Kgatleng district council kgatleng district development committee ministry of local government



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1.2District Environmental Features

1.2.1Climate


The district has an annual average temperature of 20 degrees celcius, an average summer temperature of 28 degrees Celsius and average minimum temperature of 13 degrees Celsius. Rainfall occurs in summer with annual ranges of between 450 mm and 550 mm. An annual rainfall variation is around 35% except during drought periods when the total is reduced quite significantly. Thus the climate of the district is described as having very hot summers and mild winters with temperatures rarely falling below freezing point as indicated in the District Development Plan 5.

1.2.2Geomorphology


Kgatleng District is described as having generally flat and undulating topography with small and low hill ranges and occasional rocky outcrops and several extensive drainage channel systems. There exist the Oodi Hill, Modipane Hill and a range of low hills from Bokaa towards Mochudi. The drainage system includes the Notwane and Metsimotlhabe rivers and Tlhagale and Monametsana streams that flow into the Notwane River until it reaches the Limpopo River.

1.2.3Natural Resources

1.2.3.1Vegetation


Generally as described in a vegetation map compiled by Timberlake (1980), Kgatleng District is dominated by a shrub and tree savanna with areas of woodland, mainly on hills and along drainage lines. As a result of human related influences the vegetation has changed considerably since the last century. The effects of drought have also caught up with this state of affairs hence overgrazing and deforestation, even more heavily around the borehole areas.

1.2.3.2Soils


Briefly Kgatleng has soils that can best be described in terms of land systems within which are district land units. The first, Mochudi land system is a narrow strip stretching from Molepolole eastwards towards Mochudi. Such soils are shallow and stony with low agricultural yields/potential.
The second system is the Notwane Plain system, which straddles the Notwane River. Such soils are deep light textured and acidic.
The third system is the Thagale Plain land system, which is bordered to the north by the Kalahari land link to land use system and the Mochudi hills to the south. The soils are sandy of various colours and are also loamy sub-soils.

1.2.3.3Wildlife


The types of wildlife species found in Kgatleng district, according to the 1994 census, are Kudu, Impala, Ostriches, Duiker, Steenbok, Jackal, Zebra and Giraffe.

1.2.3.4Minerals


There are quarrying of building and road construction materials in most parts of the district. Generally this is an uncontrolled and unregulated activity due to the absence of relevant byelaws. The end result is the abandoned quarries and borrow pits, which are, left unrehabilitated.

1.2.3.5Water


The district relies on underground and surface water for both human and livestock consumption. There is the Bokaa dam in the district. The district is also connected to the North South Carrier water pipeline. In some parts of the district there is a problem of water quality especially in the River villages. A study was commissioned to find the best ways of improving the water quality. The cost of purifying water supersedes the benefits to be derived, therefore a bi-lateral arrangement has been made to draw water from Molatedi Dam in South Africa to supplement the existing sources in the district.

1.2.3.6Energy


The main source of energy for cooking, lighting and heating is fuel wood for most households in the district. There exists potential for solar energy.

1.3District Social Development

1.3.1Socio - Cultural Characteristics


The district is predominantly Bakgatla ba ga Kgafela. There are, however, some other ethnic groups in the district. These are Balete in Modipane, Batlokwa in Oodi, Baherero in Pilane and Bapedi in Leshibitse.

1.3.2Population Characteristics, Density and Distribution


The 2001 Population and Housing Census enumerated 73 507 people in the whole district. The total number of males in the district is 35 734 and that of females is 37 773. This is shown on table 2 and the population pyramid below. The number of female-headed household is 37745 while that of the male-headed household is 35752. Thus 51.3 percentage of the household headed by females. The national figure for female-headed household is 51.1 percent.
Table 1.2 Kgatleng: Age-Sex Population Structure

Age

Male

Female

Total

0-4

4,286

4,042

8,328

5-9

4,517

4,524

9,041

10-14

4,777

4,518

9,295

15-19

4,371

4,330

8,701

20-24

3,329

3,589

6,918

25-29

2,820

3,075

5,895

30-34

2,072

2,397

4,469

35-39

1,800

2,013

3,813

40-44

1,543

1,826

3,369

45-49

1,352

1,586

2,938

50-54

1,066

1,171

2,237

55-59

809

962

1,771

60-64

725

828

1,553

65-69

682

926

1,608

70-74

485

619

1,104

75+

916

1,343

2,259

Unknown

184

24

208

Total

35,734

37,773

73,507

Figure 1.1 Age Sex Population Pyramid



Source: CSO, 2001

Table 1.3 Kgatleng Population Distribution per Settlement



Kgatleng: Population distribution per Settlement/village. 1971-2001

Villages/Settlement

Pop.

1971

Pop.

1981

Pop.

1991

Pop.

2001

Mochudi

6945

18386

25542

39 349

Pilane

-

420

540

1178

Rasesa

121

879

1366

2968

Bokaa

916

2018

2420

4456

Morwa

965

1337

1748

2755

Matebele

513

564

599

1458

Oodi

630

1599

2282

3550

Modipane

698

1220

1809

2508

Mabalane

423

681

827

895

Sikwane

1035

1090

1216

1585

Mmathubudukwane

1305

1754

1943

2124

Ramonaka

114

275

388

518

Malolwane

931

1360

1604

3084

Olifants-drift

386

323

378

1184

Artesia

517

566

885

2589

Malotwana










504

Leshibitse










653

Ramotlabaki










640

Kgomodiatshaba










508

Dikgonnye










360

Khurutshe










52

Dikwididi










591

Source : CSO (2001 Population and Housing Census)
According to the Kgatleng District Settlement Strategy 1999-2023 pg.1 the population density for Kgatleng in 1991 was 7.6 persons per km2 and the growth rate for the 1981-1991 period was 2.0% per annum, with a population of 73057 and an area of 7600 km2 the District Population density is approximately 9.2 persons per km2.

1.3.3Migration


Nearly all the villages and settlements in the district have had their population increasing. The population for Mochudi was 25542 in 1991 and that of 2001 is 39349, which is an increase by almost half. The same is true for the other major centres in the district like Bokaa, Pilane, Rasesa, Matebele, Malolwane, Olifantsdrift and Artesia. According to the 2001 Population and Housing Census, total migration into Kgatleng district from other districts is 18 334, with the largest number (3558) coming from Gaborone, followed by Kweneng with 986 people.
The within and into the district migration can be attributed to improvements in infrastructure and services especially in major centres, which has had the effect of attracting investment and creating opportunities for cash employment. The decline in agricultural productivity has also seen people abandoning lands areas to seek alternative economic activities in major centres.

1.3.4Population Projections and Prospects:


The population of Kgatleng District is expected to continue growing as can be seen from table 4. The national population projection of 2.4 percent per annum has been used to compute the same for Kgatleng District. The prospects for future growth are promising, especially given the tremendous improvements in health care delivery systems, life expectancy levels, a rise in educational standards and levels and improvements in infrastructure and services.
However, the major setback is the impact of the HIV-AIDS pandemic on both population growth and life expectancy. This not withstanding, the efforts put in place to fight the pandemic are expected to bear fruit within the DDP 6 plan period, with a resultant improvement for both population growth and life expectancy levels.

Table 1.4 Population Projections and Prospects






Actual

Pop. 2001

POPULATION PROJECTIONS BY YEAR

Village

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

Primary Centre

Mochudi

39349

40236

41192

42180

43192

45228

Bokaa

4456

4563

4563

4785

4900

5018

Oodi

3550

3635

3722

3811

3902

3995

Mathubudukwane

2124

2175

2227

2278

2344

2400

Modipane

2508

2568

2630

2693

2758

2825

Morwa

2755

2821

2888

2953

3028

3101

Malolwane

3084

3158

3234

3311

3390

3470

Sikwane

1516

1564

1602

1640

1679

1719

Mabalane

895

906

927

949

972

1005

Rasesa

2986

3058

3131

3209

3282

3361

Pilane

1176

1206

1235

1265

1295

1326

Matebele

1458

1493

1529

1566

1602

1640

Ramonaka

518

530

542

555

568

581

Oliphantsdrift

758

776

795

831

851

871

Artesia

2589

3651

2715

2780

2847

2915

Malotwana

504

516

523

535

548

561

Leshibitse

653

670

686

702

719

736

Ramotlabaki

640

655

672

688

706

723

Kgomodiatshaba

508

520

532

545

558

571

Dikgonnye

360

446

457

468

479

490

Khurutshe

52

53

54

55

56

57

Dikwididi

591

605

619

637

652

678




73 507













82736

Source: Kgatleng District, Planning Unit

1.3.5Employment and Unemployment


According to the 2002 Central Statistics Office multiple indicator survey, the economically active population in Kgatleng District was 27 550. Those who were employed or involved in an economic activity were 22 032, while those without any form of employment were 5518. This translates to a 20 percent rate of unemployment for the district.
However, with the Citizen Entrepreneurial Development Agency (CEDA) in place and the envisaged start of the National Agricultural Master Plan for Arable Agriculture and Dairy Development (NAMPAADD), it is expected that the rate of unemployment will be reduced within the plan period.
Table 1.5 Economically Active Population (Employed and Unemployed)

Economic Activity

Male

Female

Total

Paid employees

Self Help without employees

Self Help with employees

Unpaid family helper

Work at own lands

Total employed

Unemployed


8383

730


428

88

2997



7244

637


293

179


1053

15627

1367


721

267


4050

3386

2132

22 032

5518

Source: Central Statistics Office Multiple Indicator Survey 2002.

1.3.6District HIV/AIDS Prevalence Status


The most affected age groups in the district are between 15 and 44 years, with the worst affected at around 24 to 39 years as can be reflected from table 6. It is also worth noting that all the age groups are affected. Also worthy of noting is that the prevalence rate is high among females than males.
However, it is reported by the District Health Team that the data as reflected on Table 6 below shows the number of patients that visited the health care facilities in the district (which may not be a true reflection of the district situation). It is estimated that more than 10 000 people are infected. In June 2002 alone, 80 people were tested for HIV and 42 were found to be positive, which is more than 50 percent.
Table 1.6 Cumulative Figures for HIV/AIDS 1987-June 2002

Age

Female

Male

Total

Percentage

0-4

81

87

168

12.5

5-14

13

18

31

1.6

15-19

78

3

81

4.2

20-24

253

45

29

15.3

25-29

276

115

391

20.1

30-34

2

129

339

17.5

35-39

135

101

236

12.2

40-44

67

75

142

7.3

45-49

28

44

72

3.7

50-54

23

24

47

2.4

55-59

6

3

9

0.5

60+

9

21

30

1.5

Unknown age

62

36

98

5.0

Totals

1241

701

1942




Source – District Health Team (Kgatleng District Council) 2002



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