial circumstances that might arise during the plan period.9. There are however plans to expand the same primary schools in order to meet the requirements of the RNPE.
When looking at the projected enrolment, Segale, Lady Mitchison, Mmusi and Kgafela primary schools would have more than 1000 pupils. It is the district ‘s hope that Lady Mitchison and Kgafela will be relieved by Kgabosereto primary school which is within the same catchment area. Segale and Mmusi would be relieved by Madipamo and Dichibidu new school currently under construction.
DDP 6 however proposes to build and purchase:-
Classrooms (assuming a long term ratio of 1:30)
Improved Administration blocks
2 x 65 seater buses
2 x 25 seater buses for disabled pupils
The distribution of teachers’ cheques should also be taken over by the Ministry of Education as this will relieve teachers of the stress they would have to go through in case they have not been paid properly.
In view of the current education system, there is nothing that compels parents to educate their children. So it is recommended that education be made compulsory for every Motswana child to build an Educated and Informed Nation.
As we go into NDP9, we still recommend that the shared responsibility of teachers by the two Ministries be looked into to avoid confusion.
Table 9.37 Planned Primary School Construction
18 (new school included)
23 (new school included)
32 (new school included)
27 (new school included)
Source : Primary Education Department (Kgatleng District Council) – 2002
126.96.36.199Secondary School Education
The government has provided a nation wide network of Government Aided Community Junior Secondary Schools with reasonably adequate resources and with provision for communities to participate in the running of schools. Diversification of the curriculum in these schools has been vigorously implemented. The Junior Certificate Curriculum has been revised and expanded to accommodate more practically oriented subjects such as Business Studies, Music and Design and Technology. A computer awareness programme was introduced in some Junior Secondary Schools and will be offered to all schools in NDP9.
Massive expansion of all senior secondary schools was undertaken in NDP8 and this will continue during NDP 9/DDP 6.
In Kgatleng District there is the Molefi Senior Secondary, which is the only senior secondary school in the district and 11 Community Junior Secondary Schools. The Ministry of Education will continue to construct additional facilities in these schools as well as maintain existing ones.
Private schools play an important role in complementing government efforts in the provision of education and training. The Ministry of Education registers and monitors all private schools in order to ensure that quality assurance is implemented. Private education needs to be standardized so that good quality education is achieved. In the district there is only one private primary school and several pre-schools.
188.8.131.52Vocational and Tertiary Training
Post School Vocational and Technical training provides skills for specific occupations. An efficient and effective training system is crucial in a country’s economic development and therefore it is necessary to focus attention on the training system distinct from general education and to give it more priority. There should be infusion of prevocational skills and awareness in the basic education curriculum as a prerequisite for development of appropriate vocational/technical skills at subsequent levels of the education and training system through the vocational training colleges and the Brigades. Naturally, technical/vocational education is regarded as providing the basis for practical skills training for industry and the general employment sector with a view to filling in critical skills gaps in the national economy. NDP 9 will thus emphasise on a number of initiatives ranging from expansion of physical facilities to the development of new programmes in both brigades and vocational technical colleges.
Kgatleng Brigade Development Trust just like other Brigades is a community-based institution, which is currently being subsidised financially by the government through the Ministry of Education. It offers five different disciplines namely:- bricklaying and plastering, welding and fabrication, carpentry and joinery and forestry and textile.
Some few years after its inception, the organisation begun to focus more on youth and community development. Some vocational training begun as well as production work.